San Dieguito River
|San Dieguito River|
|Rio San Bernardo|
The San Dieguito River entering Lake Hodges
|Name origin: Likely based on the name of San Diego River|
|District||San Diego County|
|- left||Santa Maria Creek|
|- right||Temescal Creek|
|Primary source||Santa Ysabel Creek|
|Secondary source||Santa Maria Creek|
|- location||Solana Beach|
|- elevation||0 ft (0 m)|
|Length||24 mi (39 km), northeast-southwest|
|Basin||346 sq mi (896 km2)|
|- average||50 cu ft/s (1 m3/s)|
|- max||72,100 cu ft/s (2,042 m3/s) |
|- min||0 cu ft/s (0 m3/s)|
The San Dieguito River is a major river in Southern California, United States. Its headwaters rise on the southern slope of the Volcan Mountains in San Diego County and the river flows generally southwest for 23.8 miles (38.3 km), draining 346 square miles (900 km2) before emptying into the Pacific Ocean 20 miles (32 km) north of San Diego.
The river officially begins at the confluence of two streams, Santa Ysabel Creek and Santa Maria Creek, near the town of San Pasqual. Santa Ysabel Creek rises in the northeastern corner of the San Dieguito River watershed and flows west, creating Lake Sutherland. It then flows out of the lake's dam and westwards for the rest of its course. Its total length is about 11 miles (18 km). Santa Maria Creek, the smaller of the two streams, begins near the city of Ramona and flows northwards about 7 miles (11 km) through the Ramona Grasslands and Bandy Canyon. A third fork, Temescal Creek, rises in the Cleveland National Forest near Lake Henshaw and flows south about 9 miles (14 km) into Santa Ysabel Creek.
From there the river flows west past the city of Escondido, and under Interstate 15 before being impounded by the Lake Hodges Dam to form Lake Hodges. From the dam to its mouth, the river flows through the long and narrow San Dieguito River Park past Del Mar, and broadens into a tidal waterway and a 150-acre (0.61 km2) lagoon as it crosses under Interstate 5 to empty into the Pacific Ocean at Solana Beach.
The San Dieguito River watershed has vast areas, over 83%, of open space. As a result, it provides habitat for hundreds of plant and animal species. Vegetation cover ranges from pine forest on the slopes of the headwater mountains to arid grassland on the plateaus and plains further downstream. However, 18% of the basin, mostly along the shoreline, is devoted to urban areas. About 150,000 people live in the San Dieguito River watershed, but could expand to 210,000 by 2015. The lower river suffers from pollutants that affect rivers all over Southern California, mainly from E. coli bacteria from urban runoff.
Prehistorically, the San Dieguito tribe inhabited much of San Diego County, with their main villages on the San Dieguito River. Remains of this culture are identified as the "San Dieguito River Complex". By the 16th century, most of the basin formed the southern part of the Luiseño tribal territory.
The Portola expedition of 1769 camped at the river, not far from the coast. On the De Anza Expedition's way back to Mexico from San Francisco Bay, Father Pedro Font mentions "San Dieguillo" in his diary on January 10, 1776. An Indian rancheria, San Dieguito, is mentioned under the jurisdiction of the San Diego Mission in 1778.
From mouth to source, the river crosses under:
- Camino Del Mar (Historic U.S. Route 101 )
- NCTD's Coaster & Amtrak Pacific Surfliner
- Jimmy Durante Boulevard
- Interstate 5 (San Diego Freeway)
- El Camino Real
- Via de Santa Fe (in Rancho Santa Fe)
- Bing Crosby Boulevard
- Lake Hodges Dam
- David Kreitzer Lake Hodges Bicycle Pedestrian Bridge
- Interstate 15 Lake Hodges Bridge (Escondido Freeway)
- Durham, David L. (1998). California's geographic names: a gazetteer of historic and modern names of the state. Sanger, CA: Word Dancer Press. p. 1337. ISBN 978-1-884995-14-9. Retrieved June 25, 2010.
- http://www.sandiegohistory.org/journal/2002-1/hill.htm accessed 2011-01-19
- U.S. Geological Survey. National Hydrography Dataset high-resolution flowline data. The National Map, accessed March 16, 2011
- "San Dieguito Watershed". project clean water. Retrieved 2009-12-12.
- Gilbert, Janet. "San Dieguito River Project". National Wildlife Federation/San Diego County. Neighborhood Link. Retrieved 2009-12-12.
- Pedro Font (1913). Frederick J. Teggart, ed. The Anza Expedition of 1775-1776, Diary of Pedro Font. University of California. p. 45. Retrieved 2010-06-29.
- Erwin G. Gudde, William Bright (2004). California Place Names: The Origin and Etymology of Current Geographical Names. University of California Press. p. 333. ISBN 978-0-520-24217-3. Retrieved June 28, 2010.