San Fernando, La Union

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San Fernando
City of San Fernando
SaFernandoCityLa Unionjf462.JPG
Official seal of San Fernando
Nickname(s): The Prime Capital of Ilocandia, Botanical Garden City
Location in the province of La Union
Location in the province of La Union
San Fernando is located in Philippines
San Fernando
San Fernando
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 16°37′N 120°19′E / 16.617°N 120.317°E / 16.617; 120.317Coordinates: 16°37′N 120°19′E / 16.617°N 120.317°E / 16.617; 120.317
Country  Philippines
Region Ilocos (Region I)
Province La Union
District 1st District
Founded 1850
Cityhood 1998
Barangays 59
 • Mayor Pablo C. Ortega
 • Total 102.72 km2 (39.66 sq mi)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 114,963
 • Density 1,100/km2 (2,900/sq mi)
Time zone PHT (UTC+8)
ZIP code 2500
Dialing code 72
Income class 3rd class ; component city

San Fernando, officially City of San Fernando and often referred to as San Fernando City (Pangasinan: Ciudad na San Fernando), is a third-class component city and capital of the province of La Union in the Philippines. According to the 2010 Philippine census, it has a population of 114,963 people.[3]

The city is bounded by San Juan to the north, Bauang to the south, Bagulin and Naguilian to the east, and the South China Sea to the west. It has a land area of 10,272 hectares (25,380 acres).[2]

San Fernando is the financial, industrial and political center of the province, as well as the center of the official Ilocos Region, or Region I in the regions of the Philippines. (Informally Ilocos includes those areas that speak the Ilocano language outside of the official Ilocos Region.)

San Fernando became a city by virtue of R.A. 8509 signed into law on February 13, 1998 and ratified on March 20, 1998 by a plebiscite.[4]


San Fernando was founded in 1786 and was named after Saint Ferdinand III of Castile. The city's original settlements, San Vicente de Balanac and San Guillermo de Dalangdang, were attacked by pirates and headhunters.

In 1759, Augustinian friar, Padre José Torres fused these 2 settlements to Pindangan (local word for dry fish), where a church dedicated to San Guillermo the Hermit was. This church is now the Cathedral of St. William the Hermit. The massive 1860's earthquake destroyed the church which was later rebuilt.

It became the cabecera or provincial capital of La Union province in 1850.

From 1896 until 1898, during the Philippine Revolution, the Spanish garrison of San Fernando was attacked by Filipino insurgents under Manuel Tinio y Bundoc and Mauro Ortiz. The Spaniards were finally ousted.

In the Second World War, the last battle of San Fernando was fought during the Japanese occupation at Barangay Bacsil. The Bacsil Ridge Monument was built on the site in the city, the northwestern portion of the town plaza. The victory ebabled the establishment of the United States Army Base, Base M at Poro Point (a buildup area for the Japan ivasion).[5][dead link] The town was liberated in 1945.[1]

In 2010 the police of San Fernando demonstrated the ability to use computer technology when they apprehended suspected serial killer Mark Dizon.[6]


Population census of San Fernando
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1990 84,949 —    
1995 91,943 +1.49%
2000 102,082 +2.27%
2007 114,813 +1.63%
2010 114,963 +0.05%
Source: National Statistics Office[3][7]


San Fernando is mainly agricultural (rice, legumes, leafy vegetables, root crops, fruit trees, corn and tobacco). But residents treat fishing in coastline and seashore areas as secondary means of livelihood. The natives also have "inabel" (hand-woven cloth), baskets, shell crafts, including foods, such as "kilawen" and "papaitan", "basi", "sukang iloko" and "paslubong" such as guapples, "longganiza", honey and native rice cakes, "puto", "suman" and "bibingka".

Patopat is San Fernando's native delicacy, made from "agdapil" (sugarcane, a tall tropical Southeast Asian Grass (Saccharum officinarum).[2]

San Fernando has many class A hotels and resorts, night clubs, inter alia.

Local government[edit]

The mayor and other elected officers hold office at the city hall of San Fernando. The Sanguniang Bayan is legislature, stationed in the Don Mariano Marcos Building, the Legislative Building in front of the city hall.


San Fernando is divided into 59 barangays.[2]

  • Abut
  • Apaleng
  • Bacsil
  • Bangbangolan
  • Bangcusay
  • Barangay I (Pob.)
  • Barangay II (Pob.)
  • Barangay III (Pob.)
  • Barangay IV (Pob.)
  • Baraoas
  • Bato
  • Biday
  • Birunget
  • Bungro
  • Cabaroan (Negro)
  • Cabarsican
  • Cadaclan
  • Calabugao
  • Camansi
  • Canaoay
  • Carlatan
  • Catbangen
  • Dallangayan Este
  • Dallangayan Oeste
  • Dalumpinas Este
  • Dalumpinas Oeste
  • Ilocanos Norte
  • Ilocanos Sur
  • Langcuas
  • Lingsat
  • Madayegdeg
  • Mameltac
  • Masicong
  • Nagyubuyuban
  • Namtutan
  • Narra Este
  • Narra Oeste
  • Pacpaco
  • Pagdalagan
  • Pagdaraoan
  • Pagudpud
  • Pao Norte
  • Pao Sur
  • Parian
  • Pias
  • Poro
  • Puspus
  • Sacyud
  • Sagayad
  • San Agustin
  • San Francisco
  • San Vicente
  • Santiago Norte
  • Santiago Sur
  • Saoay
  • Sevilla
  • Siboan-Otong
  • Tanqui
  • Tanquigan

List of former chief executives[edit]

  • 1895-1898 - Blas Tadiar
  • 1899-1901 - Paulino Alviar
  • 1901-1903 - Gaspar Flores
  • 1904-1905 - Edilberto Aquino
  • 1906-1907 - Francisco Z. Flores
  • 1908-1909 - Urbano Martínez
  • 1910-1911 - José Hidalgo
  • 1912-1914 - Anastacio Casuga
  • 1915-1918 - Juan Salanga
  • 1919-1921 - Ulpiano Flores
  • 1922-1928 - Pedro R. Flores
  • 1928 - Francisco Galvez
  • 1928-1930 - Evaristo Galvez
  • 1931-1933 - Angel Salanga
  • 1934-1936 - Lauro Casuga
  • 1936-1939 - Paulino Flores
  • 1942-1944 - Juan Salanga
  • 1945-1946 - Modesto Aquino
  • 1946-1955 - Lorenzo L. Dacanay
  • 1956-1959 - Godofredo G. Rilloraza
  • 1960-1971 - Lorenzo L. Dacanay
  • 1972-1980 - Antonio Feraren
  • 1980 - Joaquin T. Ortega
  • 1980-1987 - Justo O. Orros Jr.
  • 1987 - Rufo T. Colisao
  • 1987-1988 - Angel Salanga
  • 1988-1998 - Manuel C. Ortega
  • 1998-2007 - Mary Jane C. Ortega
  • 2007–present - Pablo C. Ortega

Elected officials[edit]

City hall

Elected officials (June 30, 2010 – 2013):[8]

  • Mayor: Pablo C. Ortega
  • Vice-Mayor: Hermenegildo A. Gualberto
  • Councillors:
    • Alfredo Pablo R. Ortega
    • Francisco Paolo P. Ortega, V
    • Jonathan Justo A. Orros
    • Rodolfo M. Abat
    • Joseph Bernard D. Valero
    • Joseph M. de Guzman
    • Andre H. Dacanay
    • Florentino G. Flores Jr.
    • Marylin R. Jucar
    • Lolita G. Dyquiangco
    • Ramon F. Laudencia
    • Wilfredo P. Ordono
    • Ramon C. Ortega, Exec. Vice - President, Liga ng mga Barangay
    • Ramon Guio A. Ortega, SK Federation President
    • Catherine Leano - Vice President, Sanggunian ng mga

Annual community events[edit]

The city has a yearly fiesta, celebrated from January 28 to February 15, where a trade fair is opened near the city hall.

The following events happen annually: Annual City Fiesta, February 10; Bacsil Ridge Celebration, March 19; Pindangan Festival, March 20; Ma-tzu Festival, September 16.[9][10]


  • Poro Point
  • The La Union Botanical Garden (8 kilometers from the city) – is a 10 hectare garden (Barngay Cadaclan), the home of various species of rare plants and a sanctuary of wild animals.
  • Battle of Bacsil Ridge Marker
  • Pindangan Ruins (Barangay Parian)
  • Seven Hills
    • Capitol Hill (Barangay II) home of the Provincial Capitol
    • Pagoda Hill also known as Filipino-Chinese Friendship Park or Chinese Pagoda (Barangay II)
    • Heroes’ Hill & Freedom Park Stairway (153 steps) located at the eastern portion of Capitol Hill
    • Bethany Hill (Barangay II)
    • Mirador Hill(Barangay II)
    • Mariner's Hill (Barangay Catbangen)
    • Miracle Hill (Barangay Pagdaraoan)
  • Christ the Redeemer (25 foot statue, Reservoir Hill, Barangay I)
  • Moro Watch Tower (Barangay Carlatan)
  • La Union Science Centrum & Museum (LUSCM has 5 Galleries: Kadaklan Burial Site and Environmental Gallery, Museum, Dark Room, Main Science Gallery and Portable Planetarium (Barangay Cadaclan)
  • Ma-Cho Temple
  • Tomb of Unknown Soldier (Barangay Madayegdeg)
  • Cathedral of St. William the Hermit (Barangay II, Poblacion)[4]
  • Christ the Redeemer (25 foot statue, Reservoir Hill)
  • Kasay Marine Sanctuary: 30 hectares MPA, featuring the 50 years old Giant clam or Tridacna gigas (Barangay Canaoay)
  • Children’s Park (Barangay II, City Plaza)
  • 10.6 hectares Engineered Sanitary Landfill (Barangay Mameltac)[11]
  • La Union Trade Center (beside the City Hall)

Health Services[edit]

  • Ilocos Training and Regional Medical Center
  • Lorma Medical Center
  • La Union Medical and Diagnostic Center and Hospital
  • Bethany Hospital, Inc.
  • Martinez Maternity and Lying-In Hospital
  • CICOSAT Hospital
  • San Fernando City Health Office (Health Center)
    • Poro Lying-in Clinic
    • Sibuan- Otong Lying-in Clinic
    • Saoay Lying-in Clinic
    • Bangbangolan Lying-in Clinic
    • Pao Lying-in Clinic


San Fernando has 32 public and 55 private schools (academies and colleges or universities): 27 public and 17 private elementary schools, 6 private and 11 public high schools, 11 colleges and universities.

Educational Institutions:

  • AIE College - La Union Campus
  • AMA University- La Union Campus
  • Don Mariano Marcos Memorial State University Mid La Union Campus - formerly: La Union School of Arts and Trades
  • Don Mariano Marcos Memorial State University Open University System
  • Central Ilocandia College of Science and Technology (CICOSAT)
  • Christ the King College(CKC)
  • La Finn's Scholastica - formerly: La Union College of Nursing, Arts and Science (LUCNAS)
  • La Union Cultural Institute
  • Lorma Colleges (Carlatan Campus)
  • Northern Philippines College of Maritime Science and Technology
  • Northern College of Science and Technology
  • Saint Louis College La Union
  • Sea and Sky College
  • STI College -San Fernando, La Union
  • Union Christian College


AM Stations[edit]

Frequency Name Website Format Call Sign Live Stream Covered Location Owner
657 AM 657 DZLU News, Talkback DZLU San Fernando City
720 AM Bombo Radyo La Union [5] News, Talkback, Drama DZSO [6] [7] San Fernando City
783 AM DZNL Aksyon Radyo 783 [8] News, Talkback DZNL San Fernando City
1170 AM Voice of America [9] Live telelcast from The Voice of America DWVA San Fernando City
1224 AM DZAG Radyo ng Bayan 1224

FM Stations[edit]

Frequency Name Website Format Call Sign Live Stream Covered Location Owner
88.7 FM Rock City FM 88.7 CHR, Pop DWLU San Fernando City
101.7 FM 101.7 Love Radio [10] Adult Contemporary, Pop, OPM DWST San Fernando City
104.3 FM 104.3 MY FM [11] Adult Contemporary, Pop DZUL San Fernando City
105.5 FM 105.5 Big Sound FM [12] Adult Contemporary, Pop, OPM DWAA San Fernando City

TV Stations[edit]

Callsign Ch. # Location Owner
DWTL-TV TV-30 San Fernando, La Union ABS-CBN Corporation
Currently broadcasting: ABS-CBN
DWUN-TV TV-38 San Fernando, La Union ABS-CBN Corporation
Currently broadcasting: ABS-CBN Sports and Action
DWLU-TV TV-11 (Via GMA Dagupan) San Fernando, La Union GMA Network Inc.
Currently broadcasting: GMA Network
DZVT-TV TV-3 San Fernando, La Union TV5 Network, Inc.
Currently broadcasting: TV5

Sister city[edit]


  1. ^ "Cities". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 29 November 2012. 
  2. ^ a b c "Province: La Union". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 29 November 2012. 
  3. ^ a b c "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010" (PDF). 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 26 November 2012. 
  4. ^
  5. ^
  6. ^ "Facebook Helps Philippines Murder Suspect Investigation and Capture". National Ledger. July 28, 2010. Retrieved July 29, 2010. 
  7. ^ "Province of La Union". Municipality Population Data. LWUA Research Division. Retrieved 7 August 2013. 
  8. ^ Joint Oath-Taking and Inauguration of Newly-Elect Officials of the Province of La Union and City of San Fernando
  9. ^
  10. ^
  11. ^

External links[edit]