San Fernando, La Union
|City of San Fernando|
|Nickname(s): The Prime Capital of Ilocandia
Botanical Garden City
Map of La Union with San Fernando highlighted
|Region||Ilocos Region (Region I)|
|Cityhood||March 20, 1998|
|Barangays||59 (see Barangays)|
|• Type||Sangguniang Panlungsod|
|• Mayor||Hermenegildo A. Gualberto|
|• Electorate||66,197 voters (2016)|
|• Total||102.72 km2 (39.66 sq mi)|
|Population (2015 census)|
|• Density||1,200/km2 (3,100/sq mi)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+8)|
|IDD : area code||+63 (0)72|
|Climate type||tropical monsoon climate|
|Income class||3rd city income class|
San Fernando, officially the City of San Fernando (Ilokano: Siudad ti San Fernando), is a 3rd class component city in the province of La Union, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 121,812 people.
San Fernando is the financial, industrial and political center of the province, as well as the center of the official Ilocos Region, or Region I in the regions of the Philippines. (Informally Ilocos includes those areas that speak the Ilocano language outside the official Ilocos Region.)
San Fernando is 269 kilometres (167 mi) from Metro Manila.
San Fernando was founded in 1786 and was named after Saint Ferdinand III of Castile. The city's original settlements, San Vicente de Balanac and San Guillermo de Dalangdang, were attacked by pirates and headhunters.
In 1759, Augustinian friar, Padre José Torres fused these 2 settlements to Pindangan (local word for a place to dry fish), where a church dedicated to San Guillermo the Hermit was. This church is now the Cathedral of St. William the Hermit. The massive 1860's earthquake destroyed the church which was later rebuilt.
It became the cabecera or provincial capital of La Union province in 1850.
From 1896 until 1898, during the Philippine Revolution, the Spanish garrison of San Fernando was attacked by Filipino insurgents under Manuel Tinio y Bundoc and Mauro Ortiz. The Spaniards were finally ousted.
In the Second World War, the last battle of San Fernando was fought during the Japanese occupation at Barangay Bacsil. The Bacsil Ridge Monument was built on the site in the city, the north-eastern portion of the town plaza. The victory enabled the establishment of the United States Army Base, Base M at Poro Point (a buildup area for the Japan invasion). The town was liberated in 1945.
|Population census of San Fernando|
|Source: Philippine Statistics Authority|
In the 2015 census, the population of San Fernando, La Union, was 121,812 people, with a density of 1,200 inhabitants per square kilometre or 3,100 inhabitants per square mile.
San Fernando is mainly agricultural (rice, legumes, leafy vegetables, root crops, fruit trees, corn and tobacco). But residents treat fishing in coastline and seashore areas as secondary means of livelihood. The natives also have inabel (hand-woven cloth), baskets, shell crafts, including foods, such as kilawen and papaitan, basi, sukang iloko and paslubong such as guapples, longganiza, honey and native rice cakes, puto, suman and bibingka.
San Fernando has many class A hotels and resorts and night clubs.
The mayor and other elected officers hold office at the city hall of San Fernando. The Sangguniang Bayan is legislature, stationed in the Don Mariano Marcos Building, the Legislative Building in front of the city hall.
- Barangay I (Poblacion)
- Barangay II (Poblacion)
- Barangay III (Poblacion)
- Barangay IV (Poblacion)
- Cabaroan (Negro)
- Dallangayan Este
- Dallangayan Oeste
- Dalumpinas Este
- Dalumpinas Oeste
- Ilocanos Norte
- Ilocanos Sur
- Narra Este
- Narra Oeste
- Pao Norte
- Pao Sur
- San Agustin
- San Francisco
- San Vicente
- Santiago Norte
- Santiago Sur
List of former chief executives
- 1895-1898 — Blas Tadiar
- 1899-1901 — Paulino Alviar
- 1901-1903 — Gaspar Flores
- 1904-1905 — Edilberto Aquino
- 1906-1907 — Francisco Z. Flores
- 1908-1909 — Urbano Martínez
- 1910-1911 — José Hidalgo
- 1912-1914 — Anastacio Casuga
- 1915-1918 — Juan Salanga
- 1919-1921 — Ulpiano Flores
- 1922-1928 — Pedro R. Flores
- 1928 — Francisco Galvez
- 1928-1930 — Evaristo Galvez
- 1931-1933 — Angel Salanga
- 1934-1936 — Lauro Casuga
- 1936-1939 — Paulino Flores
- 1942-1944 — Juan Salanga
- 1945-1946 — Modesto Aquino
- 1946-1955 — Lorenzo L. Dacanay
- 1956-1959 — Godofredo G. Rilloraza
- 1960-1971 — Lorenzo L. Dacanay
- 1972-1980 — Antonio Feraren
- 1980 — Joaquin T. Ortega
- 1980-1987 — Justo O. Orros Jr.
- 1987 — Rufo T. Colisao
- 1987-1988 — Angel Salanga
- 1988-1998 — Manuel C. Ortega
- 1998-2007 — Mary Jane C. Ortega
- 2007–2016 — Pablo C. Ortega
- 2016–present — Hermenegildo A. Gualberto
Elected officials (June 30, 2016 – 2019):
- Mayor: Hermenegildo A. Gualberto
- Vice Mayor: Alfred Pablo R. Ortega
- Jessie Miranda
- Ferdinand Verzosa
- Maria Rosario Eufrosina Nisce
- Antonio Jucar
- Ramon Melecio Gurion
- Ramon Laudencia
- Ramon Ortega
- Francisco Paolo Ortega
- Mario Lacsamana
- John Orros
- Arnel Almazan
- Ernesto Rafon
Annual community events
The city has a yearly fiesta, celebrated from January 28 to February 15, where a trade fair is opened near the city hall.
- Poro Point
- The La Union Botanical Garden (8 kilometers from the city) – is a 10 hectare garden (Barangay Cadaclan), the home of various species of rare plants and a sanctuary of wild animals.
- Battle of Bacsil Ridge Marker
- Pindangan Ruins (Barangay Parian)
- Seven Hills
- Capitol Hill (Barangay II) home of the Provincial Capitol
- Pagoda Hill also known as Filipino-Chinese Friendship Park or Chinese Pagoda (Barangay II)
- Heroes’ Hill & Freedom Park Stairway (153 steps) located at the eastern portion of Capitol Hill
- Bethany Hill (Barangay II)
- Mirador Hill (Barangay II)
- Mariner's Hill (Barangay Catbangen)
- Miracle Hill (Barangay Pagdaraoan)
- Christ the Redeemer (25 foot statue, Reservoir Hill, Barangay I)
- Moro Watch Tower (Barangay Carlatan)
- La Union Science Centrum & Museum (LUSCM has 5 Galleries: Kadaklan Burial Site and Environmental Gallery, Museum, Dark Room, Main Science Gallery and Portable Planetarium (Barangay Cadaclan)
- Ma-Cho Temple
- Tomb of Unknown Soldier (Barangay Madayegdeg)
- Cathedral of St. William the Hermit (Barangay II, Poblacion)
- Kasay Marine Sanctuary: 30 hectares MPA, featuring the 50 years old Giant clam or Tridacna gigas (Barangay Canaoay)
- Children’s Park (Barangay II, City Plaza)
- 10.6 hectares Engineered Sanitary Landfill (Barangay Mameltac)
- La Union Trade Center (beside the City Hall)
- Coatzacoalcos, Mexico
- "City". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 30 May 2013.
- "Province: La Union". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
- Census of Population (2015). "Region I (Ilocos Region)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
- "Republic Act No. 8509 - An Act Converting the Municipality of San Fernando, La Union, Into a Component City To Be Known As the City of San Fernando". Chan Robles Virtual Law Library. 13 February 1998. Retrieved 4 October 2016.
- "Battle of San Fernando Marker in San Fernando (La Union)". Archived from the original on 2 June 2014. Retrieved 4 October 2016.
- "History". The Official Website of San Fernando City, La Union. Archived from the original on 27 January 2015. Retrieved 4 October 2016.
- Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region I (Ilocos Region)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
- Census of Population (1995, 2000 and 2007). "Region I (Ilocos Region)". Total Population by Province, City and Municipality. NSO. Archived from the original on 24 June 2011.
- "Province of La Union". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
- Madrid, Myla B. (6 July 2010). ""PATOPAT", A Native Delicacy". The Official Website of San Fernando City, La Union. Archived from the original on 11 August 2010. Retrieved 4 October 2016.
- Joint Oath-Taking and Inauguration of Newly-Elect Officials of the Province of La Union and City of San Fernando
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for San Fernando, La Union.|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to San Fernando, La Union.|
|Wikisource has the text of a 1905 New International Encyclopedia article about San Fernando, La Union.|