1907 San Francisco streetcar strike
|San Francisco streetcar strike|
|Date||May 5, 1907 – mid-February, 1908|
|Goals||8-hour day |
$3 per day
|Resulted in||Unsuccessful; |
Carmen's Union Local 205 disbanded
|Parties to the civil conflict|
|Death(s)||31 (25 passengers)|
|Injuries||1100 (900 passengers)|
The San Francisco streetcar strike of 1907 was among the most violent of the streetcar strikes in the United States between 1895 and 1929. Before the end of the strike, thirty-one people had been killed and about 1100 injured.
As the strike loomed, one of the prominent officials of San Francisco's United Railroads, Patrick Calhoun, contracted with the nationally known "King of the Strikebreakers" James A. Farley, for four hundred replacement workers waiting on board ship. The streetcar Carmen's Union struck on May 5, 1907, for an 8-hour day and $3 per day. Farley's armed workers took control of the entire system. The violence started two days later, Bloody Tuesday, when a shootout on Turk Street left 2 dead and about 20 injured.
On May 25, both the pro-labor Mayor Eugene Schmitz and Calhoun were indicted on corruption charges, and on June 13 Schmitz was found guilty of extortion, to be replaced by Edward Robeson Taylor. This development seriously undermined labor's political position, and the Daily News was the only one of the city's newspapers to support the strikers. The action effectively collapsed in November, and officially abandoned in mid-February with the dissolution of Carmen's Union Local 205.
Of the 31 deaths from shootings and streetcar accidents, 25 were passengers; 900 of the estimated 1100 injuries were passengers. In 1916 San Francisco labor leader Thomas Mooney would attempt to re-organize the Carmen's Union in San Francisco, a prelude to his notorious trial later that year.
- Streetcar strikes in the United States
- St. Louis streetcar strike of 1900
- Murder of workers in labor disputes in the United States
- New York Times, May 6, 1907
- "Death of a Union - The 1907 San Francisco Streetcar Strike". Archived from the original on July 17, 2011. Retrieved July 17, 2011.
- E.W. Scripps and the business of newspapers By Gerald J. Baldasty, page 115
- Industrial Relations in the San Francisco Bay Area, 1900-1918, page 196
- Labor and World War I, 1914-1918 By Philip Sheldon Foner, page 81