|San Fruttuoso Abbey|
|Location||Camogli, Liguria, Italy|
|Built||10th to 13th century|
|Owner||Fondo Ambiente Italiano|
|Website||San Fruttuoso Abbey|
The Abbey of San Fruttuoso is a Romanesque religious building located in a secluded bay in the Italian Riviera near Genoa, between Camogli and Portofino, The abbey used to be under the patronage of the Genoese aristocratic Doria family, who protected it with a watchtower built by the architect Giovanni Ponzello in 1562.
It can only be reached by sea or by hiking on steep wooded trails, as there no road access exists.
The abbey is dedicated to Saint Fructuosus, a third-century bishop of Tarraco (now Tarragona in north-east Spain) who was martyred during the persecutions of the Roman Emperor Valerian. In the eighth century, the relics of Fructuosus were translated at the abbey by Greek monks and are still preserved there
The abbey was founded by the Order of Saint Benedict and most of its buildings date to the 10th and 11th century. The original 10th-century church tower had a Byzantine-style spherical top, later replaced with the octagonal tower still present today.
The sea-facing wing was constructed in the 13th century and modeled on the design of the aristocratic palaces of Genoa.
The abbey contains the tombs of members of the Genoese Doria family, dating from 1275 to 1305, alongside other burials and an ancient Roman sarcophagus. The Doria tombs are decorated in black slate and white marble stripes, typical of the Ligurian architecture of the period.
By the 17th century the abbey's fortunes had declined and some of its premises were used as a sheep barn. In 1730, Camillo Doria restored the abbey and returned the church to liturgical use.
In 1915, some of the buildings were damaged by a flood and restored by the Italian Government in 1933.
In 1983, the last descendants of the Doria Pamphilj family donated the Abbey and its dependencies to the heritage organization Fondo per l'Ambiente Italiano, which conducted a complete renovation of the buildings from 1985 to 2017.
San Fruttuoso was visited in 1948 by the Finnish writer Göran Schildt, during in documented travels aboard the ketch Daphne.
- "Torre Doria - Camogli - Visit Italy". www.visititaly.it. Retrieved 2023-10-26.
- "Welcome Tigullio" (PDF).
- "S. FRUTTUOSO DI CAPODIMONTE 93 – Arcidiocesi di Genova". www.chiesadigenova.it. Retrieved 2023-10-26.
- Borghi, Valentina (2022-04-01). "San Fruttuoso di Camogli: i sentieri, l'abbazia e la spiaggia". BeBorghi (in Italian). Retrieved 2023-10-26.
- "Abbazia di San Fruttuoso" (in Italian). Ministry of Cultural Heritage and Activities (Italy). Retrieved 4 August 2018.
- "San Fruttuoso abbey". Fondo Ambiente Italiano.
- "Abbazia di San Fruttoso". Cultura in Liguria Temi (in Italian). Retrieved 4 August 2018.
- "San Fruttuoso" (in Italian). Website on the abbey and its surroundings