San Giovanni degli Eremiti

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Church of Saint John of the Hermits
Chiesa di San Giovanni degli Eremiti (in Italian)
Saint Jean des Ermites (Palerme) (7018988607).jpg
Exterior of the Church
Religion
AffiliationRoman Catholic
ProvinceArchdiocese of Palermo
RiteRoman Rite
Location
LocationPalermo, Italy
Geographic coordinates38°06′35″N 13°21′17″E / 38.10972°N 13.35472°E / 38.10972; 13.35472Coordinates: 38°06′35″N 13°21′17″E / 38.10972°N 13.35472°E / 38.10972; 13.35472
Architecture
StyleArab-Norman, Romanesque
Groundbreaking6th century
Completed1132[1]
Official name: Arab-Norman Palermo and the Cathedral Churches of Cefalù and Monreale
TypeCultural
Criteriaii, iv
Designated2015 (39th session)
Reference no.1487
State Party Italy
RegionEurope and North America

San Giovanni degli Eremiti (St. John of the Hermits) is a church in Palermo, Sicily, near the Palazzo dei Normanni.

History[edit]

San Giovanni degli Eremiti
Detail of the bell tower

The church's origins date to the 6th century. Later, after the Islamic conquest of Sicily, it was converted into a mosque. After the establishment of the Norman domination of southern Italy, it was returned to the Christians by Roger II of Sicily who, around 1136, entrusted it to the Benedictine monks of Saint William of Vercelli.[2]

The church was extensively modified during the following centuries. A restoration held around 1880 attempted to restore its original medieval appearance.

Architecture[edit]

The church is notable for its brilliant red domes, which show clearly the persistence of Arab influences in Sicily at the time of its reconstruction in the 12th century, the Arab-Norman culture[3]. In her 1882 Diary of an Idle Woman in Sicily, Frances Elliot described it as "... totally oriental... it would fit well in Baghdad or Damascus".[4] However, the red colour of the domes are not original, as they were restored in the present way at the end of the nineteenth century by an architect who found pieces of red plaster on the domes and therefore decided to paint all the domes in red.

The church lies with a flank on a square construction, which was probably a former mosque. The church is on the Latin Cross plan with a nave and two aisles and three apses. Each of the square spans is surmounted by a dome. The presbytery, ending with a niche, has also a dome.

The cloister, enriched by a luxurious garden, is the best preserved part of the ancient monastery. It has notable small double columns with capitals decorated by vegetable motifs, which support ogival arches. It also includes an Arab cistern.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://whc.unesco.org/uploads/nominations/1487.pdf
  2. ^ "San Giovanni degli Eremiti, Palermo". Sacred Destinations. Retrieved 21 March 2016.
  3. ^ Stanzione, Nicola. "The Church of San Giovanni degli Eremiti". palermoviva.it. Retrieved 8 April 2019.
  4. ^ Elliot, Frances (1882). Diary of an Idle Woman in Sicily. Leipzig: Bernhard Tauchnitz.