San Ignacio de Velasco

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San Ignacio de Velasco
City
San Ignacio de Velasco
San Ignacio de Velasco
Flag of San Ignacio de Velasco
San Ignacio de Velasco is located in Bolivia
San Ignacio de Velasco
San Ignacio de Velasco
Location within Bolivia
Coordinates: 16°22′0″S 60°57′0″W / 16.36667°S 60.95000°W / -16.36667; -60.95000Coordinates: 16°22′0″S 60°57′0″W / 16.36667°S 60.95000°W / -16.36667; -60.95000
CountryFlag of Bolivia.svg Bolivia
DepartmentFlag of Santa Cruz.svg Santa Cruz Department
ProvinceJosé Miguel de Velasco Province
MunicipalitySan Ignacio de Velasco Municipality
Founded1749
Elevation
410 m (1,350 ft)
Population
 (2012)[1]
 • Total31,196

San Ignacio de Velasco, is the capital of the José Miguel de Velasco Province and the San Ignacio de Velasco Municipality in the Santa Cruz Department of Bolivia.

History[edit]

The Jesuit mission of San Ignacio de Velasco was founded in 1748 by the Jesuit missionaries Diego Contreras and Michael Streicher (also known as Areijer). The mission was inhabited by indigenous Ugaraños (Ayoreo).[2][3] It was partially settled by inhabitants of San Ignacio de Zamucos, another Jesuit mission which had been abandoned in 1745.[4][5]

People[edit]

In 1996, the municipal government published the population as 12,600 persons.[6] It is the largest city in Velasco, and the largest city between metropolitan Santa Cruz and the Brazilian border.

Languages[edit]

Camba Spanish is the most commonly used everyday language.[7] The most common indigenous language in San Ignacio and surroundings is the Ignaciano dialect of Chiquitano.[8]

Geography[edit]

San Ignacio is located in the south-central region of the province of Velasco. It is connected to Santa Cruz via bus lines utilizing a dirt highway to San Javier in the province of Ñuflo de Chávez. From San Javier to Santa Cruz, the highway is paved. To the east, similar bus lines connect San Ignacio to the Brazilian city of Cáceres and utilized an unpaved road. The city has an airport (airport code SNG[9]) with a dirt airstrip.
San Ignacio is located on the man-made lake, Guapomo, which also serves as the city's supply of fresh water.[10]

Demographics[edit]

Nearly all of the people of San Ignacio are indigenous or mestizo, i.e. Camba. Post-World War II German immigrants have a small presence, as well Mennonites.

Religion[edit]

The city is the seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of San Ignacio de Velasco.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ World-Gazetteer[dead link]
  2. ^ Lasso Varela, Isidro José (2008-06-26). "Influencias del cristianismo entre los Chiquitanos desde la llegada de los Españoles hasta la expulsión de los Jesuitas" (in Spanish). Departamento de Historia Moderna, Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia UNED. Retrieved 2009-02-03. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  3. ^ Groesbeck, Geoffrey A. P. (2008). "A Brief History of the Jesuit Missions of Chiquitos (eastern Bolivia)". Colonialvoyage. Archived from the original on 2009-01-06. Retrieved 2009-01-16.
  4. ^ Roth, Hans. "Events that happened at that time". Chiquitos: Misiones Jesuíticas. Retrieved 2009-01-21.[permanent dead link]
  5. ^ Jackson, Robert H. "La raza y la definición de la identidad del "Indio" en las fronteras de la América española Colonial". Revista de Estudios Sociales (26). ISSN 0123-885X. Retrieved 2009-01-21.
  6. ^ Guia Turistica de la Provincia "Velasco", Gobierno Municipal de San Ignacio de Velasco
  7. ^ Nikulin, Andrey (2019). "Contacto de lenguas en la Chiquitanía". Revista Brasileira de Línguas Indígenas. 2 (2): 5–30.
  8. ^ Nikulin, Andrey (2020). Proto-Macro-Jê: um estudo reconstrutivo (PDF) (Ph.D. dissertation). Brasília: Universidade de Brasília.
  9. ^ "San Ignacio De Velasco Airport (SNG) Details". The Guides Network. 2007.
  10. ^ Guia Turistica de la Provincia "Velasco", Gobierno Municipal de San Ignacio de Velasco

External links[edit]