San José de Ocoa

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San José de Ocoa
Flag of San José de Ocoa
Flag
Official seal of San José de Ocoa
Seal
San José de Ocoa is located in the Dominican Republic
San José de Ocoa
San José de Ocoa
San José de Ocoa in the Dominican Republic
Coordinates: 18°33′00″N 70°30′00″W / 18.55000°N 70.50000°W / 18.55000; -70.50000Coordinates: 18°33′00″N 70°30′00″W / 18.55000°N 70.50000°W / 18.55000; -70.50000
Country  Dominican Republic
Province San José de Ocoa
Founded 1805
Municipality since 1858
Area[1]
 • Total 484.87 km2 (187.21 sq mi)
Elevation[2] 475 m (1,558 ft)
Population (2012)[3]
 • Total 21,148
 • Density 44/km2 (110/sq mi)
 • Demonym Ocoeño(a)
Distance to
 – Santo Domingo

112 km
Municipal Districts
3

San José de Ocoa is the capital of San José de Ocoa province in the Dominican Republic. It is located north of the Peravia province, and was part of that province until 1 January 2002.

Geography[edit]

The city lies in a valley in the southern region of the Central Cordillera. It is located at an altitude of 475 meters. The municipality covers an area of 484.87 km².

Climate[edit]

Climate data for San José de Ocoa (1961–1990)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 35.8
(96.4)
34.5
(94.1)
35.6
(96.1)
34.7
(94.5)
35.5
(95.9)
37.6
(99.7)
36.7
(98.1)
37.6
(99.7)
37.6
(99.7)
35.7
(96.3)
35.6
(96.1)
36.4
(97.5)
37.6
(99.7)
Average high °C (°F) 28.8
(83.8)
29.3
(84.7)
29.7
(85.5)
30.1
(86.2)
30.4
(86.7)
31.1
(88)
31.8
(89.2)
32.0
(89.6)
31.8
(89.2)
31.0
(87.8)
30.0
(86)
28.6
(83.5)
30.4
(86.7)
Average low °C (°F) 17.5
(63.5)
17.3
(63.1)
17.7
(63.9)
18.0
(64.4)
18.6
(65.5)
19.1
(66.4)
19.7
(67.5)
19.9
(67.8)
19.6
(67.3)
19.4
(66.9)
18.7
(65.7)
17.9
(64.2)
18.6
(65.5)
Record low °C (°F) 10.5
(50.9)
11.3
(52.3)
11.5
(52.7)
11.5
(52.7)
11.6
(52.9)
11.6
(52.9)
11.5
(52.7)
12.5
(54.5)
11.5
(52.7)
12.6
(54.7)
10.4
(50.7)
10.5
(50.9)
10.4
(50.7)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 15.9
(0.626)
24.8
(0.976)
34.6
(1.362)
70.3
(2.768)
151.4
(5.961)
106.1
(4.177)
63.4
(2.496)
97.0
(3.819)
135.6
(5.339)
115.1
(4.531)
55.0
(2.165)
25.4
(1)
894.6
(35.22)
Average rainy days (≥ 1.0 mm) 3.1 3.6 4.1 5.7 10.6 8.6 6.6 7.8 10.6 9.9 5.4 2.8 78.8
Source: NOAA[4]

History[edit]

The town was founded in 1805 by persons from the southern town of Baní. The Canarian descendants were the first ethnic group to settle in San José de Ocoa, remaining a significant minority in the town. Other families from Spain, Italy and France, notably the Minyettys, would soon follow. Blacks also would later settle in San José de Ocoa, most of them being Cocolo descendants arriving from San Pedro de Macoris.[5] In December 1858, San José de Ocoa was elevated to the category of municipality in the former province of Santo Domingo; in 1895, it was transferred to the province of Azua. In 1944 when the province of Peravia was created, San José de Ocoa became a municipality of this province. Finally, the town became the capital municipality of the new province of San José de Ocoa on 6 September 2000.

Economy[edit]

Dominican Republic Town 2.jpg

Agriculture is the dominant sector in the economy of the municipality. The main crops are coffee, beans and potatoes. Other vegetables, such as cabbage and carrot are also grown as well as some tropical fruits (avocado and mango). Other economic activities are trade, carpentry workshops, mechanical and some processing of agricultural products.

Prominent residents of the city[edit]

  • Rafael Sanchez, better known by the alias of Jack Veneno, former professional wrestler and current sub-secretary of sports, was born in San José.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Superficies a nivel de municipios, Oficina Nacional de Estadistica
  2. ^ De la Fuente, Santiago (1976). Geografía Dominicana (in Spanish). Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic: Editora Colegial Quisqueyana. 
  3. ^ Censo 2012 de Población y Vivienda, Oficina Nacional de Estadistica
  4. ^ "San J. Ocoa Climate Normals 1961-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved September 19, 2016. 
  5. ^ "Municipio de San José de Ocoa".