San Jose, Camarines Sur

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San Jose
Municipality
Municipal hall and sport complex
Municipal hall and sport complex
Official seal of San Jose
Seal
Nickname(s): Patrocinio (1813), San Jose (1883)
Motto: Sa matanos na Gobyerno, An tawo maasenso. (In a righteous government, the people will prosper.)
Map of Camarines Sur showing the location of San Jose
Map of Camarines Sur showing the location of San Jose
San Jose is located in Philippines
San Jose
San Jose
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 13°42′N 123°31′E / 13.7°N 123.52°E / 13.7; 123.52Coordinates: 13°42′N 123°31′E / 13.7°N 123.52°E / 13.7; 123.52
Country Philippines
Region Bicol (Region V)
Province Camarines Sur
District 4th district
Founded 1813
Barangays 29
Government[1]
 • Mayor Antonio B. Chavez
Area[2]
 • Total 43.07 km2 (16.63 sq mi)
Population (2015 census)[3]
 • Total 40,623
 • Density 940/km2 (2,400/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 4423
IDD:area code +63 (0)54
Income class 4th class; partially urban
Website sanjose.camarinessur.gov.ph

San Jose is a fourth class municipality in the province of Camarines Sur, Philippines.[2] According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 40,623 people.[3]

It is located at the southern part of the province approximately 52 kilometres (32 mi) south of Metro Manila. It is a distance of about 55 kilometres (34 mi) from Naga City and 45 kilometres (28 mi) away from the town of Pili, the capital town of the province.[4]

History[edit]

The history[5][6] of the town of San Jose dates back to 1601 when this town was a barrio of Lagonoy under the name Danlog. The old Parish Priest of Lagonoy, Fr. Salvador Mendoza, decided to build a church in a place called "Cabayawasan" because of the presence of so many guava trees in the area. The construction of the church began in 1818. It was a cooperative effort of the people of Lagonoy who worked on the northern part and the people of Danlog on the southern part. Most of the materials and labor were either free or as payment for weddings and baptism.

In 1813, the town of San Jose was officially established under the name "Patrocinio" derived from the word "Patron", meaning model. Then it was changed to Patrocinio de San Jose in honor of its Patron Saint, Saint Joseph the Patriarch. Later in 1883, it was shortened to "San Jose" which is now the official name. Its founders were Fr. Salvador Mendoza, then the Parish Priest of San Jose and Don Macario Agustin, the first Captain Municipal of the town.

After the founding of the town, progress and development became eminent and this could be attributed to the cooperative efforts of the church and the state. In 1887, the foundations of the municipal building were laid when Venancio Obias was the Captain Municipal. His successors continued the work but the structure was completely destroyed by a very strong typhoon called "Bagyong Ogis", so named because the back of the trees were shredded of and trunks turned white in 1898. A big house owned by Capitan Gregorio Patrocinio was made the temporary "tribunal."

When the people of Naga decided to take up arms against the Spaniards, Elias Angeles, then the leading "Guard Civil" of Naga convinced the people of San Jose to join the revolutionary movement. Ariston Prila, a "cabeza de barangay" from barangay Kinalansan heeded the call.

In the early part of 1903, when the Americans reached the town, there were a handful of revolutionaries led by Jose Valencia and Nicomedes Mata but they fled when they realized that their resistance was futile. The American Government was easily established and continued its pacification campaign while pursuing its goal of effecting changes in various aspects of the lives of the people.

During the Japanese occupation, Japanese soldiers reached the town in the latest of 1942. Most of the people had evacuated to the far-flung barangays and up to the mountains of Goa and Lagonoy while some joined the guerilla movement. Filipino-Japanese government continued with an appointed Mayor. Filipino volunteers manned the defense of the town hall which served as garrison while the Japanese Imperial Forces had Goa for its headquarters. Schools were ordered opened by the authorities to allay fears and to give confidence of the people.

With the end of the Pacific War and the celebration of Independence in 1946, the people slowly rehabilitated their lives from the ravages of the war and returned to their usual milieu with renewed vigor.

May 19 marks the annual celebration of the feast day of San Jose, the town's patron saint.

Geography[edit]

San Jose has a total land area of 4,702.8146 hectares and is bounded in north by Lagonoy, south by Tigaon, east by Lagonoy Gulf, and west by Goa. The whole town is roughly 0.27% of the region's 1.76 million hectares; 0.89% of the total land area of Camarines Sur with an area of 526.680 square kilometers; and 2.26% of the total land area of the 4th Congressional District of Camarines Sur with an area of 207,596.71 hectares.[6][4]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for San Jose, Camarines Sur
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 29
(84)
29
(84)
30
(86)
31
(88)
32
(90)
32
(90)
31
(88)
32
(90)
31
(88)
31
(88)
30
(86)
29
(84)
30.6
(87.2)
Average low °C (°F) 23
(73)
23
(73)
23
(73)
24
(75)
25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
23
(73)
24
(75)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 189.5
(7.461)
169.4
(6.669)
133.1
(5.24)
119.4
(4.701)
134.2
(5.283)
221.2
(8.709)
200.5
(7.894)
155
(6.1)
189
(7.44)
314.6
(12.386)
369.2
(14.535)
444
(17.48)
2,639.1
(103.898)
Average rainy days 18 14 14 13 13 15 17 14 16 22 23 24 203
Source: World Weather Online[7]

The municipality belongs to Type II Climate[6][4] characterized by the absence of a dry season and very pronounced maximum rainfall from November to December. It is during these months that the Northeast monsoon season occurs and the tropical cyclones contribute to the increased rainfall in the area. In January and February, the effect of these air masses on rainfall is considerably radical. In addition to the north-east monsoon during the months of February and March, the trail winds traveling from East to West do not give significant increase of rainfall. Likely, the month of May is the transition period between the monsoon that is prevalent from June to September. During the south-west monsoon season, the linear system called the Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITZ), brings the largest amount of rainfall to the area. In October, which is the transitive period between the south-west and north-east monsoons, the tropical cyclone brings considerable amount of rain.[4]

The rainfall distribution in the municipality is greatly influenced by the air streams, tropical cyclones, the Intertropical Convergence Zone, shorelines, easterly waves and other rainfall-causing weather patterns.[4] The rainfall season occurs from June to December with high rainfall intensity of 285.06mm to 474.22m and less rainfall intensity of 245.30mm to 224.06m from January to the month May which at the same time is the onset of effective rainfall with 75% probability and it would terminate in February of the following year which consequently during this period the mountainous areas receive higher intensity of rainfall. But the trend of monthly rainfall is unimodal (having one peak) and the maximum rain period is from October to December. On the other hand, the monthly average rainfall varies from 125.86mm to 594.56mm with a mean annual rainfall of 298.54mm.[4]

The winds are influenced by the monsoon and the Pacific Trade System with Northeast direction that occurs in November to February; Easterly winds during the months of March, April, May and October; Southwest winds in June to August; and Westerly winds in September.[4]

The maximum temperature during the month of January reaches about 27.9°C while 31.8 °C in November. The minimum temperature from December to June reaches about 20.6 °C to 24.5 °C; and the average monthly temperature is recorded at 25.0 °C in January to 27.9 °C in June.[4]

Relative humidity is indicative of the amount of water vapor present in the atmosphere. Humidity in the Philippines as in the municipality of San Jose[4] is high because of the warm moist air streams flowing over the archipelago, the surrounding seas, rich vegetation and abundant rainfall. The lowest average relative humidity occurs in May with 85.9%; highest in February with 93.4%; and the annual average humidity is 90% which is higher than the regional and national average of 82%.

Typhoon and storm surges[edit]

The tropical cyclone is a climatic control that contributes largely to the rainfall from June to December.[4] It was shown to usually cause maximum values of rainfall and winds as exemplified by the highest wind speed of 77 miles per second as recorded in Virac, Catanduanes areas during the height of Typhoon Sening in 1970.

The tropical cyclones are internationally classified with these depending on their maximum wind speed or peak wind velocities (V) as follows:

  • Tropical Depression, V<33 knots (63 kph)
  • Tropical Storm, 33 knots < V < 47 k (87 kph)
  • Tropical Storm, 47 knots < u < 63 knots (116 kph)
  • Typhoon, u > 63 knots (116 kph)

The cyclones affecting the Philippine islands[4] originate from the Pacific Ocean East of the Islands between latitude 8 degrees North, 10 degrees South, traveling on a Westerly or Northwesterly course over the country. It has the highest sustained wind velocity of 6 knots in November to April and lowest sustained wind velocity of 4 knots in September. Note that the average cyclone that passes over mainland Bicol which include San Jose town is 3 cyclones for every 2 years.[8]

Topography[edit]

The terrain of the municipality[4] is characterized as level to gently rolling and sloping. About 91.96% is characterized as having a generally flat terrain with a slope 0-3% which is described to be level to nearly level. It practically covers the entire land area of the town except barangay Adiangao which is located along the mountain range of Caramoan Peninsula which has an undulating to rolling terrain with 8.04% portions of steep slopes.

The elevation of the municipality[4] is roughly 92.55% low to very low with a mean elevation from 0–100 meters above sea level. Hence, low elevation is about 5.72% ranging from 100–300 meters above sea level as well as 1.73% with moderately high elevation ranging from 300–500 meters above sea level.

Geology[edit]

The major part of the municipal area is composed of Alluvium River Terraces[6][4] which is particularly described as fluvicatile lacustrine alluvium composed of unsorted loosely consolidated pebbles, gravel, silt, coral debris and clay that can be found in flooded plains, riverbanks, sand bars, beaches, and tidal flats. It is notable that river terraces along the Lagonoy River and its tributaries which include also the Rangas River that practically originating from the foot of the Mount Isarog account for about 90.69% or 4,264.9826 hectares of the total land area of the municipality while the rest is of igneous and metamorphic rock origin of which volcanoclast alluvial fans cover about 0.19% or 8.94 hectares. These are specifically found in barangays Catalotoan and Salogon. Note that volcanoclast is a thick and extensive pyroclastic material consists of ashes, cinder lapili, tuff agromerate and volcanic debris while alluvial fans consists only of worked pyroclastics.

Geological Table
Mapping Symbol Descriptions Area (in Has.)  % to Total
Sedimentary Rocks:
R - Recent Alluvial, River Terraces Fluvicatile Lacustrine aluvium (unsorted loosely consolidated pebbles, gravel, silt, coral debris and clay) in flood plains, riverbank, bars, beaches, and tidal flats. River terraces along Lagonoy River and its tributaries. 4,264.9826 90.69
QVP - Volcanoclast Alluvial Fans Thick and extensive pyroclastic (asshes, cinders, lapilli, tuff agglomerate and volcanic debris) at the foot of Mt. Iriga and residual slope of Mt. Labo. Alluvial fans mainly consisting of work pyroclastic. 8.9353 0.19
BC - Basement Complex Highly fractured and folded complex consisting of quartzite, quartzatedspathit and mica schists. 247.3680 5.26
N2LS - Crystalline Limestone Extensive transgressive reetal carbonated facies incl. wall preserved bushes of corals, megafossils and algae structure. Detrital to tuffacious limestone showing well-developed karst landforms especially karst formation in Caramoan Peninsula. 181.5286 3.86
Total 4,702.8146 100.00

Source: Municipal Comprehensive Landuse Plan & Zoning Ordinance (2000-2010)

On the other hand, barangay Adiangao is composed of igneous and metamorphic rocks classified as Basement Complex. It is characterized as highly fractured and folded complex consisting of quartzite, quartzatedspathit and mica schists that cover roughly 5.26% or 247.37 hectares. Meanwhile, the lower part of the place is composed of sedimentary rocks known as crystalline limestone which covers about 3.86% or 181.53 hectares. Crystalline limestone is an extensive transgressive rectal carbonated facies including wall preserved bushes of corals, megafossils and algae structure, detritae to fuffacious limestone showing well developed karst landforms or formation that can be found prevalent in the Caramoan Peninsula.[6]

Landforms[edit]

The many landforms[4] found in the municipality have been the natural production of the different geographical pressures of the different structural land forms such as alluvial lowland, alluvial fans, sedimentary plateau or masses of residual slopes and thick sedimentary landscapes. Most of its territorial areas are best characterized by broad alluvial plans described as level to nearly level, and moderately well-drained terraces. The level to undulating plains are the product of paludal environment or deltaic plains which are usually being flooded during slight and heavy downpours.

On the other hand, Barangay Adiangao is characterized by Shale/Sandstone Hills (SSH)[4] which is described to be undulating to rolling, slightly to moderately dissected, and moistly top-rounded hills, both are low and high relief. Likewise, steep slopes are dissected closely with each other particularly those with greater than 18o inclinations. Meanwhile, V-shaped valleys are noted to have been composed and dominated by sandstone. Likewise, landforms in barangays Dolo, Sabang, part of Minoro, Manzana and Tagas are noted to be flat with very poorly drained terrains and oftentimes affected by floods caused by high tides. The coastal plains are most commonly swarmed with mangroves, nipa plants, break rides, swales and tidal flats.

Major Types of Land Management Units[edit]

The municipality is composed of 5 major types of Land Management Units (LMUs)[4] which are classified into 2 forms, namely: Warm Lowland and Warm Cool Hillyland. They are enumerated and explained below.

Warm Lowland:

  • Tidal Flats (LMU 02) is very deep, fine loamy dark grayish brown but sometimes coarse loamy grayish soil, medium acid to mildly alkaline reaction, low available P an CaMg but adequate with O.M., constant extractable KBSP and CEC; generally moderate fertility level, very low infiltration and moderate to slow permeability rate, submerged and very poorly drained.
  • Beach Ridges and Swales (LMU 03) is shallow to moderately deep, very dark brown, coarse, and loamy underlain by sandy skeletal substratum; slightly acid to mutual moderate CaMg and CEC; available highly extractable K acid; BSP generally moderate fertility level; rapid to very rapid infiltration and rapid to moderate rapid permeability rate, and excessively drained.
  • Estuarin Plain (LMU 04) is deep to very deep clay, predominantly very dark brown, yellowish brown, coarse, loamy underlain by sandy skeletal substratum; medium acid to neutral soil reaction; moderate exchangeable K, high O.M. content, available P, BSP and CEC; generally high fertility level; slow to very slow infiltration and rapid to moderately rapid permeability rate, and moderately well to poorly drained.
  • Broad Plain (LMU 09) is moderately deep and sometimes shallow predominantly brown fine, loamy and sometimes coarse, loamy sub-soil underlain by coarse loamy skeletal stratum; strong acid to slightly acid, moderately available P, extractable K and Ca/Mg; adequate O.M. content CEC and BSP, moderate general fertility level; very slow to very rapid permeability rate, poorly to well drained, none to moderate flooding.

Warm Cool Hillyland:

  • Shale/Sandstones Hills (LMU 70) is moderately shallow to very deep, predominantly dark, yellowish brown, and strong fine loamy and sometimes clayey subsoil underlain by skeletal substratum; medium soil to mildly alkaline reaction, low O.M. content and available P, high extractable K, Ca/Mg, BS and CEC generally moderate fertility level, slow to moderate permeability, moderate to well drained.

Soil classifications[edit]

The soil map reveals that the municipality is composed of 9 soil types, namely:

  • Dolo Sandy clay loan and sandy loam
  • Minoro Loam
  • Venagre Clay loam and sandy loam
  • Huyon-huyon Sandy loam
  • Kinalansan Silty clay loam and Clay
  • Magsaysay Sandy Loam
  • San Miguel Silty Loam
  • Porous rocks & clay load
  • Sandy soil

It is also noted that the soil composition of the low-lying areas is rich loamy characterized as broad alluvial plains. However, the inherent soil fertility is generally moderate because of the moderate levels of calcium and magnesium contents that would be adequate for normal growth of crops. Meanwhile, the solids of the coastal plains are generally deep to poorly drained while beach ridges are shallow, coarse and loamy. These areas are noted to be moderately fertile due to low organic matter content; while some areas are poorly drained and prone to tidal floods usually occurring in barangays Sabang, Dolo, and Kinalansan.

On the other hand, soils that came from shales and sandstones can be found in barangay Adiangao. These are noted to be moderately shallow to moderately deep, fine loamy to clayey. Generally, it is high in fertility brought about by adequate levels of soil reaction, organic matter content, and permeability. However, soil limitations may include heavy texture, erosion hazard, surface stoniness as well as the presence of rock outcrops and shallow soils.

Soil Erosion and Landslide Susceptibility[edit]

The lands that are prone to erosion account for about 8.04% of the total land area and they have slopes ranging from 30%-50%. However, the erosion map of the municipality revealed that only 8.49% of the total land area are observed to be slightly eroded while no apparent erosion occurred in the rest of the territory.

Area Distribution by Erosion Hazard[4]
Descriptions Area (Has.)  % to Total
E0 - No Apparent Erosion 4,303.5456 91.51
E1 - Slight Erosion 399.2690 8.49
E2 - Moderate Erosion - -
Unclassified - -
Total 4,702.8146 100.00

Source: MPT Estimates

Flooding hazard[edit]

It has been noted that most of the municipal area or 92.14% is free from the hazards of flooding. However, there is a slight seasonal flooding or about 1.67% that usually occur in barangay Minoro and in the northern part of Dolo which covers about 78.54 hectares. The flood reaches a depth of less than 0.5 to 1.0 meter after heavy downpour. It would usually recedes within 12 hours to a maximum of one day. Likewise, seasonal flooding is moderately experienced in some portions of barangays Dolo, Manzana, Kinalansan, Telegrafo and Calalahan with a depth of about 0.75 to 1.50 meters which would usually recedes within a few days only.

Area Distribution by Flooding Hazard[4]
Mapping Symbol Descriptions Area (in Has.)  % to Total
F0 No flooding 4,333.1734 92.14
F1 Slight Seasonal Flooding 78.5370 1.67
F2 Moderate Seasonal Flooding 291.1042 6.19
Total 4,702.8146 100.00

Source: Municipal Comprehensive Landuse Plan & Zoning Ordinance (2000-2010)

This is the municipal base map of the Municipality of San Jose.

Rivers and creeks[edit]

There are a number of creeks and rivers that crisscross the municipality and all draining towards the Lagonoy Gulf.[4] These bodies of water are being feed by spring sources from Mt. Isarog. These rivers and creeks are most frequently being utilized not only for irrigation purposes of existing paddies but also for the day to day human activities such as bathing and washing.

Marine ecosystem[edit]

The municipality has a total length of shoreline along the Lagonoy Gulf of 11.30 km. which is about 3.15% of the 358.70 km. of shoreline found within the 4th District of Camarines Sur.[4] The fine beach sand in the area makes it suitable for natural harbors as well as refuge for ships and motorbancas during the peak of weather disturbances. Moreover, a variety of marine life and species are notably abounding in the municipal waters that provided a rich source of livelihood among coastal families. At present, there are two separate municipal ports, one located in barangay Sabang and the San Jose Fishing Port in Sitio Talisay, of barangay Dolo. They most frequently served as docking points for both inter-island passenger motorbancas and fishing vessels operating in Lagonoy Gulf.

Land classification[edit]

The entire land area of San Jose[4] with 4,702.8146 hectares is classified as alienable and disposable. The existing land use and vegetation is composed of 62.04% for Paddy rice irrigated with 90-100% dominant land use; 26.48% for Coconuts; 7.33% for Build-up areas; 2.54% for Mangrove-tree type; and 1.61% for Beach sand.

Area Distribution by Slope Category[4]
Mapping Symbol Slope Class (%) Descriptions Area (Has.)  % to Total
M 0 - 3 Level to nearly level 4,324.7083 91.96
N 3 - 8 Gently rolling to undulating - -
O 8 - 18 Undulating to rolling - -
P 18 - 30 Rolling to moderately steep - -
Q 30 - 50 Steep 378.1063 8.04
P >50% Very Steep - -

Source: Municipal Comprehensive Landuse Plan & Zoning Ordinance (2000-2010)

Primelands[edit]

The primelands of the municipality have been categorized into three (3), namely: Agricultural, Forestry, and Miscellaneous areas.

Pedo-Ecological Zone
Mapping Symbol Descriptions Area (in Has.)  % to Total
1.1.1 Paddy Rice irrigated 2,918.0965 62.05
1.1.9 Coconut 942.4440 20.04
1.3.2 Preservation (mangrove/nipa) 81.3587 1.73
2.1 Preservation/Forest Areas 14.5787 0.31
2.2 Agro-Forestry Areas 374.7483 7.97
3.1 Built-up Areas 371.5884 7.90

Source: Municipal Comprehensive Landuse Plan & Zoning Ordinance (2000-2010)

The agricultural areas is composed of about 82.09% or 3,860.54 hectares consisting the 2,918.0965 hectares of irrigated paddy riceland and 942.4440 hectares of coconut plantation. Forestry areas cover 414.7883 hectares, of which about 3.51% or 14.5787 hectares each compose the preservation forest and agro-forestry areas; while 19.61% or 81.3587 hectares are both mangrove trees and nipa plants categorized also as preservation areas. On the other hand, built-up areas is only about 7.05% of 331.5484 hectares of the total land area of the municipality.

Furthermore, based on the Pedo-ecological Zone Map of the town, around 90.13% or 4,238.6468 hectares of the total land area are under the warm lowland zone with a slope not greater than 8% and elevation of 100 meters above sea level. In the same context, about 8.35% or 392.6850 hectares are categorized as warm cool hilly land, usually found in barangay Adiangao; and miscellaneous areas composed the so-called Miscellaneous areas which is about 1.52% or with a land area of about 71.4828 hectares.

Meantime, the details on pedo-ecological zone based on the total land area[6] can be found in the table below:

Pedo-Ecological Zone
Mapping Symbol Descriptions Area (in Has.)  % to Total
1 Warm Lowland - less than 8% slope 100 m elevation, greater 25oC 4,238.6468 90.13
3 Warm cool hilly land, greater than 18% slope 500 m 392.6850 8.35
4 Miscellaneous 71.4828 1.52
- Total 4,702.8146 100.00

Source: Municipal Comprehensive Landuse Plan & Zoning Ordinance (2000-2010)

Land Use Opportunity[edit]

Based on the table below, the Land Use Opportunity Map of the municipality indicate that there are four classes of land use opportunity available which include 83.76% or 3,939.08 hectares for active agricultural areas; 5.18% or 243.61 hectares for rehabilitation areas; 2.17% or 102.05 for wetland areas; and 8.89% or 418.08 hectares for miscellaneous land usage. More specifically, the active agricultural areas though used for agricultural cultivation can be intended for complementary uses for human settlements and infrastructure development such as the construction of roads, bridges, and irrigation facilities. Meanwhile, the miscellaneous land areas may also include the built-up areas, river wash and other miscellaneous land usages.

Pedo-Ecological Zone
Descriptions Area (in Has.)  % to Total
Active Agricultural Areas 3,939.0775 83.76
Agricultural Expansion Areas - -
Rehabilitation/Reservations Areas 243.6058 5.18
Wetland Areas 102.0511 2.17
Miscellaneous Areas 418.0802 8.89
Total 4,702.8146 100.00

Source: Municipal Comprehensive Landuse Plan & Zoning Ordinance (2000-2010)

Existing Land Use and Vegetation[edit]

This map provides the existing land utilization in the Municipality of San Jose.

The agricultural land areas composed about 88.52% of the total land area or 4,162.9315 hectares are planted with both palay and coconut trees. On the other hand, the wetland areas cover about 2.54% of the total land areas with 119.4515 hectares and 1.61% composed the sandy beaches with the land area of 75.7153 hectares; while about 7.33% or 344.7163 hectares consisted the built-up land areas. Details are shown in the table below:

Existing Land Use and Vegetation
Land Use Descriptions Area (in Has.)  % to Total
Agricultural Areas Paddy Rice Irrigated with 90-100% dominant land use 2,917.6262 62.04
Coconut 1,245.3053 26.48
Miscellaneous Built-up Areas 344.7163 7.33
Wetland Mangrove tree-type 119.4515 2.54
Beach Sand 75.7153 1.61
Total 4,702.8146 100.00

Source: Municipal Comprehensive Landuse Plan & Zoning Ordinance (2000-2010)

Mineral Resources[edit]

The municipality has been endowed with a variety of mineral resources because of its diverse geological terrain which are partly located within the mountain ranges of Caramoan Peninsula. It has been known that the marble deposit in barangay Adiangao has an estimated volume of 71,772,912 metric tons; and it has been contained along the Maangas-Adiangao area and believed to be suitable for dimension stones.[4]

There is noted also a considerable amount of deposit of "guano" inside the Adiangao Caves. On the other hand, high quality sand, gravels and boulders are abundantly found along the Rangas River traversing barangays Bagacay, Mampirao, Pugay, Calalahan, Tambangan and Calawit.

Volcanoes, Faults, and Earthquake Belt[edit]

The parallel location of the Bicol Volcanic Belt, or Philippine Fault Zone, to the Deep Philippine Trench[4] practically contributed to the triangulated distribution of events with faults or volcanic abnormalities within the earthquake belts in the Bicol Region. It has been observed that the Bicol Volcanic Belt or Chain had a span of 240 km. from Camarines Norte in the North down to Sorsogon in the South with a total of 16 volcanoes separately spread over by about 24 km. apart and rested parallel along the 200 km. chain west of the Philippine Trench, which is the major source of earthquake in the region. The trench can be described as a long, narrow, and generally steep-sided very deep depression in the ocean floor. The axis of a trench marks, the position of a subduction zone where old oceanic lithospheric plates begin their descent into the earth's interior.[4]

In 1987, a study was conducted which reveals that the Bicol Region particularly the location of San Jose is a part prone to earthquakes of intensify 5 from the above-cited source zones. Based on the frequency of volcanic eruptions that occurred in the region, there are three prominent volcanoes which are considered to be active, namely: Mt. Mayon, Mt. Bulusan, and Mt. Iriga (Asog). The latter is the nearest to the Municipality of San Jose.

Mount Iriga (Asog) has a peak of 1,143 meters above sea level and classified to be "stratovolcanoe" or it has a composite cone like that of Mt. Mayon and last record of eruption was in 1628 A.D. which eventually damned the Barit River but consequently created the Lake Buhi, the home of the smallest fish in the world with scientific name Pandaka pygmaea locally known as "tabios.[4]"

Demographics[edit]

Population census of San Jose
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1990 27,517 —    
1995 31,362 +2.48%
2000 32,512 +0.77%
2007 35,768 +1.33%
2010 38,523 +2.74%
2015 40,623 +1.02%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][9][10]

In the 2015 census, the population of San Jose, Camarines Sur, was 40,623 people,[3] with a density of 940 inhabitants per square kilometre or 2,400 inhabitants per square mile.

The population projection was computed based on Geometric formula resulting to an average annual increase of 2.62%. Based on projections, the ten most populated barangays will be composed of Calalahan, Sabang, Salogon, Kinalansan, Dolo, Pugay, Tagas, Danlog, Tambangan, and Mampirao. As computed, the population projection by age group 22–35 years old registered the highest percentage share at 17.45% followed by 10-14 age cohort by 13.62%; 36–45 years old by 10.31%; 46–59 years old by 8.99%; and 7–9 years old by 8.85%.

Historical Growth of Population[6]
Year Population Inc/Dec Ave. Growth Rate
1903 8,314 - -
1918 8,710 396 0.130
1939 10,722 2,012 0.990
1948 12,788 2,066 1.960
1960 16,704 3,916 2.230
1970 20,343 3,639 1.970
1975 21,859 1,516 1.440
1980 23,098 1,239 1.100
1990 27,517 4,419 1.750
1995 31,362 3,845 2.620
2000 32,512 1,150 0.720
2007 35,768 3,256
2010 38,523 2,755

Source: National Statistics Office

Urban and rural population[edit]

In 2010, the municipality has a total household population of 8,029 of which 995 or 12.39% are in the urban while 7,034 or 87.61% are in the rural area. Of the total population of 38,523, about 12.26% or 4,722 are in the urban while majority which is about 87.74% or 33,801 are residing in the rural area. It has an average household size of 5.38 members per household while population density of 691 persons per square kilometers; urban with 3,083 persons and rural with 618 persons per square kilometers, respectively.

The ten densely populated barangays in the municipality include Sabang, Salogon, Calalahan, Kinalansan, Pugay, Dolo, Danlog, Adiangao, Tagas, and Mampirao in that order. The least populated barangays are San Vicente with 174 and Bahay with 316.

Total Household Population/Number of Household to Land Area (Sq. km.) and Density (Person/Sq. km.) with Barangay Growth Rate [6]
Household No. of Area Density) Growth Rate Growth Rate
Barangays Population Household (km2) (person/km2) (1990-1995) (1995-2000)
URBAN: - - - - - -
Del Carmen 569 102 0.3171 1,664.95 4.99 -1.88
San Antonio 939 194 0.2320 3,888.16 -0.51 -0.76
San Juan 960 214 0.2012 4,841.52 3.37 -0.04
San Vicente 174 41 0.0576 2,450.00 6.79 -12.54
Sta. Cruz 1,000 196 0.3530 2,354.34 4.18 2.10
Soledad 1,080 248 0.2300 3,968.71 1.67 2.05
Sub-total 4,722 995 1.3909 3,083.61 2.67 -0.19
RURAL: - - - - - -
Adiangao 1,673 296 4.0000 293.5 -1.08 5.27
Bagacay 961 226 2.8464 312.32 3.59 0.87
Bahay 316 67 0.5547 52.41 7.90 -2.51
Boclod 1.071 240 2.7237 298.13 3.55 -1.01
Calalahan 2,324 527 3.7984 677.38 1.98 4.42
Calawit 754 162 0.7427 899.41 2.86 2.38
Camagong 1,448 261 1.8417 676.56 4.70 1.41
Catalotoan 863 135 0.9397 644.86 4.95 0.91
Danlog 1,726 364 2.4066 610.83 0.42 2.50
Dolo 1,886 387 3.1704 493.63 0.15 1.31
Kinalansan 2,069 382 1.9632 1,020.26 3.66 0.47
Mampirao 1,490 344 1.9164 660.61 4.70 -0.44
Manzana 1,142 224 1.0949 824.73 4.02 0.40
Minoro 841 176 1.8461 362.93 3.67 -2.47
Palale 950 199 1.9066 418.03 2.79 -0.25
Ponglon 812 172 0.8175 387.78 1.73 -6.83
Pugay 2,018 412 2.3362 661.76 -1.10 2.46
Sabang 2,809 579 0.4149 5,153.07 2.35 -1.45
Salogon 2,639 653 3.1725 661.30 3.60 0.25
Tagas 1,672 342 1.9925 758.34 3.08 1.70
Tambangan 1,439 302 2.3908 601.48 3.68 1.53
Telegrafo 1,471 282 1.5523 698.30 3.30 -0.83
Tominawog 1,427 302 1.2156 951.78 2.68 -0.76
Sub-total 33,801 7,034 45.0438 618.33 2.61 0.86
Total 38,523 8,029 47.0347 691.23 2.62 0.72

Source: Municipal Comprehensive Landuse Plan and Zoning Ordinance (2000-2010)

Age and gender structures[edit]

As of 2000, the household population of the municipality is composed of 16,695 or 51.35% with ages ranging from the legal age of 18 years and above; while less than half of its population or 48.65% composed the ages from under 1 to 17 years old. Of these, the Senior Citizens belong to the age group ranging from 60 and above which registered only about 6.43%. It can also be noted that of these household population, the age group 22-35 ranked first with 17.45%, followed by 10-14 with 13.62% and 36-45 with 10.31%. The same indication can be observed when based on the gender.

Household Population by Age Group, by Gender (2000)[4]
Age Group Both Gender  % Male  % Female  %
All Ages 32,512 100.00 16,390 50.41 16, 122 49.59
Under 1 1,053 3.24 531 3.24 522 3.24
1 - 2 1,281 3.94 654 3.99 627 3.89
3 - 4 1,889 5.81 970 5.92 919 5.70
5 - 6 1,892 5.82 990 6.04 902 5.60
7 - 9 2,877 8.85 1,480 9.03 1,397 8.67
10 - 14 4,428 13.62 2,293 13.99 2,135 13.24
15 - 17 2,396 7.37 1,260 7.69 1,136 7.04
18 - 21 2,656 8.17 1,287 7.85 1,370 8.50
22 - 35 5,673 17.45 2,840 17.33 2,833 17.57
36 - 45 3,352 10.31 1,660 10.13 1,692 10.49
46 - 59 2,923 8.99 1,442 8.80 1,481 9.18
60 & above 2,091 6.43 982 5.99 1,109 6.88
TOTAL 32,512 100.00 16,390 100.00 16,122 100.00

Source: National Statistics Office

Age structure[edit]

The range of age structure based on the total population which registered a total of 13,421 or 41.28% composed the age group 14 years old and below. On the other hand, 15–60 years and above has an aggregate total of 19,091 or 58.72%.

Comparative Age-Dependency Ratio (2000) [6]
Item 1995  % 2000  %
Total Population 31,362 100.00 32,512 100.00
0 – 14 years old 12,752 40.66 13,421 41.28
15 – 64 years old 18,216 58.08 18,576 57.14
65 years old & Over 394 1.26 515 1.58
Total Dependent Age Group (0-4 & 65 over Population 13,146 41.92 13,936 42.86
Age Dependency Ratio 0.72 0.75

Gender structure and employment[edit]

In San Jose, there are more males than females. Males outnumbered the females by 0.82%. The computed gender ratio is 1.02% or equivalent to 102 males for every 100 females.

Population 15 years old & over by Gender and Employment Status[6]
Gender Population Employed % Unemployed % Not in Labor Force  %
Male 10,735 6,124 57.05 4,192 39.05 419 3.90
Female 7,841 1,365 17.41 5,873 74.90 603 7.69
Total 18,576 7,489 40.32 10,065 54.18 1,022 5.50

Economy[edit]

Harbor of Dolo/Sabang

Majority of the households are engaged in farming, livestock raising (either backyard or commercial scale), or in fishing. Some are employed in the government and private offices and others are engaged in business, trading or are self-employed.

A number of agro-related industries are present in San Jose, including welding shops, manufacturers of threshers, hand tractor, cart and plows, ice making and cold storage facilities, rural banks, and several rice mills.

Local products include:

  • Rice is the major agricultural crop grown. Other crops planted in the municipality are coconut, root crops, vegetables and fruit-bearing trees.
  • Various livestock raisers in all barangays. Numerous commercial raisers engaged in egg production. Produce are marketed in neighboring towns and Naga City.
  • Bangus fry, fished in the Lagonoy Gulf, is abundant and contributes to the revenues of the municipality.

Commerce[edit]

The commercial activities of the town are considered as small-scale with capitalization ranging from ₱50,000 to ₱5,000,000 only.[6] About 60.75% of the 48 business establishments are general stores. Other commercial establishments include palay traders, cono ricemill, feed dealers, bakeries, welding shops, vulcanizing shops, photo studio, cable TV operators, gasoline stations, balcksmith, textile, rural bank and drugstores.

The municipal public market located at barangay Boclod has a total of 112 stalls with sizes ranging from 4x6 meters to 2.75 and 2.25 meters or an area per stall of 6.87 sq.m. to 24 sq.m. Some stalls have already been occupied/rented while others remained vacant.

The proximity of the town to Goa which is considered as the major trading center in the Partido District, and the low population level and the population growth rate of the municipality are considered to be the reasons for the underdevelopment of commerce and trade. Aside from the small market base, most of the consumers prefer to shop in Goa where a more complete array of goods and services can be found.

Local government[edit]

Barangays[edit]

San Jose[11] is politically subdivided into 29 barangays.[2][12]

Former chief executives[edit]

Many prominent men took turns in holding the reigns of the government from 1813 up to 1903 as Capitan Municipal, Juez de la Paz and Maestro Municipal, and their names and year(s) of service can be found printed at the walls of the lobby of the Municipal building.

In the history of the local chief executives,[13][14] the only woman elected as mayor was Salvacion R. Valer from 1960 to 1963.

Spanish period Capitan Municipal:

  • Don Macario Agustin, 1813
  • Don Julian Fernandez, 1814
  • Don Pedro Salvador, 1815
  • Don Esteban de los Santos, 1816
  • Don Pantaleon del Monte, 1817
  • Don Macario Agustin Geronimo, 1818
  • Don Francisco Fria, 1819
  • Don Francisco Ramos, 1820
  • Don Camilo Ursua, 1821
  • Don Ignacio Ramirez, 1822
  • Don Macario Fernandez, 1823
  • Don Macario de la Concepcion, 1824
  • Don Ignacio Ramirez, 1825
  • Don Apolinario Claroniño, 1826
  • Don Ignacio Ramirez, 1827
  • Don Juan Feliciano, 1828
  • Don Salvador Ramos, 1829
  • Don Esteban de los Santos, 1830
  • Don Ignacio Ramirez, 1831
  • Don Anselmo Vasquez, 1832
  • Don Pantaleon del Monte, 1833
  • Don Juan Bautista, 1834
  • Don Nicolas Saines, 1835
  • Don Agapito Mendoza, 1836-1837
  • Don Mariano de la Cruz, 1838
  • Don Feliciano Prila, 1839
  • Don Andres Peña, 1840
  • Don Benigno Mendoza, 1841
  • Don Nicolas Saines, 1842-1843
  • Don Bernardo Geronimo, 1844
  • Don Isidro de la Rosa, 1845
  • Don Benigno Mendoza, 1846
  • Don Manuel Patrocinio, 1847
  • Don Andres Salvador Obias, 1848
  • Don Andres Peña, 1849
  • Don Norberto Pan, 1850
  • Don Clemente Peña, 1851
  • Don Andres Peña, 1852
  • Don Valentin Pacamarra, 1853
  • Don Guillermo Aguado, 1854
  • Don Estefanio Perillo, 1855
  • Don Francisco Mendoza, 1856-1858
  • Don Jose Imperial, 1859
  • Don Andres Peña, 1860
  • Don Antonio Dizon, 1861
  • Don Macario Ramirez, 1862
  • Don Clemente Peña, 1863-1864
  • Don Macario Ramirez, 1865-1866
  • Don Mariano Peñas, 1867-1870
  • Don Miguel Obias, 1871-1872
  • Don Mariano Peñas, 1872-1874
  • Don Ramon Fernandez, 1875-1876
  • Don Diego Peña, 1877
  • Don Venancio Peñas, 1877-1878
  • Don Gregorio Patrocinio, 1879-1880
  • Don Ramon L. Ortiz, 1881-1882
  • Don Venancio Peñas, 1883-1886
  • Don Mariano Purcia, 1887-1889
  • Don Braulio Obias, 1890-1891
  • Don Mariano Federis Perias, 1892-1894
  • Don Luis Pascua, 1895-1898
  • Don Braulio Obias, 1899
  • Don Francisco Torregrosa, 1900-1901
  • Don Miguel Obias, 1871-1872
  • Don Mariano Peñas, 1873-1874

Jueces (judges):

  • Don Braulio Obias
  • Don Gregorio Patrocinio
  • Don Manuel Imperial
  • Don Ambrosio Reyes

Juez de sementera y de policia:

  • Don Mariano Dizon

Maestros municipal:

  • Don Juan Modino
  • Dña Isidora Imperial
  • Dña Marcelina Ortiz
  • Dña Emilia Ortua

American regime Presidents:

  • Manuel Patrocinio, 1902-1905
  • Regino Palma, 1906-1907
  • Domingo Primo, 1908-1909
  • Juan Perez, 1910-1911
  • Job Obias, 1912-1916
  • Agaton Ortiz, 1917-1919
  • Isaias Obias, 1920-1922
  • Jovito Dizon, 1923-1925
  • Jose Imperial, 1926-1928
  • Jovito Dizon, 1929-1931
  • Isaias Obias, 1932-1934
  • Jovito Dizon, 1935-1938 (Phil. Commonwealth)
  • Mariano Monasterio, 1939-1940
  • Tomas Torres, 1941-1945
  • Manuel Patrocinio, 1946-1951
  • Tomas Torres, 1952-1956

Justice of peace:

  • Gregorio Patrocinio
  • Regino Palma
  • Ambrosio Reyes
  • Victoriano Azaña

Mayors:

  • Tomas O. Obias Sr., 1956-1959
  • Salvacion R. Valer, 1960-1963 (First woman Mayor)
  • Regino R. Dizon Sr., 1964-1967
  • Edilberto R. Valer, 1968-1971
  • Gil P. Pacamarra, 1972-February 1979
  • Juan C. Peña, Appointed Mayor, March 1, 1979-June 25, 1986
  • Domingo T. Monasterio, Appointed OIC, June 26, 1986-December 6, 1987
  • Angel P. Valencia, Appointed OIC, December 7, 1987-February 2, 1988
  • Ciriaco Z. San Jose, February 3, 1988-November 6, 1993
  • Napoleon R. Concina, November 8, 1993-March 20, 1995
  • Gilmar S. Pacamarra, March 20, 1995-June 30, 1995
  • Evelio C. Peña, June 30, 1995-June 30, 1998
  • Gil P. Pacamarra, July 1, 1998-June 30, 2007
  • Gilmar S. Pacamarra, July 1, 2007-June 30, 2010
  • Antonio B. Chavez, July 1, 2010-Present

Tourism[edit]

San Jose is endowed with natural tourism spots[6] that, when fully developed, could possibly generate additional income for the municipality. This includes the numerous beaches with crystalline clear water along the coastline of Lagonoy Gulf and the Adiangao Cave at barangay Adiangao.

Heritage sites and buildings[edit]

The municipal building[edit]

Main Entrance to the San Jose Municipal Building

Capitano Municipal Venancio Peñas initiated the building of the municipal hall[13] during his term of office in 1877. His successors contributed to its completion, however, Typhoon "Uguis" hit the town in 1898 that caused the eventual destruction of the building. Several years after this calamity, the residence of Gregorio Patrocinio who was the Capital Municipal at that time was utilized as the municipal hall.

In the early days, the parochial house in the town was also utilized as the municipal tribunal. So that, before the construction of the municipal hall, the old convent could have been the government tribunal. In 1912, the already destroyed municipal hall was rehabilitated when Job Obias took office as the president of the town. The work never ceased until the zealous leader able to see the roof installed with galvanized iron sheets. Meantime, the balcony at the front, right above the main entrance of the municipal building was added during the presidency of Isaias Obias (1920-1922).

During the presidency of Jovito Dizon (1923-1925), the wooden stairs and floor was constructed, which until this time the same wooden stairs and floor exist where they were built. An engraved proof of this construction is seen on the Spanish stone wall of the municipal building. This engraved marker always greets everyone who takes the first step in climbing up the historic wooden stairs. It was told that San Joseños took the pride of owning the biggest municipal hall in the Bicol Region in 1953.

At present, the people of San Jose can take the pride and honor of having the only functional centuries-old municipal building still in its admirable strength and durability.

The Catholic Church[edit]

The site[13] of the Catholic Church where it majestically stands until now, including all other church properties, was owned by Laurenciano Barcellano. It was chosen by Fr. Salvador Mendoza who considered the place as the most appropriate part to build the Church. The place was formerly called sitio "Cabayawasnan" which means guavas or guava orchard. In 1880s, the place was known to have been grown with many guava trees particularly in the quadrangle which served as the spacious backyard of the old convent. The front part also served as the usual venue for religious and cultural activities such as the "cenaculo." It was told that once the wooden gates of the quadrangle were opened to the public, the folks or their children would usually take the chance of exploring the whole place even to the most secluded part of this area, of course without the watching eyes of the people in the convent.

San Jose Church Partido

The construction of the church started in 1818 under the strictest rule of the Cura Parocco, Fr. Mendoza. It has a Romansque architectural dimension with lime-plastered walls designed by a certain Felix Paete. The sand and lime used in its construction were taken from barangay Dolo, about 6 kilometers away.

The parishioners rendered the hard labor and experienced the extent of Polo Method in the construction of the church.[13] At dusk time, the workers were already gathered around the designated place before the start of the work. According to old folks account, the workers were parading in the darkness of the night while carrying torches to light their way to reach the starting point of the work before dusk. They endured the rugged, thickly forested and muddy trail to make the very slow and difficult manual transport of the building materials and to make while of their hard labor, they would usually entertain themselves with songs and music as they carried the lime and sand from barangay Dolo to the site.

When the church was completed, there were donations received by the parish for its accessories. The belfry[13] at the center of the church[13] facade that holds the big bronze bell donated by Dalmacia Obias. The bell is considered to be the queen of the bells at the center of the belfry. People can find also two other smaller bells hanging at each side of the belfry beside the gigantic bronze bell. Accordingly, these three bells when rang send the intended message to all its parishioners, purportedly summoning them to come to church to attend mass. It would take a master ringer to harmoniously blend the sound of the bells with the queen bronze bell on the central command.

One can take notice of the church altar[13] which is exactly the same altar that it had when the workers of the church had it constructed. The design of the retablo and the materials used are made from solid hard wood to give it an appropriate care of preservation. The present walnut color of paint applied to the retablo was made really intentional to conform with its original paint upon its construction, and the gold ornaments added are carefully designed to adapt to the centuries-old design that it was.

Meantime, the presidential chair where the parish priest sits is still the original chair used by the very first Cura.[13] It was said to have undergone some minor repairs, but its main parts and appearance generally remained almost exactly the same as it was first used by Fr. Salvador Mendoza. Also the altar fence marks the separation of the priest's place from the parishioners. It then upholds the sacredness of the altar. It likewise undergone minors repairs but the original design and materials are preserved.

Christ the King monument[edit]

The gigantic monument of Christ the King (Cristo Rey) can be found at the church patio. It was donated by Primitiva Ortiz Obias and inaugurated on October 27, 1952.[13] The monument was mounted on an elevated portal to give it a lordly treatment. It is facing east at the town center. Likewise, the base of the monument portal is also elevated like a low-raised floor. People love to stay by sitting on its floor, playing around, or simply enjoy the peace it offers.

The convent[edit]

The convent was built later than the church.[13] Accordingly, before its construction, the first Cura could have stayed in an improvised parochial house made of caña and nipa. It also functioned as the municipal tribunal. During the Spanish time, the residence of the Cura was also the residence of the capitan municipal.

The old convent as still seen today is made of thick stone walls with wooden floors. It is very spacious and too big for one Cura. It also had many spacious rooms to accommodate visiting priests.

During the world war II, this old convent was known to have served as the headquarters[13] of the American Volunteer Soldiers while the pavement was used as the jail. In 1988, this old convent was converted into a preparatory seminary. In fact, its size made Archbishop Leonardo Z. Legaspi decide to covert it into a Pre-College Seminary purposely to accommodate the growing need of the Holy Rosary Minor Seminary for a formation house. In the same year, the old convent was made a preparatory seminary in consultation with then Parish Priest, Fr. Eutiquio Infante[13] and it initially accepted seminarians on July 1, 1988 with Fr. Raul S. Pan as the first rector. In 1991, the name was changed to Holy Rosary Preparatory Seminary based on the provisions of the formation manual for the diocesan priestly life and ministry, "That Christ May Be Formed in Us."

Infrastructure[edit]

Transportation[edit]

The municipality has a total of 98.046 kilometers road[6] length consisting of the National, Provincial, Municipal and Barangay roads. Approximately 6.730 kilometers or 6.864% of the total road length are classified as National roads, 24.830 kilometers or 25.3248% are provincial roads, 4.920 kilometers or 5.018% are Municipal roads and 61.566 kilometers or 62.793% are barangay roads with varying road conditions.

Based on the standard of 1.000 kilometers of road for every square kilometer of land area, the municipality requires 47 kilometers of road length. The existing road length in the area of 98.046 kilometers actually include all types of roads. Thus, this would only indicate that the existing roads are sufficient to facilitate the efficient transportation of agricultural and fishing products of the municipality.

There are 18 bridges existing in the area, the longest of which is located in barangay Pugay, a reinforced concrete deck girder (RCDA),one in Mampirao, Salogon, and the rest are Spanish-type bridges that are made of bricks and reinforced concrete, spillways and footbridges.

Water supply[edit]

The Partido water supply system[6] of the Partido Development Administration (PWSS-PDA) Level III supplies the potable water. It has its water source from Lagonoy. There are 6 pipe connections from the poblacion area to the barangays of Camagong, Danlog, part of Boclod, Kinalansan, Manzana, Telegrafo, Dolo, and Sabang. The rest of the people are dependent from the artesian wells particularly in barangays along the Lagonoy Gulf; as well as deepwells, shallow wells, and improved springs.

San Jose Water Supply (PWSS)[15]
Year Population No. of Household H.H. with Water Supply Percentage
2013 41,929 7,787 7,581 97.00
2014 41,280 8,217 8,063 98.00

Power supply[edit]

As of 2010, the entire municipality has already been energized by the Camarines Sur IV Electric Cooperative (CASURECO IV). The latter supplies energy to approximately 3,260 residential connections as shown in the table below:

Numbers of Electrical Connections by User Type and Average Monthly Consumption[6]
Type of Connection Number Average Monthly Consumption (kwh)
Residential 3,260 188,180.00
Commercial 44 21,568.00
Industrial 13 5,014.00
Public Buildings 29 20,131.00
Streetlights 60 1,885.24
Irrigation - 2,407.00
Barangay Power Assn. 3 -
Total 3,409 239,185.24

Communication[edit]

There are at least 3 entities that provide the communications[6] needs of the LGU. They are the Philippine Postal Corporation, Bayantel Group of Companies, Smart, and Globe Telecom Companies. The most common source of information, entertainment, and news is the broadcast media. All frequency signals of AM and FM radio stations based in Naga City, Legazpi City and Iriga City reached the area.

Sanitation[edit]

The table shows the household by type of sanitary toilet facilities being used:

Household by Type of Toilet Facility Being Used[6]
Type of Toilet Facility No. of Household Percent to Total
Water-sealed, sewer/septic tank used exclusively by the household 423 7.00
Water-sealed, sewer/septic tank shared with households 3,808 64.00
Water-sealed, other depository shared with households 340 5.63
Closed Pit (Antipolo Type) 181 3.00
Open Pit - -
Others (pail system, etc.) - -
None 1,230 20.35
Total 6,043 100.00

Environmental management[edit]

The terrain of the municipality is characterized as level to gently rolling and sloping. About 91.96% of the municipal territory is characterized by terrain in general with a slope of 0-3% described as level to nearly level. Barangay Adiangao only which is located along the mountain ranges between the municipalities of Lagonoy and Presentacion has steep slopes ranging from 30-50 percent.

Approximately 92.14% of the municipal area are free from flooding hazards. Slight seasonal flooding, however, is observed in barangay Minoro and Dolo. Moderate seasonable flooding can be experienced some part of Dolo, Manzana, Kinalansan, Telegrafo, and Calalahan. The average flooding depth is these areas is 0.50 to 100 meters, which recedes either 2–5 days to a maximum of 7 days.

Households By Usual Manner of Garbage Disposal (2010)
Usual Manner of Garbage Disposal No. of Household Percent to Total
Picked-up by garbage trucks/carts 885 14.99
Dumping in open pit (not burned) 2,066 35.00
Burning 1,771 30.00
Composting 1,181 20.01
Feeding to animals - -
Others - -
Total 5,903 100.00

On Solid Waste Disposal, the two most common method used to garbage disposal are dumping in an open pit (not burned) and burning. Composting is also adopted while others are being served by the municipal garbage collectors. Majority of the households is equipped with sanitary toilets.

Health[edit]

As of 2012, the recorded number of births in the municipality is 869 for a computed crude birth rate of 27.00 or about 27 births per 1,000 population.

Fertility Rate - 173.97 or 124 births per 1000 female population
Death Rate - 4.27% or 127 deaths for the entire year or an average of 4 deaths for every 1,000 population
Infant Mortality Rate - 0.99% with 5 infant deaths for the whole year

Notably, about 66.14% of the total number of deaths for the year belonged to the age-group of 50 years old and over.

Number of Cases of Epidemic Occurrence (Last 4 Years)[6]
Epidemic 2009 2010 2011 2012
Chicken pox 7 19 11 -
Conjunctivitis 6 40 8 18
Measles - - - -
Dengue Fever - 21 - -
Total 13 80 19 18

Leading Causes of Mortality[edit]

The table below shows the leading causes of mortality as of 2014 according to rank order:

Ten Leading Causes of Mortality
Sickness/Diseases/Illness Number Male Female Rank
Senility 55 25 30 1
Hypertension 31 16 15 2
Cardiovascular Pulmonary Arrest 29 18 11 3
Congestive Heart Failure 13 8 5 4
Cancer 13 7 6 5
Pulmonary Tuberculosis 7 4 3 6
Stroke Secondary to Hypertension 7 4 3 7
Pneumonia 7 4 3 8
Asthma 6 6 0 9
Diabetes Mellitus 5 0 5 10

In 2012, the following sickness/diseases/illnesses were listed to be the leading causes of death:

Parish priests (cura parroco)[edit]

The following were recorded parish priests of St. Joseph Parish:[13][14] for the municipalities in the Third District of Camarines Sur.

  • Salvador Mendoza, July 26, 1813-April 12, 1827
  • Valentin Saenz, February 5, 1827-December 28, 1828
  • Mariano Cecilio, January 1, 1829-September 3, 1830
  • Francisco Flores, September 10, 1830-February 13, 1831
  • Roman Mariano, March 12, 1831-May 13, 1831
  • Ramon de Santa Ana, May 13, 1831-October 2, 1836
  • Andres de Antonio, October 8, 1836-October 30, 1836
  • Vicente Imperial, November 13, 1836-August 8, 1843
  • Aniceto Fernandez, August 8, 1843-February 19, 1844
  • Gabriel Prieto, February 25, 1844-December 2, 1848
  • Aniceto Fernandez, December 9, 1848-April 14, 1849 & May 3, 1849-August 4, 1849
  • Claro D. Nicolas, August 12, 1849-August 3, 1863
  • Potenciano Roa, August 13, 1863-June 9, 1865
  • Jose Inocencio, June 14, 1865-October 7, 1865
  • Pedro de Milaor, October 11, 1865-June 25, 1890
  • Pascual Gacosta, June 25, 1890-September 17, 1892 & September 21, 1892-December 31, 1892
  • Teodorico Padilla, January 4, 1893-July 11, 1903
  • Agripino Pesino, July 15, 1903-August 29, 1903
  • Juan Pana, September 2, 1903-August 7, 1907
  • Balbino Hernandez, October 7, 1903-August 7, 1907
  • Juan Pana, August 7, 1907-April 6, 1910
  • Antonio Toroda, April 19, 1910-December 31, 1910
  • Vicente Barrameda, January 4, 1911-December 9, 1911
  • Manuel Navea, December 11, 1911-March 30, 1912
  • Severo Estrada, April 3, 1912-November 11, 1914
  • Carlos Badiola, November 14, 1914-March 15, 1933
  • Emilio Arejola, March 15, 1933-August 26, 1936
  • Carlos Badiola, August 26, 1936-January 23, 1937
  • Martin Alcazar, January 23, 1927-November 1, 1938
  • Catalino Reyes, November 1, 1938-November 8, 1941
  • Felix Ragos, November 8, 1941-August 28, 1945
  • Antonio Reganit, August 26, 1945-January 14, 1948
  • Ciriaco San Diego, January 14, 1948

Bibliography[edit]

  • Alcina, Francisco as quoted by Felipe Landa Jocano. "Philippines at the Spanish Contact: An Essay in Ethnohistory" in Brown Heritage: Essays on Philippine Cultural Tradition and Literature. Antonio G. Manuud (ed.) Quezon City: Ateneo de Manila University Press, 1967.
  • Demetrio, Francisco R. SJ. Encyclopedia of Philippine Folk Beliefs and Customs. Cagayan de Oro City: Xavier University, c1991.
  • De Huerta, Fr. Felix. ESTADO geografico, topografico, estadistico, historic-religioso. Imprenta de los Amigos del Pais, a cargo de D.M. Sanchez. 1855 Manila.
  • Dy-Liacco, Leonor R. Mga Osipon ni Tiyong Juan saka ni Tiyang Laling. Eva Zabaldica and Shiela Dy-Liacco (eds.), Hong Kong: Regal Printing Co., (no date)
  • Dy-Liacco, Leonor R. Folk Stories of Our Elders" in Sarong Dolot sa Satuyang Ina. Manila: J&R Printing Company, Inc., 1996
  • Eugenio, Damiana L. Philippine Folktales: An Introduction. Asian Folklore Studies. Vol. 44, 1985
  • Fansler, Dean S. Filipino Popular Tales. Hatboro, Penn: Folklore Associates, 1921, c1965.
  • General, Luis Jr., Lydia SD. San Jose, and Rosalio Al. Parrone (eds.) Readings on Bikol Culture. Naga City: University of Nueva Caceres, 1972, p. 265
  • Gerona, Danilo M. Pre-Colonial Culture" From Epic to History: A Brief Introduction to Bicol History. Naga City, AMS Press, 1988.
  • Gerona, Danilo M. The History of Education in Kabikolan (1578-1935) in Camarines by the Vicor River. Jose Fernando Obias, Danilo M. Gerona, and Fr. Danilo T. Imperial (eds.) Camarines Sur: Office of the Governor, 1999.
  • Jagor, Feodor. (1870) "On the Natives of Naga, in Luzon, Philippine Islands", The Journal of the Ethnological Society of Luzon. 2(2).
  • Malcolm W. Mintz. Bicol Dictionary. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, c1971.
  • O'Brien, James J., SJ. The Historical and Cultural Heritage of the Bikol People, 1st edition, 1966; 2nd Edition, 1968, supplement, 1970; 3rd edition, 1993.
  • Owen, Norman G. The Bikol Blend: Bikolanos and their History. Quezon City: New Day Publishers, c1998.
  • Realubit, Maria Lilia F. Bikol Literary History. (No publication details)
  • Rojas, Msgr. J. "History of Holy Rosary Preparatory Seminary". (Unpublished manuscript)

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Municipalities". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 10 January 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c "Province: CAMARINES SUR". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 10 January 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c d "Region V (Bicol Region)". Census of Population (2015): Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay (Report). PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab MCLUP, LGU San Jose. "Municipal Comprehensive Landuse Plan & Zoning Ordinance (2000-2010)". 1 (1). 
  5. ^ LGU San Jose (May 2015). "Souvenir Program of San Jose Town Fiesta 2015": 5. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r LGU San Jose, MPDC (2015). "Brief Profile of the Municipality of San Jose, Camarines Sur". 
  7. ^ "San Jose, Camarines Sur: Average Temperatures and Rainfall". World Weather Online. Retrieved 6 December 2015. 
  8. ^ Research Study by PAGASA (1948-1982)
  9. ^ "Region V (Bicol Region)". Census of Population and Housing (2010): Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay (Report). NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016. 
  10. ^ "Province of Camarines Sur". Municipality Population Data. LWUA Research Division. Retrieved 24 July 2013. 
  11. ^ MPDC, LGU San Jose (2014). "CBMS Barangay Profile". 
  12. ^ LGOO, DILG (2014). "Barangay Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Profile". 
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Nieva, Lourdes Lobis (February 2010). San Jose at its Great Serenity and Pride (1st ed.). San Jose, Camarines Sur: Local Government of San Jose. 
  14. ^ a b Philippines, National Library (1953). Historical Data of the Philippines. Manila: National Library of the Philippines. 
  15. ^ LGU San Jose, Rural Health Unit (2015). "Municipal Health Profile of San Jose, Camarines Sur". 

External links[edit]