San José Church
San José Church (Iglesia de San José), located in Old San Juan within the historic colonial section of the capital of Puerto Rico, is one of the first significant works of architecture on the island. The church is one of the earliest surviving examples of 16th-century Spanish Gothic architecture in the Western hemisphere.
In 2013 it was added to The National Trust for Historic Preservation's list of 11 Most Endangered Historic Places of 2013.
The church was constructed from 1532 to 1735 by the Dominican Order as part of their Saint Aquinas monastery. It was renamed by the Jesuits who took over the monastery in 1865.
Juan Ponce de León, the first governor of Puerto Rico, was buried in the crypt of the church from 1559 to 1836, when his remains were exhumed and later transferred to the Cathedral of San Juan Bautista. However, his coat of arms is still located near the main altar. His grandson, Juan Ponce de Leon II is buried in the crypt beneath the Sanctuary's floor. Puerto Rican painter José Campeche is also buried in the church.
In 1972, the 15th-century painting Our Lady of Bethlehem disappeared from the church. In 2002, a restoration project on the structure began and several painted murals were discovered including a mid-19th century depiction of the Battle of Lepanto. In 2004, the church was listed on the 2004 World Monuments Watch by the World Monuments Fund, which helped the conservation effort with support from American Express.
- Pariser, Harry S. Explore Puerto Rico. ISBN 1-893643-52-2.
- "Iglesia San Jose" (PDF). AMERICAN EXPRESS WORLD MONUMENTS WATCH GRANT SELECTION, APRIL 2004. Retrieved 2009-05-19.
- Vazquez, Doris M. "Spain in Puerto Rico: The Early Settlements". Yale University. Retrieved 2009-05-18.
- Marvel, Thomas S.; Moreno, María Luisa (January 1994). Architecture of parish churches in Puerto Rico. La Editorial, UPR. pp. 80–81. ISBN 978-0-8477-2118-4.
- Silva, Cynthia L. "A Technical Study of the Mural Paintings of the Interior Dome of the Capilla de la Virgen del Rosario, Iglesia San José, San Juan, Puerto Rico". University of Pennsylvania. Retrieved 2009-05-18.
- World Monuments Fund - San José Church
- Images and drawings from the Historic American Engineering Record.