San Jose de Gracia, Jalisco
San Jose de Gracia
|Elevation||1,900 m (6,233 ft)|
|Time zone||UTC-6 (Central Standard Time)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-5 (Central Daylight Time)|
The town of San Jose de Gracia is located in the Township Tepatitlán, Jalisco in the Sur region Altos (State of Jalisco) at 95 km from the city of Guadalajara toward the northeast. Founded in the 1793. It has 8765 inhabitants, situated at an altitude in XXX 1980 m, with a pleasant temperate climate and gentle prevailing winds from the east. Its population neighboring: Capilla de Guadalupe, San Ignacio Cerro Gordo, Arandas, St. Francis of Assisi, and Tototlán Atotonilco.
It is considered that the current home town of San Jose de Gracia, came in the early nineteenth century, when which the brothers Francisco, Salvador, Antonio Rafael and José Antonio Hernández Padilla surname, great grandchildren the said Christopher Hernandez, share these settled land with their families and laborers. In this respect can not speak of a foundation as such, because there is no document to that effect, we can speak then, that at that time began to settle the first inhabitants of what would become San Jose de Gracia. By 1822 the first chapel was built, with Standing a vicar until 1867. On 19 March 1889 start of the current church building San Jose, giving rise to the initiation of an urban design well defined, being erected as a parish on 15 May 1910, became its first pastor Fermin Padilla. Since the promulgation of the Constitution in 1917, in establishing the figure of the municipality as I know today, the population of San Jose de Grace is within the territorial jurisdiction of Tepatitlán municipality, with the rank of Police Policy remained so until 1939, when the council of appointing the first Delegate Tepatitlán, becoming and a Delegation Policy.
Climate and ecosystem
We present a semi-dry climate with an average temperature Annual 25 °C, temperatures recorded in the May 33 to 35 °C and minimum in January, from 3 to 5 °C, although temperatures at some points reach 0 °C during the winter. Precipitation ranges from 900 to 1000 mm, with the rainy season understood from June to September.
Geology. The region is characterized by predominantly igneous rocks of volcanic origin, specifically the basalt, as well as rocks, called rhyolite, "red quarry, which is important to be part of the raw material from which the temple was built St. Joseph parish and the tepetate, just origin, as representative of the parish church. Soils predominate called Ferric Luvisol, soil fine-textured, highly susceptible to erosion than are characterized by an enrichment of clay and are very acidic. They are "red soils" characteristic of entire region and encourage the planting of agave cultivation blue for the case of maize in optimal conditions moisture and fertility, provide very good returns. Soils
The dominant soils belong to the type luvisol ferric Planosol eútrico and Feozem háplico and as soil partners include the Pelican and Planosol vertisol molic soil.
Plant associations are composed of thornscrub northeast and natural grasslands located east, south-central and west, is observed cloud forest areas of runoff Cerro Chico and Cerro Gordo, are likewise oak forests in the upper part of the hills mentioned, from the height above 2,000 mar.4 level
Some species such as rabbit, hare, coyote, fox, skunk, armadillo, deer, reptiles and various birds.
The natural wealth available to the displayed forest dominated by white oak species, pine, oak, mesquite, ash, and licorice, mainly.
Most agricultural land has a use and livestock, in addition to the planting of mezcal. Tenure land mostly corresponds to the property private.
The area belongs to the hydrological region Lerma-Chapala - Santiago, Santiago, Guadalajara basin and the Zula River subbasin. Within this area is identified main basin, the stream The Ants, this latter is a tributary of the River runoff Zula. The place is characterized by the potential that water subterránea.
In the area are: to be 0 to 2% occupy most of the area to the west, South and Southeast unsuitable for urban development by little inclination that hinders runoff stormwater; outstanding 2 to 5% to the north, northeast and southwest, suitable for urban development; slopes of 5 to 15%, north and northeast over the slopes of Cerro Chico, and conditioned for the urban development, but for agriculture and livestock; slope greater than 15%, located to the north and northeast of the area, on the slopes of Cerro Chico to from an elevation of 1950 meters above the mar.
- Celebrations in Honor of Saint Joseph - May
- Festivities in honor of the Virgin of Guadalupe - December
- Festival commemorating the centenary of the Parish of "San José" - May 15, 2010