San Juan Islands National Monument

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For the national historical park, see San Juan Island National Historical Park.
San Juan Islands National Monument
IUCN category V (protected landscape/seascape)
Map showing the location of San Juan Islands National Monument
Map showing the location of San Juan Islands National Monument
Map showing the location of San Juan Islands National Monument
Map showing the location of San Juan Islands National Monument
Location San Juan, Whatcom, and Skagit Counties, Washington, USA
Nearest city Friday Harbor, WA
Coordinates 48°31′55″N 123°1′45″W / 48.53194°N 123.02917°W / 48.53194; -123.02917Coordinates: 48°31′55″N 123°1′45″W / 48.53194°N 123.02917°W / 48.53194; -123.02917
Area 1,000 acres (400 ha)
Created March 25, 2013 (2013-March-25)
Governing body Bureau of Land Management
Website San Juan Islands National Monument

San Juan Islands National Monument is a U.S. National Monument located in the Salish Sea in the state of Washington. The monument protects archaeological sites of the Coast Salish peoples, lighthouses and relics of early European American settlers in the Pacific Northwest, and biodiversity of the island life in the region. The monument was created from existing federal land by President Barack Obama on March 25, 2013 under the Antiquities Act.[1][2][3]

Geography[edit]

The national monument consists of approximately 75 separate sites totaling roughly 1,000 acres (4 km2) in area. They are managed by the U.S. Bureau of Land Management as part of the National Landscape Conservation System.[4]



Name Major island vicinity County Location/GPS Coordinates Notes
Leo Reef Lopez Island San Juan 48°33.19′N 122°51.25′W / 48.55317°N 122.85417°W / 48.55317; -122.85417 (Leo Reef)
Fauntleroy Rock Decatur Island San Juan 48°31′04″N 122°47′44″W / 48.51778°N 122.79556°W / 48.51778; -122.79556 (Fauntleroy Rock)
Dot Rock Decatur Island San Juan 48°29.66′N 122°47.73′W / 48.49433°N 122.79550°W / 48.49433; -122.79550 (Dot Rock)
Reads Bay Island Decatur Island San Juan 48°29′03″N 122°49′20″W / 48.48417°N 122.82222°W / 48.48417; -122.82222 (Reads Bay Island)
Cape St. Mary Lopez Island San Juan 48°26′49″N 122°48′01″W / 48.446967°N 122.80026°W / 48.446967; -122.80026 (Cape St. Mary)
Chadwick Hill Lopez Island San Juan 48°26′09″N 122°48′37″W / 48.435864°N 122.810369°W / 48.435864; -122.810369 (Chadwick Hill)
Watmough Bay Lopez Island San Juan 48°25′36″N 122°48′52″W / 48.42653°N 122.81436°W / 48.42653; -122.81436 (Watmough Bay)
Point Colville Lopez Island San Juan 48°25′19″N 122°48′50″W / 48.421967°N 122.813888°W / 48.421967; -122.813888 (Point Colville)
Iceberg Point Lopez Island San Juan 48°25′16″N 122°53′21″W / 48.421227°N 122.88929°W / 48.421227; -122.88929 (Iceberg Point)
Iceberg Point Rocks Lopez Island San Juan 48°25′28.751″N 122°53′12.45″W / 48.42465306°N 122.8867917°W / 48.42465306; -122.8867917 (Iceberg Point Rocks)
Outer Bay Rocks Lopez Island San Juan
48°25′56.46″N 122°53′0.89″W / 48.4323500°N 122.8835806°W / 48.4323500; -122.8835806 (Outer Bay Rocks)
48°25′51.37″N 122°52′57.69″W / 48.4309361°N 122.8826917°W / 48.4309361; -122.8826917 (Outer Bay Rocks)
Mackaye Harbor Rocks Lopez Island San Juan 48°26′24.32″N 122°52′41.10″W / 48.4400889°N 122.8780833°W / 48.4400889; -122.8780833 (Mackaye Harbor Rocks)
Jones Bay Rock Lopez Island San Juan 48°26′44″N 122°53′31″W / 48.445629°N 122.891833°W / 48.445629; -122.891833 (Jones Bay Rock)
Richardson Island Lopez Island San Juan 48°26′50.16″N 122°54′12.14″W / 48.4472667°N 122.9033722°W / 48.4472667; -122.9033722 (Richardson Island)
Richardson Rocks Lopez Island San Juan
48°26′42.01″N 122°54′25.66″W / 48.4450028°N 122.9071278°W / 48.4450028; -122.9071278 (Richardson Rocks)
48°26′41.32″N 122°54′22.55″W / 48.4448111°N 122.9062639°W / 48.4448111; -122.9062639 (Richardson Rocks)
48°26′50.16″N 122°54′12.14″W / 48.4472667°N 122.9033722°W / 48.4472667; -122.9033722 (Richardson Rocks)
48°26′42.01″N 122°54′25.66″W / 48.4450028°N 122.9071278°W / 48.4450028; -122.9071278 (Richardson Rocks)
48°26′41.32″N 122°54′22.55″W / 48.4448111°N 122.9062639°W / 48.4448111; -122.9062639 (Richardson Rocks)
Davis Bay Island Lopez Island San Juan 48°27′30.50″N 122°55′48.35″W / 48.4584722°N 122.9300972°W / 48.4584722; -122.9300972 (Davis Bay Island)
Davis Bay Rocks Lopez Island San Juan 48°27′18.75″N 122°56′5.74″W / 48.4552083°N 122.9349278°W / 48.4552083; -122.9349278 (Davis Bay Rocks)
Danger Rocks San Juan Island San Juan
48°31′15.59″N 122°58′16.86″W / 48.5209972°N 122.9713500°W / 48.5209972; -122.9713500 (Danger Rocks)
48°31′14.09″N 122°58′15.78″W / 48.5205806°N 122.9710500°W / 48.5205806; -122.9710500 (Danger Rocks)
Pear Point Rocks San Juan Island San Juan
48°31′5.14″N 122°58′45.18″W / 48.5180944°N 122.9792167°W / 48.5180944; -122.9792167 (Pear Point Rocks)
48°31′4.22″N 122°58′40.66″W / 48.5178389°N 122.9779611°W / 48.5178389; -122.9779611 (Pear Point Rocks)
48°31′4.88″N 122°58′38.79″W / 48.5180222°N 122.9774417°W / 48.5180222; -122.9774417 (Pear Point Rocks)
Dinner Island Rocks San Juan Island San Juan 48°30′29″N 123°0′42″W / 48.50806°N 123.01167°W / 48.50806; -123.01167 (Dinner Island Rocks)
Cattle Point San Juan Island San Juan 48°27′3.43″N 122°57′48.72″W / 48.4509528°N 122.9635333°W / 48.4509528; -122.9635333 (Cattle Point) Includes Cattle Point Light[5]
Unnamed Rocks (Grandmas Cove) San Juan Island San Juan 48°27′30″N 123°01′27″W / 48.45833°N 123.02417°W / 48.45833; -123.02417 (Grandmas Cove Rocks)
Unnamed Rocks (False Bay) San Juan Island San Juan 48°28′53″N 123°04′42″W / 48.48139°N 123.07833°W / 48.48139; -123.07833 (False Bay Rocks)
Kanaka Bay Islands San Juan Island San Juan
48°28′57.79″N 123°5′6.87″W / 48.4827194°N 123.0852417°W / 48.4827194; -123.0852417 (Kanaka Bay Island (east))
48°28′56.41″N 123°5′15.51″W / 48.4823361°N 123.0876417°W / 48.4823361; -123.0876417 (Kanaka Bay Island (west))
King Islands San Juan Island San Juan 48°29′23″N 123°06′27″W / 48.48972°N 123.10750°W / 48.48972; -123.10750 (King Islands)
Unnamed Rocks off Lime Kiln Point San Juan Island San Juan 48°30′57.47″N 123°9′10.50″W / 48.5159639°N 123.1529167°W / 48.5159639; -123.1529167 (Lime Kiln Point rocks)
Turn Point Stuart Island San Juan 48°41′20″N 123°14′14″W / 48.68877°N 123.23725°W / 48.68877; -123.23725 (Turn Point) Includes Turn Point Light[6]
Prevost Harbor Rock Stuart Island San Juan
48°40′53.34″N 123°11′53.104″W / 48.6814833°N 123.19808444°W / 48.6814833; -123.19808444 (Prevost Harbor Rock (east))
48°40′48.08″N 123°12′10.64″W / 48.6800222°N 123.2029556°W / 48.6800222; -123.2029556 (Prevost Harbor Rock (west))
Pudding Island Stuart Island San Juan 48°41′7.49″N 123°11′25.43″W / 48.6854139°N 123.1903972°W / 48.6854139; -123.1903972 (Pudding Island)
Satellite Island Rocks Stuart Island San Juan
48°40′39.70″N 123°11′5.706″W / 48.6776944°N 123.18491833°W / 48.6776944; -123.18491833 (Satellite Island Rocks)
48°40′36.94″N 123°11′12.008″W / 48.6769278°N 123.18666889°W / 48.6769278; -123.18666889 (Satellite Island Rocks)
48°40′35.458″N 123°11′5.098″W / 48.67651611°N 123.18474944°W / 48.67651611; -123.18474944 (Satellite Island Rocks)
48°40′38.472″N 123°10′59.289″W / 48.67735333°N 123.18313583°W / 48.67735333; -123.18313583 (Satellite Island Rocks)
Rock Island and Johns Pass Rocks Stuart Island San Juan
48°40′23.007″N 123°10′5.77″W / 48.67305750°N 123.1682694°W / 48.67305750; -123.1682694 (Rock Island Rock)
48°40′32.09″N 123°10′0.48″W / 48.6755806°N 123.1668000°W / 48.6755806; -123.1668000 (Johns Pass Rock)
Unnamed Parcel (Johns Island) Stuart Island San Juan 48°40.0′N 123°8.9′W / 48.6667°N 123.1483°W / 48.6667; -123.1483 (Unnamed Parcel)
Johns Island Rock Stuart Island San Juan 48°39′27.371″N 123°8′14.867″W / 48.65760306°N 123.13746306°W / 48.65760306; -123.13746306 (Johns Island Rock)
Posey Island San Juan Island San Juan 48°37′6.23″N 123°10′4.31″W / 48.6183972°N 123.1678639°W / 48.6183972; -123.1678639 (Posey Island)
Unnamed Island (Westcott Bay) San Juan Island San Juan 48°36′16″N 123°08′46″W / 48.60444°N 123.14611°W / 48.60444; -123.14611 (Westcott Bay Island)
Kellett Bluff Henry Island San Juan 48°35′19″N 123°12′08″W / 48.58861°N 123.2021°W / 48.58861; -123.2021 (Kellett Bluff)
Mitchell Bay Rocks (AKA Mud Rocks) San Juan Island San Juan
48°34′21.53″N 123°10′12.55″W / 48.5726472°N 123.1701528°W / 48.5726472; -123.1701528 (Mitchell Bay Rocks (Mud Rocks))
48°34′19.57″N 123°10′11.85″W / 48.5721028°N 123.1699583°W / 48.5721028; -123.1699583 (Mitchell Bay Rocks (Mud Rocks))
48°34′20.74″N 123°10′15.01″W / 48.5724278°N 123.1708361°W / 48.5724278; -123.1708361 (Mitchell Bay Rocks (Mud Rocks))
Mud Island San Juan Island San Juan 48°34′19.31″N 123°9′25.69″W / 48.5720306°N 123.1571361°W / 48.5720306; -123.1571361 (Mud Island)
Little Patos Island Patos Island San Juan 48°47′2.88″N 122°58′6.95″W / 48.7841333°N 122.9685972°W / 48.7841333; -122.9685972 (Little Patos Island)
Patos Island Patos Island San Juan 48°47′1.66″N 122°57′17.67″W / 48.7837944°N 122.9549083°W / 48.7837944; -122.9549083 (Patos Island) Includes Patos Island Light[6]
Shallow Bay Rocks Sucia Island San Juan
48°45′49.42″N 122°55′8.25″W / 48.7637278°N 122.9189583°W / 48.7637278; -122.9189583 (Shallow Bay Rocks)
48°45′48.61″N 122°55′9.34″W / 48.7635028°N 122.9192611°W / 48.7635028; -122.9192611 (Shallow Bay Rocks)
Rolfe Cove Island Matia Island San Juan
48°44′59.43″N 122°50′41.99″W / 48.7498417°N 122.8449972°W / 48.7498417; -122.8449972 (Rolfe Cove Island (west))
48°44′57.84″N 122°50′38.18″W / 48.7494000°N 122.8439389°W / 48.7494000; -122.8439389 (Rolfe Cove Island (east))
Barnes Rocks Clark Island San Juan
48°42′15.30″N 122°46′30.45″W / 48.7042500°N 122.7751250°W / 48.7042500; -122.7751250 (Barnes Rocks)
48°42′11.45″N 122°46′31.85″W / 48.7031806°N 122.7755139°W / 48.7031806; -122.7755139 (Barnes Rocks)
48°42′11.05″N 122°46′25.34″W / 48.7030694°N 122.7737056°W / 48.7030694; -122.7737056 (Barnes Rocks)
Clark Rocks Clark Island San Juan 48°42′31″N 122°45′58″W / 48.70861°N 122.76611°W / 48.70861; -122.76611 (Clark Rocks)
Indian Island Orcas Island San Juan 48°41′32.97″N 122°54′29.49″W / 48.6924917°N 122.9081917°W / 48.6924917; -122.9081917 (Indian Island)
Point Doughty Rock Orcas Island San Juan 48°42′43″N 122°57′02″W / 48.71194°N 122.95056°W / 48.71194; -122.95056 (Point Doughty)
Beach Haven Rocks Orcas Island San Juan
48°41′27.178″N 122°57′42.787″W / 48.69088278°N 122.96188528°W / 48.69088278; -122.96188528 (Beach Haven Rocks)
48°41′27.174″N 122°57′31.046″W / 48.69088167°N 122.95862389°W / 48.69088167; -122.95862389 (Beach Haven Rocks)
Freeman Island Orcas Island San Juan 48°41′55.185″N 122°57′3.295″W / 48.69866250°N 122.95091528°W / 48.69866250; -122.95091528 (Freeman Island)
Blind Islands Orcas Island San Juan
48°37′44.83″N 122°52′40.52″W / 48.6291194°N 122.8779222°W / 48.6291194; -122.8779222 (Blind Island North)
48°37′30.00″N 122°52′36.02″W / 48.6250000°N 122.8766722°W / 48.6250000; -122.8766722 (Blind Island South)
Twin Rocks Orcas Island San Juan
48°36′56.45″N 122°52′0.347″W / 48.6156806°N 122.86676306°W / 48.6156806; -122.86676306 (Twin Rocks (west))
48°36′55.99″N 122°51′54.23″W / 48.6155528°N 122.8650639°W / 48.6155528; -122.8650639 (Twin Rocks (east))
Unnamed Island (Guthrie Cove) Orcas Island San Juan 48°35′38.79″N 122°53′9.28″W / 48.5941083°N 122.8859111°W / 48.5941083; -122.8859111 (Unnamed Island in Guthrie Cove)
Foster Point Rocks Orcas Island San Juan 48°35′21.67″N 122°53′4.99″W / 48.5893528°N 122.8847194°W / 48.5893528; -122.8847194 (Foster Point Rocks)
Elwha Rock Orcas Island San Juan 48°35′36.639″N 122°54′15.16″W / 48.59351083°N 122.9042111°W / 48.59351083; -122.9042111 (Elwha Rock)
Picnic Point Rocks Shaw Island San Juan 48°33′45.10″N 122°55′19.24″W / 48.5625278°N 122.9220111°W / 48.5625278; -122.9220111 (Picnic Point Rocks) Does not include privately owned Picnic Point Island
Cotton Point Island Orcas Island San Juan 48°35′37.50″N 122°56′12.74″W / 48.5937500°N 122.9368722°W / 48.5937500; -122.9368722 (Cotton Point Island) One of the smallest BLM holdings in Washington, 0.25 acres (0.10 ha).[7]
Blind Island Shaw Island San Juan 48°35′6.80″N 122°56′13.47″W / 48.5852222°N 122.9370750°W / 48.5852222; -122.9370750 (Blind Island)
Unnamed Island and Rocks (Blind Bay) Shaw Island San Juan 48°34′42.509″N 122°56′30.138″W / 48.57847472°N 122.94170500°W / 48.57847472; -122.94170500 (Unnamed Island and Rocks in Blind Bay)
Broken Point Island Shaw Island San Juan 48°35′32.71″N 122°58′12.29″W / 48.5924194°N 122.9700806°W / 48.5924194; -122.9700806 (Broken Point Island)
Oak Island and Rock Orcas Island San Juan
48°36′28.35″N 122°57′16.80″W / 48.6078750°N 122.9546667°W / 48.6078750; -122.9546667 (Oak Island)
48°36′26.84″N 122°57′11.38″W / 48.6074556°N 122.9531611°W / 48.6074556; -122.9531611 (Oak Island Rock)
Trinka Rock Orcas Island San Juan 48°37′42.75″N 122°57′28.56″W / 48.6285417°N 122.9579333°W / 48.6285417; -122.9579333 (Trinka Rock)
Skull Island Orcas Island San Juan 48°38′21.05″N 122°59′10.34″W / 48.6391806°N 122.9862056°W / 48.6391806; -122.9862056 (Skull Island)
Massacre Bay Rocks Orcas Island San Juan 48°38′2.18″N 122°59′31.93″W / 48.6339389°N 122.9922028°W / 48.6339389; -122.9922028 (Massacre Bay Rocks)
Harbor Rocks Orcas Island San Juan 48°37′48.00″N 122°59′10.34″W / 48.6300000°N 122.9862056°W / 48.6300000; -122.9862056 (Harbor Rocks)
Victim Island Orcas Island San Juan 48°36′49.37″N 122°58′30.96″W / 48.6137139°N 122.9752667°W / 48.6137139; -122.9752667 (Victim Island)
Lovers' Cove Rocks Orcas Island San Juan 48°40′06″N 122°59′23″W / 48.66833°N 122.98972°W / 48.66833; -122.98972 (Lovers' Cove Rocks)
North Pass Rock Orcas Island San Juan 48°36′08″N 123°01′00″W / 48.60222°N 123.01667°W / 48.60222; -123.01667 (North Pass Rock)
McConnell Rocks Orcas Island San Juan 48°35′57″N 123°01′32″W / 48.59917°N 123.02556°W / 48.59917; -123.02556 (McConnell Rocks)
Parks Bay Island Shaw Island San Juan 48°33′58.19″N 122°59′04.79″W / 48.5661639°N 122.9846639°W / 48.5661639; -122.9846639 (Parks Bay Island)
Reservation Bay Rocks - Coffin Rocks Fidalgo Island Skagit 48°24′47″N 122°39′46″W / 48.41306°N 122.66278°W / 48.41306; -122.66278 (Coffin Rocks)
Reservation Bay Rocks - Urchin Rocks Fidalgo Island Skagit 48°25′01″N 122°39′58″W / 48.41694°N 122.66611°W / 48.41694; -122.66611 (Urchin Rocks)
Reservation Bay Rocks - Gull Rocks (Bird Rocks) Fidalgo Island Skagit 48°24′53″N 122°39′37″W / 48.41472°N 122.66028°W / 48.41472; -122.66028 (Gull Rocks)
Chuckanut Rock Whatcom 48°41′05″N 122°30′03″W / 48.68472°N 122.50083°W / 48.68472; -122.50083 (Chuckanut Rock)
Unnamed Rocks (Carter Point) Lummi Island Whatcom 48°38′23.76″N 122°36′29.07″W / 48.6399333°N 122.6080750°W / 48.6399333; -122.6080750 (Carter Point Rocks)
Bakers Reef Lummi Island Whatcom 48°41′01″N 122°40′42″W / 48.68361°N 122.67833°W / 48.68361; -122.67833 (Bakers Reef)
Lummi Rocks Lummi Island Whatcom 48°40′15″N 122°40′02″W / 48.67083°N 122.66722°W / 48.67083; -122.66722 (Chuckanut Rock)
Eliza Rocks Eliza Island Whatcom
48°38′57.74″N 122°35′32.32″W / 48.6493722°N 122.5923111°W / 48.6493722; -122.5923111 (Eliza Island Rocks (west))
48°38′48.15″N 122°34′42.09″W / 48.6467083°N 122.5783583°W / 48.6467083; -122.5783583 (Eliza Island Rocks (east))
48°39′39.36″N 122°35′14.14″W / 48.6609333°N 122.5872611°W / 48.6609333; -122.5872611 (Eliza Island Rocks (north))
Tip of Eliza Island Eliza Island Whatcom 48°38′43″N 122°34′56″W / 48.64528°N 122.58222°W / 48.64528; -122.58222 (Tip of Eliza Island) Unsurveyed section 5[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Brunner, Jim (March 25, 2013). "Obama creates San Juan Islands National Monument: read the proclamation". The Seattle Times. Retrieved March 26, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Obama makes it legal on San Juan Islands National Monument". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. Retrieved March 26, 2013. 
  3. ^ Richard, Terry (March 25, 2013). "San Juan Islands in Washington site of new national monument by presidential proclamation". The Oregonian. Retrieved March 26, 2013. 
  4. ^ "Frequently Asked Questions: Which lands will be protected?". Proposed San Juan Islands National Monument. Retrieved March 26, 2013. [unreliable source?]
  5. ^ San Juan Islands National Monument: Plan Your Visit, United States Bureau of Land Management, retrieved 2013-04-20 
  6. ^ a b Presidential Proclamation -- San Juan Islands National Monument, The White House (Office of the Press Secretary), March 25, 2013
  7. ^ "Get to know your BLM lands", WA Wild blog, Washington Wilderness Coalition, May 22, 2012 
  8. ^ Federal Register (PDF), United States Government Printing Office, June 12, 2003, p. 35237 

External links[edit]