San Juan de Oriente
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|San Juan de Oriente|
|• Municipality||5.3 sq mi (13.8 km2)|
|• Density||890/sq mi (340/km2)|
It is one of the "Pueblos Blancos" because of the white colonial style churches that it and the other municipalities have in Masaya.
The municipality of San Juan de Oriente was founded in 1585. It was called San Juan de los Platos because they made clay dishes to be used during religious festivals in the region. The Nicoya and Potosme tribes lived here and spoke the language Náhuatl.
The colonial style church was constructed in 1612 by Gervasio Gallegos de Galacia and Juan de Bracamonte y Peñaranda.
There are no universities in this small town. It is home to one preschool, three primary schools, and two secondary schools.
Like most of the department of Masaya, the economy in San Juan de Oriente is heavily based around artisans. The specialty in San Juan de Oriente is ceramics. Many ceramic makers have studied advanced methods in Spain and there are several with international accolades for their work. Styles range from Precolumbian to flora and fauna to geometric.
San Juan de Oriente is a rather small town with limited entertainment options. There is a bar at the entrance that is popular with the locals as well as a pool hall at the center of town.
Some of the bus routes to and from San Juan de Oriente can be found at Mercado Roberto Huembes in Managua. Sa Juan de Oriente is approximately one and a half hours by bus in an ordinary route and one hour in an express bus.
One can also find buses to San Juan de Oriente from Granada. These buses originate from a bus station near the Mercado Municipal.
The patron saint festival in San Juan de Oriente celebrates the birth of John the Baptist on the week of June 24. The celebration consists of many processions with statues of John the Baptist, fireworks, and most famous of all "chilillo" a dance/sport where two "chinegros" use dried bovine penises fashioned in the form of a saber complete with leather handguard to whip their opponent. After a few seconds somebody in the costume of a yegüita (mare) enters between the two people ending the bout. While no winners or losers are declared, the hard whipping does leave marks or scars.
Infrastructure and communication
Electricity is supplied from the Managuan power grid and is therefore subject to same blackout problems that Managua has.
Water service is supplied by a plant across the carretera in the municipality of Catarina. They take turns with water access, thus each town has water every other day.
A new health clinic was completed in August 2006.
- El Castillo (not to be confused with El Castillo (village), a comarca of the municipality of El Castillo, a subdivision of the Río San Juan Department)
- El Tempisque
- Buena Vista
- La Laguna de Apoyo