San Juan de la Maguana

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San Juan de la Maguana
Skyline of San Juan de la Maguana
San Juan de la Maguana is located in the Dominican Republic
San Juan de la Maguana
San Juan de la Maguana
San Juan de la Maguana in the Dominican Republic
Coordinates: 18°48′36″N 71°13′48″W / 18.81000°N 71.23000°W / 18.81000; -71.23000Coordinates: 18°48′36″N 71°13′48″W / 18.81000°N 71.23000°W / 18.81000; -71.23000
Country  Dominican Republic
Province San Juan
Founded 1503
 • Total 1,876.21 km2 (724.41 sq mi)
Elevation[2] 415 m (1,362 ft)
Population (2012)[3]
 • Total 169,032
 • Density 90/km2 (230/sq mi)
 • Demonym Sanjuanero(a)
Distance to
 – Santo Domingo

200 km
Municipal Districts

San Juan dela Maguana is the capital municipality and the largest city in the province of San Juan, in the western region of the Dominican Republic. It was one of the first cities founded on the island; founded in 1503 and was given the name of San Juan de la Maguana by San Juan Bautista and the Taino name of the valley: Maguana. The term Maguana means "the first stone, the unique stone".


San Juan de la Maguana is in the center of Valley of San Juan with the Central ("Cordillera Central") mountain range to the north and east, and the Sierra de Neiba to the south. To the west there is a range of low hills. The San Juan River is the main river of the region, and the city was founded on the eastern side of this river.


San Juan de la Maguana is one of the oldest cities in the country. It occupies the same valley where the chiefdom seat had Maguana and the historic "Corral of the Indians". Their leader and warlord was Caonabo (which in the aboriginal language means "great lord of the earth"), he this chief led one of the most notable battles against the Spanish colonizers.

Since its inception San Juan flourished due to its fertile lands and climate. a diverse range of fruits wher grown in the town; the exploitation of sugarcane as a commercial item of importance, were the main line for the employment of labor. San Juan possessed in principle four "mills" for the exploitation of cane. The first of these mills was installed in the center of town.


The main economic activities in the province are livestock and agriculture; as it has been since the since colonial times thanks to the fertile soil and climate which is suitable for cultivation of cereals and legumes such as beans, beans, rice, corn, peanuts, pigeon peas, beans and sorghum.


  1. ^ Superficies a nivel de municipios, Oficina Nacional de Estadistica
  2. ^ De la Fuente, Santiago (1976). Geografía Dominicana (in Spanish). Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic: Editora Colegial Quisqueyana. 
  3. ^ Censo 2012 de Población y Vivienda, Oficina Nacional de Estadistica