Guarico is the fourth largest state in the country in terms of area, but not in population, as it has a low population density. San Juan de los Morros used to be part of Aragua state, but it was exchanged during the 1930s to Guarico state, and the town was later elevated to become Capital of the state, replacing the former capital Calabozo.
Among the major features of the city are the Statue of San Juan Bautista (John the Baptist) which is 19.8 meters (62,3 ft) high, the Bandera Monument, Bolivar Plaza, the 'Los Morros de San Juan' monument, the historic place and monument known as "La Puerta" (The Gate), and the hot springs. The medicinal sulfuric content of the springs makes them a significant tourist attraction.
San Juan de los Morros has a climate of 24 to 32 degrees Celsius and is dominated by the surrounding mountains, which contrasts with the plains of the rest of the state. Typical dishes that originate from the Guarico area are: la cachapa, el pabellón criollo and arepas.