San Leon, Texas
San Leon, Texas
Census-designated place (CDP)
Location of San Leon, Texas
|• Total||5.2 sq mi (13.4 km2)|
|• Land||4.9 sq mi (12.6 km2)|
|• Water||0.3 sq mi (0.7 km2)|
|Elevation||10 ft (3 m)|
|• Density||960/sq mi (370/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-6 (Central (CST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-5 (CDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||1346420|
During the early 19th century, the pirate Jean Lafitte, who ruled Galveston Island, established a stronghold at Eagle Point in modern San Leon. Eagle Point went on to become an important shipping and trading post for slaves. A community was established, known as Edward's Point and later North Galveston. When the North Galveston, Houston, and Kansas City Railroad was built through the area in 1893, the town began to develop as a commercial center. However, following the hurricanes in 1900 and 1915, the town was devastated and never able to fully recover. Attempts were made in the early 20th century to establish a resort community in the area, but these efforts met with only modest success. Growth and development since this time have been relatively stagnant.
In April 1985, residents of San Leon, Bacliff and Bayview considered an incorporation proposal to become the City of Bayshore. Judge Ray Holbrook signed an order for the election to take place on April 6, 1985, freeing the area, which had a population of 11,000, from the extraterritorial jurisdiction of League City and Texas City. Residents rejected the incorporation proposal. The vote was tallied with 1,268 against and 399 in favor. Proponents wanted a local police force and the ability to pass ordinances. Opponents said that the tax base was too small to support municipal services including police and road and drainage improvements.
San Leon was not in a 1986 proposal to incorporate that included Bacliff and Bayview. Donna Maples, vice president of the Bacliff - Bayview Community Association, said that historically, San Leon had generated most of the opposition to incorporation proposals. She said, "In the past, San Leon has shown it is not interested in incorporation. So this time we decided not to include them. They don't have as much in common as we do."
On April 23, 1991, the community, and other areas of Galveston County, received an enhanced 9-1-1 system which routes calls to proper dispatchers and allows dispatchers to automatically view the address of the caller. On September 13, 2008, San Leon, TX received extensive damage from Hurricane Ike.
In 2000, there were 4,365 people organized into 1,815 households. That year, Bacliff and San Leon formed a nine-member board to prepare the communities for incorporation. At that time, Bacliff and San Leon had a combined population of 10,000. The board was to have three members from the Bacliff area, three members from the San Leon area, and three at-large members. It was prompted after the City of Texas City suddenly annexed several commercial parcels along Texas State Highway 146 between Kemah and Dickinson Bayou in 2000. The board hoped to convince Texas City to reverse the annexation.
In 2017 there were 4,890 people organized into 2,036 households.
San Leon is located at (29.488379, -94.929426).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 5.2 sq mi (13 km2), of which 4.9 sq mi (13 km2) is land and 0.3 sq mi (0.78 km2), or 5.61%, is covered by water.
The Bacliff, San Leon, and Bayview communities form the "Bayshore" area.
Shore erosion had affected San Leon. Avenue A was built along the north shore. By 1997, it was no longer contiguous because portions had been destroyed by erosion.
Effective August 15, 2019 Galveston County Commissioners Court approved revised Federal Emergency Management Agency flood plain maps which categorized the vast majority of San Leon as being at high risk from floods.
As of the census of 2010, 4,970 people, 1,815 households, and 1,121 families resided in the CDP. The population density was 894.1 people per square mile (345.4/km2). The 2,293 housing units averaged 469.7 per square mile (181.4/km2). The racial makeup of the CDP was 80.41% White, 0.80% African American, 0.82% Native American, 7.61% Asian, 0.11% Pacific Islander, 8.27% from other races, and 1.97% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 14.36% of the population.
Of the 1,815 households, 25.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.6% were married couples living together, 7.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.2% were not families. About 30.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.99.
In the CDP, the population was spread out, with 23.0% under the age of 18, 7.4% from 18 to 24, 30.8% from 25 to 44, 28.5% from 45 to 64, and 10.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 110.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 112.8 males.
The median income for a household in the CDP was $31,687, and for a family was $40,656. Males had a median income of $32,574 versus $25,526 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $19,422. About 14.8% of families and 19.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 33.5% of those under age 18 and 2.3% of those age 65 or over.
As of 1986, the community is primarily residential. During weekends and summer, many people stayed in their cottages and small houses.
As of 2012, San Leon, Bayview, and Bacliff together make up the largest unincorporated community in the mainland portion of Galveston County by population. As of July 2019 the San Leon CDP included 2632 single family residences, 14 multi-family residences and 2116 vacant lots which provided a tax base of $369,924,758.
In 2008, Phale Cassady Le, an outreach coordinator of Boat People SOS Houston, said that in San Leon and Bacliff, between 150 and 200 Vietnamese families were involved with crab-, oyster-, and shrimp-fishing operations. According to Le, most of the Vietnamese have no house or boat insurance, and even if they did have this insurance, their English is not well developed enough to read the terms of the policies. Many families had hand-made boats that were constructed over several years as the owner made more and more money. Nick Cenegy of The Galveston County Daily News said that the Vietnamese community in San Leon and Bacliff had a "tradition of self-reliance and wariness of outsiders."
Government and infrastructure
The San Leon Municipal Utility District provides water services. The San Leon MUD was organized in 1965 and is regulated in the state of Texas as a Water Control and Improvement District (WCID).
The San Leon Post Office was located at 902 East Bayshore Drive in the CDP in unincorporated Galveston County, but it was not replaced after being damaged by Hurricane Ike in 2008.
On May 19, 2016, the former assistant fire chief Eldon Scott Lyons at the San Leon Volunteer Fire Department was indicted by a Galveston County grand jury on a charge of felony theft by a public servant. Scotty Lyons was sentenced to 5 years in prison for first degree felony theft by a public servant on November 6, 2019.
On July 21, 2017, San Leon MUD President Joe Manchaca announced at a public town hall meeting that a consensus poll would immediately commence at the San Leon MUD office, restricted to San Leon registered voters, to determine if an official and binding vote regarding San Leon incorporation would be taken. Mr. Manchaca stated that a simple majority would determine the outcome of the poll, which he suggested would be fast-tracked, running from July 25 thru August 15. The result of the poll was that a municipal corporation was overwhelmingly rejected.
The most significant sector of the community's economy is oyster and shrimp fishing. Many homes in the community are second homes used as summer residences. Like Bacliff and Bayview, many residents in San Leon commute to work in Houston.
San Leon students are zoned to schools in the Dickinson Independent School District.
San Leon Elementary School opened in the beginning of the 2007–2008 school year, and serves residents from kindergarten through fourth grade.
Barber Middle School in Dickinson serves the fifth and sixth grades. McAdams Junior High School in Dickinson serves grades 7 and 8. Students are zoned to Dickinson High School for grades 9 through 12.
Parks, culture, and recreation
Bayshore Spillway Park is located in San Leon.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): San Leon CDP, Texas". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 11, 2012. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Miller, Tex. "Handbook of Texas".
- Gard, Leigh: San Leon, Texas from the Handbook of Texas Online. Retrieved 22 Dec 2009.
- "Residents of 3 Galveston County areas will vote on incorporation." Houston Chronicle. Tuesday March 19, 1985. Section 1, Page 13.
- "Election for incorporation called in Bacliff, Bayview." Houston Chronicle. Sunday July 6, 1986. Section 3, Page 5.
- "Results of municipal elections in Southeast Texas." Houston Chronicle. Monday April 8, 1985. Section 1, Page 10.
- Toohey, Mark. "Bacliff, Bayview voters consider incorporation." Houston Chronicle. Available at NewsBank, Record Number HSC0706250286. "Most of the 3.6 square mile area is east of Texas 146 along Galveston Bay. It has a population of 7,000. "
- "News briefs." Houston Chronicle. Tuesday April 23, 1991. A14.
- Ferguson, John Wayne (2019-04-13). "Bacliff, San Leon are growing and changing". Galveston Daily News. Retrieved 2019-12-04. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Christian, Carol. "Towns elect board, eye incorporation - San Leon, Bacliff may become one." Houston Chronicle. Sunday, May 21, 2000. Section A p. 37. Available at NewsBank Record Number 3216149.
- Moran, Kevin. "Bay-area residents seek new village status." Houston Chronicle. Tuesday May 16, 2000. Section A A p. 17 MetFront. Available on NewsBank Record Number: 3214981.
- Aulds, T. J. "Power Plant Demolition." Galveston County Daily News. February 12, 2012. Retrieved on October 18, 2012.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Evans, Thayer. "Crime numbers go down - Figures drop 26.4 percent in unincorporated Galveston County." Houston Chronicle. Thursday February 3, 2005. ThisWeek p. 1. "Other unincorporated areas are along Texas 6 outside Hitchcock and Santa Fe and in the Bayshore area, which includes Bacliff, Bayview and San Leon." Available at NewsBank Record Number: 3841079.
- Burtman, Bob. "Besieged by the Bay." Houston Press. Thursday June 26, 1997. p. 5. Retrieved on May 12, 2013.
- "Galveston County, Texas flood maps become final". FEMA Website. Retrieved 22 October 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "FEMA National Flood Plain Map". FEMA. Retrieved 22 October 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "NOAA Coastal Flooding Map". NOAA. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 25 October 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Aulds, T. J. "Fishing a Big Part of San Leon Bacliff Bayshore." The Galveston County Daily News. The Galveston County Daily News, 22 Apr. 2012. Web. 05 May 2013.
- Lane, Christina. "San Leon MUD Tax Rate Summary" (PDF). SanLeon.info. SAMCO Capital Markets. Retrieved 9 September 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Cenegy, Nick. "Ike ripped Vietnamese fishing community." The Galveston County Daily News. Sunday November 22, 2009. Retrieved on May 5, 2013. "In San Leon and Bacliff, there are between 150 and 200 Vietnamese families in a tightly woven community with all lines leading back to oyster, crab and shrimp fishing, said Phale Cassady Le, an outreach coordinator with Boat People SOS Houston." and "Phale said as much as 90 percent of the 1,600 clients they have served since the group began its work earlier this year have been Vietnamese." and "Part of what makes that particular community's situation so tough is its tradition of self-reliance and wariness of outsiders. Fishing boats often are built by hand over many years as fishermen scrape up enough money, Van Horn Nguyen, a San Leon-area boat owner and fisherman, said." and "Most of the Vietnamese don't have home or boat insurance of any kind, and many aren't versed in English well enough to interpret the documents if they did, Phale said. The group's lawyers have reviewed cases where people thought they were insured but found the policies had ridiculous exclusions, like not covering water damage, she said."
- "San Leon Municipal Utility District providing water, sewer service to San Leon Texas:." San Leon Municipal Utility District. Retrieved on December 9, 2008.
- "San Leon MUD Organization Doc" (PDF). San Leon Information. Texas SOS. Retrieved 10 May 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "San Leon former VFD Assistant Fire Chief indicted:." Retrieved on May 20, 2016.
- "Former SAN LEON assistant fire chief sentenced to 5 years in Prison" (PDF). Galveston County Daily News. Matt deGrood. Retrieved 7 November 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
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- "Honorable Darrell A. Apffel Commissioner, Precinct 1". Galveston County TX website. Retrieved 24 October 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
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- Kearney, p. 224. "Many Houstonians buy property in Bayview, Bacliff, and San Leon, and commute to work in Houston."
- Meyers, Rhiannon. "Changes awaiting students this year." Galveston County Daily News. August 24, 2008.
- Kearney, Sid. A Marmac Guide to Houston and Galveston: 6th Edition. Pelican Publishing, March 1, 2009. ISBN 1455608505, 9781455608508.