San Lorenzo, Puerto Rico

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San Lorenzo

Municipio Autónomo de San Lorenzo
Town and Municipality
Hills and valley in San Lorenzo
Hills and valley in San Lorenzo
Flag of San Lorenzo
Flag
Nicknames: 
"Pueblo de Los Samaritanos", ("The Town of the Samaritans"), "La Tierra de Leyendas", ("Land of Leyends")
Anthem: "Son tus campos de bellísimo verdor"
Location of San Lorenzo in Puerto Rico
Location of San Lorenzo in Puerto Rico
Coordinates: 18°11′24″N 65°58′7″W / 18.19000°N 65.96861°W / 18.19000; -65.96861Coordinates: 18°11′24″N 65°58′7″W / 18.19000°N 65.96861°W / 18.19000; -65.96861
CountryUnited States
TerritoryPuerto Rico
Founded1737
Founded byValenciano Munoz de Oneca
Government
 • MayorJoe Román (PPD)
 • Senatorial dist.7 - Humacao
 • Representative dist.33
Area
 • Total53.3 sq mi (138.07 km2)
 • Land53.3 sq mi (138 km2)
 • Water0.0 sq mi (0.07 km2)  0%%
Population
 (2011)
 • Total41,947
 • Density790/sq mi (300/km2)
Demonym(s)Sanlorenceños
Time zoneUTC−4 (AST)
ZIP Code
00754
Major RoutesCR 181 jct wide.svg CR 183 jct wide.svg CR 203 jct wide.svg

San Lorenzo (Spanish pronunciation: [san loˈɾenso], Saint Lawrence) is a municipality of Puerto Rico (U.S.) located in the eastern central region, north of Patillas and Yabucoa; south of Gurabo; east of Caguas and Cayey; and west of Juncos and Las Piedras. San Lorenzo is spread over twelve wards and San Lorenzo Pueblo (the downtown area and the administrative center of the city). It is part of the San Juan-Caguas-Guaynabo Metropolitan Statistical Area.

San Lorenzo is called "The town of the Samaritans" and "Land of Legends." The patron of the municipality is Nuestra Señora de las Mercedes. The surrounding areas produce tobacco and sugar cane.

History[edit]

San Lorenzo was founded in 1737 under the name San Miguel de Hato Grande by Valeriano Muñoz de Oneca from Seville, Spain. The original settlers of the then-village were the Muñoz de Oneca, López de Alicea, and Sánchez de Cos families. The church was erected in 1811.

Geography[edit]

San Lorenzo[1] is located in the eastern central region, north of Patillas and Yabucoa; south of Gurabo; east of Caguas and Cayey; and west of Juncos and Las Piedras.

Hurricane Maria[edit]

USACE working in San Lorenzo, 7 months after Hurricane Maria

Hurricane Maria on September 20, 2017 triggered numerous landslides in San Lorenzo with the significant amount of rain that fell.[2][3]

Rivers

Barrios[edit]

Subdivisions of San Lorenzo.

Like all municipalities of Puerto Rico, San Lorenzo is subdivided into barrios and barrios are further divided into sectors. The municipal buildings, central square and large Catholic church are located in a barrio referred to as "el pueblo".[4][5][6][7]

  1. Cayaguas: Sec. Piedras Blancas, Sec. Los Grillos, Sect. Manchurría, Sect. Carlos Colón, Sect. Los Rivera, Sec. Pablo Muñoz, Sec. Teyo Rodríguez, Sec. La Represa, Sec. Robles, Sec. Esperanza, Sec. Capilla, Sec. Dávila, Sec. Gamaliel.
  2. Cerro Gordo: Sec. La Marina, Sec. Los Alverio, Sec. Los Velázquez, Sec. Hoyo Hondo, Sec. Josefa Domínguez, Sec. Tesoro Escondido, Sec. Campo Flores, Sec. Bonifacio Santa, Sec. Los Carrasquillo, Sec. Acueducto Abajo, Sec. Piedra Gorda, Sec. Miguel Sánchez, Sec. Almeda, Sec. Carmelita Zayas, Sec. Juan Dulia, Sec. Rosado, Sec. Los Laí, Sec. Nato Dávila, Sec. Los Roldán, Sec. Los Orozco, Sec. Francisco Loíz, Sec. Fermín Santiago, Sec. Tensio Nieves, Sec. Geño Rosario, Sec. Pedro Power, Sec. Los Cáez, Sec. Lorenzo Del Valle.
  3. Espino: Sect. Morena, Sect. Campo Alegre, Sect. Goyo Rosario, Sect. Cantagallo, Sect. Los Dones, Sect. Quebrada Lajas, Sect. La Quinta, Sect. Chole Martínez, Sect. La Providencia, Sect. Parroquia, Sect. Benny Muñoz, Sect. Felipe Colón, Sect. Nelson Rodríguez, Sect. Hilario Pérez.
  4. Florida: Sect. El Coco, Sect. Camino Viejo, Sect. Cuatro Calles, Sect. Zarzal, Sect. Pedro Borges, Sect. Joaquín Corona, Sect. Los Reyes, Sect. Los Fernández, Sect. Los González, Sect. Tito Morales, Sect. Las Cumbres, Sect. Cendito Torres, Sect. Los Montañez, Sect. Los Astacio, Sect. Los Calderón, Sect. Los Acosta, Sect. Rafael Colón, Sect. Los Pagán, Sec. Los Pérez, Sec. Los Chaparral, Sec. Los Pedraza, Sect. Los Flores.
  5. Hato: Sect. Cuchilla, Sect. Federico Delgado, Sect. Oquendo, Sect. Nerís, Sect. Los Adorno, Sect. Los Rosa, Sect. Los Santiago, Sect. Esperanza Ramos, Sect. Cholo Serrano, Sec. Julio Delgado.
  6. Jagual: Sect. Los Borges, Sect. Los Vázquez, Sect. Los García, Sect. Cantera, Sect. Badén, Sect. Melilla, Sect. Los Díaz, Sect. La Ceiba, Sect. Rabo del Buey, Sect. Carlos Flores, Sect. El Salto, Sect. Los Rosales.
  7. Quebrada: Sect. Los Dávila, Sect. Carmelo Dávila, Sect. Los Méndez, Sect. Los Bezares, Sect. Los Álamo, Sect. Los Santa, Sect. Los Bruseles, Sect. Los Arzuaga, Sect. Valles de San Joaquín, Sect. Los Agosto.
  8. Quebrada Arenas: Sect. Carmelo Figueroa, Sect. Gerardo Villafañe, Sect. Jacobo Pérez, Sect. Pellín Claudio, Sec. Pablo Cápeles, Sect. Paulina Santana, Sect. Miguel Ángel Aponte, Sect. Los Guábaros, Sect. Los Ortíz, Sect. Cruz Gómez, Sect. María Hernández, Sect. Ventura Martínez, Sect. Cayó Félix.
  9. Quebrada Honda: Sect. Gallera, Sect. Puerto Moyett, Sect. Los Arroyo, Sect. Los Mojica, Sect. Cubuy, Sect. Los Huertas, Sect. Los Rodríguez, Sect. Los Vicéns, Sect. Pía Colón, Sect. Pedro Serrano, Sec. Los López.
  10. Quemados: Sect. Salvatierra, Sect. Las Colinas, Sect. Pachín, Sect. Julio Morales, Sect. Pané, Sect. San Felipe, Sect. Vicente Pedraza.
  11. San Lorenzo barrio-pueblo: Calle José de Diego, Calle Méndez Álvarez, Calle Tomás Delgado, Calle Dr. Veve Calzada, Calle Celso Barboza, Calle Santiago Iglesias Pantín, Calle Valeriano Muñoz, Calle Federico Sellés, Calle Ramón Alcalá, Calle Policarpio Santana, Calle Emilio Buitrago, Calle Sánchez López, Calle Condado, Calle Delicias, Calle Ruperto Medina, Calle El Edén.

[8]

Landmarks and places of interest[edit]

  • Priscilla Flores Theater
  • Santuario de la Virgen del Carmen en la Santa Montaña (Holy Mountain)[9][10][11]
  • Gallera San Carlos
  • Río Grande de Loíza
  • Iglesia Nuestra Señora de las Mercedes (church); a National Historic Site; built in 1737 and renovated in 1993.

Economy[edit]

Agriculture

The economy of San Lorenzo, founded in the herd, that is, livestock farming, later included the cultivation of sugar cane, which was processed in this period in a steam-driven farm and five oxen. Coffee and fruits are also cultivated in the municipality. Timber production, which was very rich, had declined by the uncontrolled exploitation of forests.

Industry

Clothing, pharmaceuticals, footwear, electromechanical equipment, industrial and household paints

Special communities[edit]

Since 2001, when law 1-2001 was passed,[12] measures have been taken to identify and address the high levels of poverty and lack of resources and opportunities affecting people living in specific places (barrios, communities, sectors, or neighborhoods) of Puerto Rico. In 2004, the following places in San Lorenzo were on the list of Comunidades especiales de Puerto Rico or marginalized communities:[13]

  • Roosevelt neighborhood
  • El Bosque
  • La Marina
  • Parcelas Jagual (Nuevas y Viejas)
  • Parcelas Quemados
  • Sector Los Oquendo

In 2017, Governor Rosello created a new government agency to work with the Special Communities of Puerto Rico Program and Jesús Vélez Vargas, its director stated that the program was evolving.[14][15]

Culture[edit]

Events and Festivals:

  • Three Kings Caroling-January
  • Cavalcade Moncho Roldán-January
  • Candelaria Celebrations-February
  • Kite Festival-March
  • Cross Celebrations-May
  • Patron Celebrations-September
  • Embroidering and Weave Festival-September
  • Passion Fruit Festival-November

Sports:

  • AA Class Amateur Baseball Club "Los Samaritanos"[16] - National Champions in 1975, 1997, 1999, 2000, 2001, and 2002[17]
  • Agustin Reyes Half Marathon

Government[edit]

Like all municipalities in Puerto Rico, San Lorenzo is administered by a mayor. The current mayor is José Román Abreu(Joe), from the Popular Democratic Party (PPD). Román was elected at the 2000 general election.

The city belongs to the Puerto Rico Senatorial district VII, which is represented by two Senators. In 2012, Jorge Suárez and José Luis Dalmau were elected as District Senators.[18]

Transportation[edit]

There are 49 bridges in San Lorenzo.[19]

Symbols[edit]

Flag[edit]

The flag of San Lorenzo is divided in four rectangles of equal size, two rectangles are yellow and the other two are striped with red and yellow stripes.

Coat of arms[edit]

The grill is the traditional symbol of San Lorenzo, deacon and martyr, patron of the town, because in a grill he underwent the martyrdom, slowly burned to death. The hill or mountain represent the Gregorio Hill, which dominates the San Lorenzo panorama. The cross is one of the heraldic attributes of San Miguel Arcángel.

Notable natives and residents[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "San Lorenzo Municipality - Municipalities - EnciclopediaPR". Fundación Puertorriqueña de las Humanidades (FPH).
  2. ^ "Preliminary Locations of Landslide Impacts from Hurricane Maria, Puerto Rico". USGS Landslide Hazards Program. USGS.
  3. ^ "Preliminary Locations of Landslide Impacts from Hurricane Maria, Puerto Rico" (PDF). USGS Landslide Hazards Program. USGS.
  4. ^ Picó, Rafael; Buitrago de Santiago, Zayda; Berrios, Hector H. Nueva geografía de Puerto Rico: física, económica, y social, por Rafael Picó. Con la colaboración de Zayda Buitrago de Santiago y Héctor H. Berrios. San Juan Editorial Universitaria, Universidad de Puerto Rico,1969.
  5. ^ Gwillim Law (20 May 2015). Administrative Subdivisions of Countries: A Comprehensive World Reference, 1900 through 1998. McFarland. p. 300. ISBN 978-1-4766-0447-3. Retrieved 25 December 2018.
  6. ^ Puerto Rico:2010:population and housing unit counts.pdf (PDF). U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Economics and Statistics Administration, U.S. Census Bureau. 2010.
  7. ^ "Map of San Lorenzo at the Wayback Machine" (PDF). Retrieved 2018-12-29.
  8. ^ "US Census Barrio-Pueblo definition". factfinder.com. US Census. Retrieved 5 January 2019.
  9. ^ [1]
  10. ^ http://www.nuestramadre.org/historia.html
  11. ^ http://www.nuestramadre.org/libro-padre-jaime.pdf
  12. ^ "Leyes del 2001". Lex Juris Puerto Rico (in Spanish). Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  13. ^ "Comunidades Especiales de Puerto Rico" (in Spanish). 8 August 2011. Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  14. ^ "Evoluciona el proyecto de Comunidades Especiales". El Nuevo Dia (in Spanish). 24 February 2017. Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  15. ^ ElVocero.com, Por. "Ya es ley Oficina para el Desarrollo Socioeconómico y Comunitario". El Vocero de Puerto Rico (in Spanish). Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  16. ^ "El Béisbol Recuerda A Héctor Ferrer". Isla News PR (in Spanish). November 6, 2018. Retrieved 1 February 2019.
  17. ^ "Samaritans of San Lorenzo History". ballcharts.com (in Spanish).
  18. ^ "Elecciones Generales 2012: Escrutinio General". Div1.ceepur.org. Archived from the original on 2013-01-15. Retrieved 2016-09-15.
  19. ^ "San Lorenzo Bridges". National Bridge Inventory Data. US Dept. of Transportation. Retrieved 19 February 2019.

External links[edit]