San Lorenzo, Puerto Rico
Municipio Autónomo de San Lorenzo
Town and Municipality
"Pueblo de Los Samaritanos", ("Town of Samaritans"), "La Tierra de Leyendas", ("Land of Legends")
|Anthem: "Son tus campos de bellísimo verdor"|
|Founded by||Valeriano Muñoz de Oneca|
|• Mayor||Joe Román (PPD)|
|• Senatorial dist.||7 - Humacao|
|• Representative dist.||33|
|• Total||53.3 sq mi (138.07 km2)|
|• Land||53.3 sq mi (138 km2)|
|• Water||0.0 sq mi (0.07 km2) 0%%|
|• Density||710/sq mi (270/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−4 (AST)|
San Lorenzo (Spanish pronunciation: [san loˈɾenso], Saint Lawrence) is a town and municipality of Puerto Rico located in the eastern central region, north of Patillas and Yabucoa; south of Gurabo; east of Caguas and Cayey; and west of Juncos and Las Piedras. San Lorenzo is spread over twelve barrios and San Lorenzo Pueblo (the downtown area and the administrative center of the city). It is part of the San Juan-Caguas-Guaynabo Metropolitan Statistical Area.
San Lorenzo is called "The town of the Samaritans" and "Land of Legends." The patron of the municipality is Nuestra Señora de las Mercedes (Our Lady of Mercedes). The surrounding areas produce tobacco and sugar cane.
San Lorenzo was founded in 1737 under the name San Miguel de Hato Grande by Valeriano Muñoz de Oneca from Seville, Spain. The original settlers of the then village were the Muñoz de Oneca, López de Alicea, and Sánchez de Cos families. The church was erected in 1811.
The town is located on a high valley that is formed by the Río Grande de Loíza which flows northwestwards towards the Caguas Valley. The town is located on the San Lorenzo Batholith, which is a mountainous region composed of intrusive igneous rock. It is bordered by the Sierra de Luquillo to the north and by the Sierra de Cayey to the south.
Like all municipalities of Puerto Rico, San Lorenzo is subdivided into barrios and barrios are further divided into sectors. The municipal buildings, central square and large Catholic church are located in a barrio referred to as "el pueblo".
Barrios (which are like minor civil divisions) in turn are further subdivided into smaller local populated place areas/units called sectores (sectors in English). The types of sectores may vary, from normally sector to urbanización to reparto to barriada to residencial, among others.
Comunidades Especiales de Puerto Rico (Special Communities of Puerto Rico) are marginalized communities whose citizens are experiencing a certain amount of social exclusion. A map shows these communities occur in nearly every municipality of the commonwealth. Of the 742 places that were on the list in 2014, the following barrios, communities, sectors, or neighborhoods were in San Lorenzo: Roosevelt neighborhood, El Bosque, La Marina, Parcelas Jagual (Nuevas y Viejas), Parcelas Quemados and Sector Los Oquendo. Between 2013 and until their arrest by the FBI in 2019, dozens of drug traffickers were operating in the Roosevelt neighborhood and near the Lorenzana public housing residential units in San Lorenzo.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
1899 (shown as 1900) 1910-1930
1930-1950 1960-2000 2010 2020
Landmarks and places of interest
- Priscilla Flores Theater
- Santuario de la Virgen del Carmen in Montaña Santa
- Gallera San Carlos
- Río Grande de Loíza (its main source is located within municipal boundaries)
- Iglesia Nuestra Señora de las Mercedes (the church located on the main town square); a National Historic Site; built in 1737 and renovated in 1993.
The economy of San Lorenzo, founded in the herd, that is, livestock farming, later included the cultivation of sugar cane, which was processed in this period in a steam-driven farm and five oxen. Coffee and fruits are also cultivated in the municipality. Timber production, which was very rich, had declined by the uncontrolled exploitation of forests.
Clothing, pharmaceuticals, footwear, electromechanical equipment, industrial and household paints.
Festivals and events
San Lorenzo celebrates its patron saint festival in September. The Fiestas Patronales Nuestra Senora de las Mercedes is a religious and cultural celebration that generally features parades, games, artisans, amusement rides, regional food, and live entertainment.
Other festivals and events celebrated in San Lorenzo include:
- Three Kings Caroling-January
- Cavalcade Moncho Roldán-January
- Candelaria Celebrations-February
- Kite Festival-March
- Cross Celebrations-May
- Embroidering and Weave Festival-September
- Passion Fruit Festival-November
- Double-A (baseball) team Los Samaritanos - National Champions in 1975, 1997, 1999, 2000, 2001, and 2002
- Agustin Reyes Half Marathon
Like all municipalities in Puerto Rico, San Lorenzo is administered by a mayor. The current mayor is José Román Abreu(Joe), from the Popular Democratic Party (PPD). Román was elected at the 2000 general election.
There are 49 bridges in San Lorenzo.
The municipio has an official flag and coat of arms.
The flag of San Lorenzo is divided in four rectangles of equal size, two rectangles are yellow and the other two are striped with red and yellow stripes.
Coat of arms
The grill is the traditional symbol of San Lorenzo, deacon and martyr, patron of the town, because in a grill he underwent the martyrdom, slowly burned to death. The hill or mountain represent the Gregorio Hill, which dominates the San Lorenzo panorama. The cross is one of the heraldic attributes of San Miguel Arcángel.
- Chayanne- Singer and actor
- Ernestina Reyes “La Calandria” - Singer
- José Tous Soto-Former Speaker House Of Representatives
- Antonio Fernós-Isern- Former Resident Commissioner
- José Aponte Hernandéz- Former Speaker House Of Representatives
- Carmita Jiménez- Singer
- Priscila Flores- Singer
- El Invader #1- professional wrestler
- Escolastico Capeles- oldest man in San Lorenzo 110 years old
- Dr. Marc H. Rosa, - Former Teacher, School Administrator And University Professor
- Jay Fonseca - Political Commentator
- Edwin Cruz - Lead Singer - “Mechi”
- Antulio Parrilla Bonilla - Father of Puerto Rican Cooperative Movement, Jesuit priest
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