San Luis Potosí City

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
San Luis Potosí
City
From left to right and from top to the bottom: Buildings at Avenida Carranza, Secretariat of Foreign Affairs tower, St. Louis Cathedral, National Institute of Statistics and Geography tower, Plaza de San Francisco, Museo Nacional de la Máscara, Calle Universidad, San Luis Potosí historical centre, panorama of San Luis Potosí.
From left to right and from top to the bottom: Buildings at Avenida Carranza, Secretariat of Foreign Affairs tower, St. Louis Cathedral, National Institute of Statistics and Geography tower, Plaza de San Francisco, Museo Nacional de la Máscara, Calle Universidad, San Luis Potosí historical centre, panorama of San Luis Potosí.
Flag of San Luis Potosí
Nickname(s): 
La Ciudad de los Jardínes
(City of Gardens)
San Luis Potosí is located in San Luis Potosí
San Luis Potosí
San Luis Potosí
Location of San Luis Potosí in Mexico
San Luis Potosí is located in Mexico
San Luis Potosí
San Luis Potosí
San Luis Potosí (Mexico)
Coordinates: 22°9′4″N 100°58′34″W / 22.15111°N 100.97611°W / 22.15111; -100.97611
CountryMexico Mexico
StateSan Luis Potosí San Luis Potosí
FoundedNovember 3, 1592
Founded asPueblo de San Luis Mesquitique
Government
 • MayorXavier Nava
Area
 • Municipality385 km2 (149 sq mi)
Elevation
1,864 m (6,115 ft)
Population
 (2015)
 • Municipality824,229 [1]
 • Metro
1,221,526 [1]
 • Demonym
Potosino (a)
Time zoneUTC−6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Websiteayuntamientoslp.gob.mx

San Luis Potosí, commonly called SLP or simply San Luis, is the capital and the most populous city of the Mexican state of San Luis Potosí. It is the municipal seat of the surrounding municipality of San Luis Potosí. The city lies at an elevation of 1,864 metres (6,115 feet). It has an estimated population of 824,229 in the city proper and a population of approximately 1,221,526 in its metropolitan area, formed with the neighbour city of Soledad de Graciano Sánchez and other surrounding municipalities, which makes the metropolitan area of Greater San Luis Potosí the eleventh largest in Mexico.

The city is in the west-central part of the state of San Luis Potosí, at 22.16°N, 100.98°W. The municipality has an area of 1,443.14 square kilometres (557.20 square miles). It is part of the macroregion of Bajío.[2][3][4]

The city is named after Louis IX of France (also known in Mexico as San Luis Rey de Francia, Saint Louis, King of France), who is the city's patron saint. Potosí was added in reference to the fabulously rich mines of Potosí, Bolivia, discovered some forty years before the city was founded, as the exploitation of silver and gold mines in Cerro de San Pedro, near San Luis, was the main reason for the founding of the city in 1592.[5]

Now, the city is one of the main industrial centres in central Mexico with a prolific manufacturing industry. A number of foreign industries have chosen to invest in San Luis Potosí in the last decades thanks to its strategic location for trade, as the city is located halfway between Mexico City and the United States border, as well as in the middle of the triangle formed by the three largest cities in Mexico: Mexico City, Guadalajara, and Monterrey.[6]

Besides its industry-based economy, recently the city has been promoted as a touristic destination in central Mexico by state and federal programs. San Luis Potosí's historic center displays a great mixture of different artistic styles in many buildings and is a major example of colonial architecture in Mexico. In 2010, the historic center was listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site within Camino Real de Tierra Adentro.[7]

History[edit]

Pre-colonial period[edit]

In pre-Hispanic times the territory now occupied by the state of San Luis Potosí included two cultural areas: Mesoamerica and Aridoamerica. While the southern and eastern regions of the state were occupied by Otomi and Huastec kingdoms, its northern and central-west regions, where the city of San Luis now is located, were inhabited by Chichimeca. Chichimeca is a generic term given to various nomadic ethnicities which inhabited the northern fringes of the Aztec Empire, which is now northern Mexico. As they were nomadic peoples, they did not build large cities nor have permanent settlements like most Mesoamerican civilizations. They are described by historians as very warlike peoples, living in continual wars among themselves. These tribes spoke different languages but their customs were similar.[8]

After the arrival of Spanish conquistadores and their indigenous allies into the territory now formed by the Mexican nation, it still took them about a century to colonize the northern territories in Aridoamerica. When the settlers founded the first settlements in the region in late 16th century, they had to struggle against constant attacks from Guachichil tribes. Extremely belligerent, these tribes attacked traders who traveled to Zacatecas in newly created routes. Conquistadores and religious missionaries called the place where San Luis now is located "El Gran Tunal" (Grand Place of Tuna fruit). Finally, in 1589, peace between Chichimeca peoples and Spanish settlers was reached thanks to efforts made by Miguel Caldera and Brother Diego de la Magdalena, which marked the end of the Chichimeca War.[8][9]

Universidad St.

Colonial period[edit]

A Franciscan mission was established in the zone in 1583, nine years before the city's founding. In early 1592 the mines of Cerro de San Pedro were discovered. The lack of water in Cerro de San Pedro made impossible a new settlement in that specific area, as well as the proper exploitation of the minerals. A short distance away there was a valley where water was abundant. This originated the creation of a new township to facilitate the labors of mining extraction. The legal foundation of the town of San Luis Potosí was made in November 3, 1592, according to a charter commission raised by Viceroy Luís de Velasco and given to Miguel Caldera (considered the historic founder of the city) and Juan de Oñate.[10]

Independence[edit]

For a time in 1863, during the French invasion of Mexico, San Luis Potosí served as the capital of the republican government, under President Benito Juárez.

Alameda Theater in the city of San Luis Potosí

The Plan of San Luis Potosí, issued November 20, 1910, was the opening shot of Mexico's revolution against the dictator Porfirio Díaz. The 1910 presidential election was stolen when Díaz had his opponent Francisco I. Madero arrested and imprisoned. Madero fled and issued the Plan of San Luis Potosí, declaring the election void and calling upon Mexicans to take up arms against the government.

Today, the downtown is one of plazas and colonial architecture. The "Plaza de Armas" is the site of a cathedral and governor's palace (1770). The nearby "Templo de Nuestra Señora del Carmen," with its colorful tiled domes and famous altars, is considered among Mexico's finest churches. In addition, San Luis is home to the bullring Plaza de Toros Fermin Rivera.

Outside the center, a modern industrial city has begun to grow.

The Universidad Autónoma de San Luis Potosí (UASLP) is in the city. Based on a Jesuit College founded in 1624, the Instituto Científico y Literario was raised to the category of a university in 1923, and is recognized as one of Latin America's best universities.

Today[edit]

With a population of approximately one million inhabitants, it is now the twelfth largest metropolitan area in Mexico. The city is a major commercial and industrial center. It lies in an economically advantageous area at the heart of the "triangle" formed by the three largest cities in Mexico: Mexico City, Guadalajara and Monterrey.

In recent years, the city has attracted the attention of European and American investors; its political, social, and economic stability has convinced large multinational companies to assume a presence there and to buy land, on the outskirts of the city.

Recently, according to a survey conducted by the magazine The Investor, San Luis Potosí and its metropolitan area was the third-best place to live in Mexico.

The city has experienced one of the fastest increases in demand for housing.
Panorama of the city (2007)


Historic centre of the city of San Luis Potosí (In process of evaluation)
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Part ofCamino Real de Tierra Adentro
CriteriaCultural: II, IV
Reference1351-039
Inscription2010 (34th Session)
Area70.34 ha
Buffer zone133.49 ha

Geography[edit]

Climate[edit]

San Luis Potosí features a cold semi-arid climate (BSk) under the Köppen climate classification. Its high altitude means that the city experiences only a handful of hot days each year. While the climate exhibits noticeably cooler (January and February) and warmer periods (April and May) of the year, temperatures are relatively consistent throughout the course of the year. San Luis Potosí receives, on average, 392.1 mm (15.44 in) of precipitation annually, mostly seen from May through October. Snowfall is a rare occurrence. The last recorded snowfalls occurred in January 1967, December 13, 1997, December 2011, March 2016, and December 8, 2017.

Climate data for San Luis Potosí (1951–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 35.0
(95.0)
32.0
(89.6)
34.0
(93.2)
35.0
(95.0)
37.0
(98.6)
37.0
(98.6)
34.5
(94.1)
32.5
(90.5)
32.5
(90.5)
31.0
(87.8)
31.0
(87.8)
29.5
(85.1)
37.0
(98.6)
Average high °C (°F) 20.6
(69.1)
22.5
(72.5)
25.4
(77.7)
27.7
(81.9)
28.4
(83.1)
26.7
(80.1)
24.8
(76.6)
25.0
(77.0)
23.8
(74.8)
23.2
(73.8)
22.4
(72.3)
20.7
(69.3)
24.3
(75.7)
Daily mean °C (°F) 13.0
(55.4)
14.7
(58.5)
17.4
(63.3)
19.8
(67.6)
21.0
(69.8)
20.4
(68.7)
19.1
(66.4)
19.2
(66.6)
18.3
(64.9)
17.0
(62.6)
15.3
(59.5)
13.6
(56.5)
17.4
(63.3)
Average low °C (°F) 5.5
(41.9)
6.8
(44.2)
9.3
(48.7)
11.9
(53.4)
13.7
(56.7)
14.1
(57.4)
13.4
(56.1)
13.4
(56.1)
12.9
(55.2)
10.8
(51.4)
8.2
(46.8)
6.4
(43.5)
10.5
(50.9)
Record low °C (°F) −7.0
(19.4)
−6.5
(20.3)
−3.0
(26.6)
−1.0
(30.2)
1.0
(33.8)
6.0
(42.8)
1.5
(34.7)
7.0
(44.6)
0.0
(32.0)
−1.0
(30.2)
−4.0
(24.8)
−10.0
(14.0)
−10.0
(14.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 13.6
(0.54)
7.9
(0.31)
6.4
(0.25)
19.6
(0.77)
38.2
(1.50)
64.3
(2.53)
66.6
(2.62)
58.6
(2.31)
65.2
(2.57)
30.7
(1.21)
11.2
(0.44)
9.8
(0.39)
392.1
(15.44)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 2.2 1.6 1.5 2.9 5.6 7.4 7.9 7.0 8.4 5.0 1.8 1.9 53.2
Average relative humidity (%) 56 52 47 48 55 62 68 66 68 66 61 60 59
Mean monthly sunshine hours 222 232 270 255 281 263 293 249 201 224 231 211 2,932
Source 1: Servicio Meteorológico National (humidity 1981–2000)[11][12][13]
Source 2: Deutscher Wetterdienst (sun, 1961–1990)[14][a]

Local cuisine[edit]

Potosinos (as residents of the city are referred to) are proud of their bright orange enchiladas potosinas, often served with refried beans and guacamole.

The nearby town of Santa María del Río provides the state with its sparkling mineral water, Agua de Lourdes. The water fills both store shelves and the cocktails of Potosinos, who claim the water can cure a hangover.

Important buildings[edit]

Besides having hundreds of classically designed buildings, the city is also home to some of the most modern and interesting buildings in Mexico.

Cathedral of San Luis Potosí
Casa de la Cultura, in Av. Carranza
Iglesia de San Agustín
Our Lady of Mount Carmel Church and Ex-Convent
National Museum of the Mask, view from la Paz theatre
San Francisco Garden
Caja de Agua
Monument to the Flag in the Avenida Venustiano Carranza

In recent years the city has faced a boom in the construction of buildings and museums. Among the most prominent are the Laberinto Museum of Science and Arts, which was an investment of more than $200 million pesos, in 9000 m2 of land in the Tangamanga I Park. The project was designed by architect Ricardo Legorreta and promoted by the governor of San Luis Potosí, Marcelo de los Santos Fraga. It is a museum of aesthetic proportions similar to that of the Papalote Museum of Children in Mexico City, with the addition that the materials used in its construction, especially the quarry, make it a real Potosino manufacturing building. The floor of the museum occupies a total of 6.5 ha, which have gardens with species endemic to the region and a central source. Its interior is divided into a total of six rooms arranged in galleries. Their proportions will allow visitors to make an interactive tour that will switch themes of the art museum with samples of science and technology.

Currently, the two tallest buildings in the city are the EME Building and the Muniz Werger Building. The EME Building was built in 1988 and measures 64 m to the top floor, with the spiral 75 m, with the antenna 98 meters. It has 17 floors, with 10 levels of parking at the street for a capacity of 1500 cars, and it houses mixed offices. The Muniz Werger Building, which measures 58 m for the top floor, 65 m with the spiral, and 80 m with the antenna, has 15 storeys and 2 elevators. Its construction began in 1991 and finished in 1993 and it is considered the most modern building in the city.

There are currently two buildings under construction and five buildings in the project. Corporate Tangamanga, which measured 41 m, will have 14 floors; its construction began in 2005 and will end in 2008. This building houses offices and mixed Star Medical Tower, 40 m and will have 8 floors.

Commerce and transportation[edit]

Various supermarket chains operate in the city, such as, H-E-B, Commercial Mexicana, Costco, Walmex (Wal-mart, Sam's Club, Superama, Vips, Bodega Aurrera and Suburbia), Chedraui, and Home Depot.

The principal commercial centers of the city are Plaza Tangamanga, Plaza el Dorado, Plaza Sendero, Plaza Citadella and Plaza San Luis.

In the city, various banks also operate, such as, BBVA Bancomer, Banamex, HSBC, Banorte, Santander-Serfin, Actinver, Scotiabank-Inverlat, and BanRegio.

The city's transportation consists of a public system, based on urban buses that move throughout the metropolitan area. Besides, the city contains one of the highest concentrations of taxis.

Ponciano Arriaga International Airport is the city's main airway point. It is around 17 km (11 mi) from the city's downtown and it is the state's most important airway terminal.

Higher education and scientific research[edit]

These places offer degrees at the bachelor level:

  • El Colegio de San Luis
  • Instituto Potosino de Investigación Científica y Tecnológica, A.C. (IPICYT)
  • Instituto Tecnologico de San Luis Potosí (ITSLP)
  • Instituto Tecnologico y de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey - Campus San Luis (ITESM)
  • Universidad Autonoma de San Luis Potosí (UASLP)
  • Universidad del Centro de Mexico (UCEM)
  • Universidad Cuauhtemoc - Campus San Luis Potosí
  • Universidad Interamericana del Norte - Campus San Luis
  • Universidad Interamericana para el Desarrollo - Campus San Luis
  • Universidad Marista - Campus San Luis Potosí
  • Universidad Pedagogica Nacional - Campus San Luis Potosí
  • Universidad Politécnica de San Luis Potosí (UPSLP)
  • Universidad Potosina
  • Universidad Tangamanga
  • Universidad Tec Milenio
  • Universidad Tecnológica de San Luis Potosí

IPICYT, UASLP and El Colegio de San Luis are also world class research institutions that offer doctoral degrees.

Government[edit]

Mayors and municipal presidents of San Luis Potosí City[edit]

Citizens who have served as mayors or municipal presidents of San Luis Potosí City

Term Officer Office Notes
1592[15] Miguel Caldera Senior judge
1592 Juan de Oñate Mayor
1593 Juan de Oñate Mayor Until 25 October
1593 Juan López del Riego Mayor Appointed 13 October
1594 Juan López del Riego Mayor
1595 Juan López del Riego Mayor
1596 Juan López del Riego Mayor Ceased at the beginning of the year
1596 Luis de Valderrama Saavedra Mayor
1597 Luis de Valderrama Saavedra Mayor
1598 Luis de Valderrama Saavedra Mayor
1599 Luis de Valderrama Saavedra Mayor
1599 Leonel de Cervantes Mayor At the end of the year
1600 Leonel Cervantes Mayor
1601 Leonel Cervantes Mayor
1602 Leonel Cervantes Mayor
1603 Joan de Frías Salazar Mayor
1604 Joan de Frías Salazar Mayor
1605 Joan de Frías Salazar Mayor Ceased in June
1606 Juan de Marmolejo Mayor
1607 Juan de Marmolejo Mayor Ceased in April
1607 Alonso de Oñate Mayor
1608 Alonso de Oñate Mayor
1609 Alonso de Oñate Mayor
1609 Francisco Mejía de Carvajal Mayor In November
1610 Francisco Mejía de Carvajal Mayor
1611 Francisco Mejía de Carvajal Mayor He ceased in November, and died
1612 Juan Zaldívar Mendoza Mayor
1613 Juan Zaldívar Mendoza Mayor Ceased
1613 Pedro Salazar Mayor He was already in office in August
1614 Pedro de Salazar Mayor
1615 Pedro Salazar Mayor
1616 Pedro Salazar Mayor
1617 Pedro Salazar Mayor
1618 Pedro Salazar Mayor
1619 Alonso Guajardo Mejía Mayor
1620 Alonso Guajardo Mejía Mayor
1621 Alonso Guajardo Mejía Mayor Ceased in the middle of the year
1621 Alonso Tello Guzmán Mayor
1622 Alonso Tello Guzmán Mayor
1623 Alonso Tello Guzmán Mayor He died on 27 January
1623 Juan Cerezo de Salamanca Mayor Since March
1624 Juan de Cerezo de Salamanca Mayor
1625 Juan de Cerezo de Salamanca Mayor
1626 Juan de Cerezo de Salamanca Mayor Ceased in July
1626 Diego de Astudillo Carrillo Mayor At the end of the year; days later he left office
1627 Martín del Pozo y Aguilar Mayor
1628 Martín del Pozo y Aguilar Mayor
1629 Martín del Pozo y Aguilar Mayor
1630 Martín del Pozo y Aguilar Mayor
1631 Martín del Pozo y Aguilar Mayor Ceased in June
1631 Pedro de Vértiz Mayor
1632 Pedro de Vértiz Mayor
1633 Pedro de Vértiz Mayor
1634 Pedro de Vértiz Mayor
1635 Pedro de Vértiz Mayor
1636 Pedro de Vértiz Mayor
1637 Lope de Mozalve y Almendáriz Mayor
1638 Lope de Mozalve y Almendáriz Mayor
1639 Lope de Mozalve y Almendáriz Mayor
1640 Lope de Mozalve y Almendáriz Mayor
1640 Álvaro Ramírez de Arellano Mayor February
1641 Lope de Mozalve y Almendáriz Mayor
1641 León de Alza Mayor Appointed 20 September 1640
1642 León de Alza Mayor
1643 León de Alza Mayor
1644 León de Alza Mayor
1645 León de Alza Mayor
1646 León de Alza Mayor
1647 León de Alza Mayor Ceased by the end of the year
1647 Nicolás de Bonilla y Bastida Mayor At the end of the year
1648 Nicolás de Bonilla y Bastida Mayor
1649 Nicolás de Bonilla y Bastida Mayor
1650 Nicolás de Bonilla y Bastida Mayor Ceased in March
1650 Alonso de Guzmán Mayor
1651 Alonso de Guzmán Mayor
1652 Alonso de Guzmán Mayor Ceased
1652 Diego de Ulloa Pereira Mayor Since March
1653 Diego de Ulloa Pereira Mayor Ceased in November
1653 Juan Antonio de Irurzun Mayor
1654 Juan Antonio de Irurzun Mayor Took office in July
1655 Juan Antonio de Irurzun Mayor
1656 Juan Antonio de Irurzun Mayor September
1657 Juan Antonio de Irurzun Mayor
1658 Bernardo Pérez de Azpilicueta Mayor
1659 Bernardo Pérez de Azpilicueta Mayor He ceased on 21 April, but continued until January 1660
(1659) Tristán Luna y Arellano Mayor Appointed by real provision on 9 May
1660 Bernardo Pérez de Azpilicueta Mayor
1660 Tristán Luna y Arellano Mayor
1661 Tristán Luna y Arellano Mayor Ceased
1661 Juan Ruiz de Zavala y Lois Mayor March
1661 Fernando de Torres y Ávila Mayor June
1662 Fernando de Torres y Ávila Mayor
1663 Fernando de Torres y Ávila Mayor
1664 Fernando de Torres y Ávila Mayor
1664 Pedro Sáenz Izquierdo Mayor Appointed on 11 November
1665 Pedro Sáenz Izquierdo Mayor
1666 Pedro Sáenz Izquierdo Mayor
1666 Bartolomé de Estrada y Valdés Mayor Appointed on 17 December
1666 Diego de Valdés Mayor Appointed on 20 December
1667 Bartolomé de Estrada y Valdés Mayor
1668 Bartolomé de Estrada y Valdés Mayor Ceased in December
1668 Alfonso Flores y Valdés Mayor Appointed on 14 October
1669 Alfonso Flores y Valdés Mayor
1670 Alfonso Flores y Valdés Mayor Ceased
1670 Juan Ruiz de Zavala y Lois Mayor Appointed on 16 November
1671 Juan Ruiz de Zavala y Lois Mayor
1672 Juan Ruiz de Zavala y Lois Mayor
1673 Juan Ruiz de Zavala y Lois Mayor
1674 Feliciano Hurtado de Amézaga Salazar Mayor January to June
1674 Martín de Mendalde Mayor Appointed on 8 February; arrived in July
1675 Martín de Mendalde Mayor
1676 Martín de Mendalde Mayor
1677 Martín de Mendalde Mayor
1677 Francisco de Gatica Mayor
1677 Pedro de Ullate Ordóñez Mayor December
1678 Pedro de Ullate Ordóñez Mayor
1679 Pedro de Ullate Ordóñez Mayor
1680 Pedro de Ullate Ordóñez Mayor
1680 Luis Francisco de Ullate y Escobedo Mayor June to December
1680 Juan de Camacho Xayna Mayor 1 December
1681 Juan de Camacho Xayna Mayor
1682 Juan de Camacho Xayna Mayor
1683 Juan de Camacho Xayna Mayor
1684 Juan de Camacho Xayna Mayor
1685 Juan de Camacho Xayna Mayor Until mid June
1685 Juan Bautista Ansaldo de Peralta Mayor
1686 Juan Bautista Ansaldo de Peralta Mayor
1687 Juan Bautista Ansaldo de Peralta Mayor
1687 Bernardo de Iñiguez de Vayo Mayor Late July
1688 Bernardo de Iñiguez de Vayo Mayor
1689 Bernardo de Iñiguez de Vayo Mayor
1690 Bernardo de Iñiguez de Vayo Mayor
1690 Alonso Muñoz de Castiblanque Mayor In June
1691 Alonso Muñoz de Castiblanque Mayor
1692 Alonso Muñoz de Castiblanque Mayor Ceased
1692 Domingo Terán de los Ríos Mayor 25 August
1693 Domingo Terán de los Ríos Mayor
1693 Pascual Álvarez Serrano Mayor February
1694 Domingo Terán de los Ríos Mayor Ceased
1694 Francisco Eusebio del Castillo y Saavedra Mayor Entered around the month of March
1695 Francisco Eusebio del Castillo y Saavedra Mayor
1696 Francisco Eusebio del Castillo y Saavedra Mayor
1697 Francisco Eusebio del Castillo y Saavedra Mayor
1698 Francisco Eusebio del Castillo y Saavedra Mayor
1698 Antonio Fernández del Rivero Mayor
1699 Antonio Fernández del Rivero Mayor
1700 Antonio Fernández del Rivero Mayor
1701 Antonio Fernández del Rivero Mayor
1701 Juan Orejón de la Lama y Medrano Mayor
1702 Juan Orejón de la Lama y Medrano Mayor
1703 Juan Orejón de la Lama y Medrano Mayor
1704 Juan Orejón de la Lama y Medrano Mayor
1705 Juan Orejón de la Lama y Medrano Mayor
1706 Manuel Diez Llanos Mayor
1706 Andrés Álvarez Maldonado Mayor
1707 Andrés Álvarez Maldonado Mayor
1708 Andrés Álvarez Maldonado Mayor
1709 Andrés Álvarez Maldonado Mayor Ceased on 23 February
1709 Coronel Sebastián de Oloris Mayor
1710 Coronel Sebastián de Oloris Mayor
1711 Coronel Sebastián de Oloris Mayor
1712 Coronel Sebastián de Oloris Mayor
1713 Coronel Sebastián de Oloris Mayor
1714 Francisco José Vélez Escalante Mayor
1715 Francisco José Vélez Escalante Mayor
1716 Francisco José Vélez Escalante Mayor
1716 Ventura de Zavala y Balanza Mayor
1717 Ventura de Zavala y Balanza Mayor
1718 Leonardo de la Mora y Torres Mayor
1719 Leonardo de la Mora y Torres Mayor
1719 Juan Ángel Roldán Mayor
1720 Leonardo de la Mora y Torres Mayor
1721 Leonardo de la Mora y Torres Mayor
1719 Juan Leandro Pérez Serrano Mayor 30 May
1722 Juan Leandro Pérez Serrano Mayor
1723 Juan Leandro Pérez Serrano Mayor
1723 Antonio Ruiz de Huidobro y Sarabia Mayor 13 October 1722
1724 Antonio Ruiz de Huidobro y Sarabia Mayor
1725 Antonio Ruiz de Huidobro y Sarabia Mayor
1726 Antonio Ruiz de Huidobro y Sarabia Mayor
1727 Antonio Ruiz de Huidobro y Sarabia Mayor
1728 Antonio Ruiz de Huidobro y Sarabia Mayor
1729 Antonio Ruiz de Huidobro y Sarabia Mayor Passed away
1729 Fernando Manuel Monroy y Carrillo Mayor 17 March
1730 Fernando Manuel Monroy y Carrillo Mayor
1731 Fernando Manuel Monroy y Carrillo Mayor Ceased in June
1731 Victoriano de Oliván Mayor
1732 Victoriano de Oliván Mayor
1733 Victoriano de Oliván Mayor
1734 Victoriano de Oliván Mayor
1734 Antonio Francisco de Medina y Calderón Mayor September
1735 Antonio Francisco de Medina y Calderón Mayor
1736 Victoriano de Oliván Mayor
1737 Victoriano de Oliván Mayor
1738 Victoriano de Oliván Mayor
1739 Victoriano de Oliván Mayor
1740 Victoriano de Oliván Mayor
1740 Luis Vélez de las Cuevas Cabeza de Vaca Mayor December
1741 Luis Vélez de las Cuevas Cabeza de Vaca Mayor
1742 Miguel Yánez Mayor 26 January
1743 Miguel Yánez Mayor
1744 Miguel Yánez Mayor
1745 Miguel Yánez Mayor
1745 Julián de Corzánigo Mayor April
1746 Julián de Corzánigo Mayor
1747 Julián de Corzánigo Mayor
1748 Juan Coutiño de los Ríos Mayor August
1749 Juan Coutiño de los Ríos Mayor
1749 Luis Lasso de la Vega y Ponce de León Mayor
1750 Luis Lasso de la Vega y Ponce de León Mayor
1751 Luis Lasso de la Vega y Ponce de León Mayor
1752 Luis Lasso de la Vega y Ponce de León Mayor
1753 Luis Lasso de la Vega y Ponce de León Mayor
1753 Joseph Xavier Gatuno y Lemos Mayor
1754 Joseph Xavier Gatuno y Lemos Mayor
1755 Joseph Xavier Gatuno y Lemos Mayor
1756 Joseph Xavier Gatuno y Lemos Mayor
1757 Joseph Xavier Gatuno y Lemos Mayor
1758 Joseph Xavier Gatuno y Lemos Mayor
1759 Joseph Xavier Gatuno y Lemos Mayor
1759 Tomás de Costa y Uribe Mayor
1760 Tomás de Costa y Uribe Mayor
1761 Tomás de Costa y Uribe Mayor
1762 Tomás de Costa y Uribe Mayor
1763 Tomás de Costa y Uribe Mayor
1764 Tomás de Costa y Uribe Mayor
1765 Tomás de Costa y Uribe Mayor Ceased on 27 January
1765 Andrés de Urbina Gaviria y Eguíluz Mayor
1766 Andrés de Urbina Gaviria y Eguíluz Mayor
1767 Andrés de Urbina Gaviria y Eguíluz Mayor
1768 Andrés de Urbina Gaviria y Eguíluz Mayor
1769 Andrés de Urbina Gaviria y Eguíluz Mayor
1770 Andrés de Urbina Gaviria y Eguíluz Mayor Ceased on 2 September
1771 Fernando Rubín de Celis Pariente y Noriega Mayor
1772 Fernando Rubín de Celis Pariente y Noriega Mayor
1773 Fernando Rubín de Celis Pariente y Noriega Mayor
1774 Antonio Joaquín de Llano y Villaurrutia Mayor
1775 Antonio Joaquín de Llano y Villaurrutia Mayor
1776 Antonio Joaquín de Llano y Villaurrutia Mayor Ceased in July
1776 Jacinto Pérez de arroyo Mayor
1777 Jacinto Pérez de arroyo Mayor
1778 Jacinto Pérez de arroyo Mayor
1779 Jacinto Pérez de arroyo Mayor Died on 29 December
1779 Manuel Días Fernández Mayor 29 December
1780 Manuel Días Fernández Mayor
1781 Manuel Días Fernández Mayor
1782 Manuel Días Fernández Mayor Ceased in March
1782 Juan Antonio Flores Mayor
1782 Joseph de Castillo y Loaeza Mayor
1783 Joseph de Castillo y Loaeza Mayor
1784 Joseph de Castillo y Loaeza Mayor
1785 Joseph de Castillo y Loaeza Mayor
1786 Joseph de Castillo y Loaeza Mayor
1787 Joseph de Castillo y Loaeza Mayor Ceased
1787 Bruno Díaz de Salcedo Intendant 25 October
1788 Bruno Díaz de Salcedo Intendant
1789 Bruno Díaz de Salcedo Intendant
1790 Bruno Díaz de Salcedo Intendant
1791 Bruno Díaz de Salcedo Intendant
1792 Bruno Díaz de Salcedo Intendant
1793 Bruno Díaz de Salcedo Intendant
1794 Bruno Díaz de Salcedo Intendant
1795 Bruno Díaz de Salcedo Intendant
1796 Bruno Díaz de Salcedo Intendant
1797 Bruno Díaz de Salcedo Intendant
1798 Bruno Díaz de Salcedo Intendant
1799 Bruno Díaz de Salcedo Intendant Died on 2 November
1799 Vicente Bernabéu Acting intendant
1800 Vicente Bernabéu Acting intendant
1800 Cristóbal de Corbalán Acting intendant
1801 Cristóbal de Corbalán Acting intendant
1801 Onésimo Antonio Durán Intendant
1802 Onésimo Antonio Durán Intendant
1803 Onésimo Antonio Durán Intendant Ceased on 22 November
1803 Manuel Ampudia Intendant
1804 Manuel Ampudia Intendant Left on 30 November
1805 Joseph Ignacio Vélez Acting intendant Ceased in February
1805 Joseph Manuel Ruiz de Aguirre Acting intendant
1806 Joseph Manuel Ruiz de Aguirre Acting intendant
1807 Joseph Manuel Ruiz de Aguirre Acting intendant
1808 Joseph Manuel Ruiz de Aguirre Acting intendant
1809 Joseph Manuel Ruiz de Aguirre Acting intendant
1810 Joseph Manuel Ruiz de Aguirre Acting intendant
1810 Manuel Jacinto de Acevedo Intendant
1811 Manuel Jacinto de Acevedo Intendant
1812 Manuel Jacinto de Acevedo Intendant
1813 Manuel Jacinto de Acevedo Intendant and corregidor
1813 Manuel Jacinto de Acevedo Intendant and political boss 4 July
1814 Manuel Jacinto de Acevedo Intendant
1815 Manuel Jacinto de Acevedo Intendant
1816 Manuel Jacinto de Acevedo Intendant
1817 Manuel Jacinto de Acevedo Intendant
1818 Manuel Jacinto de Acevedo Intendant
1819 Manuel Jacinto de Acevedo Intendant
1820 Manuel Jacinto de Acevedo Intendant
1821 Manuel Jacinto de Acevedo Intendant and political boss
1821 Manuel Jacinto de Acevedo Intendant and chief of the Army
1822 Manuel Jacinto de Acevedo Intendant He retired on 20 March
1823 José Ildefonso Díaz de León Political boss
1824 José Ildefonso Díaz de León Acting governor
1825 Pantaleón de Ipiña Mayor
1826 Eulogio Esnaurrízar Mayor
1827 Ignacio de Aztegui Prefect
1828 Ignacio de Aztegui Prefect
1829 Ignacio de Aztegui Prefect Resigned
1829 José Gregorio Sousa Prefect Since 1 February
1830 Jesús Valdés Prefect Ceased
1830 Manuel Othón Prefect
1830 Teniente Coronel Manuel Sánchez Prefect 21 July
1831 Andrés de la Gándara Mayor
1832 Andrés de la Gándara Mayor
1833 José Vicente Liñán Prefect
1834 Pedro Hernández Prefect
1835 Andrés de la Gándara Prefect
1836 Andrés de la Gándara Mayor
1837 Francisco de P. Cabrera y Alderete Prefect
1838 José María Otaegui Mayor
1839 Francisco de P. Cabrera y Alderete Prefect
1840 José María Faz y Cardona Prefect
1841 José Mateo Terán Prefect
1842 José Mateo Terán Prefect
1843 José Eulogio Esnaurrízar Prefect Resigned in May
1844 Pablo de la Barrera Prefect
1845 Francisco Escalante Prefect
1845 Luzardo Lechón Prefect
1846 Juan Nepomuceno González Prefect
1847 Francisco Fregoso Prefect
1848 Mariano Martínez Prefect
1849 Silvestre López Portillo Prefect
1850 Silvestre López Portillo Prefect
1851 Silvestre López Portillo Prefect
1851 José Álvarez y Sagástegui Prefect
1852 Nicolás Mascorro Prefect
1853 José Álvarez y Sagastegui Prefect
1853 Nicolás Mascorro Acting prefect
1853 Eulalio Degollado Prefect
1854 General Pánfilo Barasroda Prefect
1855 General Pánfilo Barasroda Prefect
1855 Eulalio Degollado Prefect
1855 Manuel Vejo President of the City Council
1855 Camilo Bros Prefect
1855 Juan Othón Prefect
1855 Nicolás Mascorro Mayor
1856 Carlos María Escobar Prefect
1857 José María Aranda Prefect
1857 Francisco López de Nava Acting prefect
1858 Mariano Gordoa Prefect
1858 Nicolás Mascorro Prefect
1859 Pedro Diez Gutiérrez Prefect
1859 Ramón Calvillo Mayor
1860 Juan Othón Prefect
1860 Ambrosio Espinoza Prefect
1861 ?? Prefect
1862 ?? Prefect
1863 José Castillo Acting prefect
1864 José Castillo Acting prefect
1864 Nicolás Mascorro Municipal prefect Until August
1864 Pedro Diez Gutiérrez Municipal prefect
1865 Pedro Diez Gutiérrez Municipal prefect Ceased in June
1865 Nicolás Mascorro Municipal prefect Ceased in November
1865 Francisco Estrada Municipal prefect
1866 Francisco Estrada Prefect municipal mayor
1866 Octaviano Cabrera Lacavex Prefec municipal mayor 16 March
1866 Juan Othón Prefect municipal mayor 27 October
1866 Isidro Bustamante Acting political boss
1867 Toribio Saldaña Political boss
1867 Hilario Delgado Political boss
1868 José Trinidad Domínguez Political boss
1869 Rafael Montante Political boss
1870 Francisco de P. Palomo Political boss
1871 Lino Maldonado Acting political boss In May
1871 Florencio Cabrera Lacavex President of the City Council
1872 Manuel Muro Political boss
1872 Lino Maldonado Political boss
1873 Tomás Ortiz de Parada President of the City Council
1874 José Encarnación Ipiña Political boss president
1875 Agustín Álvarez Proprietary political boss
1876 Agustín Álvarez Proprietary political boss
1877 Antonio Espinoza y Cervantes Proprietary political boss
1877 Manuel Muro Proprietary political boss 22 June
1878 Mónico Rubalcaba Proprietary political boss
1879 Nabor Macías Proprietary political boss
1880 Francisco Limón Proprietary political boss
1881 Indalecio Rodríguez Proprietary political boss
1882 Ladislao Tovar Proprietary political boss
1883 Matías Hernández Soberón Proprietary political boss
1884 Antonio Montero Proprietary political boss
1885 Macedonio Gómez Proprietary political boss
1886 Antonio Espinoza y Cervantes Proprietary political boss
1887 Antonio Espinoza y Cervantes Proprietary political boss
1888 Antonio Espinoza y Cervantes Proprietary political boss
1889 Antonio Espinoza y Cervantes Proprietary political boss
1890 Antonio Espinoza y Cervantes Proprietary political boss
1891 Francisco Bustamante Proprietary political boss
1892 Francisco Bustamante Proprietary political boss
1893 Francisco Bustamante Proprietary political boss
1894 Francisco Bustamante Proprietary political boss
1895 Francisco Bustamante Proprietary political boss
1896 Francisco Bustamante Proprietary political boss
1897 Blas Escontría Bustamante Proprietary political boss
1898 Blas Escontría Bustamante Proprietary political boss
1899 Pedro Barrenechea Proprietary political boss
1900 Pedro Barrenechea Proprietary political boss
Term Municipal president Political party Notes
1901-1916 NA
1917 Severino Martínez Gómez  
1919 Refugio T. Yáñez
1921 Antonio Humara Acebo
1922 Pedro Hernández
1923 Pedro Hernández
1925 Pedro Hernández President of the Municipal Council
1926 Eugenio B. Jiménez
1928-1929 Marcelino Zúñiga
1931 Efrén González PNR Logo Partido Nacional Revolucionario.svg
1932 Rutilio Alamilla PNR Logo Partido Nacional Revolucionario.svg
1933 Vicente Segura PNR Logo Partido Nacional Revolucionario.svg
1934-1935 Hipólito Cedillo PNR Logo Partido Nacional Revolucionario.svg
1936-1937 José García Zamora PNR Logo Partido Nacional Revolucionario.svg
1938 Ernesto Higuera PNR Logo Partido Nacional Revolucionario.svg
1938 Alberto Z. Araujo President of the Municipal Council
1939-1940 Manuel Parra López PRM Logo Partido de la Revolucion Mexicana.svg
1940-1941 José L. Cerda PRM Logo Partido de la Revolucion Mexicana.svg
1941-1943 Alfonso Viramontes PRM Logo Partido de la Revolucion Mexicana.svg President of the Municipal Council
1943-1946 Ignacio Gómez del Campo PRM Logo Partido de la Revolucion Mexicana.svg
1946 Antonio Garfias PRI PRI Party (Mexico).svg Acting municipal president
1946-1949 Arturo Medina PRI PRI Party (Mexico).svg
1949-1952 Agustín Olivo Monsiváis PRI PRI Party (Mexico).svg
1952 Antonio Hernández Guerra PRI PRI Party (Mexico).svg Acting municipal president
1952-1955 Nicólas Pérez Cerrillo PRI PRI Party (Mexico).svg
1955 Socorro Blanc Ruiz PRI PRI Party (Mexico).svg Acting municipal president
1955-1958 Alfonso Viramontes, Jr. PRI PRI Party (Mexico).svg
1959-1960 Salvador Nava Martínez Independent
1960 Antonio Benavente Zarzosa Acting municipal president
1961 Leonardo Hopper President of the Municipal Council
1961-1964[16][17] Javier Silva Staines PRI PRI Party (Mexico).svg
1964-1967 Manuel Hernández Muro PRI PRI Party (Mexico).svg
1967-1970 Guillermo Fonseca Álvarez PRI PRI Party (Mexico).svg
1970 Gabriel Echenique Portillo PRI PRI Party (Mexico).svg Acting municipal president
1970-1973 Antonio Acebo Delgado PRI PRI Party (Mexico).svg
1973-1976 Félix Dahuajare Torres PRI PRI Party (Mexico).svg
1976-1979 Juan Antonio Ledezma Zavala PRI PRI Party (Mexico).svg
1979-1982 Miguel Valladares García PRI PRI Party (Mexico).svg
1982-1984 Salvador Nava Martínez Frente Cívico Potosino (FCP)
PAN PAN Party (Mexico).svg
PDM Partido Demócrata Mexicano (1975-1997).svg
1984-1985 María Guadalupe Rodríguez Cabrera Frente Cívico Potosino (FCP)
PAN PAN Party (Mexico).svg
PDM Partido Demócrata Mexicano (1975-1997).svg
Acting municipal president
1985-1988 Guillermo Medina de los Santos PRI PRI Party (Mexico).svg
1988-1991 Guillermo Pizzutto Zamanillo Frente Cívico Potosino (FCP)
1991-1994 Mario Leal Campos PRI PRI Party (Mexico).svg
1994 Rafael del Blanco Garrido PRI PRI Party (Mexico).svg President of the Municipal Council
1995-1997 Luis García Julián PRI PRI Party (Mexico).svg
1997-2000 Alejandro Zapata Perogordo PRI PRI Party (Mexico).svg
2000 Gloria Rosillo Izquierdo PRI PRI Party (Mexico).svg Acting municipal president
2000-2002 Marcelo de los Santos PRI PRI Party (Mexico).svg
2002-2003 Homero González Reyes PRI PRI Party (Mexico).svg Acting municipal president
2003 Jacobo Payán Latuff President of the Municipal Council
2003-2006 Octavio Pedroza Gaitán PAN PAN Party (Mexico).svg
2006-2009 Jorge Lozano Armengol PAN PAN Party (Mexico).svg
2009-2012 Victoria Labastida Aguirre PRI PRI Party (Mexico).svg
PVEM PVE logo (Mexico).svg
PSD PSD logo (Mexico).svg
2012 Emigdio Ilizaliturri Guzmán PRI PRI Party (Mexico).svg
PVEM PVE logo (Mexico).svg
PSD PSD logo (Mexico).svg
Acting municipal president
2012 Luis Miguel Ávalos Oyervides PRI PRI Party (Mexico).svg
PVEM PVE logo (Mexico).svg
PSD PSD logo (Mexico).svg
Acting municipal president
2012 Victoria Labastida Aguirre PRI PRI Party (Mexico).svg
PVEM PVE logo (Mexico).svg
PSD PSD logo (Mexico).svg
Resumed
2012-2015 Mario García Valdez PRI PRI Party (Mexico).svg
PVEM PVE logo (Mexico).svg
2015-2018 Ricardo Gallardo Juárez PRD PRD logo without border (Mexico).svg
PT PT logo (Mexico).svg
2018 Juan Carlos Torres Cedillo PRD PRD logo without border (Mexico).svg
PT PT logo (Mexico).svg
Acting municipal president
2018 Ricardo Gallardo Juárez PRD PRD logo without border (Mexico).svg
PT PT logo (Mexico).svg
Resumed
2018-14/11/2020[18] Xavier Nava Palacios PAN PAN Party (Mexico).svg Applied for a temporary leave to run for reelection
15/11/2020-30/09/2021 Alfredo Lujambio Cataño PAN PAN Party (Mexico).svg Acting municipal president
2021- Xavier Nava Palacios Morena Morena logo (Mexico).svg He was reelected on 06/06/2021

Local news media[edit]

Newspapers include El Sol de San Luis, Pulso, El Heraldo de San Luis, La Prensa, San Luis Hoy, La Jornada San Luis, and Tribuna.

Twin towns – sister cities[edit]

San Luis Potosí has the following sister cities in Mexico and abroad:[19]

Festivals[edit]

Procession of Silence[edit]

Procession of Silence in San Luis Potosí City, Good Friday
Procession of Silence, Good Friday

This is an annual event commemorating the passion and death of Christ. It occurs on the night of Good Friday, starting at the Templo del Carmen, from where it originates and proceeding through the streets of the historic center of the city of San Luis Potosí. Drums and bugles are played as a part of the procession, but participants and spectators do not speak, meriting its name. It is one of the most important celebrations of Easter in Mexico and was declared part of the cultural heritage of the state of San Luis Potosí in 2013. [20]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Station ID for San Luis Potosi, SLP is 76539 Use this station ID to locate the sunshine duration

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b http://cuentame.inegi.org.mx/monografias/informacion/slp/poblacion/
  2. ^ "Entrada Group: at the heart of Mexico's thriving manufacturing industry".
  3. ^ Méndez, Karla Ruiz. "Se afianza en el Bajío clúster de autopartes". Periódico am.
  4. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-01-16. Retrieved 2015-09-19.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  5. ^ "Historia de la Ciudad". Archived from the original on 23 November 2010. Retrieved 15 March 2011.
  6. ^ "San Luis Potosí polo de desarrollo industrial en el centro del país". Archived from the original on 30 August 2007. Retrieved 15 March 2011.
  7. ^ "Camino Real de Tierra Adentro". Retrieved 15 March 2011.
  8. ^ a b "Época prehispánica". Archived from the original on 22 July 2011. Retrieved 15 March 2011.
  9. ^ Peralta Merino, Atilio Alberto. "La guerra Chichimeca". Archived from the original on 3 May 2011. Retrieved 15 March 2011.
  10. ^ "Fundación del pueblo de San Luis Potosí". Retrieved 15 March 2011.
  11. ^ "Estado de San Luis Potosi–Estacion: San Luis Potosi (DGE)". NORMALES CLIMATOLÓGICAS 1951–2010 (in Spanish). Servicio Meteorológico National. Archived from the original on 9 July 2015. Retrieved 6 May 2015.
  12. ^ "Extreme Temperatures and Precipitation for San Luis Potosi 1949–2010" (in Spanish). Servicio Meteorológico Nacional. Archived from the original on 9 July 2015. Retrieved 6 May 2015.
  13. ^ "NORMALES CLIMATOLÓGICAS 1981–2000" (PDF) (in Spanish). Servicio Meteorológico Nacional. Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 6 May 2015.
  14. ^ "Station 76539 San Luis Potosi, SLP". Global station data 1961–1990—Sunshine Duration. Deutscher Wetterdienst. Archived from the original on 2017-10-17. Retrieved 3 May 2015.
  15. ^ Joaquín Meade (1971). "Nómina de alcaldes mayores de San Luis Potosí. Tomado de El Nobilísimo y Muy Ilustre Ayuntamiento de San Luis Potosí y Consejos que lo presidieron de 1592 a 1900" (in Spanish). Sociedad Potosina de Estudios Históricos, A.C. Retrieved 28 July 2021.
  16. ^ "Enciclopedia de los Municipios y Delegaciones de México. Estado de San Luis Potosí. Municipio de San Luis Potosí" (in Spanish). Retrieved 28 July 2021.
  17. ^ José de Jesús Gama Ramírez (1995). "San Luis Potosí: una alternancia política conflictiva" (PDF) (in Spanish). Centro de Estudios Históricos de San Luis Potosí. Retrieved 28 July 2021.
  18. ^ "Alfredo Lujambio es el nuevo presidente interino". Potosí Noticias (in Spanish). 14 November 2020. Retrieved 1 August 2021.
  19. ^ "Ciudades Hermanas de San Luis Potosí". Archived from the original on 23 November 2007. Retrieved 15 March 2011.
  20. ^ "Semana Santa en San Luis Potosi". www.visitmexico.com. Archived from the original on 2013-05-24.

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]