San Luis Province

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San Luis
Flag of San Luis
Coat of arms of San Luis
Coat of arms
Provincia de San Luis - localización en Argentina.svg
Country Argentina
Capital San Luis
Divisions 9 departments
 • Governor Claudio Poggi
 • Senators Liliana Negre de Alonso, Adolfo Rodríguez Saá, Daniel Pérsico
 • Total 76,748 km2 (29,633 sq mi)
Population (2010[1])
 • Total 432,310
 • Rank 19th
 • Density 5.6/km2 (15/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Puntano
Time zone ART (UTC−3)
ISO 3166 code AR-D

San Luis (Spanish pronunciation: [san ˈlwis]) is a province of Argentina located near the geographical center of the country (on the 32° South parallel). Neighboring provinces are, from the north clockwise, La Rioja, Córdoba, La Pampa, Mendoza and San Juan.


The present area of the San Luis Province was inhabited by different aboriginal tribes: Michilingües, Calchaquíes, Ranqueles, Puelches, and Pehuenches.

The city of San Luis was founded in 1594 by Luis Jufré de Loaysa y Meneses, but was subsequently abandoned. It was refounded by Martín García Óñez de Loyola in 1596 under the name San Luis de Loyola.[2]

Juan Saá, early advocate for provincial autonomy
San Luis Justicialist Party officials confer under the images of Juan and Evita Perón. The Rodríguez Saá brothers are seated in the middle.

Politics in San Luis have long been influenced by the descendants of the noted mid-19th century advocate for San Luis's integration into the rest of Argentina, Juan Saá. Since the return of Argentina to democratic rule in 1983, in particular, the Rodríguez Saá family (of Peronist affiliation) has occupied the governor's seat. This situation is, as in many smaller provinces in Argentina (and, indeed, elsewhere), partly explained by the customary use of a combination of nepotism, propaganda and generous social welfare legislation. This includes substantial allegations of illegal pressure, including the violent 1991 harassment of a local journalist and his neighbors.[3] Since 1983, however, Governor (now Senator) Adolfo Rodríguez Saá has also overseen record investment by light manufacturers (mostly food-processors and bottling plants) and advances like the construction of Argentina's most extensive expressway network.[4]

During the last week of 2001, Adolfo Rodríguez Saá was interim president of Argentina for 7 days, unsuccessfully presiding over the social instability inherited from the December 2001. His brief turn at the presidency is memorable for his having declared a cease in payments on US$93 billion of Argentina's public foreign debt, making it (then) the largest sovereign financial default in world history. Rodríguez Saá was succeeded by his brother, Alberto Rodríguez Saá, who continued investments in the province's infrastructure. Giving the latter a majority during his 2007 and 2011 bids for the presidency, San Luis became the only province President Cristina Fernández de Kirchner did not win during the 2011 presidential election.[citation needed]

Geography and climate[edit]

Brush landscape, near Chosmes

The province has low sierras in the north along the Dry Pampas, and another such system on the west with the Guayaguas, Cantanal, Quijadas and Alto Pencoso Sierras, typical of the Cuyo region.[citation needed]

On the central and southern part of the province predominate flatlands, and the Pampa de las Salinas great salt lake at the centre depression.[citation needed]


San Luis' economy has, over the past generation, been among the most improved in Argentina. Its 2006 output, estimated at US$3.386 billion, yielded a per capita income of US$9,203 (somewhat above the national average).[5]

World Chess Championship[edit]

The FIDE World Chess Championship 2005 took place in the Hotel Potrero de los Funes from 27 September to 16 October 2005.

Political division[edit]

The province is divided into nine departments (departamentos).

Administrative division (departments) of San Luis and the capital city.
Department Capital
Ayacucho San Francisco del Monte de Oro
Belgrano Villa General Roca
La Capital San Luis
Chacabuco Concarán
Coronel Pringles La Toma
General Pedernera Villa Mercedes
Gobernador Dupuy Buena Esperanza
Junín Santa Rosa
Libertador General San Martín Libertador General San Martín

Source for department names:[1]


  1. ^ a b "Argentina: San Luis". City Population. Retrieved 5 October 2012. 
  2. ^ "PROVINCIA DE SAN LUIS" (in Spanish). El Vigía. Retrieved 1 April 2013. 
  3. ^ Noticias. 6 September 1991.
  4. ^ Grupo Payne Archived May 31, 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ "El déficit consolidado de las provincias rondará los $11.500 millones este año" (in Spanish). Instituto Argentino para el Desarrollo de las Economías Regionales. Retrieved 10 July 2015. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 33°18′S 66°21′W / 33.300°S 66.350°W / -33.300; -66.350