San Miguel, Bulacan
San Miguel de Mayumo
|Bayan ng San Miguel|
San Miguel de Mayumo Arch
Map of Bulacan showing the location of San Miguel
|Region||Central Luzon (Region III)|
|de facto||September 29, 1763|
|• Mayor||Marivee Mendez - Coronel|
|• Vice Mayor||John "Bong" A. Alvarez|
|• Total||231.40 km2 (89.34 sq mi)|
|Population (2015 census)|
|• Rank||16 out of 1,489 Municipalities|
|• Density||670/km2 (1,700/sq mi)|
|• Poverty rate||12.6%|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+8)|
|IDD : area code||+63 (0)44|
|Income class||1st class|
|Electricity||Manila Electric Company|
|• Consumption||39.45 million kWh (2003)|
San Miguel, Bulacan (Filipino: Bayan ng San Miguel; Kapampangan: Balen ning San Miguel de Mayumu) is a first class, urban municipality located in the third district of the province of Bulacan, Philippines. It is the third largest municipality by area in the province after Doña Remedios Trinidad and Norzagaray. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 153,882 people.
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The municipality of San Miguel de Mayumo was established in 1763 with Carlos Agustin Maniquiz, Maria Juana Puno - wife of Carlos Agustin Maniquiz and Miguel Pineda as the first town mayor of San Miguel. Miguel Pineda was a native of Angat, Bulacan who decided to settle permanently in the barrio of San Bartolome (now named Barangay Tartaro). He found the place ideal for hunting and was later chosen as the leader of other settlers. He formed an alliance with Mariano Puno, the recognized leader of the adjacent prosperous village called Sto. Rosario (now named Barangay Mandile). The two leaders decided to form a town named Miguel De Mayumo after the name of Miguel Pineda and Mayumo, a Kapampangan word for sweets, for the goodwill and generosity of Mariano Puno. The town was supposed to be part of Pampanga. San Miguel’s culture drifted from Kapampangan influence. San Miguel used to be the biggest town in Bulacan but when San Ildefonso, Bulacan was proclaimed a town during the 1900s and during the Marcos Regime, he made Doña Remedios Trinidad a town (named after his wife's mother), San Miguel was right as the 2nd.
The Pact of Biak-Na-Bato
During the Philippine Revolution in 1897, newly appointed Governor-General Fernando Primo de Rivera decided to crush Emilio Aguinaldo and his troops in Cavite, but Aguinaldo fled to Batangas and joined forces with Gen. Miguel Malvar. The Spaniards continue their pursuit but the troops outwitted them by going to the province of Morong (now Rizal) and finally to Biak-na-Bato in San Miguel de Mayumo (San Miguel), Bulacan. Aguinaldo made the mountain caves into his headquarters.
On August 26, 2007, residents at the foot of the Biak-na-Bato mountains petitioned president Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo to declare the mountains protected areas to stop marble quarrying and mining there. Biak-na-Bato (21.17 km² in the villages of Kalawakan and Talbak in Doña Remedios Trinidad town and the villages of Biak-na-Bato and Sibul) was one of the camps of the revolutionary Katipunan forces in the 19th century, was declared a national park by Manuel L. Quezon on Nov. 16, 1937 through Proclamation No. 223.
Founded during World War II, Japanese Imperial ground troops entered and occupied the town municipality of San Miguel on 1942. Local Filipino troops of the Philippine Commonwealth Army and Philippine Constabulary units retreated into the nearby mountains to become the Bulakeño guerrilla resistance against the Japanese occupation forces until the province's liberation.
The town of San Miguel is bounded by Nueva Ecija Province in the northernmost area, Pampanga Province in the west, the town is bounded by two provinces with land borders. The town of San Ildefonso, Bulacan lies next to San Miguel in the southernmost area, Doña Remedios Trinidad in the eastmost area which also borders San Rafael and Angat. San Miguel then was the biggest municipality in the province of Bulacan before some areas were taken and annexed to Doña Remedios Trinidad during the term of Ferdinand Marcos. The geographic nature of the town is diversified and multi-faceted, rich in nature's beauty like waterfall, rivers, caves, few mountains, hilly areas and springs. The mainland are plain agricultural lands, some part of which was substantially eroded due to commercialization and urbanization.
The prevailing climatic conditions in the municipality is categorized into two types: Wet season and dry season.
- Wet Season - (Rainy season or Monsoon season)
- Dry Season - (Summer season)
|Climate data for San Miguel, Bulacan|
|Average high °C (°F)||29
|Average low °C (°F)||20
|Average precipitation cm (inches)||1.7
|031421049||Santa Rita Bata||1.9%||2,945||2,853||0.61%|
|031421050||Santa Rita Matanda||1.8%||2,829||2,656||1.21%|
|Population census of San Miguel|
|Source: Philippine Statistics Authority|
In the 2015 census, the population of San Miguel, Bulacan, was 153,882 people, with a density of 670 inhabitants per square kilometre or 1,700 inhabitants per square mile.
- Municipal Mayor: Marivee Mendez-Coronel
- Municipal Vice Mayor: John "Bong" A. Alvarez
- Romeo "Mimio" Dizon
- Richard "Richie" Dela Cruz
- Christopher "Bunso" Beltran
- Bayani "Benny" Tecson
- Ma. Ysabelle Clarisse Anne "MYCA" SM. Bonoan
- Rogelio "Tony" Macasu
- Romy "Excelite" Reyes
- Jayvee Lacsina
ABC President: Rodolfo DG. Dizon
List of mayors
|Juan Buencamino Sr.||1919||1922|
|Moises V. Ligon||1931||1934|
|Florentino C. Viola||1934||1938|
Luis Sta. Maria
Manuel V. Fernando
|1945||Appointed being Alcalde during Philippine Liberation|
|Jose Eugenio Tecson||1945||1951||Been retain due to World War II|
|Conrado S. Pascual||1952||1955|
|Felipe V. Buencamino||1956||1963|
|Benjamin S. Payawal||1963||1967|
|Felix M. Tayag||1964||1967|
|Marcelo Aure||1968||1979||Appointed Municipal Mayor during Bagong Lipunan / Martial Law (1976 - 1979)|
|Juan F. Dela Cruz||1979||1986||Municipal Mayor during Bagong Lipunan (Martial Law)|
|Manuel Lipana||1986||1987||Transitional Municipal Government during 1987 Referendum|
|Fernando B. Mendez Sr.||1988||1995|
|Santiago C. Sevilla||1995||2004|
|Edmundo Jose "Pop" T. Buencamino||2004||2005||Term didn't finished due to a suspension order during his case in Sandiganbayan.|
|Roderick DG. Tiongson||2006||2016||Since he is the Vice Mayor during the Administration of Pop Buencamino, he hold the position from 2004 - 2006, and won the 2006 election until his term limit. (2006 - 2010, 2010 - 2013, 2013 - 2016)|
The town has numerous public schools offering elementary and high school education. Some of the elementary public schools are:
- San Miguel North Central School, in barangay Camias
- San Miguel South Central Elementary School, located in population center of the town
- Sta. Ines Elementary School, located in barangay Sta. Ines
- Sibul Elementary School, located in barangay Sibul
Some of the public high schools are:
- San Miguel National High School, located in barangay San Juan
- John J. Russel Memorial High School, located at Sibul
- Vedasto Santiago High School, San Miguel High School Annex, located in barangay Salacot
- Partida High School, located at Partida
Some of the private schools offering elementary and pre-elementary education are:
- D. C. Nicolas School, located in barangay Tigpalas
- Park Ridge School of Montessori, located in barangay Camias
- Saint Paul University at San Miguel, located in barangay Salangan
- School of Mount St. Mary, located in barangay Sta. Rita (New)
- Waminal Achievers Academy, Incorporated, located in population center of the town
Some of the tertiary schools are:
- Bulacan Polytechnic College (San Miguel Campus) in barangay Salacot
- Integrated College of Business and Technology at barangay Salangan
- Saint Paul University at San Miguel, located in barangay Salangan
- Microlink Institute of Science and Technology (San Miguel Campus) in barangay Camias
Notable people from San Miguel
- Nicanor Abelardo† - Kundiman composer.
- Virgilio S. Almario - National Artist for literature, poet, critic, translator, editor, teacher, and cultural manager.
- Felipe S. Buencamino Sr.† - Former Secretary of Foreign Affairs and one of the founders of Iglesia Filipina Independiente.
- Alfredo Lim – Former Philippine Senator, former mayor of Manila and former Director of the National Bureau of Investigation.
- Pablo Tecson† – Former Governor General of Bulacan and later served as Insular Secretary of the Philippine Bureau of Agriculture.
- Emiliano Tecson – Participated in the ratification of the first Philippine Constitution with Emilio Aguinaldo.
- Simon Tecson† – Filipino General who served as revolutionary Colonel of the 'Siege of Baler' - Siege of Baler and former mayor of San Miguel, Bulacan.
- Trinidad Tecson† – is one of the revolutionaries during Philippine Revolution who is famous for being the 'Mother of Biak-na-Bato': Katipunan - Pact of Biak-na-Bato and 'The Mother of Philippine Red Cross' - Philippine Red Cross and 'Mother of Mercy'.
- Maximo Viola - doctor, revolutionary and initial financier of the publication of Jose Rizal's novel Noli me tangere (novel)
- Carlos A. Santos-Viola† – Filipino architect who is best known for designing and building churches for the Iglesia ni Cristo religious group.*
- Pablo Payawal - Congressman House of Representative 2nd District of Bulacan. (1934-1935)
- "Official City/Municipal 2013 Election Results". Intramuros, Manila, Philippines: Commission on Elections (COMELEC). 11 September 2013. Retrieved 10 October 2013.
- "Province: BULACAN". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 10 October 2013.
- Census of Population (2015). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
- Philippine Standard Geographic Code listing for San Miguel - National Statistical Coordination Board
- Inquirer.net, Bulaceños want Biak-na-Bato declared a protected area
- Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
- Census of Population (1995, 2000 and 2007). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Total Population by Province, City and Municipality. NSO. Archived from the original on 24 June 2011.
- "Province of Bulacan". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
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