San Miguel, Bulacan

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Municipality of San Miguel
Bayan ng San Miguel
San Miguel de Mayumo
Municipality
San Miguel de Mayumo Arch
San Miguel de Mayumo Arch
Official seal of Municipality of San Miguel
Seal
San Miguel is located in Philippines
San Miguel
San Miguel
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 15°8′45″N 120°58′42″E / 15.14583°N 120.97833°E / 15.14583; 120.97833Coordinates: 15°8′45″N 120°58′42″E / 15.14583°N 120.97833°E / 15.14583; 120.97833
Country Philippines
Region Central Luzon (Region III)
Province Bulacan
District 3rd District
Founded  
de jure 1874
de facto 1763
Barangays 49
Government[1]
 • Mayor Marivee Mendez - Coronel
 • Vice Mayor John A. Alvarez
Area[2]
 • Total 231.40 km2 (89.34 sq mi)
Population (2015)[3]
 • Total 153,882
 • Density 670/km2 (1,700/sq mi)
 • Poverty rate Increase 12.6%
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 3011
Dialing code 44
Income class 1st class
Electricity Manila Electric Company
• Consumption 39.45 million kWh (2003)

San Miguel, Bulacan (Filipino: Bayan ng San Miguel; Kapampangan: Balen ning San Miguel de Mayumu) is a first class, urban municipality located in the third district of the province of Bulacan, Philippines.[4] It was the 2nd largest municipality (area) in Bulacan. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 153,882 people.[3]

History[edit]

San Miguel de Arkanghel Parish Church built during Spanish Regime

The municipality of San Miguel de Mayumo was established in 1763 with Carlos Agustin Maniquiz, Maria Juana Puno - wife of Carlos Agustin Maniquiz and Miguel Pineda as the first town mayor of San Miguel. Miguel Pineda was a native of Angat, Bulacan who decided to settle permanently in the barrio of San Bartolome (now named Barangay Tartaro). He found the place ideal for hunting and was later chosen as the leader of other settlers. He formed an alliance with Mariano Puno, the recognized leader of the adjacent prosperous village called Sto. Rosario (now named Barangay Mandile). The two leaders decided to form a town named Miguel De Mayumo after the name of Miguel Pineda and Mayumo, a Kapampangan word for sweets, for the goodwill and generosity of Mariano Puno. The town was supposed to be part of Pampanga. San Miguel’s culture drifted from Kapampangan influence. San Miguel used to be the biggest town in Bulacan but when San Ildefonso, Bulacan was proclaimed a town during the 1900s and during the Marcos Regime, he made Doña Remedios Trinidad a town (named after his wife's mother), San Miguel was right as the 2nd.

The Pact of Biak-Na-Bato[edit]

Main article: Pact of Biak-na-Bato

During the Philippine Revolution in 1897, newly appointed Governor-General Fernando Primo de Rivera decided to crush Emilio Aguinaldo and his troops in Cavite, but Aguinaldo fled to Batangas and joined forces with Gen. Miguel Malvar. The Spaniards continue their pursuit but the troops outwitted them by going to the province of Morong (now Rizal) and finally to Biak-na-Bato in San Miguel de Mayumo (San Miguel), Bulacan. Aguinaldo made the mountain caves into his headquarters.

On August 26, 2007, residents at the foot of the Biak-na-Bato mountains petitioned president Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo to declare the mountains protected areas to stop marble quarrying and mining there. Biak-na-Bato (21.17 km² in the villages of Kalawakan and Talbak in Doña Remedios Trinidad town and the villages of Biak-na-Bato and Sibul) was one of the camps of the revolutionary Katipunan forces in the 19th century, was declared a national park by Manuel L. Quezon on Nov. 16, 1937 through Proclamation No. 223.[5]

Japanese occupation[edit]

Founded during World War II, Japanese Imperial ground troops entered and occupied the town municipality of San Miguel on 1942. Local Filipino troops of the Philippine Commonwealth Army and Philippine Constabulary units retreated into the nearby mountains to become the Bulakeño guerrilla resistance against the Japanese occupation forces until the province's liberation.

Geography[edit]

The town of San Miguel is bounded by Nueva Ecija Province in the northernmost area, Pampanga Province in the west, the town is bounded by two provinces with land borders. The town of San Ildefonso, Bulacan lies next to San Miguel in the southernmost area, Doña Remedios Trinidad in the eastmost area which also borders San Rafael and Angat. San Miguel then was the biggest municipality in the province of Bulacan before some areas were taken and annexed to Doña Remedios Trinidad during the term of Ferdinand Marcos. The geographic nature of the town is diversified and multi-faceted, rich in nature's beauty like waterfall, rivers, caves, few mountains, hilly areas and springs. The mainland are plain agricultural lands, some part of which was substantially eroded due to commercialization and urbanization.[citation needed]

Climate[edit]

The prevailing climatic conditions in the municipality is categorized into two types: Wet season and dry season.

  • Wet Season - (Rainy season or Monsoon season)
  • Dry Season - (Summer season)
Climate data for San Miguel, Bulacan
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 29
(84)
31
(88)
32
(90)
34
(93)
34
(93)
31
(88)
30
(86)
30
(86)
30
(86)
30
(86)
30
(86)
29
(84)
30
(86)
Average low °C (°F) 20
(68)
19
(66)
21
(70)
22
(72)
23
(73)
23
(73)
23
(73)
23
(73)
23
(73)
22
(72)
21
(70)
20
(68)
21
(70)
Average precipitation cm (inches) 1.7
(0.7)
0.7
(0.3)
0.5
(0.2)
2.4
(0.9)
15.3
(6)
35.5
(14)
50.4
(19.8)
51.6
(20.3)
37.4
(14.7)
22.5
(8.8)
16.3
(6.4)
6.8
(2.7)
240.8
(94.8)
Source: http://www.weatherbase.com/weather/weather.php3?s=984300&refer=&units=metric
Population Census of San Miguel
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1990 91,124 —    
1995 108,147 +3.26%
2000 123,824 +2.94%
2010 142,854 +1.44%
2015 153,882 +1.43%
source: National Statistics Office [3]

Notable people from San Miguel[edit]

Tecson House - The house where Emilio Aguinaldo slept before he departed to Pangasinan. The house of Simon Tecson

Education[edit]

The town has numerous public schools offering elementary and high school education. Some of the elementary public schools are:

  • San Miguel North Central School, in barangay Camias
  • San Miguel South Central Elementary School, located in population center of the town
  • Sta. Ines Elementary School, located in barangay Sta. Ines
San Miguel Elementary School

Some of the public high schools are:

  • San Miguel National High School, located in barangay San Juan
  • John J. Russel Memorial High School, located at Sibul
  • Vedasto Santiago High School, San Miguel High School Annex, located in barangay Salacot
  • Partida High School, located at Partida
  • Balaong National High School, located at Barangay Balaong

Some of the private schools offering elementary and pre-elementary education are:

  • A road in San Miguel
    Children's Haven School of San Miguel Bulacan, located in barangay San Jose
  • D. C. Nicolas School, located in barangay Tigpalas
  • Park Ridge School of Montessori, located in barangay Camias
  • Saint Paul University at San Miguel, located in barangay Salangan
  • School of Mount St. Mary, located in barangay Sta. Rita (New)

Some of the tertiary schools are:

  • Bulacan Polytechnic College (San Miguel Campus) in barangay Salacot
  • Integrated College of Business and Technology at barangay Salangan San Miguel
  • Saint Paul University at San Miguel, located in barangay Salangan

Government[edit]

Municipal government[edit]

  • Municipal Mayor: Marivee Mendez-Coronel
  • Municipal Vice Mayor: John "Bong" A. Alvarez

Municipal Councilors

  1. Romeo "Mimio" Dizon
  2. Richard "Richie" Dela Cruz
  3. Christopher "Bunso" Beltran
  4. Bayani "Benny" Tecson
  5. Ma. Ysabelle Charise Ann "MYCA" SM. Bonoan
  6. Rogelio "Tony" Macasu
  7. Romy "Excelite" Reyes
  8. Jayvee Lacsina

ABC President: Crisanto DG. Tiongson

List of former mayors[edit]

Presidente Municipal

Name Term Notes
Meliton Carlos 1901 1903
Damaso Sempio 1903 1905
Mariano Tecson 1905 1908
Miguel Siojo 1908 1912 2 terms (1908 - 1910, 1910 - 1912)
Serafin Tecson 1912 1916
Catalino Sevilla 1916 1919
Juan Buencamino 1919 1922
Jose Ligon 1922 1925
Eugenio Tecson 1925 1928
Reguno Sevilla 1928 1931
Moises V. Ligon 1931 1934
Florentino Viola 1934 1937
Regiono Sevilla 1938 Position Abolished

Municipal Mayor

Name Term Notes
Regino Sevilla 1938 1940 Position Created
Eugenio Tecson 1941 1951 Been retain due to World War II
Conrado Pascual 1952 1955
Felipe V. Buencamino 1956 1963 Two Term (1956 - 1959, 1960 - 1963)
Felix M. Tayag 1964 1967
Marcelo Aure 1968 1975 Two Term (1968 - 1971, 1972 - 1975)
Juan F. Dela Cruz 1975 1986 Term didn't finish due to 1986 EDSA Revolution
Fernando Mendez Sr. 1988 1995
Santiago Sevilla 1995 2004
Edmundo Jose "Pop" Buencamino 2004 2005 Term didn't finished due to a case in Sandiganbayan.
Roderick DG. Tiongson 2004 2016 Since he is the Vice Mayor during the Administration of Pop Buencamino, he hold the position from 2004 - 2006, and won the 2006 election until his term limit. (2006 - 2010, 2010 - 2013, 2013 - 2016)

Barangays[edit]

San Miguel is administratively subdivided into 49 barangays.[4] Of these, 11 are considered urban and the rest rural.

The most populous barangay is Sibul and the least populous is Pacalag.

  • Bagong Pag-asa
  • Bagong Silang
  • Balaong
  • Balite
  • Bantog
  • Bardias
  • Baritan
  • Batasan Bata
  • Batasan Matanda
  • Biak-na-Bato
  • Biclat
  • Buga
  • Buliran
  • Bulualto
  • Calumpang
  • Cambio
  • Camias
  • Ilog-Bulo
  • King Kabayo
  • Labne
  • Lambakin
  • Magmarale
  • Malibay
  • Maligaya
  • Mandile
  • Masalipit
  • Pacalag
  • Paliwasan
  • Partida
  • Pinambaran
  • Poblacion
  • Pulong Bayabas
  • Pulong Duhat
  • Sacdalan
  • Salacot
  • Salangan
  • San Agustin
  • San Jose
  • San Juan
  • San Vicente
  • Santa Ines
  • Santa Lucia
  • Santa Rita Bata
  • Santa Rita Matanda
  • Sapang
  • Sibul Springs
  • Tartaro
  • Tibagan
  • Tigpalas

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Official City/Municipal 2013 Election Results". Intramuros, Manila, Philippines: Commission on Elections (COMELEC). 11 September 2013. Retrieved 10 October 2013. 
  2. ^ "Province: BULACAN". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 10 October 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010" (PDF). 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 10 October 2013. 
  4. ^ a b Philippine Standard Geographic Code listing for San Miguel - National Statistical Coordination Board
  5. ^ Inquirer.net, Bulaceños want Biak-na-Bato declared a protected area

External links[edit]