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San Nicolas, Batangas

Coordinates: 13°55′42″N 120°57′04″E / 13.92825°N 120.951°E / 13.92825; 120.951
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
San Nicolas
Municipality of San Nicolas
San Nicolas welcome arch
San Nicolas welcome arch
Official seal of San Nicolas
Map of Batangas with San Nicolas highlighted
Map of Batangas with San Nicolas highlighted
OpenStreetMap
Map
San Nicolas is located in Philippines
San Nicolas
San Nicolas
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 13°55′42″N 120°57′04″E / 13.92825°N 120.951°E / 13.92825; 120.951
CountryPhilippines
RegionCalabarzon
ProvinceBatangas
District 3rd district
FoundedJune 1, 1955
Named forSt. Nicholas of Tolentino
Barangays18 (see Barangays)
Government
[1]
 • TypeSangguniang Bayan
 • MayorLester D. de Sagun
 • Vice MayorNapoleon V. Arceo
 • RepresentativeMa. Theresa V. Collantes
 • Municipal Council
Members
 • Electorate16,841 voters (2022)
Area
 • Total14.37 km2 (5.55 sq mi)
Elevation
47 m (154 ft)
Highest elevation
286 m (938 ft)
Lowest elevation
5 m (16 ft)
Population
 (2020 census)[3]
 • Total23,908
 • Density1,700/km2 (4,300/sq mi)
 • Households
5,209
Economy
 • Income class5th municipal income class
 • Poverty incidence
8.00
% (2021)[4]
 • Revenue₱ 118.6 million (2020)
 • Assets₱ 230 million (2020)
 • Expenditure₱ 84.84 million (2020)
 • Liabilities₱ 38.74 million (2020)
Service provider
 • ElectricityBatangas 1 Electric Cooperative (BATELEC 1)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
4207
PSGC
IDD:area code+63 (0)43
Native languagesTagalog

San Nicolas, officially the Municipality of San Nicolas (Tagalog: Bayan ng San Nicolas), is a 5th class municipality in the province of Batangas, Philippines. According to the 2020 census, it has a population of 23,908 people. It is equivalent to 0.15% of the population in the Calabarzon area or 0.82% of the total population of Batangas province. These numbers are used to calculate the population density, which is 1,057 inhabitants per square kilometer or 2,740 inhabitants per square mile. The municipality makes up 0.73% of Batangas's total area, with a land area of 22.61 square kilometers or 8.73 square miles.[3]

The municipality also occupies the southern half of Taal Volcano, shared by the municipality of Talisay in the northern half.

Etymology[edit]

San Nicolas is derived from Spanish for Saint Nicholas of Tolentino, the town's patron saint.[5]

History[edit]

Ruins of the old site of Taal Basilica in Poblacion, San Nicolas

San Nicolas traces its roots to barrio Wawa (later San Nicolas), which was once part of the municipality of Taal. It was the site of Taal's second municipal center from its establishment in 1572 to 1754, during the peak of Moro piracy.[5] Taal was designated as the provincial capital of Batangas from 1732 to 1754.[6] The 1754 Taal Volcano eruption, which lasted for months, greatly destroyed the area, making Taal move its municipal center to its present location near Balayan Bay.[7]

In 1955, the barrios of San Nicolas, Hipit, Bangin, Pansipit, Calangay, Sinturisan, Talang, Abelo, Balete, Bancoro, Saimsim, Maabud, Munlawin, Tambo, Calumala, Alas-as, Calawit, and Pulang-Bato were separated from Taal and constituted into a new and separate municipality known as San Nicolas.[8] In 1957, the following sitios were converted into independent barrios: Burol from Tambo,[9] Tagudtod from Munlawin,[10] Kalawit and Pulang-Bato from Alas-as,[11][12] and Baluk-Baluk from Hipit.[13] In 1961, the barrios of Calumala, Tambo, Saimsim and Bucal were separated from San Nicolas to form parts of the new municipality of Santa Teresita.[14]

Geography[edit]

According to the Philippine Statistics Authority, the municipality has a land area of 14.37 square kilometers (5.55 sq mi)[15] constituting 0.46% of the 3,119.75-square-kilometer (1,204.54 sq mi) total area of Batangas.

Barangays[edit]

San Nicolas is politically subdivided into 18 barangays.[16] Each barangay consists of puroks and some have sitios.


PSGC Barangay Population ±% p.a.
2020[3] 2010[17]
041025001 Abelo 4.1% 978 869 1.19%
041025002 Balete 7.6% 1,822 1,759 0.35%
041025003 Baluk‑baluk 3.8% 916 804 1.31%
041025004 Bancoro 11.1% 2,648 2,549 0.38%
041025005 Bangin 8.4% 2,008 1,910 0.50%
041025006 Calangay 7.7% 1,834 1,651 1.06%
041025007 Hipit 2.6% 623 571 0.88%
041025009 Maabud North 4.1% 991 982 0.09%
041025010 Maabud South 2.9% 696 682 0.20%
041025011 Munlawin 4.1% 976 774 2.35%
041025012 Pansipit 1.9% 446 422 0.55%
041025013 Poblacion 10.4% 2,481 2,416 0.27%
041025014 Santo Niño 3.8% 919 826 1.07%
041025015 Sinturisan 8.1% 1,947 1,710 1.31%
041025016 Tagudtod 2.6% 631 623 0.13%
041025017 Talang 3.0% 721 667 0.78%
041025018 Alas‑as 5.6% 1,327 901 3.95%
041025019 Pulang‑Bato 2.8% 659 483 3.16%
Total 23,908 20,599 1.50%

Climate[edit]

Climate data for San Nicolas, Batangas
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) 29
(84)
30
(86)
31
(88)
33
(91)
32
(90)
30
(86)
29
(84)
29
(84)
29
(84)
29
(84)
29
(84)
29
(84)
30
(86)
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) 20
(68)
20
(68)
21
(70)
22
(72)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
23
(73)
22
(72)
21
(70)
22
(72)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 11
(0.4)
13
(0.5)
14
(0.6)
32
(1.3)
101
(4.0)
142
(5.6)
208
(8.2)
187
(7.4)
175
(6.9)
131
(5.2)
68
(2.7)
39
(1.5)
1,121
(44.3)
Average rainy days 5.2 5.0 7.4 11.5 19.8 23.5 27.0 25.9 25.2 23.2 15.5 8.3 197.5
Source: Meteoblue[18]

Demographics[edit]

Population census of San Nicolas
YearPop.±% p.a.
1960 9,575—    
1970 8,742−0.90%
1975 8,877+0.31%
1980 10,511+3.44%
1990 13,174+2.28%
1995 14,509+1.83%
2000 16,278+2.50%
2007 19,046+2.19%
2010 20,599+2.89%
2015 22,623+1.80%
2020 23,908+1.09%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[19][17][20][21]

In the 2020 census, San Nicolas had a population of 23,908.[3]

Economy[edit]

San Nicolas Public Market

Poverty incidence of San Nicolas

5
10
15
20
2006
14.90
2009
5.34
2012
10.63
2015
12.12
2018
19.62
2021
8.00

Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[22][23][24][25][26][27][28][29]

Politics[edit]

Lester De Sagun has been the mayor of San Nicolas since 2019.[30] 16,841 people were registered to vote in the municipality's elections in 2022.[31]

Sister city[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Municipality of San Nicolas | (DILG)
  2. ^ "2015 Census of Population, Report No. 3 – Population, Land Area, and Population Density" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. Quezon City, Philippines. August 2016. ISSN 0117-1453. Archived (PDF) from the original on May 25, 2021. Retrieved July 16, 2021.
  3. ^ a b c d Census of Population (2020). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 8 July 2021.
  4. ^ "PSA Releases the 2021 City and Municipal Level Poverty Estimates". Philippine Statistics Authority. 2 April 2024. Retrieved 28 April 2024.
  5. ^ a b History and Cultural Life of the Barrio of San Nicolas. 1953.
  6. ^ "Brief History". Official Website of the Province of Batangas. Retrieved July 5, 2023.
  7. ^ Hargrove, Thomas (1991). The Mysteries of Taal: A Philippine volcano and lake, her sea life and lost towns. Manila: Bookmark Publishing. pp. 13, 33–55. ISBN 9715690467.
  8. ^ Republic Act No. 1229 (June 1, 1955), "An Act Creating the Municipality of San Nicolas, Province of Batangas", The Corpus Juris, retrieved February 14, 2023
  9. ^ Republic Act No. 1684 (June 20, 1957), "An Act Creating the Barrio of Burol in the Municipality of San Nicolas, Province of Batangas", The Lawphil Project - Arellano Law Foundation, Inc., retrieved February 14, 2023
  10. ^ Republic Act No. 1683 (June 20, 1957), "An Act Creating the Barrio of Tagodtod in the Municipality of San Nicolas, Province of Batangas", The Lawphil Project - Arellano Law Foundation, Inc., retrieved February 14, 2023
  11. ^ Republic Act No. 1685 (June 20, 1957), "An Act Creating the Barrio of Kalawit in the Municipality of San Nicolas, Province of Batangas", The Lawphil Project - Arellano Law Foundation, Inc., retrieved February 14, 2023
  12. ^ Republic Act No. 1687 (June 20, 1957), "An Act Creating the Barrio of Pulang-bato in the Municipality of San Nicolas, Province of Batangas", The Lawphil Project - Arellano Law Foundation, Inc., retrieved February 14, 2023
  13. ^ Republic Act No. 1686 (June 20, 1957), "An Act Creating the Barrio of Baluk-balok in the Municipality of San Nicolas, Province of Batangas", The Lawphil Project - Arellano Law Foundation, Inc., retrieved February 14, 2023
  14. ^ Executive Order No. 454, s. 1961 (December 28, 1961), "Creating the municipality of Sta. Teresita in the Province of Batangas", Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines, retrieved February 14, 2023
  15. ^ "Province: Batangas". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
  16. ^ "Municipal: San Nicolas, Batangas". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 8 January 2016.
  17. ^ a b Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)" (PDF). Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  18. ^ "San Nicolas: Average Temperatures and Rainfall". Meteoblue. Retrieved 5 May 2020.
  19. ^ Census of Population (2015). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  20. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. National Statistics Office.{{cite encyclopedia}}: CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  21. ^ "Province of Batangas". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  22. ^ "Poverty incidence (PI):". Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved December 28, 2020.
  23. ^ "Estimation of Local Poverty in the Philippines" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. 29 November 2005.
  24. ^ "2003 City and Municipal Level Poverty Estimates" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. 23 March 2009.
  25. ^ "City and Municipal Level Poverty Estimates; 2006 and 2009" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. 3 August 2012.
  26. ^ "2012 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. 31 May 2016.
  27. ^ "Municipal and City Level Small Area Poverty Estimates; 2009, 2012 and 2015". Philippine Statistics Authority. 10 July 2019.
  28. ^ "PSA Releases the 2018 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Philippine Statistics Authority. 15 December 2021. Retrieved 22 January 2022.
  29. ^ "PSA Releases the 2021 City and Municipal Level Poverty Estimates". Philippine Statistics Authority. 2 April 2024. Retrieved 28 April 2024.
  30. ^ Lando, Roy (2020-03-24). "Lester De Sagun Biography - PeoPlaid Profile". PeoPlaid. Retrieved 2023-06-16.
  31. ^ "2022 ELECTION RESULTS: San Nicolas, Batangas". PHVOTE. Retrieved 2023-06-16.
  32. ^ "PIA | Philippine Information Agency | Sisterhood agreement between Tagaytay and San Nicolas signed". Philippine Information Agency. Archived from the original on 21 December 2012. Retrieved 3 February 2022.

External links[edit]