San Pedro, Laguna

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San Pedro
Component City
City of San Pedro
(From top: Left to right)Manok ni San Pedro, San Pedro gateway park, Santuario de Jesús En el Santo Sepulcro, San Pedro Apostol Church (inside), Alaska Milk Corporation, San Pedro City Hall, City Plaza, Pacita Complex, and South Peak Village
(From top: Left to right)
Manok ni San Pedro, San Pedro gateway park, Santuario de Jesús En el Santo Sepulcro, San Pedro Apostol Church (inside), Alaska Milk Corporation, San Pedro City Hall, City Plaza, Pacita Complex, and South Peak Village
Official seal of San Pedro
Seal
Nickname(s): The Sampaguita Capital of the Philippines;
Rooster City of the Phlippines;
Laguna's Gateway to Metro Manila[1]
Motto: Sipag at Pananampalataya sa Diyos tungo sa Kaunlaran ng San Pedro (Hard work and Faith in God towards San Pedro's progress);
Magandang San Pedro Po
Map of Laguna showing the location of San Pedro
Map of Laguna showing the location of San Pedro
San Pedro is located in Philippines
San Pedro
San Pedro
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 14°21′30″N 121°03′30″E / 14.3583°N 121.0583°E / 14.3583; 121.0583Coordinates: 14°21′30″N 121°03′30″E / 14.3583°N 121.0583°E / 14.3583; 121.0583
Country Philippines
Region Calabarzon (Region IV-A)
Province Laguna
District 1st district of Laguna
Founded January 18, 1725
Cityhood December 28, 2013[2][3]
Barangays 27
Government[4]
 • City Mayor Lourdes Catáquiz (Liberal)
 • City Vice Mayor Iryne Vierneza (PDP-Laban)
 • City Council
Area[5]
 • Total 24.05 km2 (9.29 sq mi)
Highest elevation 117.348 m (385.000 ft)
Population (2015 census)[6]
 • Total 325,809
 • Rank 4 out of 30 (in Laguna)[7][better source needed]
 • Density 14,000/km2 (35,000/sq mi)
Demonym(s) San Pedronian (en.);
San Pedrense (tl.)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 4023
IDD:area code +63 (0)02
Income class 1st class
Website cityofsanpedrolaguna.gov.ph

San Pedro is a first class city in the province of Laguna, Philippines, officially City of San Pedro (Filipino: Lungsod ng San Pedro) and often referred to as San Pedro City. It is named after its patron saint, Peter the Apostle.[8] According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 325,809 inhabitants.[6] Despite being the third smallest in the entire province, with a total land surface area of only 24.05 km2, San Pedro is the fourth largest city in terms of population after the cities of Calamba, Biñan, and Santa Rosa. The city also has the highest population density in the province of Laguna and in the whole Calabarzon region, having 14,000 people/km2.[8]

History[edit]

San Pedro de Tunasán became a town on January 18, 1725, when King Charles II of Spain decreed that the town formerly known as "Tabuko" be a separate town from "Kabullaw" (now known as the city of Cabuyao).[8]

By virtue of the last will of Philip V of Spain, Rodriguez de Figueroa or "Don Esteban", a group of Augustinian Fathers gained the ownership of the Tunasán Estate. Later on, San Pedro became an hacienda of Colegio de San José, a group of Jesuits friars who took over the property which now is known as "San Pedro Tunasán". Tunasán literally means "a place where there is Tunás" (Nymphaea nouchali[9]), a medicinal plant abundant on shoreline area.[8]

During that period, agriculture, fishing, duck raising, fruit trees, and sampaguita were the main source of income of its residents. This period was highlighted by the growing tenant/landlord dispute. The tenants of Hacienda San Pedro Tunasán fought for their birthrights over their ancestral lands. This struggle took almost 423 years of unsuccessful resistance to Colegio de San José, and in 1938, the government bought the home sites of the San Pedro Tunasán Hacienda from the Colegio for re-sale to its tenants. This event laid to rest the tenants/landlord problem in the town.

In the year 1902, the name San Pedro de Tunasán was simplified to San Pedro.

From the Spanish time until after the Japanese occupation of the Philippines, the scenario did change a bit, when on August 30, 1954, beginning to the Philippine Commonwealth forces against the Japanese, President Ramón Magsaysay signed at the historic town plaza the Land Tenancy Act. By virtue of this law, farm lots of the hacienda were bought by the Philippine government to be sold at cost to the tenants or occupants of the farm lots in Bayan-Bayanan under the Narra Settlement Project of the Magsaysay Administration.

Cityhood[edit]

San Pedro City Hall

On March 27, 2013, President Benigno Aquino signed the 64-page Republic Act No. 10420[10] converting the municipality into a new component city of the province of Laguna. The cityhood of San Pedro was ratified through a plebiscite scheduled by the Commission on Elections (COMELEC). The date for the ratification is December 28, 2013 after the National Barangay Elections. It became the sixth city of Laguna after the cities of Biñan, Cabuyao, Calamba, San Pablo and Santa Rosa, and also the third to be a city in the 1st congressional district of Laguna - making it the first city district in the province.

COMELEC officially proclaimed the first-class municipality of San Pedro as a component city of Laguna on December 29, 2013. Juanito Icarro, regional director of Calabarzon and Mimaropa, and Marianne Marfori, provincial election supervisor, made the proclamation at the municipal hall after San Pedro residents voted for the cityhood in a plebiscite held on December 28, 2013. "Yes" votes for cityhood totaled 16,996 (which is an additional 50 votes added in some precincts mostly in the San Vicente area to win the "yes" vote), and "no" votes, only 869, in 501 clustered precincts in San Pedro. Only 11% of 165,777 registered voters in San Pedro's 20 barangays took part in the plebiscite.

San Pedro city proper from the city plaza

Geography[edit]

San Pedro is located in Region 4A or Calabarzon. San Pedro is the boundary between Laguna and Metro Manila, so San Pedro is known as "Laguna's Gateway to Metro Manila". San Pedro shares boundaries with Metro Manila's southernmost city, Muntinlupa (north), Biñan (east), Dasmariñas (west), Carmona and Gen. Mariano Alvarez (southeast). Its position makes San Pedro a popular suburban residential community, where many residents commute daily to Metro Manila for work.[8]

Barangays[edit]

San Pedro is politically subdivided into 27 barangays. Brgy. San Antonio is the largest barangay, which has a total of 780 hectares, while Brgy. San Vicente is the most populous with a total population of 92,092.[11]

  • Bagong Silang
  • Calendola
  • Chrysanthemum1
  • Cuyab
  • Estrella
  • Fatima2
  • G.S.I.S.
  • Landayan
  • Langgam
  • Laram
  • Maharlika3
  • Magsaysay
  • Narra
  • Nueva
  • Pacita 14
  • Pacita 25
  • Poblacion
  • Riverside
  • Rosario6
  • Sampaguita Village
  • San Antonio
  • San Roque
  • San Vicente
  • San Lorenzo Ruiz7
  • Sto. Niño
  • United Bayanihan
  • United Better Living

1 2 3 4 5 6 7^Seven new barangays created as separate and distinct from its mother Brgy. San Vicente after it was ratified and approved through a plebiscite held on July 11, 2015 under COMELEC Resolution No. 9969.[12]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for San Pedro City, Philippines
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 30
(86)
31
(88)
32
(90)
34
(93)
34
(93)
33
(91)
32
(90)
31
(88)
32
(90)
32
(90)
31
(88)
30
(86)
31.8
(89.4)
Average low °C (°F) 24
(75)
24
(75)
25
(77)
27
(81)
27
(81)
26
(79)
26
(79)
25
(77)
26
(79)
26
(79)
26
(79)
25
(77)
25.6
(78.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 32.9
(1.295)
31.7
(1.248)
28.2
(1.11)
26.9
(1.059)
188.9
(7.437)
225.7
(8.886)
420.0
(16.535)
377.9
(14.878)
332.4
(13.087)
145.1
(5.713)
128.8
(5.071)
76.3
(3.004)
2,014.8
(79.323)
Average rainy days 6 6 4 4 12 18 21 23 21 17 14 10 156
Source: World Weather Online[13]

Demographics[edit]

Population census of San Pedro
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1903 3,678 —    
1918 4,184 +0.86%
1939 6,300 +1.97%
1948 9,063 +4.12%
1960 14,082 +3.74%
1970 32,991 +8.88%
1975 43,439 +5.67%
1980 74,556 +11.40%
1990 156,486 +7.70%
1995 189,333 +3.63%
2000 231,403 +4.40%
2007 281,808 +2.76%
2010 294,310 +1.59%
2015 325,809 +1.95%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[6][14][15][16]

The City of San Pedro is the 37th most populous city and youngest city in the Philippines. As of 2015, the population is 325,809, up from 294,310 in 2010, or an increase of almost 11%. Its area is 24.05 square kilometres (9.29 sq mi) with a density of 13,547/km2 (35,087/sq mi).

Religion[edit]

San Pedro Apostol Parish

San Pedro is home for the Famous Krus ng San Pedro Tunasán. Majority of the people are Roman Catholics. Other religious groups include are the Members Church of God International (MCGI), Jesus Miracle Crusade International Ministry (JMCIM), United Church of Christ in the Philippines (UCCP), Jesus Is Lord Church (JIL), Jesus Christ the Lifegiver Ministries (JCLM), Iglesia Ni Cristo (INC), The United Methodist Church, Presbyterian Churches, Christian Bible Baptist Church, other Baptist and Bible Fundamental churches. Islam is also practiced within the community. There are 15 Catholic parishes in the city, and one mosque.

Economy[edit]

The largest barangay with industry, manufacturing, supermarkets, and stores in San Pedro is San Antonio. This barangay has the largest area in San Pedro. The city center and city proper or poblacion (San Pedro) is where most San Pedronians go to buy their goods. San Pedro also has a large number of factories surrounding it. Most of the factories are located at Magsaysay Road in San Antonio.

Agriculture[edit]

Agricultural lands now account for only thirteen hectares of the total land area due to residential, commercial and industrial conversions. There are lands with slope ranging from 8% - 15% of the total land area located in parts of Barangay San Antonio and San Vicente planted with mangoes and siniguelas trees. Livestock and poultry businesses operate in the area.

Commerce and industry[edit]

There are 4,705 total business establishments, 40 commercial, savings and rural banks, 117 restaurant, cafeteria, and other refreshment parlor, and two public and five private markets and supermarkets. There are 40 banks, 62 pawnshops, 36 lending institutions and 11 insurance companies operating in the city. A large percentage of industrial and manufacturing establishments of San Pedro is located on the adjacent barangays of San Vicente and San Antonio; E&E Industrial Complex is located in San Antonio where some of the city's factories are situated.

Tourism[edit]

City of San Pedro has a 20 km tourism belt to promote the hidden beauty of the city and to attract more tourists to the city.

Sampaguita Festival[edit]

The annual City Festival is celebrated in the second week of February. This week-long festival includes various activities ranging from cultural to sports, trade fairs, amateur singing contests, parades, historical exhibits, social and religious gatherings, tribal dances, street dances, cheering and sport exhibitions. The highlight of the festival is the coronation night of the "Hiyas ng San Pedro". The festival aims to promote tourism in San Pedro and to revitalize Sampaguita industry in the community.The celebration was formerly known as "Manok ni San Pedro Festival", which started in 1999 and was renamed to "Sampaguita Festival" in 2002. The celebration kicked off with a grand parade.

Laguna Northwestern College performance at Sampaguita Festival 2017
Sampaguita Festival Grand Champion represents the city at Laguna's Anilag Festival 2017.

San Pedro City holds the record of laying the longest sampaguita (flower lei) line, spanning 3.6 km (2 mi), from Biñan City-San Pedro City boundary to San Pedro City-Muntinlupa City boundary on the National Highway; this was listed in the Guinness World Records in 2009.

Christmas Festival[edit]

Paskuhan Sa San Pedro is an annually celebrated festival in San Pedro City. It starts at the beginning of December and runs to the end of the month. The opening is a grand parade which is participated in by public and private schools in the city, local government and other socio-civic organizations. The main event of the opening is the lighting of the whole plaza, fireworks display, and various school performances. Every night a variety of shows are performed by the participants, which last up to midnight. On 29 December of every year the cityhood anniversary of San Pedro is celebrated.

Landmarks[edit]

View of Metro Manila from hilltop San Pedro

The most popular landmarks in San Pedro include:

  • KC Filipinas Golf Club in Brgy. San Antonio
  • Philippine Amusement and Gaming Corporation (PAGCOR) VIP Casino Filipino in San Pedro Town Center, Brgy. San Antonio
  • San Pedro Apostol Parish in Brgy. Poblacion
  • Pacita Complex
  • Pacita Astrodome
  • Shrine of Sto. Sepulcro in Brgy. Landayan
  • Balon ni Lolo Uweng in Brgy. Landayan
  • Mary Mother of Mercy
  • Salvador Laurel Museum (Laurel Hills)
  • Dambana Island Park (along A. Mabini corner National Highway)
  • Roosters or Manok ni San Pedro (Muntinlupa-San Pedro Boundary)
  • San Pedro Gateway Park (gateway of Laguna from Metro Manila)
  • Historic City Plaza
  • San Pedro Town Center (where many commercial establishments are located) sits on the former location of the public cemetery
Famous Manok Ni San Pedro Landmark marks as the gateway of Laguna from metro Manila.
City Plaza

Transportation[edit]

In the city, jeepneys, tricycles, vans, and bus terminals provide transportation to every part of the city or outside city.

Old National Highway bounding Muntinlupa and San Pedro

Public transport[edit]

Buses with lines from Metro Manila serve the city. Jeepneys provides service between the city and nearby areas and the city's barangays. Tricycles and pedicabs serves the barangays and subdivisions (gated communities).

Roads[edit]

South Luzon Expressway towards San Pedro
South Luzon Expressway, facing the direction of San Pedro

The road network of San Pedro are mostly radial in nature, and relies on the National Highway (Daang Maharlika, or highway N1). The National Highway, which has been overtaken by the South Luzon Expressway (SLEX, or E2) in importance as the primary route to other parts of Laguna and southern Luzon, serves as the primary artery in the city, and jeepneys primarily use it. City roads radiate from the National Highway and the Poblacion area to connect the barangays, and some cross into boundaries with nearby cities and municipalities, like Muntinlupa, Biñan, and General Mariano Alvarez. The barangays are served by barangay roads, which complements the city roads.

South Luzon Expressway, numbered E2 and part of AH26, serves the city, with one exit, San Pedro Exit (Exit 27), and serves as the primary route through the area. Laguna Lakeshore Expressway Dike, a proposed expressway, will serve the city's eastern part.

Railway[edit]

PNR Pacita MG station

Philippine National Railway Metro Commuter Line serves the city with two railroad stations:

Healthcare[edit]

Throughout the city, healthcare is primarily provided at the Barangay Health Centers in every barangay. Also, several medical missions are operated and provided by local and international organizations. The major hospitals in the city are:

  • Jose L. Amante Emergency Hospital (Brgy. Sto. Nino)
  • Gavino Alvarez Lying-In Center (Brgy. Narra)
  • San Pedro Doctors Hospital (Manila South Road-Landayan)
  • Divine Mercy Hospital (Guevarra Subd.)
  • Westlake Medical Center (Manila South Road-Pacita Complex)
  • Evangelista Medical Specialty Hospital (Macaria Ave.-Pacita Complex)
  • Family Care Hospital (Macaria Ave.-Pacita Complex)

Housing[edit]

Most people in San Pedro live in over 59 subdivisions, that are either gated communities or open residential areas. The city is also a location of several government-led relocation projects. Squatters, or informal settlers, are scattered over the city.

Education[edit]

The Department of Education Region IV-A - Division of San Pedro supervises the operation of over 12 public elementary schools and 7 public high schools, and provides permits to over 35 private schools, including Catholic schools. Private schools are scattered throughout the city, especially on the subdivisions. With the implementation of the K-12 program, some private schools added senior high schools, and many public high schools still have limited facilities for senior high school.

Tertiary education and technical education are provided by several institutions scattered on the city. The Laguna Northwestern College has two campuses in San Pedro, one being a branch on Pacita Complex. Polytechnic University of the Philippines has one campus in the city. San Pedro College of Business Administration in barangay Nueva provides courses related to business administration, and provides

Notable people[edit]

Twin towns – sister cities[edit]

San Pedro's sister city is Makati City. San Pedro is also twinned with Dupax del Norte, Nueva Vizcaya and Unisan, Quezon.

Local

References[edit]

  1. ^ San Pedro City, Laguna, Philippines - Welcome Message
  2. ^ San Pedro now a component city of Laguna - Philstar.com
  3. ^ http://www.comelec.gov.ph/?r=Archives/Plebiscites/PlebiscitesSanPedroLaguna
  4. ^ "Official City/Municipal 2013 Election Results". Intramuros, Manila, Philippines: Commission on Elections (COMELEC). 11 September 2013. Retrieved 18 November 2013. 
  5. ^ "Province: LAGUNA". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 18 November 2013. 
  6. ^ a b c Census of Population (2015). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016. 
  7. ^ Laguna (province)#Administrative divisions
  8. ^ a b c d e San Pedro, Laguna Official Website - History
  9. ^ Nymphaea nouchali
  10. ^ http://www.gov.ph/2013/03/27/republic-act-no-10420/
  11. ^ "MUNICIPALITY/CITY:City of San Pedro". Philippine Statistics Authority (National Statistical Coordination Board). 
  12. ^ "PLEBISCITE TO RATIFY THE CREATION OF SEVEN (7) NEW BARANGAYS SEPARATE AND DISTINCT FROM ITS MOTHER BARANGAY OF SAN VICENTE, SAN PEDRO CITY, LAGUNA". Philippines: Commission of Elections. June 11, 2015. Archived from the original on July 20, 2015. 
  13. ^ "San Pedro Average Temperatures and Rainfall". World Weather Online. Retrieved July 27, 2015. 
  14. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016. 
  15. ^ Census of Population (1995, 2000 and 2007). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Total Population by Province, City and Municipality. NSO. Archived from the original on 24 June 2011. 
  16. ^ "Province of Laguna". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016. 

External links[edit]