San Pedro Huamelula

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San Pedro Huamelula
Municipality and town
Coordinates: 16°1′N 95°40′W / 16.017°N 95.667°W / 16.017; -95.667Coordinates: 16°1′N 95°40′W / 16.017°N 95.667°W / 16.017; -95.667
Country  Mexico
State Oaxaca
 • Total 505.23 km2 (195.07 sq mi)
Elevation 80 m (260 ft)
Population (2005)
 • Total 8,834
Time zone Central Standard Time (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) Central Daylight Time (UTC-5)

San Pedro Huamelula is a town and municipality in Oaxaca in south-western Mexico. It is in the west of the Tehuantepec District in the west of the Istmo Region, on the Pacific coast.[1]


The municipality covers an area of 505.23 km² of hilly and partly wooded country. The Rosario lagoon is in the southwest of the municipality. The climate is warm, with rains in summer and autumn. Flora include nopal, huaje, palm, pine, Guanacaste, pochote, Tepehuaje, acacia, sapodilla and pitaya. Wild fauna include wild boar, coyote, rabbit, opossum, armadillo, dove, chachalaca and rook.[1]


An ancient settlement was found near the current village dating back to around 300 AD, which appears to have been occupied until the colonial period. Several years ago, a monumental mound was bulldozed to give way for a baseball ground. Under direction, school children collected an array of artifacts from the site, which is now the main collection of the Museo Chontal at San Pedro Huamelula. It includes hacha-style stone sculptures and large vessel fragments.[2] San Pedro Huamelula was founded in 1499. The original name Huamimilolli means "beside the mound of amaranth".[1]


The town is 80 meters above sea level. As of 2005, the municipality had 2,280 households with a total population of 8,834 of whom 546 spoke an indigenous language.[1] Some of the people speak the lowland version of Oaxacan Chontal, a language that is in danger of extinction.[3] The main economic activity is agriculture, with crops of mainly coffee and tropical fruits, and to a lesser extent corn and beans. Some of keep cattle or goats. Commercial fishing includes species such as shrimp and snapper. Cottage industries make clay pots and wooden products. There is some logging for fine woods from the forests.[1]


  1. ^ a b c d e "San Pedro Huamelula". Enciclopedia de los Municipios de México. Instituto Nacional para el Federalismo y el Desarrollo Municipal. Retrieved 2010-07-16. 
  2. ^ Peter C. Kroefges. "Archaeological Survey in the Coastal Chontalpa de Oaxaca, México: The Prehispanic Settlement of Huamelula". Foundation for the Advancement of Mesoamerican Studies. Archived from the original on 2011-06-16. Retrieved 2010-07-16. 
  3. ^ "Chontales". Go Oaxaco. Retrieved 2010-07-21. [dead link]