San Po Kong
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (March 2015)|
San Po Kong in Cantonese means new Po Kong. It became known as San Po Kong from the industrial period. Po Kong (蒲崗) is a small hill where a Hokkienese village, Po Kong Village (蒲崗村), was founded south by a family called Lam (林). Po is a Chinese character taken from Po Tin, the Lam family's original home in Fujian Province. The village, which was situated in the area of the present-day Wong Tai Sin Police Station, was long ago demolished for development, leaving only its name in Po Kong Village Road. The Lam family also founded the historic Tin Hau temple in Joss House Bay. In the past, Kowloon Bay was a major field producing salt. The Lam family was probably involved in the salt business.
Another village in the area, Sha Tei Yuen (沙地園) or Sha Ti Un, was located in present-day Rhythm Garden.
In 1916, the area south of present-day San Po Kong was reclaimed by Ho Kai and Au Tak for a garden estate. The reclamation was completed in two phases in 1920 and 1927. The reclaimed area became known as Kai Tak. The company lacked the capital to complete the project and left part the land unused. The Hong Kong Government decided to buy back the land for the Royal Air Force and a future Kai Tak Aerodrome. In late 1930s, the airport was significantly expanded to take up the whole of San Po Kong. Clear Water Bay Road, part of the current Choi Hung Road, and a nullah were constructed around the airport. During the Japanese occupation of Hong Kong, more than 20 villages surrounding San Po Kong were demolished for further expansion of the airport.
In 1958, the airport was shifted south, out of San Po Kong and into Kowloon Bay. Prince Edward Road East was completed at around this time. San Po Kong became an industrial area, in many high-rise buildings. The government also established the San Po Kong Factory Estate, a factory estate for small manufacturing businesses in the early 1960s.
In May 1967, a labour dispute in a factory making artificial flowers ignited the 1967 riots, which lasted until October. During that period, public bus services were suspended, forcing workers from other areas to commute on foot.
Facilities in San Po Kong include:
- Mikiki, a shopping mall
- Choi Hung Road Playground
- Rhythm Garden, a housing estate
- Ho Lap College
- Ng Wah Catholic Secondary School
- Heritage Impact Assessment on Chai Wan Factory Estate, Hong Kong Housing Authority, April 2013. p.78
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to San Po Kong.|
- Working Paper No. 33. Regeneration of Industrial Areas in Metro Area - A Hypothetical Case Study at San Po Kong, Planning Department, November 2003