San Rafael Ranch
San Rafael Ranch
The San Rafael Ranch House in 2014.
|Location||Lochiel, Arizona, USA|
|MPS||Cattle Ranching in Arizona MPS|
|NRHP reference #||08000001|
|Added to NRHP||2008|
The San Rafael Ranch, formerly known as the Greene Ranch, is a historic cattle ranch located in the San Rafael Valley about a mile and a half north of Lochiel, Arizona, near the international border with Sonora, Mexico.
The land that is now the San Rafael Ranch was originally an old Mexican land grant called San Rafael de la Zanja, which was sold to the cattle baron Colin Cameron and a few of his partners in the 1880s. Cameron built a two-story house to live in soon after, but it burned to the ground under mysterious circumstances in 1899. A year later Cameron built a new two-story brick house, even larger and more luxurious than the original, although he lived in it for only a short time. After losing a legal battle to his neighbor over land rights in 1903, Cameron decided the ranch was not worth the trouble and moved on.
The ranch was then sold to Colonel William Cornell Greene, who owned the large copper mines to the southeast, in Cananea, Sonora. Colonel Greene acquired many properties over the years, including some 600,000 acres of ranch land on both sides of the international border. The San Rafael Ranch House became the headquarters for the Greene Cattle Company, which raised tens-of-thousands of hereford cattle and horses to go with them. The Greene Cattle Company was so successful it even attracted the attention of Pancho Villa, who raided the San Rafael Ranch for horses on more than one occasion in the early 1910s.
Colonel Greene died in 1911 and the ranch was inherited by his daughter, Florence Sharp, and her husband. In the early 1950s, the ranch acquired national attention when it was selected as the filming location for the classic Western film "Oklahoma!", starring Gordon MacRae and Shirley Jones. Shortly thereafter, Florence Sharp and her family began the long process of having the ranch house and surrounding rangeland preserved for future generations. The ranching era finally came to an end in 1998, following the death of Florence Sharp and the sale of the ranch to The Nature Conservancy. In 1999 Arizona State Parks purchased 3,557 acres of the property, including the ranch house, for use as a Natural Area. Arizona State Parks also purchased a conservation easement on the remainder of the original ranch. The San Rafael Ranch includes 18,500 deeded acres and a grazing preference established in 1999 on the natural area held by Arizona State Parks. In 2008, the ranch headquarters was designated a National Historic District, but it is currently not open to the public.
The historic district consists of the main ranch house and several ancillary buildings including a machine/blacksmith shop, two barns, corrals, and other structures used in livestock operations. The district is significant both for the French Colonial Revival style of the ranch house, unusual for a rural ranch in Arizona; and as an example of the ranching industry in Arizona from 1884 to 1957.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to San Rafael Ranch.|
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- National Register of Historic Places listings in Santa Cruz County, Arizona
- National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- Michael A. Freisinger (December 2007). "National Register of Historic Places Registration Form: San Rafael Ranch Historic District" (PDF). National Park Service. Retrieved 2014-12-11. Photos
- Price, Jay M. (2004). Gateways to the Southwest: The Story of Arizona State Parks. University of Arizona Press. ISBN 0816522871.
- "Arizona State Parks: San Rafael Ranch". Archived from the original on 2014-12-27. Retrieved 2014-12-10.