Orán, Salta

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Orán
City
Pellegrini Street view to the North in San Ramón de la Nueva Orán.JPG
Coat of arms of Orán
Coat of arms
Orán is located in Argentina
Orán
Orán
Location of Orán in Argentina
Coordinates: 23°08′S 64°20′W / 23.133°S 64.333°W / -23.133; -64.333Coordinates: 23°08′S 64°20′W / 23.133°S 64.333°W / -23.133; -64.333
Country  Argentina
Province Salta
Department Orán Department
Founded August 31, 1794
Government
 • Mayor Guillermo Marcelo Lara Gros (Justicialist Party)
Elevation 336 m (1,102 ft)
Population (2012)
 • Total 84,036
Demonym(s) oranense
Time zone ART (UTC-3)
CPA base A4530
Dialing code +54 3878
Climate Cwa
Website Official website

San Ramón de la Nueva Orán (usually referred to simply as Orán) is a city in northwest province of Salta, Argentina, about 270 km (170 mi) from the provincial capital, Salta. It is the head town of the Orán Department, and it has about 73,000 inhabitants as per the 2001 census [INDEC], which makes it the second-most populated in the province.

Orán is the seat of a Catholic diocese and a regional center of the Universidad Nacional de Salta. It is linked to other cities in the area by National Route 50 near National Route 34. Air traffic to the provincial capital is serviced by the Orán Airport (IATA: ORAICAO: SASO).

The city of Oran is the most important geopolitical center in the north of the Salta Providence. Having AFIP, ANES, Banco Nación, INTA, and a Federal Court, among other important offices, makes the city a point of reference to the entire Bermejo Region. It has active commercial centers, and methods of transit to the Bolivian border. Currently there is construction of a freeway from the south of the town connecting it to the city of Pichanal.

History[edit]

The city was founded on August 31, 1794 by the Spanish military man and governor of Salta, Ramón García de León y Pizarro, who named the settlement after Saint Raymond Nonnatus (on the saint's feast day) and his own birthplace, the city of Oran (in modern Algeria).[1]

Economy[edit]

Oran is center to an important agroindustry region where several different products are produced: Sugar cane, with most product going to sugar production in the Tabacal Sugarmill, which is located close to the city; Citrus (mainly oranges and grapefruit), being primarily used for the manufacture of concentrated juice for the fruit company, Zenta, which also sells whole, natural fruits. These include peppers, bananas, cherimoya, papayas and mangoes- all of which are also cultivated in Oran. Coffee was also produced in the area, although with relatively small production, until it was exploited by the company Salta Café.

Soy is one of the most important produced agricultural products. The department of Oran has the largest bean production in the country. They have recently incorporated soy production, along with their ongoing production of sugar cane and corn, to produce biofuels, mainly for agro-industrial use, due in large part to the deficiency in the supply of gasoil in the zone.[2]

Naturally surrounded by ecotonic forests: between the Yungas jungles and the Chaco tropical forests, the environment of Oran has been and is an important forest area to the timber industry.[3]

Livestock also plays an important role in the economy. Historically the city of Oran has been a stopover on a cattle and horse route to Bolivia.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Orán, Salta, Argentina (1961–1990, extremes 1970–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 43.5
(110.3)
41.2
(106.2)
40.0
(104)
35.0
(95)
33.4
(92.1)
31.5
(88.7)
35.0
(95)
39.4
(102.9)
41.1
(106)
44.2
(111.6)
43.7
(110.7)
44.4
(111.9)
44.4
(111.9)
Average high °C (°F) 32.4
(90.3)
31.2
(88.2)
29.3
(84.7)
26.1
(79)
23.8
(74.8)
21.1
(70)
22.3
(72.1)
25.7
(78.3)
28.3
(82.9)
31.6
(88.9)
32.2
(90)
32.8
(91)
28.1
(82.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) 25.9
(78.6)
25.0
(77)
23.6
(74.5)
20.9
(69.6)
18.2
(64.8)
14.6
(58.3)
14.4
(57.9)
16.9
(62.4)
19.8
(67.6)
23.6
(74.5)
24.8
(76.6)
25.9
(78.6)
21.1
(70)
Average low °C (°F) 21.1
(70)
20.7
(69.3)
20.0
(68)
17.4
(63.3)
14.3
(57.7)
10.5
(50.9)
8.9
(48)
10.2
(50.4)
13.3
(55.9)
17.1
(62.8)
19.1
(66.4)
20.7
(69.3)
16.1
(61)
Record low °C (°F) 8.9
(48)
11.2
(52.2)
9.0
(48.2)
5.1
(41.2)
2.5
(36.5)
−1.5
(29.3)
−6.8
(19.8)
−1.9
(28.6)
1.4
(34.5)
1.0
(33.8)
8.0
(46.4)
10.9
(51.6)
−6.8
(19.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 193.4
(7.614)
167.0
(6.575)
146.7
(5.776)
81.3
(3.201)
22.5
(0.886)
9.2
(0.362)
6.1
(0.24)
6.4
(0.252)
10.7
(0.421)
51.2
(2.016)
92.0
(3.622)
154.4
(6.079)
940.9
(37.043)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 14 13 15 12 7 4 3 2 3 7 10 12 102
Average relative humidity (%) 80 82 85 87 86 84 78 69 62 62 70 76 77
Mean monthly sunshine hours 198.4 158.2 117.8 102.0 117.8 99.0 139.5 179.8 126.0 161.2 183.0 201.5 1,784.2
Percent possible sunshine 48 43 31 30 34 31 42 51 35 41 46 48 40
Source #1: NOAA (normals 1961–1990),[4] Oficina de Riesgo Agropecuario (record highs and lows)[5]
Source #2: Servicio Meteorologico Nacional (precipitation days only),[6] UNLP (sun only)[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Quintana, Pablo Ricardo (2014). The Comprehensive Dictionary of Patron Saints. iUniverse. ISBN 9781491734391. 
  2. ^ Timilsina, Govinda R.; Chisari, Omar O.; Romero, Carlos A. (2013). "Economy-wide impacts of biofuels in Argentina". Energy Policy. 55: 636 – via ScienceDirect. 
  3. ^ Giménez de Bolzón, Ana-Maria; Roth, Ingrid (1997). Argentine Chaco forests: dendrology, tree structure, and economic use, Part 1. G. Borntraeger. ISBN 9783443140250. 
  4. ^ "Oran Aero Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved April 17, 2014. 
  5. ^ "Orán, Salta". Estadísticas meteorológicas decadiales (in Spanish). Oficina de Riesgo Agropecuario. Retrieved June 21, 2015. 
  6. ^ "Valores Medios de Temperature y Precipitación-Salta: Oran" (in Spanish). Servicio Meteorologico Nacional. Retrieved April 17, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Datos bioclimáticos de 173 localidades argentinas". Atlas Bioclimáticos (in Spanish). Universidad Nacional de La Plata. Retrieved April 17, 2014. 

External links[edit]