Edwin Andrews Air Base
|Edwin Andrews Air Base|
San Roque Air Field
|Zamboanga City, Zamboanga, Philippines|
|Controlled by||Philippine Air Force|
|Condition||active, as of 2014|
|In use||December 6, 1956-present|
|Operator||Philippine Air Force|
|Location||Zamboanga City, Zamboanga, Philippines|
|Elevation AMSL||6 m / 20 ft|
Edwin Andrews Air Base (ICAO: RPMZ) is located in Zamboanga, Philippines. The base operates through Runway 09/27, which has a length of 2,611 m (8,566 ft), along with the Zamboanga International Airport and conducts air operations against insurgents like the Moro Islamic Liberation Front.
Edwin Andrews Air Base was built by the Spanish George L. Saludo Jr. as San Roque Airfield. The base was later renamed as Moret Field after Paul Moret, a US Marine Colonel who died in 1943 because of a plane crash. On March 15, 1945, American forces re-established their units and consecutively improved the base with the help of the U.S. Army airfield construction unit together with Filipino forces. The single runway was completed to be used to fight against the remaining Japanese forces in the Philippines and was about 4,500 feet long aligned with the prevalent winds in the area.
The base was transferred to the control of the Philippine Government and became an airport for public use known today as Zamboanga International Airport. On December 6, 1956, a military airbase was established in the airport and was renamed Edwin Andrews Air Base in honor of Gen. Edwin Andrews, the first Filipino post-war PAF Commander who lost his life when the 'Lili Marlene', a C-47 transport plane carrying him and 16 others crashed in Mt. Makaturing, Lanao province in Mindanao on May 18, 1947.
In January 2002, US soldiers arrived in the southern Philippines on a C-17 transport plane to help prepare for a joint military exercise aimed to fight a Muslim extremist group. US special forces moved from Edwin Andrews Airbase to Camp Basilio Navarro. 160 U.S. troops were sent to Basilan, and 250 U.S. troops will be stationed in Zamboanga.
On September 9, 2013, a faction of the Moro National Liberation Front led by Nur Misuari attempted to raise its flag at the Zamboanga City Hall leading to a 20-day siege called the Zamboanga City crisis in the city of Zamboanga.
Accidents and incidents
- On November 9, 2011, An OV-10 Bronco plane of the Philippine Air Force crash landed at the Edwin Andrews Air Base in Zamboanga City due to a malfunction in one of its engines.
- On May 29, 2008, A bomb was detonated near the Gate 1 of the Edwin Andrews Air Base wounded 18 people in the blast, one remains in serious condition, while two were pronounced dead on arrival at a Zamboanga hospital.
- Martijn (January 6, 2002). "Lt. Col. Paul Moret, USMC (?-1943)". Retrieved October 6, 2014.
- "PAF Air bases and stations". Retrieved October 6, 2014.
- "American Soldiers Arrive in Philippines". Fox News Channel. January 24, 2002. Retrieved October 6, 2014.
- "Philippine Air Force Plane Crash Lands at the Edwin Andrews Air Base in Zamboanga City". UB Alert Disaster Network. November 9, 2011. Retrieved October 6, 2014.
- Legaspi, Amita (May 29, 2008). "Blast rocks Zamboanga airbase: 2 dead, 18 hurt". GMA News and Public Affairs. Retrieved October 6, 2014.