San Sebastián, Puerto Rico

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San Sebastián

Municipio de San Sebastián
City and Municipality
The City Hall in San Sebastián, 2018
The City Hall in San Sebastián, 2018
Flag of San Sebastián
Flag
Nicknames: 
"San Sebastián Del Pepino", "Pepino", "Cuna de la Hamaca", "Los Patrulleros"
Anthem: "Van más de dos siglos de historia de vida"
Location of San Sebastián in Puerto Rico
Location of San Sebastián in Puerto Rico
Coordinates: 18°20′14″N 66°59′26″W / 18.33722°N 66.99056°W / 18.33722; -66.99056Coordinates: 18°20′14″N 66°59′26″W / 18.33722°N 66.99056°W / 18.33722; -66.99056
Commonwealth Puerto Rico
Founded1752
Government
 • MayorJavier Jiménez (PNP)
 • Senatorial dist.4 - Mayagüez
Area
 • Total71.7 sq mi (185.77 km2)
 • Land71.4 sq mi (185.0 km2)
 • Water0.3 sq mi (0.77 km2)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total42,430[1]
Demonym(s)Pepinianos
Time zoneUTC−4 (AST)
Zip code
00685
Area code787
Major routesPR secondary 109.svg PR secondary 111.svg PR secondary 119.svg PR secondary 124.svg PR secondary 125.svg
Websitessdelpepino.com

San Sebastián (Spanish pronunciation: [san seβasˈtjan]) is a municipality of Puerto Rico located in the northwestern region of the island, south of Isabela, Quebradillas and Camuy; north of Las Marías; east of Moca and Añasco; and west of Lares. San Sebastián is spread over twenty-four wards and San Sebastián Pueblo (the downtown area and the administrative center of the city). It is a principal city of the Aguadilla-Isabela-San Sebastián Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

In 1929 San Sebastián had 51 schools

The permission to found the town was officially given in 1752, under the leadship of the founder, Captain Cristóbal González de la Cruz, who among other neighbors had an interest in converting some cow farms into an agricultural village. The foundation of the town from the religious aspect, was consummated in December 1762 by Mariano Martin, the island catholic bishop at that time. At the beginning, by 1700, San Sebastián was a conglomerate of a few cow farms, owned by some residents of the Partido de Aguada. Las Vegas was the former plain site of one of the first cow farms located by the Guatemala riverside at the north. Also, another of those cow farms was Pepinito (today's downtown) that was a low green mountain with a white calcium carbonate face. On the north side of the town it can be seen some of this "pepinos" (cucumbers). These two cow farms gave the town its first name. From these geographical accidents come the first names of the new village: Las Vegas del Pepino (Cucumber Fields). In 1865 it is documented as San Sebastián de Las Vegas del Pepino.

At the beginning of the 19th century, wealthy Spanish families arrived in Pepino, fleeing the revolutions of Venezuela and the Dominican Republic. Later, by 1850, several families from Catalonia and the Basque Country in Spain joined the large number of isleños (Canary Islanders) that had made El Pepino their home. These people, after taking over the local political power, developed a coffee industry and brought some material progress to the town. The resident Basques in the municipality, in remembrance of their home region and its religious patron, saw the need of upgrading the old traditional Pepino used by the Canary Islanders to the new and "up-dated" San Sebastián, promoted and thus got the name formally changed by the central government authority. Nevertheless, the citizens of San Sebastián are called "pepinianos".

San Sebastián Mártir (Spanish for Saint Sebastian the Martyr) is the patron saint of archers and was chosen to be the patron saint of the town since its early history, first brought by the immigrants from the Canaries and later confirmed by the Basques, with the town name changed in 1869.

Geography[edit]

San Sebastián[2] is on the northwest.

Hurricane Maria[edit]

Hurricane Maria on September 20, 2017 triggered numerous landslides in San Sebastián with the significant amount of rainfall. The hurricane winds knocked all the power out and the town was left in the dark.[3][4]

Pepino Power Authority in Plaza de la Identidad Pepiniana in San Sebastián barrio-pueblo

The 40,000 residents of San Sebastián were left without electrical power.[5] Two weeks after the hurricane decimated the island, Javier Jiménez, the mayor at the time, noticed that help was not on the way. He decided that San Sebastián would not wait for the AEE brigades to come. He assembled an ad hoc team of volunteers, some who were retired AEE electricians, set safety protocols, and their mandate was to get the electrical power back up and running for the people of San Sebastián. Four months after the hurricane, they had restored power to 2,500 homes and continued to do about 60 homes each day.[6] A monument honoring the accomplishments of the Pepino Power Authority, as they were quickly named, was erected in Plaza de la Identidad Pepiniana in San Sebastián barrio-pueblo.[7]

Water features[edit]

Barrios[edit]

Subdivisions of San Sebastián.

Like all municipalities of Puerto Rico, San Sebastián is subdivided into barrios. The municipal buildings, central square and large Catholic church are located in a barrio referred to as "el pueblo".[9][10][1][11]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
190016,412
191018,90415.2%
192022,04916.6%
193025,69116.5%
194030,26617.8%
195035,37616.9%
196033,451−5.4%
197030,157−9.8%
198035,69018.3%
199038,7998.7%
200044,20413.9%
201042,430−4.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[12]
1899 (shown as 1900)[13] 1910-1930[14]
1930-1950[15] 1960-2000[16] 2010[1]

Tourism[edit]

Landmarks and places of interest[edit]

Rope bridge at Veredas Complejo Deportivo.
Hacienda la Fe museum.

Established in 2016, is the Veredas sports complex, in barrio Guatemala. The complex which consists of a modern skate park, a sand volleyball court, a zipline with four stations, a climbing and rappelling wall, an outdoor gym, a roap bridge, basketball and tennis courts, and walking paths, is set within an urban forest of about six thousand trees. Hacienda La Fe, an agriculture museum is located at the complex.[17] Other landmarks and places of interest in this municipality include:[18]

Economy[edit]

Café El Coquí plant, San Sebastián, Puerto Rico

Agriculture[edit]

San Sebastián is a producer of coffee, fruits, and has dairy farms.[18] There is a coffee plant called El Coquí located in Perchas 1, a barrio of San Sebastián.[22]

Special communities[edit]

Since 2001 when law 1-2001 was passed,[23] measures have been taken to identify and address the high levels of poverty and the lack of resources and opportunities affecting specific communities in Puerto Rico. Initially there were 686 places that made the list.[24] By 2008, there were 742 places on the list of Comunidades especiales de Puerto Rico. The places on the list are barrios, communities, sectors, or neighborhoods and in 2004 included the following areas in San Sebastián:[24][25]

  1. Guació barrio
  2. Boquerón
  3. Chinto Rodón
  4. Estalingrado
  5. Paralelo 38
  6. Parcelas Perchas II
  7. Pueblo Nuevo
  8. Tablas Astilla

In 2017, Governor Rosello created a new government agency to aid the Special Communities of Puerto Rico Program and Jesús Vélez Vargas, its director stated that the program was evolving with more streamlined ways to help the residents of these marginalized communities.[26][27]

Government[edit]

Like all municipalities in Puerto Rico, San Sebastián is administered by a mayor. The current mayor is Javier Jiménez, from the New Progressive Party (PNP). Jiménez was elected at the 2004 general election.

The city belongs to the Puerto Rico Senatorial district IV, which is represented by two Senators. In 2012, María Teresa González and Gilberto Rodríguez were elected as District Senators.[28]

Transportation[edit]

There are 30 bridges in San Sebastian.[29]

Culture[edit]

Plaza de la Identidad Pepiniana
Centro de Bellas Artes

In the town is a Fine Arts and Convention Center called Centro de Convenciones y Bellas Artes, which was in the last phase of its construction, as of February, 2019.[30]

Festivals and events[edit]

Heifer Festival and Hacienda La Fe mural in San Sebastián, May 2019

There are a number of festivals, events and holiday celebrations throughout the year in San Sebastián, including:[18]

  • Patronal Religious Fiesta - January
  • Three Kings Festival and Household Parties - January 6
  • Heifer Festival (Festival de la Novilla) - January
  • Chess Tournament - January
  • Ateneo Pepiniano Cultural Festival - January
  • Hammock Festival - July
  • Comeback to the Mountaintop - September

Sports[edit]

Plaque honoring Los Caribes

The Luis Aymat Cardona Coliseum is where the Los Caribes volleyball team plays their games.

In amateur baseball or baseball AA, the city is represented by the Patrulleros de San Sebastián, who play at the Juan Jose "Titi" Beniquez Stadium[31] and became champions of the Northwest area in 2019.[32]

Symbols[edit]

Flag[edit]

It consists of a rectangular flag of the usual proportions, crossed by a white waved band that separates its red superior part from the inferior one, which is green.

Coat of arms[edit]

The Mountains: With silver-plated borders, represent the characteristic mountains under which the vegetable namesake of the town grow (Pepinos) The Crown: Is the heraldic standard used to identify towns, villas and cities. The Sugar Cane and Coffee Branches: They represent main agricultural products.[33]

Notable people from San Sebastián[edit]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Puerto Rico:2010:population and housing unit counts.pdf (PDF). U.S. Dept. of Commerce Economics and Statistics Administration U.S. Census Bureau. 2010.
  2. ^ "San Sebastián Municipality - Municipalities - EnciclopediaPR". Fundación Puertorriqueña de las Humanidades (FPH).
  3. ^ "Preliminary Locations of Landslide Impacts from Hurricane Maria, Puerto Rico". USGS Landslide Hazards Program. USGS.
  4. ^ "Preliminary Locations of Landslide Impacts from Hurricane Maria, Puerto Rico" (PDF). USGS Landslide Hazards Program. USGS.
  5. ^ Alarcón, Daniel (23 August 2018). "What Happened in the Dark: Puerto Rico's Year of Fighting for Power". Wired.
  6. ^ "After Months Without Power, A Puerto Rico Town Strings Its Own Lines". NPR.org.
  7. ^ "Pepino Power Authority es una iniciativa de pueblo". El Nuevo Dia (in Spanish). 29 December 2017.
  8. ^ "San Sebastian". Puerto_rico9.tripod.com. Retrieved 2012-04-29.
  9. ^ Picó, Rafael; Buitrago de Santiago, Zayda; Berrios, Hector H. Nueva geografía de Puerto Rico: física, económica, y social, por Rafael Picó. Con la colaboración de Zayda Buitrago de Santiago y Héctor H. Berrios. San Juan Editorial Universitaria, Universidad de Puerto Rico,1969.
  10. ^ Gwillim Law (20 May 2015). Administrative Subdivisions of Countries: A Comprehensive World Reference, 1900 through 1998. McFarland. p. 300. ISBN 978-1-4766-0447-3. Retrieved 25 December 2018.
  11. ^ "Map of San Sebastián at the Wayback Machine" (PDF). Retrieved 2018-12-29.
  12. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved September 21, 2017.
  13. ^ "Report of the Census of Porto Rico 1899". War Department Office Director Census of Porto Rico. Retrieved September 21, 2017.
  14. ^ "Table 3-Population of Municipalities: 1930 1920 and 1910" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 21, 2017.
  15. ^ "Table 4-Area and Population of Municipalities Urban and Rural: 1930 to 1950" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 21, 2014.
  16. ^ "Table 2 Population and Housing Units: 1960 to 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 21, 2017.
  17. ^ "¡Qué muchas atracciones en San Sebastián del Pepino!". Primera Hora (in Spanish). 11 June 2013.
  18. ^ a b c "Municipio De San Sebastián". Enciclopedia PR (in Spanish). Retrieved 20 January 2019.
  19. ^ https://www.noticel.com/la-calle/policiacas/fallece-turista-al-caer-de-cascada-de-gozalandia/1100832189
  20. ^ https://nypost.com/2019/03/13/college-student-drowns-during-spring-break-trip-to-puerto-rico/
  21. ^ https://www.univision.com/local/puerto-rico-wlii/rescatan-a-turistas-atrapados-en-el-rio-gozalandia-en-san-sebastian-video
  22. ^ "Cafe El Coqui". cafe-elcoqui.
  23. ^ "Leyes del 2001". Lex Juris Puerto Rico (in Spanish). Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  24. ^ a b "Comunidades Especiales de Puerto Rico" (in Spanish). 8 August 2011. Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  25. ^ Rivera Quintero, Marcia (2014), El vuelo de la esperanza : Proyecto de las Comunidades Especiales Puerto Rico, 1997-2004 (Primera edición ed.), San Juan, Puerto Rico Fundación Sila M. Calderón, p. 277, ISBN 978-0-9820806-1-0
  26. ^ "Evoluciona el proyecto de Comunidades Especiales". El Nuevo Dia (in Spanish). 24 February 2017. Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  27. ^ ElVocero.com, Por. "Ya es ley Oficina para el Desarrollo Socioeconómico y Comunitario". El Vocero de Puerto Rico (in Spanish). Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  28. ^ Elecciones Generales 2012: Escrutinio General Archived 2013-01-15 at the Wayback Machine on CEEPUR
  29. ^ "San Sebastian Bridges". National Bridge Inventory Data. US Dept. of Transportation. Retrieved 19 February 2019.
  30. ^ González, Jennifer. "Gobernador supervisa proyectos en desarrollo en San Sebastián". Metro (in Spanish).
  31. ^ "San Sebastián consigue su boleto a la postemporada de la Doble A". Primera Hora (in Spanish). 25 April 2019. Retrieved 8 June 2019.
  32. ^ "San Sebastián avanza por primera vez desde 2013 al Carnaval de Campeones" (in Spanish). June 23, 2019.
  33. ^ I.C.P. San Sebastián del Pepino: Un inventario de sus recursos culturales. Arcelay Medina,Rubén. Diccionario Biográfico Pepiniano
  34. ^ "El lechón le dijo al pavo una vez" (in Spanish). November 22, 2012 – via YouTube.

External links[edit]