Sana'a International Airport
|Sana'a International Airport|
مطار صنعاء الدولي
|Owner||Government of Yemen|
|Operator||Government of Yemen|
|Elevation AMSL||7,216 ft / 2,199 m|
Sana'a International Airport (IATA: SAH, ICAO: OYSN) is the primary international airport of Yemen located in Sana'a, the capital of Yemen. It serves the city of Sana'a. Initially, a small passenger terminal was built in the 1970s. The runway is shared with a large military base with several fighter jets and transport aircraft of the Yemeni Air Force.
Impact of war
Due to the Saudi Arabian-led intervention in Yemen, a no-fly zone has been imposed over the entire country, as of 28 March 2015, so civilian flights have ceased operation. The only flights operating from then on were flights by foreign countries to evacuate their nationals. The militaries of India and Pakistan evacuated their citizens from Yemen as the war began.
On 29 April 2015, the airport was the target of severe bombardment from the Royal Saudi Air Force. The only runway and the passenger terminal building have been severely damaged and are unusable for the foreseeable future. On 9 August 2016, the airport was closed down once again after resumption of services by Yemenia due to closure of airspace by the Saudi-led coalition.
On 6 November 2017, in response to a Houthi missile landing in Saudi Arabia, the Saudi authorities closed the airport along with all other routes into Yemen. On 14 November of that year, the Saudi Air Force bombed the airport, inflicting damage upon it. On 23 November 2017, the authorities allowed the airport to reopen for aid flights, along with the port of Hodeidah. On 25 November, the four planes carrying humanitarian aid landed in Sana'a, the first such planes to land since the total blockade had been imposed.
Airlines and destinations
Currently, many of the formerly served routes are suspended due to the aforementioned heavy damage to the airport's facilities. In 2016, all of Yemenia's flights operated via Bisha Domestic Airport. However, Yemenia did not have the traffic rights to transport passengers solely to or from Bisha.
|Yemenia||Amman–Queen Alia, Cairo, Khartoum, Kuwait City, Mumbai (all suspended)|
Accidents and incidents
- On September 14, 1994, an Alymeda Boeing 737 flight from Aden to Sana'a, Yemen was hijacked by a man with a hand grenade. He reportedly demanded to be taken to Saudi Arabia. When the hijacker went into the flight deck, he was overpowered by security personnel who had entered the plane and was arrested.
- On October 30, 2011, a shelling attack by opposition tribesmen on the neighboring Air Force base damaged the airport's runway, forcing incoming flights to be diverted to Aden. There were no reports of casualties, although an ammunition storage and two fighter jets were destroyed.
- On November 21, 2012, A Russian made Antonov 26 crashed in the abandoned Al-Hasaba Marketplace. Pilots saw that there was an engine which caught fire. The aircraft was operated by the Yemeni Air Force.
- On February 19, 2013, A Yemeni Air Force fighter plane, Sukhoi Su-17 crashed on to a building shortly after taking off from Sana'a International Airport close to a busy road. The crash location was behind a local hospital. 18 people died and 16 were injured. Yemeni Air Force was concerned in the aftermath of two plane crashes.
- On June 23, 2014, British citizen and pro-democracy campaigner Andargachew Tsige was controversially arrested at Sana'a airport and later extradited to Ethiopia.
- On March 26, 2015, the Saudi Air Force bombed positions in Sana'a including the airport, in reaction to the 2014-15 Yemen coup d'etat.
- Sana'a airport has been closed to regular civilian scheduled traffic since March 28, 2015.
- Ghattas, Abir. "Yemen's No Fly Zone: Thousands of Yemenis are Stranded Abroad". Retrieved 8 April 2015.
- Ahmed, Amel (28 March 2015). "Stranded Yemeni-Americans consider alternate escape routes". Al-Jazeera. Retrieved 8 April 2015.
- Elbagir, Nima (6 April 2015). "CNN Crew flies into Yemen capital". CNN. CNN. Retrieved 8 April 2015.
- Eiselin, Stefan (April 30, 2015). "Krieg im Jemen trifft Billigairline". aerotelegraph.com. Retrieved June 27, 2017.
- "Aid trickles into Yemen after three weeks of blockade". Al-Jazeera. 25 November 2017. Retrieved 25 November 2017.
- Al-Haj, Ahmed (14 November 2017). "Saudi-led coalition bombs airport runway in Yemen's capital". ABC News. Retrieved 25 November 2017.
- Erickson, Amanda (22 November 2017). "Saudi Arabia just reopened two key ports in Yemen. That won't prevent a famine". Washington Post. Retrieved 25 November 2017.
- "Schedule Tue 01 Sep 2015". Yemenia Airways. 31 August 2015. Retrieved 1 March 2016.
- Hijacking description at the Aviation Safety Network
- "UPDATE 2 — Mortar shells hit Yemeni Air Force Base, destroying two fighter jets". BNO News. Archived from the original on 9 February 2013. Retrieved 31 October 2011.
- Plaut, Martin (July 4, 2015). "UK stands accused over extradition of Ethiopian opposition leader". The Guardian. Archived from the original on July 22, 2016.
- Mazzetti, Mark; Kirkpatrick, David. "Saudi Arabia Begins Air Assault in Yemen". New York Times. Retrieved 26 March 2015.
Media related to Sana'a International Airport at Wikimedia Commons