Sanada clan

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In this Japanese name, the family name is Sanada.
The emblem (Rokumonsen) of the Sanada clan

The Sanada clan (真田氏 Sanada-shi?) is a Japanese clan.[1] The Sanada were long associated with Matsushiro Domain in modern-day Nagano Prefecture.

History[edit]

The Sanada clan claimed descent from the Seiwa Genji.[1] Historically, the clans banner was established by Unno Yukiyoshi in the early 16th century. He emblazened the Rokumonsen on his banner. The Sanada were key vassals in the Takeda war machine contributing 3 Sanada's to Takeda's famous war generals, which were, Sanada Yukitaka(father), Sanada Nobutsuna(eldest son), Sanada Masayuki(second son), along with their younger brother Sanada Masateru.

Sanada Yukitaka established the clan and its name at the beginning of the 16th century.[1]

Sanada Masayuki

In the Sengoku period, Sanada Masayuki (1545-1609) led the clan. His second son Sanada Yukimura (1567-1615) served Toyotomi Hideyoshi starting in 1587.[2]

At the Battle of Sekigahara Nobushige(Yukimura) fought against Tokugawa Hidetada at Ueda Castle successfully delaying him from reaching Sekigahara with 38,000 reinforcements. He opposed the Tokugawa again at the Battle of Osaka where he died.[2]

Edo era[edit]

Sanada Nobuyuki (1566–1658) was the oldest son of Masayuki. In 1600, he sided with the Tokugawa. He was given control of Ueda Domain in Shinano Province and Numata Domain in Kozuke Province with revenues of 65,000 koku. In 1622, Nobuyuki was transferred to Matsushiro Domain (100,000 koku) in Shinano. His descendants remained there until the Meiji Restoration in 1868.[1]

Sanada clan forces took part in the attack on Aizu in 1868, on the side of the imperial army. They were slated to take charge of Aizu prisoners of war, but refused.[citation needed]

Modern era[edit]

In 1871, the former daimyo was made a count in the kazoku peerage system. The head of a cadet branch of the clan was given the title of baron.[1]

The Meiji-era ornithologist Yukiyasu Kiyosu was the son of Sanada Yukitami, the last lord of Matsushiro.[citation needed]

Family heads[edit]

  1. Yukiyoshi (Unno)
  2. Yukitaka
  3. Nobutsuna
  4. Masayuki[2]
  5. Nobuyuki[2]
  6. Nobumasa
  7. Yukimichi
  8. Nobuhiro
  9. Nobuyasu
  10. Yukihiro
  11. Yukitaka (2nd)
  12. Yukitsura
  13. Yukinori
  14. Yukitami
  15. Yukimura

Notable retainers[edit]

  • Sakuma Shōzan 佐久間象山 (1811–1864)
  • Hayashi Sanada (sometimes spelled Hayashi Sanda) 真田林 (1803–1842)

Television[edit]

NHK Television in Japan will be airing an annual Taiga broadcast about the Sengoku Jidai. This time (2016) it is the Sanada Maru.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Papinot, Jacques Edmond Joseph. (1906). Dictionnaire d’histoire et de géographie du Japon; Papinot, (2003). ("Sanada," Nobiliare du Japon, p. 52 [PDF 56 of 80]; retrieved 2013-5-3.
  2. ^ a b c d Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Sanada Nobushige" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 816.

External links[edit]