Sanada clan

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The emblem (Rokumonsen) of the Sanada clan

The Sanada clan (真田氏, Sanada-shi) is a Japanese clan.[1] The Sanada were long associated with Matsushiro Domain in modern-day Nagano Prefecture.

History[edit]

The Sanada clan claimed descent from the Seiwa Genji.[1] Historically, the clan's banner was established by Unno Yukiyoshi in the early 16th century. He emblazoned the Rokumonsen on his banner. The Sanada were key vassals in the Takeda army, with three famous generals being Sanada Yukitaka and his sons Sanada Nobutsuna, Sanada Masateru, and Sanada Masayuki.

Sanada Yukitaka established the clan and its name at the beginning of the 16th century.[1]

Sanada Masayuki

In the Sengoku period, Sanada Masayuki (1547–1611) led the clan. His second son Sanada Yukimura (1567–1615) was sent as a hostage to the Toyotomi clan in 1587. In 1594, he married Chikurin-in, an adopted daughter of Toyotomi Hideyoshi; therefore, he was officially Hideyoshi's son-in-law. [2]

In 1600, at the Battle of Sekigahara, Yukimura sided with the Western army. He fought against Tokugawa Hidetada at Ueda Castle, successfully delaying him from reaching Sekigahara with 38,000 reinforcements. He opposed the Tokugawa again at the Battle of Osaka where he died.[2]

Edo era[edit]

Sanada Nobuyuki (1566–1658) was the oldest son of Masayuki. In 1587 he married Komatsuhime, an adopted daughter of Tokugawa Ieyasu. Therefore he was officially Ieyasu's son-in-law. In 1600, he sided with the Eastern army. He was given control of Ueda Domain in Shinano Province and Numata Domain in Kōzuke Province with revenues of 65,000 koku. In 1622, Nobuyuki was transferred to Matsushiro Domain (100,000 koku) in Shinano. His descendants remained there until the Meiji Restoration in 1868.[1]

Sanada clan forces took part in the attack on Aizu in 1868, on the side of the imperial army. They were slated to take charge of Aizu prisoners of war, but refused.[citation needed]

Modern era[edit]

In 1871, the former daimyo was made a count in the kazoku peerage system. The head of a cadet branch of the clan was given the title of baron.[1]

The Meiji-era ornithologist Yukiyasu Kiyosu was the son of Sanada Yukitami, the last lord of Matsushiro.[citation needed]

Family heads[edit]

  1. Sanada Yukiyoshi (Unno)
  2. Sanada Yukitaka (幸隆)
  3. Sanada Nobutsuna
  4. Sanada Masayuki[2]
  5. Sanada Nobuyuki[2]
  6. Sanada Nobumasa
  7. Sanada Yukimichi
  8. Sanada Nobuhiro
  9. Sanada Nobuyasu
  10. Sanada Yukihiro
  11. Sanada Yukitaka (幸専)
  12. Sanada Yukitsura
  13. Sanada Yukinori
  14. Sanada Yukimoto

Notable members[edit]

Notable retainers[edit]

  • Sakuma Shōzan 佐久間象山 (1811–1864)
  • Hayashi Sanada (sometimes spelled Hayashi Sanda) 真田林 (1803–1842)

Television[edit]

NHK Television in Japan will be airing an annual Taiga broadcast about the Sengoku Jidai. This time (2016) it is the Sanada Maru.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Papinot, Jacques Edmond Joseph. (1906). Dictionnaire d'histoire et de géographie du Japon; Papinot, (2003). ("Sanada," Nobiliare du Japon, p. 52 [PDF 56 of 80]; retrieved 2013-5-3.
  2. ^ a b c d Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Sanada Nobushige" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 816.

External links[edit]