Sancho I of Pamplona

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Sancho I
King of Pamplona
Tenure 905 – 925
Predecessor Fortún Garcés
Successor García Sánchez I
Born c. 860
Died 925
Burial Castle of San Esteban Deio, Villamayor de Monjardín
Spouse Toda
Issue García Sánchez I, King of Pamplona
Urraca Sánchez, Queen consort of the Kingdom of León
Oneca Sánchez, Queen consort of the Kingdom of León
Sancha Sánchez, Countess consort of the County of Castile
Velasquita Sánchez
Munio Sánchez
Orbita Sánchez
House House of Jiménez
Father García Íñiguez
Mother Dadildis de Pallars
Religion Catholicism

Sancho Garcés I (Basque: Antso Ia. Gartzez; c. 860 – dead 925), also known as Sancho I, was King of Pamplona from 905 until 925. He was son of García Jiménez and was the first king of Pamplona of the Jiménez dynasty. Coming from a dynasty of great military and political power, Sancho I was the feudal ruler of the Onsella valley, and soon would expand his power to all the neighboring territories. He would be chosen to replace Fortún Garcés by the Pamplonese nobility in 905.


Sancho Garcés was born around the year 860, son of García Jiménez and his second wife Dadildis de Pallars. Around the time of death of King García Íñiguez he ruled the Onsella valley in the western lands of the kingdom. He managed to take control of the city of Pamplona while Fortún Garcés was still king, aided by Alfonso III of Asturias and the Count of Pallars. Along with the Pamplonese nobility, they plotted to remove the king's children from the line of succession, which passed down to the king's granddaughter Toda, who was married to Sancho Garcés. He proclaimed himself King of Pamplona in 905.

The Kingdom of Pamplona at the death of Sancho I

Throughout his reign, he involved himself in the squabbles among the Muslim lords to the south with repeated success. In 907, he turned on his former ally Lubb ibn Muhammad, killing him in battle. Four years later, another former ally, Galindo Aznar, joined with his brother-in-law Muhammad al-Tawil and Abd Allah ibn Lubb ibn Qasi to attack Sancho, but they were defeated and neutralized as a threat. Al-Tawil fled and was killed shortly afterward, and the power of the Banu Qasi was severely crippled, while Galindo was forced into vassalage to Sancho, leading to the incorporation of the County of Aragon into the Pamplona kingdom. In 920, he teamed with Bernard I of Ribagorza and Amrus ibn Muhammed, son of Muhammad al-Tawil, to attack Banu Qasi-held Monzón. His successes allowed him to join the Lower Navarre, to his own dominions, and extend his territory as far as Nájera. As a thanksgiving offering for his victories, he founded, in 924, the convent of Albelda.

He died near the town of Resa, close to the Ebro river on 10 December, 925 and buried in Villamayor de Monjardín.

Marriage and children[edit]

Sancho Garcés was married to Toda Aznárez, daughter of the Count Aznar Sánchez and Onneca Fortúnez, herself being daughter of Fortún Garcés. According to the Roda Codex, they had six children:


Preceded by
Fortún Garcés
King of Pamplona
Succeeded by
Jimeno Garcés