Sancho of Majorca

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Sancho
King of Majorca, Count of Roussillon and Cerdanya, Lord of Montpellier
Sancho1mallorca.jpg
Sancho's tomb in the Cathedral of Perpignan, by Frederic Marès
King of Majorca
Reign 29 May 1311 – 4 September 1324
Predecessor James II
Successor James III
Spouse Maria of Naples
House House of Aragon
Father James II of Majorca
Mother Escalaramunda de Foix
Born circa. 1274
Perpignan
Died 4 September 1324
Formiguères
Burial Cathedral of Perpignan
Religion Roman Catholicism

Sancho (Catalan: Sanç) (1274 – 4 September 1324), called the Pacific or the Peaceful (el Pacífic or el Pacífico), was King of Majorca, Count of Roussillon and Cerdanya, and Lord of Montpellier from 1311 to his death. He was the second son of James II and Escalaramunda de Foix, daughter of Roger IV, count of Foix. He inherited the throne when his elder brother James renounced his claim to became a Franciscan monk.

In his early reign, Sancho struggled to continue his father's policy of stabilising the kingdom, but the major city of the realm, Palma de Mallorca, fought for autonomy. He extorted money from the Jews to build a navy. In 1324, shortly before his death, he began construction of the Cathedral of Perpignan, in which he was buried.

Sancho married Maria of Naples, daughter of Charles II, king of Naples and Maria Arpad of Hungary. They had no (legitimate) descendants. This lack threatened the survival of the young independent state. He willed the kingdom to his nephew James to prevent it from falling to the Crown of Aragón.

Ancestry[edit]

Sancho of Majorca
Cadet branch of the House of Barcelona
Born: c. 1274 Died: 4 September 1324
Regnal titles
Preceded by
James II
King of Majorca
1311–1324
Succeeded by
James III
Count of Roussillon
1311–1324
Count of Cerdanya
1311–1324
Lord of Montpellier
1311–1324