Sanchore

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Sanchore
me
TOWN
Sanchore is located in Rajasthan
Sanchore
Sanchore
Location in Rajasthan, India
Coordinates: 24°36′N 72°00′E / 24.6°N 72°E / 24.6; 72Coordinates: 24°36′N 72°00′E / 24.6°N 72°E / 24.6; 72
Country  India
State Rajasthan
District Jalor
Government
 • Member of lok-sabha (Member of Parliament BJP) Devji M Patel
Elevation 52 m (171 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 32,875
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 343041

Sanchore is a town in the Jalore district in the Indian state of Rajasthan. It is the headquarters of the Sanchore tehsil located on National Highway 15. The historical town is situated 163.2 kilometres (101.4 mi) from the city of Jalore and was once known as Satyapur. Nearby villages include Pratappura (4.4 kilometres (2.7 mi) away), Chimrawas (55 kilometres (34 mi) away) and Dhamana (6.1 kilometres (3.8 mi) away).[2]

There is a prominent Jain temple in the town, and it hosts a cattle fair every year in April and May.[citation needed]

Economy[edit]

As of 2012 many infrastructure projects were in progress in Sanchor. Oil exploration company Cairn Energy, discovered 480,000,000 tonnes (1.06×1012 lb) of crude oil in the Barmer-Sanchore basin in 2010.[3] The Narmada Canal, which begins in Gujarat, enters Rajasthan state near the village of Silu in Sachore tehsil, after passing through 458 kilometres (285 mi) in Gujarat.

Pathmeda village near Sanchore has Gopal Govardhan Gaushala, one of the largest in India. Spread over 200 acres (0.81 km2), the gaushala takes care of more than 18,000 cattle.[citation needed]

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001, Sanchore had a population of 264653 (135761 Males constitute of the population and females 128892. Males constituted 53% of the population. Sanchore has an average literacy rate of 48%, lower than the national average of 59.5%. Male literacy is 62% and female literacy is 32%. Twenty percent of Sanchore's population is under six years of age.[4]

The Jain Shwetamber community is well-represented; they are mostly businessmen working in the stainless steel industry. Many Sanchori Jain families moved to Mumbai over past decades. their hometown. Despite many years of migration, the Sanchori people continue to stage religious functions and marriages in Sanchore. Nine Jain temples inhabit Sanchore. The most important temples are Godiji and Mahavirswami Mandir. The Jain community is divided into the Sthanakwasi (followers of Shri Prakash Muniji Maharajsaheb) and Derawasi (followers of Shri Kanakprabhasuriji, Shri Rajendrasuriji, Shri Ratnakarsuriji and Shri Maniprabhasagarji) sects. Dhankeshwer mandir Dhanta is 12 km away from Sanchore.

Common surnames in Sanchore are Rao, Kanungo, Bothra, Mehta, Doshi, Bhansali, Munot, Burad, Sanghvi, Chandan and Sheth .[citation needed]

History[edit]

Sanchore was a Hukumat of Chauhan Rajputs before the independence of India.

During the period of independence jalore jaswantpura and Sanchore were the part of jodhpur state. Which were also known as Hukumats of jodhpur states. In this hukumats permanents judicial and revenue administration were establish in 1882 and one administration board was made which was known as "Mahkma Kash" and "Court of Hakims" . Each pargna was under the jurisdiction of one Hakim. who looked after the judicial and revenue administration. each Hakim could entertain the civil suit till 500 Rupees and had the criminal powers of 4 Months of imprisonments and fine of 200 rupees and punish till "6 Kodas". and for the better administration later on wards one additional collector office was established in Sanchore. and for looking revenue administration one sub divisional office was established in Sanchore. and under that tehsildar and nybe tehsildar were appointed and under the Tehsil office patwar circle were made and patwari was appointed to look after patwar circle. To look after the panchayat raj works zila parishad was made at district level. Seven vikash khand were established under zila parishad from which one of vikash khand was made in sanchorewhose had is pradhan and secretary is Development officer. For looking after low and peace Dy. Superintendent of police office was established and under that different police stations are made.

This Pargana is on the south west side of Jodhpur. Its total area is 1818 sq. miles. The total area of "Khalsa Land" is 105 sq. miles. There were 234 villages and in 1921 the total population was 72221 which increased to 91811 by 1941. Yearly Malgujari was 20000 Rs. The major casts are balaiRajput Brahman Bishnoi Bhil Patel & Rebari. Land is sandy and major crops are bajra and wheat. The biggest river of pargana is Luni. By the water of this river wheat were bowed in thousands of Bigha's Land. In Bhawatra and surachand large quantity of salt was prepared from the water of Luni river in rainy seasons. Mostly the people of this area are dependent on cattle husbandry and the cows of this area are popular. There is no Nakkarbandh and tazimi jagirdars. The Thikana's of Chitalwana Hothigaon Surachand and Bhawatra are Bhomichara Thikana's. Bhomiya Chouhan's are rajputs who were also having there rajyas earlier here. The major kasba sanchore is situated 150 mile away from jodhpur in south west side of jodhpur on the bank of luni river. whose population was 1000. Which was formerly known as Satyapur. Here Yadav's parmarand Nadole Chouhan's have ruled this area. Chouhan's were send away from here by bihari pathan's then this area was in the hand of Jahagir for some period who later this area to Maharaja Sursingh and in 1628 AD. again this area taken back from sursingh and was gifted to Nabab Amir Khan. from 1642 AD to 1698 AD This pargana was under the Chouhan dynasty and for some period it was under the Bihari pathans of Jalore and Palanpur and at last in 1698 AD Rathore Ajitsingh captured this area and from then it was the part of Marwar state.

Growth and development[edit]

Sanchore experienced sharp since the turn of the century. Sanchore is strategically located on National Highway 15. Sanchore has many hotels, restaurants, or dhaabas and private hospitals. Sanchore tehsil has 70 schools (government and private), 2 English middle schools, some 10,000 students and 1,000 teachers.[citation needed] Banks include Bank of Baroda; State Bank of India, State Bank of Bikaner & Jaipur; and Punjab National Bank, Khara and cooperative banks including Jalore central; Marwar Gramin and a Life Insurance Corporation of India branch.

Sanchore has a growing automobile spare parts and tyre market and an industrial and commercial hardware market.[citation needed]

Narmada Canal[edit]

The Narmada Canal was inaugurated on 24 April 2008. Previously, Jalore and Barmer districts had highly saline water (Khaara Paani) and very poor monsoon.[citation needed] Consequently, agricultural productivity was poor and more than 65% of lands were barren.

The Narmada Canal in Rajasthan is 74 km long and has nine major distributaries.[clarification needed] The main canal, major and secondary distributaries supply an area of 1,477 square kilometres (570 sq mi) serving 124 villages in the Jalore and Barmer districts.

Broad gauge train conversion[edit]

The old meter gauge rail tracks were converted to broad gauge on the Dhanera - Raniwara- Bhinmal- Jalore - Ahor line. This will enable connection of long distance trains to neighboring villages. Western Railways along with the Railways Ministry is expected to add passenger trains to this route. Cargo trains (maal gaadis) have operated on these routes since July 2010.[citation needed]

The stations nearest to Sanchore are Raniwara, 47 km on State Highway 11; Dhanera, 42 km on MRD No 108; Bhinmal, 65 km on State Highway No 11.

Electric power[edit]

A 220Kv substation began supplying electricity to Sanchore in 2011, as part of Rajasthan's initiative to improve power delivery and thus make the state more attractive to industry. The substation was completed on National Highway 15, near Karola village. New 33/11KV substations at Golasan and Khara and substations at Khara, Gundau and Sarwana were under construction in 2010. Barmer has eight power projects of 125 MV each. These power projects will deliver electricity to the districts of Barmer, Jaisalmer and Jalore. The government of Rajasthan is also promoting solar energy. More than 15 companies obtained approval to establish plants. Barmer, Jaislamer and other dry zones of Thar desert are ideal locations for solar power generation.[citation needed]

Highway construction[edit]

National Highway 15 has been improved throughout Gujarat. The widening of National Highway 15 to 264 feet (80 m) and four lanes began in 20102.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Census of India Search details". censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 10 May 2015. 
  2. ^ "Sanchore". onefivenine.com - Explore India. onefivenine.com. 2010. Retrieved 9 May 2012. 
  3. ^ Special Correspondent (16 October 2010). "480-million tonnes oil found in Barmer basin". The Hindu. Retrieved 10 May 2012. 
  4. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 

External links[edit]