From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Sancocho de espinazo de cerdo
(pork spine sancocho)
TypeSoup or stew
Place of originSpain
Region or stateLatin America
Associated cuisineColombia,Spain, Canary Islands, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Honduras, Panama, Puerto Rico, and Venezuela
Main ingredientsMeat, vegetables, broth, yuca, platano

Sancocho (from the Spanish verb sancochar, "to parboil") is a traditional stew in Canarian cuisine and several Latin American cuisines. Latin variations represent popular national dishes in Dominican Republic, Colombia, Cuba, Honduras, Mexico, Ecuador, Panama, Puerto Rico, Trinidad and Tobago, and Venezuela. It usually consists of large pieces of meat, tubers and vegetables served in a broth.


Sancocho de guandú con carne salá (sancocho with pigeon peas and salted meat)
Sancocho de mondongo (mondongo sancocho or mondongo)

Canary Islands[edit]

Canarian sancocho is a dish based on salted fish (usually cherne or corvina), parboiled potatoes, sweet potato (unpeeled and in large pieces) and mojo (red or green).


Sancocho is a traditional food in Colombia made with many kinds of meat (most commonly chicken, hen, pork ribs, beef ribs, fish, and ox tail) with large pieces of plantain, potato, cassava and/or other vegetables such as tomato, scallion, cilantro, and mazorca (corn on the cob), depending on the region. Some top it off with fresh cilantro, onion and squeezed lime—a sort of "pico de gallo", minus the tomato. It is also served with a side of sliced avocado and a plate of white rice, which is usually dipped in with each spoonful of soup.[1]

Dominican Republic[edit]

Sancocho is considered one of the national dishes, along with "la bandera" (the flag), consisting of rice, generally red or black beans, some root vegetables and meat. Although, Dominicans usually serve the dish with white rice and avocados. There is a variant called sancocho cruzado or sancocho de siete carnes, which includes chicken, beef and pork, with other meats. Sancocho de siete carnes means "seven meat sancocho" and is considered the ultimate sancocho dish. Longaniza, a type of pork sausage, is also used. Sancocho de gallina (hen sancocho) is common as well, often made for special occasions like holidays or on weekends. While sancocho de habichuela (bean sancocho) and sancocho de guandules are common, other types of sancocho are very rare.[citation needed]


Also known as sancocho de gallina, it is the national dish of Panama. The basic ingredients are chicken, ñame (adding flavor and acting as a thickener, giving it its characteristic texture and brightness), and culantro (giving it most of its characteristic flavor and greenish tone); often yuca, mazorca (corn on the cob) and otoe are added. Other optional ingredients include ñampí (as the Eddoe variety of taro is known), chopped onions, garlic and oregano. It is frequently served with white rice on the side, meant to be either mixed in or eaten with each spoonful. Hot sauce is frequently added, depending on regional and individual preferences. Regional varieties include sancocho chorrerano (a specialty of the town of La Chorrera, which is only made with free-range chicken, onions, garlic, chili peppers, oregano and ñame[2]) and Sancocho chiricano (a specialty from Chiriquí Province and the heartiest variety, containing squash in addition to all basic and optional ingredients mentioned before, having a yellowish color as a result). It is often recommended as the best remedy for a hangover. It is used as a metaphor for the country's racial diversity due to the varied ingredients that contribute their particular properties to and have an equally important role in the cooking process and final product.


Reflecting its Spanish influence, sancocho is eaten in the Philippines, where the hearty stew is made with fish, beef shanks, three kinds of meat, chicken, pork butt, bacon, chorizo de bilbao and morcilla (Spanish blood sausage) as well as yucca, potatoes, cilantro, corn, cabbage, bok choy, carrots and string beans. The Ilocano dish pinapaitan is also known as sankutsar (or singkutsar) is made from stewed goat (or beef) and offal flavored with its cud.[3][4]

Puerto Rico[edit]

Sancocho is considered a fairly rustic dish. It is made with chicken and smoked ham (sancocho de gallina), top round beef (sancocho), pork feet with chickpeas (sancocho de patitas), beef short ribs with chorizo, or fish, shellfish and salted cod cooked in coconut milk and ginger with rice dumplings (caldo santo). There are several versions and every household has their own take on sancocho, but a true Puerto Rican sancocho always calls for corn on the cob, a variety of tubers, squash, green bananas, and meat. The hearty stew is served with a small bowl of rice, pique criollo, tostones, and bread.[citation needed]


Sancochos are prepared throughout the country, recognized as a typical meal of the weekend. The stew can be beef (usually in the Llanos region), chicken (usually central and western region), beef stomach and shank (simply called "tripe") or goat (here called "goat tripe", typical of western Falcón and Lara states) and fish or seafood (usually East and Caribbean coast). When mixing two types of meat (chicken and beef, etc.) is called crossover or "cruzado". Among vegetables and traditional spices for all varieties are yam, onion, garlic, salt, pepper, oregano, potato, cassava, jojoto (maize/corn), celery (celeriac), taro (mafafa/malanga), pumpkin (squash), cabbage, Chinese taro or Chirel hot pepper, cilantro, and green or topocho banana.[citation needed]

These soups are major Venezuelan cuisine dishes that are not usually accompanied by other foods. Consumed at lunchtime or in the evening, the stew is a common dish at celebrations, usually served during or after meals—the latter, according to popular belief, to relieve hangover. For this reason, it is typical to serve this dish for lunch on Christmas or New Year's Day.

Similar dishes[edit]

There is a similar dish in Costa Rica: it is called olla de carne (meat pot).

The Peruvian sancochado, made with meat chunks, corn, rice, and potatoes, is similar to the Colombian sancocho. It has the typical ingredients: yuca, plantain, and corn "choclo". It is usually made with beef but can also be done with hen,[clarification needed] chicken, or fish. Fish is particularly used in the coastal regions where peanuts are also added to give their characteristic flavor. A similar dish in Chile is called cazuela.

A soup similar to sancocho is called sancoche in Dominica, Grenada, Jamaica and Trinidad and Tobago.[5] It is also known as run down or dip and fall back in Jamaica, oil down in Trinidad and Tobago and Grenada, and metagee in Guyana.[5] In Trinidad and Tobago, it is known as sancoche or "Saturday soup", because, like the Venezuelan version, it is primarily eaten on the weekend. The fish version of the dish is known as "fish broff". Generally, these are heavily spiced with green seasoning, pimiento (seasoning pepper) and hot pepper (scotch bonnet). It is usually served with cassava or with arepas. Some people add lemon juice (especially fish). There are variants of the same, such as the cruzado and the three-phase, when three types of meat are combined. The popularity of this dish is seen at celebrations: instead of saying one is going to a party, it is common to "go to a sancocho." Colloquially, it is often simply called "soup". In some regions (as in Zulia state) it is given the name sopón.

See also[edit]


in México the dish is called COCIDO or CALDO DE RES. It consists of brazed beef short ribs ox tail carrots, celery, potatoes, corn on the cob, calabazas(squash) chayotes, garlic, onion, cilantro and garnished with lime and accompanied with tostadas. Variations are made with chicken, shrimp, or ALBONDIGAS(meatballs) another version is POZOLE which is slow cooked pork shoulder that shreds when boiled and pozoles or hominey with dried chile pods and garlic and oregano. Most famous is MENUDO or mofongo which is beef tripe and hominy and pig feet cooked the in a broth flavored by dried Guajillo chile pods garlic and oregano.


  1. ^ "La historia detrás del sancocho, el plato típico de Colombia y el más aclamado para los paseos de olla (in Spanish) - The story behind the sancocho, the typical dish of Colombia and the most acclaimed for pot walks". Infobae, Colombia, December 12, 2021. 12 December 2021. Retrieved February 11, 2023.
  2. ^ Un abanico de sabores panameños (in Spanish)
  3. ^ "Singkutsar (Ilocano Recipe, Parang Pinapaitan)". YouTube. 19 May 2021. Retrieved 7 October 2023.
  4. ^ "Can you eat beef bile?". Easy Dog Food Recipes. 20 July 2023. Retrieved 7 October 2023.
  5. ^ a b Mühleisen, Susanne (2022). Genre in World Englishes: Case studies from the Caribbean. John Benjamins Publishing Company. ISBN 978-90-272-5762-8.

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