Sand sole

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Sand sole
Pegusa lascaris.jpg
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Pleuronectiformes
Family: Soleidae
Genus: Pegusa
Species: P. lascaris
Binomial name
Pegusa lascaris
(Risso, 1810)
  • Pleuronectes lascaris Risso, 1810
  • Solea lascaris (Risso, 1810)
  • Solea scriba Valenciennes, 1837
  • Solea brasiliensis Kaup, 1858
  • Solea aurantiaca Günther, 1862
  • Solea auriantiaca Günther, 1862
  • Solea vermeuleni Metzelaar, 1919

The sand sole (Pegusa lascaris) is a fish species in the Soleidae family. Widespread in the north-eastern and south-eastern Atlantic, to the Gulf of Guinea in the south, also in the Mediterranean Sea.[3] Recorded in the Suez Canal.[4] Sometimes, it is mentioned for the Black Sea and Sea of Azov,[5] but mistakly because it is inhabited by another species, Blackhand sole, which was considered as subspecies P. l. nasuta (now as a different species).[6] It is a marine, subtropical, demersal fish, up to 40 centimetres (16 in) long.


  1. ^ Tous, P.; Sidibe, A.; Mbye, E.; et al. (2015). "Pegusa lascaris". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2015: e.T198553A15594886. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2015-4.RLTS.T198553A15594886.en. Downloaded on 29 March 2018.
  2. ^ Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2018). "Pegusa lascaris" in FishBase. February 2018 version.
  3. ^ Quéro, J.-C., M. Desoutter and F. Lagardère, 1986. Soleidae. p. 1308–1324. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 3.
  4. ^ Ben-Tuvia, A., 1990. A taxonomic reappraisal of the Atlanto-Mediterranean soles Solea solea, S. senegalensis and S. lascaris. J. Fish Biol. 36(6): 947–960.
  5. ^ Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2012). "Pegusa lascaris" in FishBase. December 2012 version.
  6. ^ Vasilyeva E.D. (2007) Fishes of the Black Sea, VNIRO, Moscow, 238 pp. (in Russian)