Sandae noli is a regional variant of Korean mask dance drama. According to some scholars, sandae noli may be the root form of many other Korean mask dance dramas today, as it was created and managed by the Sandae Dogam, a government office in charge of providing entertainment both in the capital and in important regional centers. This Sandae Dogam was disbanded in the early 1600s, leaving many performers unemployed and searching for work. It is thought that the stories of these performers became modern day plays such as Songpa Sandae Noli and Yangju Byeolsandae and influenced many other performance forms in Korea. Although modern Koreans tend to use the Korean term talchum to refer to all types of mask dance drama, talchum is properly only applied to three extant mask dance dramas from Hwanghae Province in North Korea.
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