Sanderstead

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Sanderstead
All Saints' Church, Sanderstead CR2 - geograph.org.uk - 84937.jpg
All Saints' Church, floodlit.
Sanderstead is located in Greater London
Sanderstead
Sanderstead
Sanderstead shown within Greater London
Population12,777 (2011 Ward)[1]
OS grid referenceTQ337613
London borough
Ceremonial countyGreater London
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townSOUTH CROYDON
Postcode districtCR2
Dialling code020
PoliceMetropolitan
FireLondon
AmbulanceLondon
EU ParliamentLondon
UK Parliament
London Assembly
List of places
UK
England
London
51°20′09″N 0°04′54″W / 51.3358°N 0.0818°W / 51.3358; -0.0818Coordinates: 51°20′09″N 0°04′54″W / 51.3358°N 0.0818°W / 51.3358; -0.0818

Sanderstead /ˈsɑːndərstɛd/ is a village and medieval-founded church parish in the London Borough of Croydon. It takes in Purley Downs and the Sanderstead Plantation, a large wooded park that includes the animated second-highest point in London. The area sits above a dry valley at the edge of the built-up area of Greater London. Cementing its secular identity from the late 19th century until abolition in 1965 it had a civil parish council.[n 1][2][3] The community had a smaller farming-centred economy until the mid 19th century.

All Saints' Church's construction began in about 1230 followed by great alterations and affixing of monuments including a poem attributed to John Dryden, the first Poet Laureate nationally; it is protected under UK law as Grade I listed.[4][5] Sanderstead station is at the foot of the dry valley and has frequent, fast trains to East Croydon, connected to a range of London terminals and interchanges.[n 2] Sanderstead is claimed to an origin of the English Sanders surname,[6] noting at least four separate geographical clusters formed by the 19th century, two of which were by 1881 far more populous.[7]

Sanderstead's Interwar growth coincided with electrification of the Southern Railway leaving largely a suburban community of households having at least one commuter to central London or Croydon.

History[edit]

The Grade I listed All Saints' Church, Sanderstead

There is evidence of prehistoric human activity in and around Sanderstead. In 1958–60 the Sanderstead Archaeological Group excavated in the vicinity of Sanderstead pond and revealed the presence of man as far back as the Mesolithic Period nearly 12,000 years ago, as well as pottery fragments dated between 100 AD and 1300 AD and a bronze belt from the end of the Saxon era.[8] North of the village at Croham Hurst, upon a wooded hill, are circular barrows believed to be from a Bronze Age settlement. This is now part of a public open space and the site is marked by a brass monument. A Romano-British homestead (small farming settlement) was discovered during the construction of the Atwood School. During the 1980s, when the school was extended, further excavation revealed the remains of several round huts, hearths, a brooch, and pottery, some of which hailed from North Africa.

An Anglo-Saxon reference to Sanderstead can be found in the will, dated 871, of Alfred, an ealdorman. The village lay within the Anglo-Saxon administrative division of Wallington hundred. It later appears to have been given to St Peter's Abbey, Winchester (Hyde Abbey) by Æthelflæd, the wife of Edgar the Peaceful and mother of Edward the Martyr, where it remained after the Norman Conquest.[9]

Sanderstead appears in the Domesday Book of 1086 as Sandestede, and belonging to St Peter's Abbey, Winchester. It had a noted population (probably of just the adult males) of 26 including 21 villagers, 4 slaves and 1 cottager.[10] Its Domesday assets were assessed as 5 hides, and 10 carucates of arable land. It had 9 ploughs and wood worth 30 hogs.[11] Its Domesday entry records that in the time of Edward the Confessor it was valued at 100 shillings, and now 12 pounds; and yet it produces 15 pounds.[12]

The village was granted to Sir John Gresham by Henry VIII following the Dissolution of the Monasteries. It was passed to his son Richard who subsequently sold it to John Ownsted, the transfer being ratified in 1591. Ownsted died without issue in 1600, and devised his estates to his two sisters and cousin Harman Atwood, with Atwood subsequently purchasing the shares of his joint legatees. The Atwood family had a long association with Sanderstead, with inscriptions at the local church indicating a presence in the village from the reign of Edward II.[13]

On Monday, 6 September 1731, the nearby Sanderstead Common was the venue for an important cricket match between Surrey and Thomas Chambers' XI, Surrey winning the match by an unknown margin.[14] On Monday, 26 June 1732, Surrey played London on the common. This match was drawn.[15]

The manor house, known as Sanderstead Court, was substantially remodelled by Harman Atwood. This large country house was probably first constructed in the early sixteenth century. The Atwoods continued to occupy the house until 1778, when it was devised to Atwood Wigsell. It was turned into a hotel in 1928, and before the Second World War it was used by the Royal Air Force (RAF). It was very badly damaged by fire (not a bomb) in 1944 and was demolished in 1958. One very small part of the hotel building does however still stand. On the site now stands "Sanderstead Court", a three-storey block of flats.

One of the more curious aspects of Sanderstead is that it has no pub, unlike nearby Warlingham which has around six.

On the edge of the village lies the site of the Old Saw Mill now home to a number of private residences and the picturesque setting for Sanderstead Cricket Club. Cricket has been played here since 1883 and continues to the present day with four teams playing in the Surrey Championship and a number of other Colts and friendly teams.[16]

Located between Limpsfield Road and Kingswood Lane is the large Kings Wood. It derives its name from a small wood to the north of Kings Wood Lodge. In 1823, Ordnance Survey Maps called the wood Sanderstead Wood, but this might be due to a mistake. It covers some 147½ acres, criss-crossed by ancient rides and is on relatively flat ground. It was purchased in 1937 under the Green Belt Act by the local council and is now public open space. There is the site of a Romano-British settlement on the northern boundary, a small farmstead undisturbed for 2000 years.[17]

Education[edit]

Sanderstead has four schools, namely; Atwood Primary School, Gresham Primary School, Kingsdown Secondary School and Ridgeway Primary School. It is also conveniently placed for a number of others located within a couple of miles from the village including Croydon High School, Harris Academy Purley, Riddlesdown Collegiate, Royal Russell School, The Quest Academy, Thomas More Catholic School, Warlingham School, and Whitgift School.

Demography[edit]

The 2011 census showed that White British was the largest ethnic group in Sanderstead ward, forming 76% of the population.[18]

Politics[edit]

Sanderstead has consistently returned Conservative Party MPs to the local seat of Croydon South and has also returned Conservative members to the local council. Since the north of Croydon tends to return Labour councillors, a near-identical split in representation follows. The current MP for Croydon South is Chris Philp.

Sanderstead is one of the twenty-four wards constituting Croydon London Borough Council. Three councillors are elected every four years to represent the ward on the Council. The current elected Councillors are:

Elected Member Ward
1998 Lynne Hale Sanderstead
2002 Timothy Pollard Sanderstead
2006 Yvette Hopley Sanderstead
Sanderstead 2018 (3)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Lynne Hale 3,971
Conservative Yvette Hopley 3,954
Conservative Timothy Pollard 3,944
Labour Paul Ainscough 908
Labour Lynda Graham 904
Labour Joshua Andrew 853
Liberal Democrat John Jefkins 498
Liberal Democrat Annie Jordan 462
Liberal Democrat Keith Miller 357
Green Matt Bullock 334
Green Hanna Short 285
Majority 3,036
Turnout
Conservative hold Swing
Conservative hold Swing
Conservative hold Swing

Notable residents[edit]

In alphabetical order:

  • John Atwood (1576–1644) was the Assistant Governor of the Plymouth Colony, in the US state of Massachusetts, in 1638. His childhood was spent at Sanderstead Court.
  • Margaret Bondfield (1873–1953), the first woman to sit in Cabinet in the United Kingdom (1929-1931), died in Sanderstead on 16 June 1953.[19]
  • Laurier Lister (1907–1986), theatre director and producer, was born in the village.[20]
  • Stephen Rumbold Lushington (1775–1868) lived for a time at Sanderstead Court, and his daughter was born there in 1816. He was Joint Secretary of the Treasury (1824–7), Governor of Madras (1827–32), and MP for Rye (1807–12) and for Canterbury (1812–30).
  • I, Ludicrous lead singer David Rippingale, aka William Hung, spent his formative years in Sanderstead (1958–71).
  • Kate Moss, model, lived in Addiscombe and then Sanderstead as a teenager. She went to Ridgeway Primary School, then Riddlesdown High School.
  • Malcolm Muggeridge was born in Broomhall Road on 24 March 1903.[21]
  • Ruth Ellis (1926–1955), the last woman to be executed in the UK, lived on Sanderstead Hill.
  • Charlie Kray, criminal and elder brother of gangsters Ronald and Reggie Kray, lived for a time in Limpsfield Road.[22]

Nearest places[edit]

Nearest railway stations[edit]

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ for the last fifty years of which, the CPC was an inferior body to the Coulsdon and Purley Urban District of Surrey, co-run by Surrey County Council and all of the London Borough of Croydon formed in 1965 lay in the latter county as 1965 saw the county's second major reduction
  2. ^ Other direct destinations are further from London: East Grinstead and Uckfield
References
  1. ^ "Croydon Ward population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 10 October 2016.
  2. ^ Vision of Britain - Sanderstead civil parish boundary
  3. ^ The Church of England Sanderstead ecclesiastical parish boundary
  4. ^ 'Parishes: Sanderstead', A History of the County of Surrey: Volume 4, ed. H E Malden (London, 1912), pp. 237-243. British History Online http://www.british-history.ac.uk/vch/surrey/vol4/pp237-243 [accessed 24 May 2018].
  5. ^ Stuff, Good. "Church of All Saints, Croydon, London". www.britishlistedbuildings.co.uk. Retrieved 19 April 2018.
  6. ^ Generations, a Thousand Year Family History by Ralph Sanders; ISBN 1425795722
  7. ^ Sanders surname in 1881 map of England
  8. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 12 January 2014. Retrieved 12 January 2014.
  9. ^ A topographical history of Surrey, by E.W. Brayley assisted by J. Britton ... By Edward Wedlake Brayley, John Britton, page 40
  10. ^ "Index of /place/TQ3461/sanderstead/". domesdaymap.co.uk. Retrieved 19 April 2018.
  11. ^ Surrey Domesday Book Archived 15 July 2007 at the Wayback Machine.
  12. ^ A topographical history of Surrey, by E.W. Brayley assisted by J. Britton ... By Edward Wedlake Brayley, John Britton, Page 40
  13. ^ A topographical history of Surrey, by E.W. Brayley assisted by J. Britton ... By Edward Wedlake Brayley, John Britton, Page 41
  14. ^ Buckley, p. 6.
  15. ^ Buckley, p. 7.
  16. ^ "Sanderstead CC". sanderstead.play-cricket.com. Retrieved 19 April 2018.
  17. ^ "Online communities". croydononline.org. 22 January 2016. Retrieved 19 April 2018.
  18. ^ Services, Good Stuff IT. "Sanderstead - UK Census Data 2011". UK Census Data. Retrieved 19 April 2018.
  19. ^ "Margaret Bondfield - British labour leader". britannica.com. Retrieved 19 April 2018.
  20. ^ IMDb [https://www.imdb.com/name/nm6735159/?ref_=fn_al_nm_1 Retrieved 10 August 2018.
  21. ^ My Life in Pictures ISBN 0-906969-60-3
  22. ^ "Kray on drugs charges". independent.co.uk. 2 August 1996. Retrieved 19 April 2018.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Buckley, G. B. (1935). Fresh Light on 18th Century Cricket. Cotterell.
  • Maun, Ian (2009). From Commons to Lord's, Volume One: 1700 to 1750. Roger Heavens. ISBN 978 1 900592 52 9.

External links[edit]