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Sandesh June 1988 front cover
|Editor||Upendrakishore Ray, Sukumar Ray, Subinoy Ray, Sudhabindu Biswas, Satyajit Ray, Subhash Mukhopadhyay, Leela Majumdar, Nalini Das, Bijoya Ray, Sandip Ray, Sujoy Shome|
Sandesh (Bengali: সন্দেশ, Shôndesh) is a Bengali children's magazine. It was first published by Upendrakishore Ray in 1913 through his publishing company, M/s U. Ray and Sons. Its publication has had to be stopped twice. The current phase is the third and longest running one, spanning more than 56 years.
The magazine was first published from its office in 22, Sukeas Street. Subsequently the office and the press were shifted to the new building built by Upendrakishore at 100, Garpar Road. Upendrakishore's son Sukumar Ray went to Great Britain for advanced training in printing technology, and he joined as an active partner after his return.
After the death of Upendrakishore Roychowdhury in 1915, his eldest son Sukumar Ray succeeded as the editor of the magazine in 1915. Sukumar was a brilliant writer famous for his humouous writings. The Sukumar Ray years established Sandesh as a unique magazine that combined literary values with humour and information from different parts of the world.
In 1923, after Sukumar's death, his younger brother Subinoy took charge of the magazine. He was a gifted writer, but he could not tackle the problems of a business facing a serious crisis. The business of U. Roy & Sons became insolvent and the publication of the magazine had to be stopped in 1925.
Revival of the magazine
In 1929 it was revived by the publisher who had purchased the machinery of Upendrakishore's firm. Subinay Ray remained one of the editors in this period. In 1934 the magazine again ceased publication.
Third and current phase
In 1961, the magazine was revived under the editorialship of Satyajit Ray, the famous film director (also the grandson of the founder Upendrakishore Ray and son of Sukumar Ray); and Subhas Mukhopadhyay, a famous poet. Many of Satyajit Ray's writings were first published in this magazine. One of his most famous stories for the magazine was "Bankubabur Bandhu" ("Banku Babu's Friend" or "Mr. Banku's Friend"), a Bengali science fiction story he had written in 1962 and which gained popularity among Bengalis in the early 1960s. Ray also introduced his famous characters Feluda and Professor Shonku in short stories he wrote for Sandesh.
In 1963, Satyajit's aunt, the writer Leela Majumdar became the honorary joint editor of the magazine in place of Sri Mukhopadhyay. In 1963 Satyajit Ray formed a non-profit literary co-operative, Sukumar Sahitya Samavaya Samity Ltd., with some like-minded friends and relatives, and this co-operative has since been running the magazine. Since the magazine was facing a financial crunch at the time, Upeendrakishore's daughter Punyalata Chakraborty offered the magazine free accommodation at her house at 172/3, Rash.
From 1974, Satyajit's cousin Nalini Das became honorary joint editor of the magazine. She was in effect the executive editor of the magazine in this period, while her husband Asokananda Das was the honorary publisher. In 1992-93, the magazine faced a crisis when Satyajit Ray, Nalini Das and Asokananda Das all died within a period of 14 months. From 1994, Leela Majumdar also became too ill to be able to continue as the executive editor.
From 1993-94, Sandip Ray, son of Satyajit Ray, became the joint editor of the magazine and Amitananda Das, son of Nalini Das became the publisher. However, the inexperienced team could not meet the challenge of the changing times, due to the competition from comics, TV, cable TV, and books with coloured illustrations. The total circulation of children's magazines dropped steadily in this period. Sandesh remained a black and white magazine, and it struggled, incurring losses and skipping issues.
In 2003, The Ford Foundation gave a grant of rupees 22 lakhs to Sandesh to make the magazine viable. Due to administrative failure of the editorial team of the period, though the magazine had many coloured pages and was more attractive visually, it was not viable financially. Between July 2005 and April 2006, the magazine missed several issues, and after May 2006 it skipped four issues.
In August 2006, a new attempt was made to revive the magazine. Since then the magazine has been published somewhat irregularly. Every year the Saradiya annual number has over 300 pages, and the literary quality of the stories and other contributions are generally highly appreciated. In 2012 and 2013, however, the office of the magazine had to be shifted to a temporary address, and the magazine could publish only three issues per year, each having 96 to 160 pages.
2013 was the centenary year of the founding of the magazine by Upendrakishore Ray. It was also his 150th birth anniversary, since he started the magazine when he was 50 years old. The "Nababarsha" (Bengali New Year) special issue of Sandesh was published in the second week of May 2013, commemorating the 150th birth anniversary of Upendrakishore.
The 300-page Saradiya annual issue, scheduled to be published in September/October 2013, was to have a special section with articles about the centenary.
The centenary of Sandesh was celebrated from 28 to 31 December 2013 with a special exhibition held at "Nandan" and other functions including film shows. A special issue of Sandesh celebrating the centenary year was published in December.
Early in 2014, Sandesh returned to its office at 172/3, Rashbehari Avenue, Kolkata 700029. Since then the regularity of publication has improved somewhat. Now one annual (Saradiya) issue of over 300 pages is published along with four other issues usually of 96 pages each. A series of recent special issues have been popular and the circulation of the magazine is increasing slowly but steadily. It was through Sandesh that new-age popular writer like Rajesh Basu came to the fore.
The February 2017 issue had a Sonar Kella cover story and the April 2017 issue had a Narayan Gangopadhyay cover story.
- Robinson, Andrew, Satyajit Ray: The Inner Eye, Andre Deeutsch Ltd., Great Britain, 1989. Page 22-23, 28-29 (illustrations 6 & 14), p. 297.
- http://articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/2003-02-25/kolkata/27287452_1_satyajit-ray-new-publisher-magazine (Newspaper coverage in March 2003).
- http://www.telegraphindia.com/1071014/asp/calcutta/story_8432509.asp (Newspaper coverage in October 2007).
- http://m.timesofindia.com/city/kolkata/Sandesh-scores-sweet-century-promises-to-bounce-back/articleshow/19589179.cms (Newspaper coverage in April 2013 about the centenary of Sandesh)
- http://www.telegraphindia.com/1130421/jsp/calcutta/story_16807900.jsp (Newspaper coverage in April 2013).
- "June launch for new-look Sandesh". Times of India. Feb 25, 2003. Retrieved 20 March 2017.