Sandfield Road's most famous resident was the author and academic J. R. R. Tolkien, another member of the Inklings, who lived at No 76 with his wife Edith from 1953 to 1968, towards the end of his time in Oxford. There is an inscription above the garage. When living here, Tolkien attended the Catholic Church of St Anthony of Padua in nearby Headley Way. Tolkien previously lived in Northmoor Road, North Oxford, and Holywell Street, in central Oxford. The following volumes of Tolkien's The Lord of the Rings novel were first published while he lived in this house:
Tolkien attended the Church of St Anthony of Padua nearby (opened in 1960) when he was a resident in Sandfield Road. In due course, Tolkien's private address at Sandfield Road received some publicity and his telephone number was in the Oxford telephone directory. In 1968, partly due to harassment by fans at his home in Sandfield Road, Tolkien moved to Bournemouth on the south coast of England.
W. H. Auden, an admirer of Tolkien, described his Sandfield Road house by reportedly stating "He lives in a hideous house, I can't tell you how awful it is — with hideous pictures on the walls."
Sandfield Day Nursery is in Sandfield Road.
- Oliver, Gill (23 February 2017). "Former Tolkien home is in popular location". Property. The Oxford Times. p. 1.
- "Sandfield Road, Headington, Oxford OX3". www.houseprices.co.uk. UK: House Prices.
- Brind, Ronald K. (2006). "J. R. R. Tolkien's Former Home in Sandfield Road". A Guide to the C.S. Lewis Tour in Oxford. Janus Publishing Company. pp. 85–87. ISBN 978-1-85756-626-0. 
- Carpenter, Humphrey (1977). "Chapter 1 – Headington". J. R. R. Tolkien: A Biography. Part VII, 1959–1973: Last years. George Allen & Unwin. pp. 235–249. ISBN 0-04-928037-6.
- "76 Sandfield Road". tolkiengateway.net. Tolkien Gateway.
- Inscriptions: J.R.R. Tolkien, Oxford History.
- Cranshaw, Richard; Collier, Ian; Butler, Andrew, eds. (2005) . The Tolkien Society Guide to Oxford: The sights of the Oxford of Professor JRR Tolkien CBE. Harmondsworth: The Tolkien Society. p. 24. ISBN 0-905520-17-3.
- "More homes with literary credentials". Daily Telegraph. UK.
- "The New Yorker Digital Reader". Archives. USA: The New Yorker. 15 January 1966.
- "Sandfield Day Nursery". Daynurseries.co.uk. UK.