Sandford St. Martin

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Sandford St. Martin
Sandford StMartin SE.JPG
St Martin's parish church
Sandford St. Martin is located in Oxfordshire
Sandford St. Martin
Sandford St. Martin
Location within Oxfordshire
Population209 (2011 Census)
OS grid referenceSP4226
Civil parish
  • Sandford St. Martin
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townChipping Norton
Postcode districtOX7
Dialling code01608
PoliceThames Valley
FireOxfordshire
AmbulanceSouth Central
EU ParliamentSouth East England
UK Parliament
WebsiteSandford St Martin & Ledwell
List of places
UK
England
Oxfordshire
51°56′20″N 1°23′24″W / 51.939°N 01.390°W / 51.939; -01.390Coordinates: 51°56′20″N 1°23′24″W / 51.939°N 01.390°W / 51.939; -01.390

Sandford St Martin is a village and civil parish in West Oxfordshire about 7 miles (11 km) east of Chipping Norton and about 12 miles (19 km) south of Banbury. The 2011 Census recorded the parish's population as 209.[1]

Geography[edit]

The parish measures about 4 miles (6 km) north–south, just over 1 mile (1.6 km) wide east–west at its widest point, and covers an area of 2,292 acres (928 ha). It northern boundary is the B4031 road linking Swerford Heath and Deddington. It is bounded in the south by a field boundary just south of the B4030 road linking Enstone and Westcott Barton. Streams form parts of the eastern boundary. The remainder of the parish is bounded by field boundaries.[2]

The highest point in the parish is Sandford Belt, which is on the western boundary of the parish about 12 mile (800 m) west of Ledwell and about 590 feet (180 m) above sea level.[2]

Sandford St Martin village is in the south of the parish around a former ford ocross Tyte brook, a tributary of the River Dorn. About 1 mile (1.6 km) north of the village is the hamlet of Ledwell, which is on Cockley Brook. In the north of the parish is Grove Ash, which is the site of a deserted Mediæval village that used to be a separate township.[2]

History[edit]

The village was called Sandford until about 1884, when the suffix "St Martin" was added to distinguish it from Sandford-on-Thames elsewhere in Oxfordshire and Dry Sandford in what was then the neighbouring part of Berkshire.[2]

The centre of the village is a small triangular green, on which is a stone cross. The base is Mediæval. The shaft probably dates from a restoration in 1856 by the Gothic Revival architect GE Street. The head is 20th-century.[3]

Sandford's current manor house was built about 1715, but it may include parts of an earlier house.[4]

Opposite the parish church is Sandford Park, which was built about 1700 and has a later 18th-century west wing. A north wing was added in the early 20th century and demolished in 1954.[citation needed] The house is a Grade II* listed building.[5]

In the 18th and 19th centuries there was a pub in Sandford near the Manor House. In 1774 it was licensed as the Silver Tavern. It was briefly renamed the Taylor's Arms, and from 1788 was called the Crown. It ceased trading early in the 1880s, allegedly because Edward Marshall, then occupant of the Manor House, objected to it being so near his home.[2]

Parish church[edit]

Arms of Elizabeth I above the chancel arch in St Martin's parish church

The earliest parts of the Church of England parish church of St Martin include the north arcade, which is of three bays and has octagonal columns. The chancel may have been completed in 1273, which is when the church was rededicated. The south door and vaulted porch are Decorated Gothic. Later in the Middle Ages Perpendicular Gothic features were added, notably the clerestory of the nave and the embattled west tower. On the east side of the chancel arch is a painting of the arms of Queen Elizabeth I[6] on a panel of wood.[7]

Chancel east window in St Martin's parish church

The church was restored in 1856 to designs by GE Street, who had the chancel rebuilt. One window in the church has stained glass made in 1974 by John Piper and Patrick Reyntiens to symbolise the Legend of Martin's cloak.[7] St Martin's is a Grade II* listed building.[6]

The west tower has a ring of six bells. Nathaniel Bolter and Humphrey Keene of Buckingham cast the third and fourth bells in 1629. James Keene of Bedford, who had a foundry at Woodstock, cast the second and tenor bells in 1630. Mears and Stainbank of the Whitechapel Bell Foundry cast the treble and fifth bells in 1871. The church has also a Sanctus bell that Richard Keene of Woodstock cast in 1695.[8]

The parish is part of the Dorn and Ridge Benefice, which was formed in March 2015 by the amalgamation of the benefice of Over Worton and Nether Worton with that of Westcott Barton, Steeple Barton, Duns Tew and Sandford St Martin.[9]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Sandford St. Martin Parish". nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 26 July 2018.
  2. ^ a b c d e Crossley et al. 1983, pp. 169–181.
  3. ^ Historic England. "Wayside cross  (Grade II) (1286017)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 26 July 2015.
  4. ^ Historic England. "The Manor House  (Grade II) (1052504)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 26 July 2015.
  5. ^ Historic England. "Sandford Park  (Grade II*) (1286006)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 26 July 2015.
  6. ^ a b Historic England. "Church of St Martin  (Grade II*) (1052510)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 26 July 2015.
  7. ^ a b Anonymous 2012, p. 5.
  8. ^ Davies, Peter (1 September 2017). "Sandford St Martin S Martin". Dove's Guide for Church Bell Ringers. Central Council of Church Bell Ringers. Retrieved 26 July 2018.
  9. ^ Dorn and Ridge Benefice

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]