Sandomierz County

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Sandomierz County
Powiat sandomierski
Flag of Sandomierz County
Coat of arms of Sandomierz County
Coat of arms
Location within the voivodeship
Location within the voivodeship
Coordinates (Sandomierz): 50°41′N 21°45′E / 50.683°N 21.750°E / 50.683; 21.750Coordinates: 50°41′N 21°45′E / 50.683°N 21.750°E / 50.683; 21.750
Country  Poland
Voivodeship Świętokrzyskie
Seat Sandomierz
 • Total 675.89 km2 (260.96 sq mi)
Population (2006)
 • Total 81,733
 • Density 120/km2 (310/sq mi)
 • Urban 29,472
 • Rural 52,261
Car plates TSA

Sandomierz County (Polish: powiat sandomierski) is a unit of territorial administration and local government (powiat) in Świętokrzyskie Voivodeship, south-central Poland. It came into being on January 1, 1999, as a result of the Polish local government reforms passed in 1998. Its administrative seat and largest town is Sandomierz, which lies 83 kilometres (52 mi) east of the regional capital Kielce. The county also contains the towns of Koprzywnica, lying 16 km (10 mi) south-west of Sandomierz, and Zawichost, 16 km (10 mi) north-east of Sandomierz.

The county covers an area of 675.89 square kilometres (261.0 sq mi). As of 2006 its total population is 81,733, out of which the population of Sandomierz is 25,088, that of Koprzywnica is 2,531, that of Zawichost is 1,853, and the rural population is 52,261.

Neighbouring counties[edit]

Sandomierz County is bordered by Kraśnik County to the north-east, Stalowa Wola County to the east, the city of Tarnobrzeg and Tarnobrzeg County to the south, and Staszów County and Opatów County to the west.

Administrative division[edit]

The county is subdivided into nine gminas (one urban, two urban-rural and six rural). These are listed in the following table, in descending order of population.

Gmina Type Area
Sandomierz urban 28.8 25,088  
Gmina Dwikozy rural 84.8 9,087 Dwikozy
Gmina Samborzec rural 85.4 9,007 Samborzec
Gmina Klimontów rural 99.2 8,628 Klimontów
Gmina Łoniów rural 87.0 7,513 Łoniów
Gmina Koprzywnica urban-rural 69.2 7,043 Koprzywnica
Gmina Obrazów rural 71.9 6,715 Obrazów
Gmina Zawichost urban-rural 80.2 4,724 Zawichost
Gmina Wilczyce rural 69.9 3,928 Wilczyce

Sandomierz County in the Past[edit]

The history of Sandomierz County dates back to the mid-14th century, when King Kazimierz Wielki reformed territorial structure of Poland. Since Sandomierz had already been one of most important cities of the kingdom, and the seat of a castellan, the castellany was replaced by a county. Until the first partition of Poland, Sandomierz County had the area of 6290 sq. kilometers. Stretched along both banks of the Vistula, in 1667 it included such towns, as Opatow, Polaniec, Staszow, Wachock, Rudnik nad Sanem, Zawichost, Nowa Slupia, Mielec and Ozarow.

Sandomierz County also existed in the Duchy of Warsaw, Russian-controlled Congress Poland (as part of Radom Governorate), and Second Polish Republic (as part of Kielce Voivodeship (1919–39)).