Sandra Pupatello

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Sandra Pupatello
Sandra Pupatello at the Toronto Board of Trade - 2013 (8393666736) (cropped).jpg
Pupatello at the Toronto Region Board of Trade in 2013
Chair of Hydro One
In office
Preceded byJames Arnett
Succeeded byDavid Denison
Ontario MPP
In office
Preceded byRiding established
Succeeded byTeresa Piruzza
ConstituencyWindsor West
In office
Preceded byGeorge Dadamo
Succeeded byRiding abolished
Personal details
Sandra Pizzolitto

(1962-10-06) October 6, 1962 (age 56)
Windsor, Ontario, Canada
Political partyOntario Liberal Party
Spouse(s)Jim Bennett
ResidenceWindsor, Ontario, Canada
Alma materUniversity of Windsor

Sandra Pupatello (born October 6, 1962) is a politician in Ontario, Canada. She served in the Legislative Assembly of Ontario from 1995 to 2011 as a member of the Ontario Liberal Party, serving as a Minister in the government of Dalton McGuinty. She did not run in the 2011 provincial election and took a position as director of business and global markets at PricewaterhouseCoopers. On November 8, 2012, Pupatello announced her candidacy for the leadership of the Liberal Party of Ontario. On January 26, 2013, she lost to Kathleen Wynne on the third and final ballot. Afterwards, she reportedly declined an offer to join Wynne's cabinet, instead returning to PricewaterhouseCoopers.[1] Pupatello served as chair of Hydro One from 2014 to 2015.[2]

Pupatello is married to Jim Bennett, a former leader of the Newfoundland and Labrador Liberal Party.

Early life and career[edit]

Pupatello was born Sandra Pizzolitto in Windsor, Ontario. She became politically active by campaigning for Liberal Member of Parliament (MP) Herb Gray in the 1970s.[3] She holds a Bachelor of Arts degree from the University of Windsor (1986).[4] She remained in the city after her graduation, serving as general manager of the city's Rotary Club and executive director of the Essex County Kidney Foundation of Canada.[5] She was also a board member of the Windsor Regional Hospital and Windsor Regional Children's Centre, and was president of the Fogolar Furlan Club. Pupatello was named "Italian of the Year" for Windsor-Essex County in 1996, received the Charlie Clark Award for Outstanding Service from the University of Windsor in 2001, and was named "Windsor Woman of the Year" in 2003.[6]

In opposition[edit]

Pupatello was first elected to the Ontario legislature in the 1995 provincial election, defeating New Democratic Party candidate Arlene Rousseau by 5,526 votes in Windsor—Sandwich. The seat had previously been held by New Democrat George Dadamo, who did not seek re-election. The Progressive Conservative Party won a majority government in the election, and Pupatello entered the legislature as an opposition Member of Provincial Parliament (MPP). During her first term, she served as Official Opposition Critic for Community and Social Services, Children's issues, Youth Issues, and the Management Board of Cabinet.

Pupatello was co-manager of Dwight Duncan's 1996 campaign to lead the Ontario Liberal Party.[7] Like Duncan, she supported Gerard Kennedy on the final ballot.[8]

Pupatello was re-elected by a landslide in the 1999 provincial election for the redistributed constituency of Windsor West, while the Progressive Conservatives were re-elected to a second consecutive majority government. Pupatello remained a member of the opposition frontbench, serving over the next four years as Deputy Leader of the Opposition and Official Opposition Critic for Health and Long-Term Care.

She was a vocal critic of the Mike Harris and Ernie Eves governments, frequently criticizing cutbacks to child care and other programs.[9] In 1997, she introduced a Private Member's Resolution intended to stop cutbacks to hospital funding.[10] She later criticized the Progressive Conservative government's plans to introduce a private MRI clinic, arguing that it posed a long-term threat to public health-care.[11]

In government[edit]

The Liberal Party won a majority government in the 2003 provincial election, and Pupatello was again re-elected in Windsor West with a significant majority. On October 23, 2003, she was appointed to cabinet as Minister of Community and Social Services with responsibility for Women's Issues. There was some speculation that she would be appointed Deputy Premier as well, but this position was instead left vacant until George Smitherman's appointment in 2006.[12] Pupatello was spoken of as a possible candidate for the leadership of the Ontario Liberal Party when Dalton McGuinty retires as early as 2006.[13]

Minister of Community and Social Services[edit]

Pupatello's most important responsibility in the Community and Social Services portfolio was overseeing Ontario's welfare and disability assistance system. Shortly after taking office, she announced that her government would remove a lifetime ban on welfare recipients who are caught cheating on their applications. Pupatello described the rule as counterproductive, in that many welfare officials were reluctant to bring forward charges out of concern for the extreme punitive consequences.[14] She also announced that her government would take greater steps to find parents who are delinquent with child support payments.[15]

In March 2004, Pupatello announced $2 million to assist low-income Ontarians with increased hydro bills.[16] In June, she announced $10 million to help Ontarians with physical disabilities modify their houses and cars.[17]

Pupatello introduced a 3% social assistance rate increase in 2004, the first such increase after twelve years of freezes. Mechanical difficulties with computers purchased by the Mike Harris government subsequently delayed its implementation, and the province implemented lump-sum payments instead.[18] Later in 2004, Pupatello announced that her government would eliminate a rule requiring welfare recipients to liquidate their education savings plans. Speaking to the media, Pupatello described the requirement as "a dumb rule that works at cross-purposes to what welfare is supposed to be doing for people and their families".[19] In 2005, she announced the creation of the JobsNow program to help welfare recipients enter the workforce.[20]

In January 2005, Pupatello was appointed to chair an ad hoc cabinet committee on the modernization of government.[21]

Pupatello spearheaded passage of the Adoption Information Disclosure Act in 2005, allowing birth records to be released to adoptees. Ontario Privacy Commissioner Ann Cavoukian was a critic of the bill, arguing that it was not sufficiently respectful of the promises of anonymity made to birth parents at the time of adoption.[22] Pupatello argued that the bill was necessary to provide adoptees with information about their personal history, and has noted that it provides safeguards for instances where safety issues are a concern.[23]

In November 2005, the Ministry of Community and Social Services, under Pupatello's leadership, rolled out a series of amendments to the special diet allowance, a program which provides additional funding of up to $250 per month for social assistance recipients to cover the increased costs of certain medically related diets. Groups such as the Ontario Coalition Against Poverty had previously encouraged recipients to apply for the benefit and there had been a significant increase in the number of requests. Pupatello argued that there was a loophole in the program, it was being exploited by activist groups and that the resulting drain on the system needed to be corrected. Several anti-poverty groups criticized the decision.[24] In February 2008, the Ontario Human Rights Commission referred a group of complaints to the Human Rights Tribunal of Ontario, asserting that the 2005 amendments violated the Ontario Human Rights Code.[25] The Tribunal hearings are scheduled to take place in 2009.

Pupatello announced in January 2006 that her department would close Ontario's three remaining government-operated institutions for mentally disabled adults, and assist the occupants with moving into more integrated community facilities. She noted that a "sea change in attitude" had occurred over institutionalization practices since the buildings were first established, and that greater integration was now the preferred approach. Previous ministers, including John Baird, had also called for the buildings to close. Critics argued that the plan could put the patients at risk.[26]

In March 2006, the McGuinty government was criticized for a backlog in approving provincial disability allowances. Pupatello described the backlog as "totally unacceptable", and announced that her ministry would work to correct it.[27]

Social assistance rates were raised again by 2% in 2006. Pupatello also introduced policy to allow further money to be 'flowed through' from the federal government's National Child Benefit Supplement in each year since 2003.[28] She was unable to implement a planned removal of the federal tax credit clawback, and argued that the deficit inherited from the previous government made this change unviable before 2007.[29]

Minister of Education[edit]

Pupatello was promoted to Minister of Education on April 5, 2006, after Gerard Kennedy resigned to run for the federal Liberal leadership. The following month, she announced that her government would give $3 million to the Kids Help Phone service to set up a 24-hour anti-bullying hotline.[30] She also pledged more than $1 million to provide young students with swimming and water survival lessons, in the aftermath of a series of drowning deaths in the Guelph area the previous year.[31]

In late May 2006, Pupatello introduced a strategic high school transition plan intended to reduce Ontario's high-school dropout rate.[32] The following month, she introduced a $50 million plan for teacher training and reduced wait times for special needs programs.[33] She also worked toward solving the vexing issue of the teacher funding formula, a problem that the Liberals inherited from the previous government.[34]

Pupatello also announced a comprehensive plan for changes at TV Ontario, including a greater focus on educational programming and more money for equipment upgrades. The popular Studio 2 program was cancelled, and replaced by a nightly current affairs show called The Agenda. Some opposition politicians charged political interference in the latter decision, but this was denied by both Pupatello and Studio 2 host Steve Paikin.[35]

During the summer of 2006, Pupatello criticized a number of Ontario school boards for failing to balance their books. She appointed a financial adviser to the Dufferin-Peel Catholic District School Board, which was experiencing difficulties balancing its budget.[36] Pupatello also targeted administrative costs in the Toronto District School Board, arguing that the board had the means to balance its books without program cuts.[37] In late August, she appointed two provincial representatives to review the TDSB books.[38]

During a September 2006 by-election Parkdale—High Park, Pupatello engaged in a controversial negative campaign on behalf of Liberal candidate Sylvia Watson. She accused New Democratic Party candidate Rev. Cheri DiNovo of comparing Canada's media coverage of serial killer Karla Homolka to the persecution of Jesus Christ, and suggested that DiNovo was unfit to run for parliament.[39] Many argued that Pupatello took DiNovo's words completely out of context, and opposition politicians accused the Liberals of conducting a smear campaign.[40] The effort backfired, and DiNovo was elected by a significant margin. Pupatello has defended her role in the campaign, saying "If I was presented once again with apparently what is factual and has yet to be refuted and that is sermons that were posted on the world wide web ... I would have exactly the same opinion as I do today".[41]

Minister of Economic Development and Trade[edit]

Pupatello was reassigned as Minister of Economic Development and Trade on September 18, 2006, following the resignation of Joe Cordiano. This was generally interpreted as a demotion, although at least one columnist has suggested that holding an economic portfolio could help Pupatello's long-term political ambitions.[42]

Pupatello led provincial trade delegations to Alberta in late 2006 and early 2007, promoting Ontario's business sector to the western province's booming economy.[43][44] She also took part in a trade mission to India and Pakistan in January 2007,[45][46] and went on a four-day trade mission to Japan in April of the same year. Her department has also set up a growing number of marketing centres around the world.[47]

Minister Responsible for Women's Issues[edit]

In late 2005, Pupatello introduced a program to assist provincial emergency workers in identifying cases of domestic abuse.[48] She has also introduced several initiatives to assist women from low income backgrounds in entering the job market.[49] She introduced "" in November 2006, to encourage equal relationships between young boys and girls.[50] In the same month, she announced $2.1 million for interpreter services for victims of domestic violence.[51]

Minister of International Trade and Investment[edit]

In September 2008, she was appointed the province's Minister of International Trade and Development, which was created with the mandate of attracting new investment in Ontario.[52]

Minister of Economic Development and Trade[edit]

In June 2009, she was appointed the Minister of Economic Development and Trade, a new ministry that combined three previous ministries: Small Business, International Trade and Investment and Economic Development.[53]

In June 2011, she announced that she would not seek re-election in the October 2011 general election.[54]

Federal politics[edit]

Pupatello supported Paul Martin's bid to succeed Jean Chrétien as leader of the Liberal Party of Canada.[55] She also supported Michael Ignatieff's bid for the party leadership in 2006.[56]

In 2015, there was speculation that she may run for the federal Liberals in Windsor West in the October 2015 federal election and attempt to unseat NDP incumbent Brian Masse.[57]

2013 Ontario Liberal leadership bid[edit]

On 8 November 2012 Pupatello announced that she was leaving her Bay Street job to seek the leadership of the Ontario Liberal Party.[58] She lost to Kathleen Wynne who subsequently asked her to become Minister of Finance in her first cabinet; Pupatello declined in favour of returning to the private sector.[59][60]

Hydro One[edit]

The provincial government appointed Pupatello to the board of Hydro One, the province's largest electricity company, in November 2013 and subsequently appointed her chair effective April 2014.[61] She was succeeded as chair by David F. Denison on April 16, 2015, but remained on the Hydro One board of directors.[62]

Windsor-Essex Economic Development Corporation[edit]

In May 2013, Pupatello was named CEO of the municipally owned Windsor-Essex Economic Development Corporation and occupied that position in addition to her old position at PricewaterhouseCoopers.[63] She resigned in July 2015, despite having two years left in her contract,[64] after months of criticism from some Windsor city councillors who grilled Pupatello over the WEEDC's failure to create jobs in the region.[65]

Table of offices held[edit]

Ontario Provincial Government of Dalton McGuinty
Cabinet posts (6)
Predecessor Office Successor
Michael Bryant Minister of Economic Development and Trade
Brad Duguid
Ministry created Minister of International Trade and Investment
Ministry merged
Joe Cordiano Minister of Economic Development and Trade
Michael Bryant
Dianne Cunningham Minister Responsible for Women's Issues
Deb Matthews
Gerard Kennedy Minister of Education
Kathleen Wynne
Brenda Elliott[nb 1] Minister of Community and Social Services
Madeleine Meilleur

Electoral record[edit]

Ontario general election, 2007
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Sandra Pupatello 16,783 50.2% -12.32%
New Democratic Mariano Klimowicz 8,560 25.6% +4.62%
Progressive Conservative Lisa Lumley 5,668 17.0% +5.1%
Green Jason Richard Haney 1,986 5.9% +2.4%
Family Coalition Daniel Joseph Dionne 451 1.4%

Ontario general election, 2003: Windsor West
Party Candidate Votes % Expenditures
Liberal Sandra Pupatello 21,993 62.51 $60,548.00
New Democratic Yvette Blackburn 7,383 20.99 $19,508.14
     Progressive Conservative Derek Insley 4,187 11.90 $16,958.37
Green Cary M. Lucier 1,233 3.50 $5,046.40
(Independent Renewal)
Enver Villamizar 386 1.10 $0.00
Total valid votes 35,182 100.00
Rejected, unmarked and declined ballots 317
Turnout 35,499 43.87
Electors on the lists 80,924

Ontario general election, 1999: Windsor West
Party Candidate Votes % Expenditures
Liberal Sandra Pupatello 24,388 65.50 $36,524.00
     Progressive Conservative David McCamon 6,229 16.73 $18,201.57
New Democratic Liam McCarthy 5,762 15.48 $32,434.80
Green Timothy Dugdale 420 1.13 no return filed
     Ind. (Marxist-Leninist) Robert Cruise 270 0.73 $2,023.00
Natural Law Lynn Tobin 162 0.44 $0.00
Total valid votes 37,231 100.00
Rejected, unmarked and declined ballots 403
Turnout 37,634 49.27
Electors on the lists 76,382

Ontario general election, 1995: Windsor—Sandwich
Party Candidate Votes % Expenditures
Liberal Sandra Pupatello 11,940 47.12 $36,803.00
New Democratic Arlene Rousseau 6,414 25.31 $10,442.27
     Progressive Conservative Joe Durocher 5,704 22.51 $27,112.47
Family Coalition Earl Amyotte 610 2.41 $3,426.21
     Independent Christine Wilson 410 1.62 $73.28
Natural Law Ronald F. Bessette 263 1.04 $0.00
Total valid votes 25,341 100.00
Rejected, unmarked and declined ballots 428
Turnout 25,769 50.11
Electors on the lists 51,421

All electoral information is taken from Elections Ontario. The expenditure figures cited on this page for all elections after 1995 are the Total Candidate's Campaign Expenses Subject to Limitation, and include transfers from constituency associations.



  1. ^ Elliott's official title was "Minister of Community, Family and Children's Services". The department was restructured and renamed in 2003. Biographical information from both of these sites has been incorporated into this article.


  1. ^ "Sandra Pupatello named CEO of WindsorEssex Economic Development Corp". Toronto Star. May 14, 2013. Retrieved May 16, 2013.
  2. ^ "Sandra Pupatello out as chair of Hydro One". Windsor Star. April 16, 2015. Retrieved April 16, 2015.
  3. ^ Carolyn Abraham, "Not just the sexiest woman in the legislature", Hamilton Spectator, 17 March 1997, B6. Pupatello's last name before marriage was Pizzolitto.
  4. ^ Gord Henderson, "If you want to get ahead, do nothing", Windsor Star, 14 February 1987, A7.
  5. ^ "Rotary club names Rudman to top post", Windsor Star, 14 February 1996, A3.
  6. ^ Sandra Pupatello, official biographical sketch.
  7. ^ Richard Brennan, "It's official: Duncan wants Grit top job", Windsor Star, 25 June 1996, A1.
  8. ^ Jim Coyle, "Hapless Grit leadership hopeful taped his own demise", Ottawa Citizen, 6 December 1996, A17.
  9. ^ Laurie Monsebraaten, "Day-care cuts called an attack on children", Toronto Star, 21 July 1995, A6.
  10. ^ William Walker, "6 Tories vote for resolution to curb hospital closings", Toronto Star, 28 February 1997, A2.
  11. ^ Colin Perkel, "Ontario plan to allow publicly funded private MRI clinics assailed by critics", The Canadian Press, 8 July 2002, 14:38 report.
  12. ^ Adam Radwanski, "Few veterans, more untrieds", National Post, 22 October 2003, A13.
  13. ^ Robert Benzie and Rob Ferguson, "Successors to premier already eyeing job", Toronto Star, 4 October 2006, A7.
  14. ^ Colin Perkel, "Liberal government scraps lifetime ban for cheating welfare recipients", Canadian Press, 9 January 2004, 15:54 report.
  15. ^ Rita Trichur, "Ontario government announces new crackdown on deadbeat parents", Canadian Press, 7 February 2004, 17:05 report.
  16. ^ Keith Leslie, "Liberals promise millions to help low-income renters, hydro users", Canadian Press, 28 March 2004, 16:30 report.
  17. ^ Gillian Livingston, "Ontario to spend $10M more to help those with disabilities modify home, car", Canadian Press, 23 June 2004, 14:29 report.
  18. ^ Canadian Press, "Computer problems delay hike for Ontario's disabled and welfare recipients", 6 July 2004, 01:38 report.
  19. ^ Richard Brennan, "Education plans safe under welfare change", Toronto Star, 7 October 2004, A08.
  20. ^ "Ontario launches project to help people leave welfare", Guelph Mercury, 21 April 2005, A7.
  21. ^ Ian Urquhart, "Liberal 'mod squad' aims to reinvent government", Toronto Star, 19 January 2005, A21.
  22. ^ "New adoption bill threatens privacy", Toronto Star, 27 October 2005, A24.
  23. ^ Sandra Pupatello, "Why Ontario's adoption law had to be changed", Toronto Star, 7 November 2005, A17.
  24. ^ Jake Rupert, "Ontario plan threatens health of poor people, officials say", Ottawa Citizen, 4 April 2006, D7.
  25. ^ Ball v. Ontario (Community and Social Services), 2008 HRTO 19 (CanLII)
  26. ^ "Integration puts developmentally disabled at risk: critics", Ottawa Citizen, 19 May 2005, C5; Steve Erwin, "Ont. to close last government homes for adults with developmental disabilities", Canadian Press, 26 January 2006, 18:14 report.
  27. ^ Kerry Gillespie, "Province 'to fix' disability backlog", Toronto Star, 16 March 2006, A1.
  28. ^ Gillian Livingston, "Welfare, disability rates up 2 per cent", Canadian Press, 23 March 2006, 18:13 report.
  29. ^ "Minister admits failure to keep clawback promise", Guelph Mercury, 3 March 2006, A5.
  30. ^ Tess Kalinowski, "$3M grant for help line to fight bullying", Toronto Star, 17 May 2006, A20.
  31. ^ Greg Mercer, "Swim lessons program on steep learning curve", Guelph Mercury, 18 May 2006, A1.
  32. ^ "Ontario plan aims to cut dropout rate", Kitchener-Waterloo Record, 31 May 2006, A14.
  33. ^ Kerry Gillespie, "Special-ed system gets $50 million infusion", Toronto Star, 9 June 2006, A15.
  34. ^ Ian Urquhart, "Schools still battle with cash shortfalls", Toronto Star, 19 June 2006, A17.
  35. ^ Karen Howlett, "TVO to get $25-million makeover", Globe and Mail, 29 June 2006, A1; "Liberals didn't interfere with Studio 2, Education Minister Pupatello says", Guelph Mercury, 30 June 2006, B6.
  36. ^ Tess Kalinowski, "Peel board wary of adviser", Toronto Star, 21 July 2006, B4.
  37. ^ April Lindgren, "Province goes after school admin costs: 51 boards over budget", National Post, 16 August 2006, A8; Daniel Girard and Tess Kalinowski, "Set school budget without drastic cuts: Pupatello", Toronto Star, 24 August 2006, A13.
  38. ^ James Rusk, "Province appoints two to go over TDSB books", Globe and Mail, 26 August 2006, A12.
  39. ^ Clint Thomas, "Tight byelection race anticipated as Liberals blitz Toronto riding", Canadian Press, 11 September 2006, 20:08 report; Karen Howlett, "Liberals step up attack in messy by-election", Globe and Mail, 13 September 2006, A10.
  40. ^ Keith Leslie, "Liberals accused of 'sleaze' in byelection", Hamilton Spectator, 13 September 2002, A12.
  41. ^ "Pupatello welcomes trade job", Windsor Star, 19 September 2006, A1.
  42. ^ Lee Greenberg, "McGuinty demotes minister known for byelection row", National Post, 19 September 2006, A9; Ian Urquhart, "Cordiano set cabinet dominoes in motion", Toronto Star, 19 September 2006, A21.
  43. ^ Murray Campbell, "Off to Alberta, to find streets paved in gold", Globe and Mail, 16 November 2006, A11; Geoffrey Scotton, "Ontario pitches manufacturing links", Calgary Herald, 13 February 2007, D3; Geoffrey Scotton, "Ontario 'high on' western integration", Calgary Herald, 14 February 2007, E3.
  44. ^ "Minister Pupatello To Lead Strong Ontario Delegation To Alberta Oil Sands Supply Chain Event" [press release], Canada NewsWire, 9 March 2007, 13:25.
  45. ^ "Premier McGuinty to Indian Government Leaders: Let's Work Together" [press release], Canada NewsWire, 16 January 2007, 08:18.
  46. ^ "Ontario wraps up business mission to Pakistan" [press release], Canada NewsWire, 25 January 2007, 12:21; "Canadian team briefed on investment opportunities", Business Recorder, 27 January 2007.
  47. ^ "Ontario is trying to sell itself to the world by setting up a growing number of marketing centres around the world", Broadcast News, 2 April 2007, 11:04.
  48. ^ Unnati Gandhi, "Front-line emergency workers to be trained to spot signs of abuse", Globe and Mail, 2 December 2005, A16.
  49. ^ See for instance "Ontario Government Helping Women Get Better Jobs" [Media Release], Canada NewsWire, 24 March 2005, 11:46 report; "McGuinty Government Helps Abused And At-Risk Women Get Jobs" [Media Release], Canada NewsWire, 20 November 2006, 07:41 report.
  50. ^ "McGuinty Government Launches Public Education Campaign to Encourage Healthy, Equal Relationships Between Boys and Girls" [Media Release], Canada NewsWire, 16 November 2006, 05:33.
  51. ^ "Province boosts interpreter funding for assault victims", Kitchener-Waterloo Record, 25 November 2006, A4.
  52. ^[permanent dead link]
  53. ^
  54. ^ Robert Benzie and Rob Ferguson (June 10, 2011). "Liberals suffer blow as Sandra Pupatello quits politics". Toronto Star. Retrieved 1 September 2011.
  55. ^ Ian Urquhart, "Turmoil could hurt McGuinty Liberals", Toronto Star, 5 June 2002, A27.
  56. ^ "Is Kennedy's glass half full, or half empty?", 30 September 2006, Toronto Star, F5.
  57. ^ "Will Sandra Pupatello run federally in Windsor West?". CBC News. July 7, 2015. Retrieved July 11, 2015.
  58. ^ "Sandra Pupatello Quits Bay Street Job". Toronto Star. 8 November 2012. Retrieved November 8, 2012.
  59. ^ "Sandra Pupatello leaving politics 'for sure'". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 2 May 2018.
  60. ^ "Kathleen Wynne picks Charles Sousa as finance minister after Sandra Pupatello declines". Toronto Star. February 10, 2013. Retrieved February 11, 2013.
  61. ^ "Sandra Pupatello to chair Hydro One amid billing fiasco". Toronto Star. March 7, 2014. Retrieved March 7, 2014.
  62. ^ "Sandra Pupatello out as chair of Hydro One". Windsor Star. April 16, 2015. Retrieved April 16, 2015.
  63. ^ "Sandra Pupatello named CEO of WindsorEssex Economic Development Corp". Toronto Star. May 14, 2013. Retrieved May 16, 2013.
  64. ^ "Sandra Pupatello leaving Windsor-Essex Economic Development Corp". CBC News. July 6, 2015. Retrieved July 11, 2015.
  65. ^ "A stunning exit for Sandra Pupatello". Edmonton Journal (originally published in Windsor Star). July 9, 2015. Archived from the original on July 22, 2015. Retrieved July 11, 2015.

External links[edit]