Sandra Lee Scheuer
Sandra Lee Scheuer
August 11, 1949
|Died||May 4, 1970 (aged 20)|
Sandra Lee "Sandy" Scheuer (//; August 11, 1949 - May 4, 1970) was a student at Kent State University in Kent, Ohio, when she was killed by a bullet fired by Ohio National Guardsmen in the Kent State shootings.
Scheuer was born in Youngstown, Ohio, the daughter of Sarah (Lacko) and Martin Scheuer. She had an older sister, Audrey. Her family was Jewish. She was an honors student in speech therapy, and was a graduate of Boardman High School. She did not take part in the Vietnam War protests that preceded the shootings. She was shot in the neck with an M-1 rifle from a distance of 130 yards (119 m) while walking between classes. The bullet severed her jugular vein and she died within five or six minutes from loss of blood. According to the account of her boyfriend Bruce Burkland, Scheuer "was walking with one of her speech and hearing therapy students across the green. Caught in the gunfire, neither Sandra nor the young man had anything to do with the assembly of students on the green." Three other unarmed students were also killed in the shootings: Allison Krause, Jeffrey Miller, and William Knox Schroeder.
The shootings led to protests and a national student strike, causing hundreds of campuses to close because of both violent and non-violent demonstrations. The Kent State campus remained closed for six weeks. Five days after the shootings, 100,000 people demonstrated in Washington, D.C., against the war.
Scheuer had been a member of the Alpha Xi Delta sorority, and current members of this sorority speak in her memory each year on the Kent State University campus at the May 4 Task Force's commemoration of the 1970 tragedy.
Did you see them turn, did you feel the burn
Of the bullets as they flew?
In the song "Ohio", which was written immediately after the shootings, folk rocker Neil Young made a reference to Scheuer through the eyes of Tom Grace who was walking with her to her next class. Grace was also wounded from an ankle shot. In the chorus:
What if you knew her,
And found her dead on the ground?
How can you run when you know?
Scheuer is also remembered in Canadian poet Gary Geddes' poem "Sandra Lee Scheuer", found in his 1980 collection The Acid Test, as well as the Polaris song also called "Hey Sandy", which served as the theme song to the television series The Adventures of Pete & Pete. An image of a memorial to Scheuer was included in the CD case to The Argument (2001) by Fugazi.
In 2018 an exhibit in memory of Scheuer called "Sandy's Scrapbook," based on an actual scrapbook she kept while attending Kent State, opened at the University's May 4 Visitor Center.
- "May 4 Archive - Sandy Scheuer". May4archive.org. Retrieved 31 January 2019.
- LowenfeldApril 28, Jonah; 2010Kent; UN, OhioCOURTESy OF KENT STATE. "Remembering Kent State as an American Tragedy With a Jewish Face". The Forward. Retrieved 31 January 2019.
- "Heritage Timeline - 1970". Alpha Xi Delta. Retrieved 2007-08-15.
- on YouTube
- "Canadian Poetry Online - University of Toronto Libraries - Gary Geddes". Canpoetry.library.utoronto.ca. Retrieved 31 January 2019.
- "Literature Reference: American Literature, English Literature, Classics & Modern Fiction - JRank Articles". Jrank.org. Retrieved 31 January 2019.
- Gwin, Harold (2010-04-25). "A life cut short - Sandra Scheuer". Vindy.com. The Vindicator. Retrieved 2016-10-30.
Not long after the shooting, Harvey Andrews, a British songwriter, wrote the song, "Hey, Sandy" about her death...
- "Fugazi:The Argument (2001): Reviews". Sputnik Music. Sputnik Music, Inc. Retrieved 2009-03-19.
- "Kent State's May 4 Visitors Center Focuses on Life Amid Tragedy in "Sandy's Scrapbook" Exhibition | School of Visual Communication Design | Kent State University". www.kent.edu. Retrieved 2019-10-12.
- Jedick, Peter (2006). "Rawls' Death Brings Back Sad Memory." Plain Dealer (Cleveland, Ohio), February 13, 2006, D3.