Sanduk Ruit

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सन्दुक रूइत
Sanduk Ruit Erudite Conclave Medical College Trivandrum.JPG
Ruit in 2011
Alma materKing George's Medical College (University of Lucknow)
All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi
OfficeFounder and Executive Director of Tilganga Institute of Ophthalmology
Spouse(s)Nanda Ruit
AwardsHonorary Officer of the Order of Australia
Ramon Magsaysay Award
Padma Shri
Medical career
Sub-specialtiesCornea and Cataract

Sanduk Ruit (Nepali: सन्दुक रूइत, pronounced [ˈsʌnduk rui̯t]) is an ophthalmologist from Nepal.[1][2] He is the founder and the executive director of the Tilganga Institute of Ophthalmology.[3]

Early life and education[edit]

Ruit was born on September 4, 1954, to rural, illiterate parents; father Sonam Ruit and mother Kesang Ruit, in the remote mountainous village Olangchunggola in the border with Tibet in Taplejung district of northeast Nepal.[4]

Early career and marriage[edit]

While being in Australia, Ruit gained further deep specialization in eye surgery. Ruit and Hollows created the Small Incision Cataract Surgery (SICS) which used intraocular lenses which made Ruit first Nepali doctor to use intraocular lenses. [5] With the motive to gain some donations to make eye surgeries more affordable and accessible in Nepal, he established Nepal Eye Program Australia, later renamed as Fred Hollows foundation. He was offered to stay and work in Australia, but he returned back to his home country and continued to work in Tripureshwor eye hospital.[6] He later married to Nanda Shrestha, an ophthalmic nurse in 1987.[citation needed]


Working in Australia in 1986, Ruit and Fred Hollows developed a strategy for using inexpensive intraocular lenses to bring small-incision cataract surgery to the developing world.[7] However, the lenses remained too expensive for many cataract patients. In 1995, Ruit developed a new intraocular lens that could be produced far more cheaply and which, as of 2010, is used in over 60 countries.[7] Ruit's method is now taught in U.S. medical schools.[3] Despite being far cheaper, Ruit's method has the same success rate as western techniques: 98% at six months.[3]

In 1994,[8] Dr. Ruit founded the Tilganga Eye Center, now called the Tilganga Institute of Ophthalmology, in Kathmandu.[9]

Awards and honor[edit]

  • In May 2007, Ruit was appointed an Honorary Officer of the Order of Australia, "for service to humanity by establishing eye care services in Nepal and surrounding countries, and for his work in teaching and training surgeons, and technical innovation".[10]
  • In June 2006, he was awarded the Ramon Magsaysay Award for peace and nobel understanding also known as Asia's Nobel Prize.[11]
Dr. Ruit receiving Asian of the year award.
  • In March 5,2007, he was awarded the Asian of the year 2007 by the Union Minister of health and family welfare, Dr. Anbumani Ramadoss in New Delhi.

Further reading[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Gripper, Ali (June 20, 2018). "Fred Hollows' protege Sanduk Ruit, the barefoot surgeon". Retrieved 2018-10-02.
  2. ^ "Sight for sore eyes: 'Maverick' doctor who restored the vision of 100,000 people". CNN. Retrieved 2014-12-17.
  3. ^ a b c Nicholas Kristof (November 7, 2015). "In 5 Minutes, He Lets the Blind See". The New York Times. Retrieved 2015-11-08.
  4. ^ "Ruit, Sanduk". Ramon Magsaysay Award Foundation. 2006. Retrieved 2018-10-04.
  5. ^ "Sanduk Ruit, MD Co-Founder of HCP". Retrieved 2022-05-11.
  6. ^ "Class- 10 Nepali Book Pages 1-50 - Flip PDF Download | FlipHTML5". Retrieved 2022-05-11.
  7. ^ a b "Surgeon brings innovative techniques to ophthalmologists worldwide". Ocular Surgery News. June 1, 2010. Retrieved 2018-01-23.
  8. ^ "Tilganga Institute of Ophthalmology". Tilganga Institute of Ophthalmology. Retrieved 2017-10-06.
  9. ^ "Sight restored to 187 people in remote Nepal". The Fred Hollows Foundation. 2010. Retrieved 2018-01-23.
  10. ^ "It's an Honour – Honours – Search Australian Honours". Archived from the original on 2017-10-27. Retrieved 2017-10-26.
  11. ^ "The Ramon Magsaysay Award Foundation • Honoring greatness of spirit and transformative leadership in Asia". Retrieved 2017-10-26.
  12. ^ "(83362) Sandukruit = 2001 SH1 = 4249 P-L = PLS4249". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 18 January 2020.
  13. ^ "MPC/MPO/MPS Archive". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 18 January 2020.
  14. ^ "His Majesty awards National Order of Merit – BBS". December 17, 2015. Retrieved 2017-10-26.
  15. ^ "Nepali eye surgeon Sanduk Ruit among recipients of the 2016 Asia Game Changers award". The American Bazaar. September 13, 2016. Archived from the original on September 26, 2016. Retrieved September 15, 2020.
  16. ^ "These Are The Unsung Heroes In The 2018 Padma Shri Awards List". January 25, 2018. Retrieved 2018-01-25.

External links[edit]