Sandy Hill, Ottawa
Embassy Row on Range Road
Location of Sandy Hill in Ottawa
|• MPs||Mona Fortier|
|• MPPs||Nathalie Des Rosiers|
|• Councillors||Mathieu Fleury|
|Elevation||70 m (230 ft)|
|Canada 2011 Census|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))|
Sandy Hill (French: Côte-de-Sable) is a neighbourhood in Ottawa, Ontario, located just east of downtown. The neighbourhood is bordered on the west by the Rideau Canal, and on the east by the Rideau River. To the north it stretches to Rideau Street and the Byward Market area while to the south it is bordered by the Queensway highway and Nicholas Street. The area is named for its hilliness, caused by the river, and its sandy soil, which makes it difficult to erect large buildings. It is home to a number of embassies, residences and parks. Le cordon bleu operates its Canadian school there, at the opposite end of Sandy Hill from the University of Ottawa.
Sandy Hill was, during the nineteenth and early twentieth century, Ottawa's wealthiest neighbourhood. Originally the estate of Louis-Théodore Besserer, who donated part of this land to University of Ottawa, it was subdivided and became home to most of Ottawa's lumber barons. When Ottawa became the country's capital, it became home to senior public servants and to the Prime Minister who lived at Stadacona Hall and later at what is now known as Laurier House.
The construction of bridges over the canal and the introduction of automobiles and streetcars made the area much more accessible to downtown, and it began to decline as the very wealthy moved to Rockcliffe Park. The neighbourhood became much denser and more middle class. It was predominantly francophone, and the 1960s Radio-Canada television network drama "La Côte de Sable" was set there, to this day one of the network's only drama set outside Quebec.
The area saw much growth at the end of the Second World War as the baby boom increased the population and the nearby federal government began hiring. Many of the once grand mansions became embassies. Many nations still have their embassies in Sandy Hill, including those of Russia and of many African nations, which are clustered near the Rideau River. Its population dropped by 30% in the '60s and '70s as families fled the dismal urban planning. Currently, there are many students living in the area due to its proximity to the University of Ottawa.
Unusual among modern urban neighbourhoods, Sandy Hill demographics change dramatically within a few blocks. Very wealthy people live near the embassies of the Rideau River, but closer to the university, one finds more students, senior citizens, and new immigrants with more diversified income levels. Housing in the western end of Sandy Hill includes boarding houses, student rental housing, modest privately owned homes and cooperative housing. For example, on Henderson Avenue, a historically Irish working-class sector of Sandy Hill, there are two Housing Cooperatives: Sandy Hill Housing Co-op and St. Georges Housing Cooperative / la Coopérative d'habitation St Georges, a bilingual, multicultural coop, with residents who come from Canada, with neighbours newly arrived from Ghana, DR Congo, Morocco, Rwanda, Burundi, Poland and several Middle Eastern countries. These Coops not only provided attractive low-rise multi-housing mixed income communities but also contributed to the restoration of the heritage homes on this street and won awards for their contribution to Sandy Hill's heritage restoration.
The Sandy Hill area is split about equally between the English speaking and the francophone population, with large communities from Somalia, Lebanon, and Haiti. The area is very close to downtown, especially to the Rideau Centre, a large downtown shopping mall. The area is well served by mass transit and the transitway passes by the university.
Sandy Hill is often divided into four areas. North Sandy Hill consists of the area north of Laurier Avenue. This part of the neighbourhood is much older with many of its buildings dating from the nineteenth century. The area is subject to the influences of more recent developments on the thoroughfare of Rideau Street. South of Laurier is South Sandy Hill largely built after the Second World War, though there are a number of much older structures. The far south of neighbourhood below Mann Avenue is an area known as Strathcona Heights. This area is much smaller geographically than the other two but is as densely populated. It consists almost entirely of low-rise apartment buildings that are either subsidised housing or co-operatives. This area was completely redeveloped in the early 1990s. The area below the Strathcona Heights escarpment, near the Rideau River, is known as Robinson village. It was cut off from other neighbourhoods when highways were built, and contains low-rise houses and light industrial uses.
- Laurier House
- University of Ottawa
- Strathcona Park
- Heritage Canada, 5 Blackburn
- Amnesty International, Canadian headquarters
- Examination Unit, a secretive unit of the National Research Council (Canada) and later became Communications Security Establishment, was located at a house near Laurier House.
By virtue of its proximity to Parliament Hill, many past residents of Sandy Hill have been politicians.
- Julian Armour - Musician
- Ed Broadbent - NDP Leader
- Max Keeping - Television News Anchor
- William Lyon Mackenzie King - Prime Minister
- Wilfrid Laurier - Prime Minister
- John A. Macdonald - Prime Minister
- Lester B. Pearson - Prime Minister
- Elizabeth Smart - Author
- Kurt Waldheim - UN Secretary General, Austrian Ambassador to Canada
- Alexander Yakovlev - so-called 'Godfather of Glasnost'
The large homes built by the lumber barons are today popular locations for embassies and many countries are represented in the neighbourhood:
- Algerian embassy (Fleck/Paterson House)
- Angolan embassy
- Austrian embassy
- Brazilian embassy
- Bruneian embassy (Stadacona Hall)
- Bulgarian embassy
- Burkinabé embassy
- Congolese embassy
- Ivoirian embassy
- Croatian embassy (Toller House)
- Gabonian embassy
- Guinean embassy
- Jamaican High Commission
- Kenyan High Commission
- Malian embassy
- Moroccan embassy
- Myanma embassy
- Nigerien embassy
- Pakistani High Commission
- Polish embassy
- Russian embassy
- Senegalese embassy
- Serbian embassy
- Sudanese embassy
- Swiss embassy
- Tanzanian High Commission
- Togolese embassy
- Ugandan High Commission
- Venezuelan embassy
- Vietnamese embassy
- All Nations Church
- All Saints Anglican Church
- Eglise Sacré-Coeur
- St. Alban's Anglican Church
- St. Clement Catholic Church
- St. Paul's-Eastern United Church
- St. Joseph's Catholic Church
- St. Paul Lutheran Church
- Exploring Ottawa: an architectural guide to the nation's capital. Harold Kalman and John Roaf. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1983. pg. 62
- Population calculated by combining Census Tracts 5050014.00, 5050050.00, 5050051.00, 5050052.00 and Dissemination Areas 35061793 and 35061791 whilst removing Dissemination areas 35061798 and 35061020
- Exploring Ottawa: an architectural guide to the nation's capital. Harold Kalman and John Roaf. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1983.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Sandy Hill.|
- SandyHillSEEN: A site developed for and by Sandy Hill Residents to highlight information and happenings
- Sandy Hill: History of an Ottawa Neighbourhood
- Action Sandy Hill - Community Association
- IMAGE - Community Newspaper
- Sandy Hill History: Virtual Museum of Canada Exhibit