Sane & Smith were among the most persistent taggers in New York during the 1980s. According to Smith, they set themselves and accomplished the goal of leaving a tag every 20 feet in the 60th Street Tunnel. Sane & Smith are particularly notable for painting on the top level of New York's Brooklyn Bridge, after which they were sued by the City of New York for $3 million, the biggest lawsuit to date against graffiti writers. The work covered both sides of the Manhattan tower of the bridge, and was visible for miles.
In October 1990, Sane was found dead in the waters of Flushing Bay. Speculation about the reasons for his death were rife but inconclusive. It was believed he was a good swimmer. In February, aged 19, he had been arrested and had become the first graffiti writer in Manhattan to be formally accused of third-degree criminal mischief. The city dropped its lawsuit against Smith after Sane's death.
- Marshall Berman; Brian Berger (15 September 2007). New York Calling: From Blackout to Bloomberg. Reaktion Books. p. 94. ISBN 978-1-86189-338-3. Retrieved 29 July 2012.
- Jennifer Toth The Mole People: Life in the Tunnels Beneath New York City, Chicago Review Press (1993), pp. 119-122. ISBN 1-55652-190-1.
- Joe Austin (2001). Taking the Train: How Graffiti Art Became an Urban Crisis in New York City. Columbia University Press. p. 233. ISBN 978-0-231-11143-0. Retrieved 29 July 2012.
- Kevin Flynn 'Vandalism Draws Ire' Archived 2013-01-31 at archive.today, unattributed and undated news article, facsimile reproduced at www.puregraffiti.com. Retrieved 2012-06-30.
- Colin Moynihan, 'F.Y.I.', New York Times, February 4, 2001. Retrieved 2012-06-30.
- Kevin Heldman, 'THE FIRST TIME I meet JA...', Rolling Stone, February 9, 1995. "JA's best friend and writing partner, SANE, a legendary all-city writer... SANE had written his and JA's tag and off to the side, FLYING HIGH THE XTC WAY". Article reproduced on www.graffiti.org. Retrieved 2012-06-30.
- 'Man Seized in Subway Yard As Notorious Graffiti Vandal', New York Times, February 12, 1990 (reproduced online at whatyouwrite.wordpress.com). Retrieved 2012-06-30.
- L.B. Deyo; David Leibowitz (22 July 2003). Invisible Frontier: Exploring the Tunnels, Ruins, and Rooftops of Hidden New York. Random House Digital, Inc. p. 34. ISBN 978-0-609-80931-0. Retrieved 29 July 2012.
- The Mole People, pp. 126 et seq.