The Bale Mountains contain four distinct ecoregions: the northern plains, bush and woods; the central Sanetti Plateau with an average elevation of over 4000 meters; and the southern Harenna Forest. The Harenna Forest is one of the few remaining natural forests in the entire country of Ethiopia.
This region is known for its mammals, amphibians and birds including many endemic species. The Sanetti Plateau once was habitat to packs of the endangered painted hunting dog, Lycaon pictus, but the presence of this canid is now in question here due to the population pressures of expanding human presence. The central Sanetti Plateau is home to the largest population of the rare and endangered Ethiopian wolves.
- C. Michael Hogan. 2009. Painted Hunting Dog: Lycaon pictus, GlobalTwitcher.com, ed. N. Stromberg
- L.J.G. van der Maesen, X.M. van der Burgt and J.M. van Medenbach de Rooy. 1994. The Biodiversity of African Plants: Proceedings, XIVth AETFAT Congress, 22–27 August 1994, Wageningen, The Netherlands, Published by Springer, ISBN 978-0-7923-4095-9
- L.J.G. van der Maesen, X.M. van der Burgt and J.M. van Medenbach de Rooy. 1994
- C. Michael Hogan. 2009
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