Two bakers are baking Sangak bread in a traditional oven
Sangak (Persian: سنگک; or nan-e sangakنان سنگک) is a plain, rectangular, or triangular Iranianwhole wheatleavenedflatbread. Its name consists of two parts: 'Sang' in Persian means stone or pebble and 'sangak' means little stone. The bread is baked on a bed of small river stones in an oven. There are, normally, two varieties of this bread offered at Iranian bakeries: the generic one which has no toppings; and the more expensive variety which is seed bread (this is, topped with poppy seeds and/or sesame seeds).
Sangak bread was traditionally the bread of the Persian army. It is mentioned for the first time in the 11th century. Each soldier carried a small quantity of pebbles which at camp were brought together with the "sangak oven" and used to cook the bread for the entire army. It was eaten along with lambkabab.
The bread has always been widely eaten in the territory of nowadays Iran and Azerbaijan, but following the Soviet takeover in 1920, the bread fell in some disuse. Because sangak is made by hand, the Soviets opted for mass production of loaves, which opted not doable for the sangak bread. Sangak in neighboring Iran however, remained having its same popularity.