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Sanganakallu is located in Karnataka
Coordinates: 15°11′5″N 76°58′13″E / 15.18472°N 76.97028°E / 15.18472; 76.97028Coordinates: 15°11′5″N 76°58′13″E / 15.18472°N 76.97028°E / 15.18472; 76.97028
Country  India
State Karnataka
District Bellary district
Taluk Bellary
 • Official Kannada
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Vehicle registration KA 35

Sanganakallu (Kannada: ಸಂಗನಕಲ್ಲು ) is an ancient village settlement from the Neolithic period (circa 3000 BC). It is a complex of hills (peacock hills) and is approximately 8 km from Bellary in Karnataka. It is one of the earliest village settlements and the largest village complex in South India,[1] spread over 1,000 acres. Since 1997, archaeologists from the Karnatak University and Cambridge University have been studying this archaeological site.

Earliest agriculturists[edit]

At Sanganakallu the people who settled were the earliest agriculturists, they cultivated small millets and pulses, they kept sheep, cattle, they had separate areas for dumping dung (ash mounds), has the earliest houses of mud and stone.

Neolithic art on boulders[edit]

The Neolithic rock art can be seen on boulders, hand percussion marks of rituals and social ceremonies (ringing rocks). Manufacture stone tools on a large scale shows the rich Neolithic culture and skills.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Early village unearthed". Retrieved 2012-09-25.