Sangar, Sakha Republic

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Sangar
Сангар (Russian)
Сангаар (Yakut)
-  Urban-type settlement[1]  -
Сангар, Якутия. Вид с крыльца клуба "Шахтёр" (3).jpg
View from the porch of the club "Shakhtar"
Map of Russia - Sakha (Yakutia) Republic (2008-03).svg
Location of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic in Russia
Sangar is located in Sakha Republic
Sangar
Sangar
Location of Sangar in the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic
Coordinates: 63°55′N 127°28′E / 63.917°N 127.467°E / 63.917; 127.467Coordinates: 63°55′N 127°28′E / 63.917°N 127.467°E / 63.917; 127.467
Administrative status (as of June 2009)
Country Russia
Federal subject Sakha Republic[1]
Administrative district Kobyaysky District[1]
Settlement Settlement of Sangar[1]
Administrative center of Kobyaysky District,[1] Settlement of Sangar[1]
Municipal status (as of April 2012)
Municipal district Kobyaysky Municipal District[2]
Urban settlement Sangar Urban Settlement[2]
Administrative center of Kobyaysky Municipal District,[3] Sangar Urban Settlement[2]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 4,377 inhabitants[4]
Time zone YAKT (UTC+09:00)[5]
Founded 1928[6]
Urban-type settlement status since 1940[2]
Postal code(s)[7] 678300, 678309
Sangar on Wikimedia Commons
Sangar population
2010 Census 4,377[4]
2002 Census 4,789[8]
1989 Census 10,107[9]
1979 Census 10,252[10]

Sangar (Russian: Санга́р; Sakha: Сангаар) is an urban locality (an urban-type settlement) and the administrative center of Kobyaysky District of the Sakha Republic, Russia, located on the right bank of the Lena River, 334 kilometers (208 mi) by road from Yakutsk, the capital of the republic. As of the 2010 Census, its population was 4,377.[4]

History[edit]

It was established in 1928 as a mining settlement.[6] The name originates from the nearby Sangar-Khaya Mountain. On February 10, 1930, the Yakut Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic was split into districts (uluses) and Sangar became a part of newly established Namsky District. In 1934, the mine was transferred to the Chief Directorate of the Northern Sea Route, which at the time administrated most of the industrial activity in the north of the Soviet Union. Coal from Sangar was transported to Tiksi on the coast of the Arctic Ocean and there distributed among various Arctic settlements.[6] On April 20, 1937, Kobyaysky District was established, with the administrative center in the selo of Kobyay, and Sangar became a part of that district.[11]

In 1938, the reconstruction of Sangar, which until that year did not have a hospital or a club, started. Urban-type settlement status was granted to it in 1940.[1] In 1942, about two hundred of people were deported to exile to Sangar from Leningrad Oblast. In June 1943, a fatal accident occurred in the mine, and twenty-two miners were killed.[6] In 1956, gas was discovered in the district, and the economy of Sangar started to reorient to gas production and transport. In 1959, the administrative center of the district was moved to Sangar.[11] The mine eventually decayed and in the 1960s was transferred to the local authorities, finally closing down in 1997. Since the mine was providing most of the jobs, more than a half of the population of Sangar migrated and the infrastructure was considerably reduced.[6]

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, the urban-type settlement of Sangar[12] serves as the administrative center of Kobyaysky District.[1] As an administrative division, it is, together with two rural localities, incorporated within Kobyaysky District as the Settlement of Sangar.[1] As a municipal division, the Settlement of Sangar is incorporated within Kobyaysky Municipal District as Sangar Urban Settlement.[2]

Economy[edit]

Industry[edit]

The coal mine was closed down in 1997. Another coal mine is located about 20 kilometers (12 mi) from Sangar.[6]

Transportation[edit]

There are no all-season roads, and land connections to Yakutsk are only possible during winter along a winter road (zimnik).[11]

The Lena River is navigable.

Sangar has an airport which provides the only regular all-year-round means of transportation.

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Divisions of the Sakha Republic
  2. ^ a b c d e Law #173-Z #353-III
  3. ^ Law #172-Z #351-III
  4. ^ a b c Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  5. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №271-ФЗ от 03 июля 2016 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #271-FZ of July 03, 2016 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  6. ^ a b c d e f Боякова С.И. Шахта «Сангарская» (in Russian). Администрация Президента и Правительства РС(Я). Retrieved July 26, 2013. 
  7. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  8. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  9. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1979 г. Национальный состав населения по регионам России. (All Union Population Census of 1979. Ethnic composition of the population by regions of Russia.)". Всесоюзная перепись населения 1979 года (All-Union Population Census of 1979) (in Russian). Demoscope Weekly (website of the Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. 1979. Retrieved 2008-11-25. 
  11. ^ a b c Кобяйский улус (район) (in Russian). Туристский портал РС (Я). Archived from the original on May 11, 2010. Retrieved July 26, 2013. 
  12. ^ According to Article 7 of the Law #77-I, lower-level administrative divisions with the status of a settlement have their administrative centers in an inhabited locality with the status of an urban-type settlement. According to the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Divisions of the Sakha Republic, Sangar is the administrative center of the Settlement of Sangar.

Sources[edit]

  • Official website of the Sakha Republic. Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Divisions of the Sakha Republic. Kobyaysky District. (in Russian)
  • Государственное Собрание (Ил Тумэн) Республики Саха (Якутия). Закон №172-З №351-III от 30 ноября 2004 г. «Об установлении границ и о наделении статусом муниципального района муниципальных образований Республики Саха (Якутия)», в ред. Закона №1535-З №597-V от 27 ноября 2015 г. «О внесении изменений в статьи 1 и 2 Закона Республики Саха (Якутия) "Об установлении границ и о наделении статусом муниципального района муниципальных образований Республики Саха (Якутия)"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Якутия", №245, 31 декабря 2004 г. (State Assembly (Il Tumen) of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic. Law #172-Z No. 351-III of November 30, 2004 On Establishing the Borders and on Granting the Municipal District Status to the Municipal Formations of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic, as amended by the Law #1535-Z No. 597-V of November 27, 2015 On Amending Articles 1 and 2 of the Law of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic "On Establishing the Borders and on Granting the Municipal District Status to the Municipal Formations of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).
  • Государственное Собрание (Ил Тумэн) Республики Саха (Якутия). Закон №173-З №353-III от 30 ноября 2004 г. «Об установлении границ и о наделении статусом городского и сельского поселений муниципальных образований Республики Саха (Якутия)», в ред. Закона №1058-З №1007-IV от 25 апреля 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Республики Саха (Якутия) "Об установлении границ и о наделении статусом городского и сельского поселений муниципальных образований Республики Саха (Якутия)"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Якутия", №245, 31 декабря 2004 г. (State Assembly (Il Tumen) of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic. Law #173-Z No. 353-III of November 30, 2004 On Establishing the Borders and on Granting the Urban and Rural Settlement Status to the Municipal Formations of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic, as amended by the Law #1058-Z No. 1007-IV of April 25, 2012 On Amending the Law of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic "On Establishing the Borders and on Granting the Urban and Rural Settlement Status to the Municipal Formations of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]